University VS College – What’s The Difference? Education Comparison


The term university appeared in Middle English
between 1250 CE and 1300 CE. It is older than the term college, which appeared
50 to 150 years later, but both of these words have Latin origins. College comes from the word collegium that
means club, community, or society; and university from the word universitas, which means guild,
society or corporation. In the US the name college and university
are frequently interchangeable and simply refer to a school at the tertiary level. So what are the differences between the two? That’s what we’ll be exploring in this
episode of the Infographics Show: College vs. University. Though college and university are used interchangeably,
there are differences between them. A university is typically a school that offers
full undergraduate and graduate programs, while colleges generally offer more narrow
programs and may have no graduate studies at all. But actually there are no official designations
for these terms, and colleges and universities can call themselves whatever they want to. And the terminology can have different meanings
depending what country you are in. In the United Kingdom a university is an institution
that award degrees, while colleges are seen as pre-university education institutes as
they prepare students to earn degrees later. But again it’s not set in stone and as a
general rule; English speakers use the word university as the generic term for higher
education. The same applies in Canada and Australia,
where university is used more often than college as the generic term. But if we’re looking at the US how can we
better define these terms, university and college? Let’s start with looking more closely at
what a college is. Colleges are usually smaller institutions
that emphasize undergraduate education. One example of a type of college is a liberal
arts college that offers students an education in a broad range of academic areas as opposed
to having them specialize early in one particular subject. Liberal arts colleges are uncommon outside
the United States; so prospective international students aren’t always familiar with them. Another type of school in the U.S. with college
in its name is a community college. These are two-year schools that grant associate
degrees and career-related certificates. Most colleges offer bachelor’s degrees,
and some colleges also have associate degrees. Some students begin their education at a community
college and then transfer to a four-year college or university to complete a bachelor’s degree. So if that’s a college, how does a university
differ? Many education institutions with university
in their name are larger than colleges and offer a variety of both undergraduate and
graduate degree programs. Universities are also highly committed to
producing research whereas it’s much more rare for college students to be a part of
any substantial research. But not all universities are big, says Chelsea
Keeney, assistant director of international student recruitment at the University of Minnesota. Some are relatively small, such as Marymount
California University, which had a total enrollment of 985 students in fall 2016, according to
US News data. And though many universities are public, some
are also private. One example being the Ivy League school, Princeton
University. To make things even more confusing, some large
universities are made up of smaller departments called colleges. Each of these colleges has a specific academic
focus, such as business, social work, or engineering. One of the clear differences seems to be that
universities are often, though not always, larger than colleges. Taking data from the National Center for Education
Statistics’ College Navigator, let’s do some head to head comparisons on the number
of students at these institutions, starting with colleges. McDaniel College (Westminster, MD), 3,003
total, 1,667 undergraduate; St Olaf College (Northfield, MN), 3,046, all undergraduate;
Ursinus College (Collegeville, PA), 1,643, all undergraduate; Emerson College (Boston,
MA) 4,479 total, 3,808 undergraduate. And as for universities…Ohio State University
(Main Campus only, Columbus, OH), 58,663 total, 45,289 undergraduate; University of South
Florida (Main Campus only, Tampa, FL) 42,067 total, 31,111 undergraduate; Middle Tennessee
State University (Murfreesboro, TN), 22,511 total, 20,140 undergraduate; Rutgers University
(New Brunswick Campus) (New Brunswick, NJ), 49,428 total, 35,484 undergraduate. Ok, so even the biggest colleges are no match
for the enrollment numbers that large universities have. For example, Ohio State has ten times more
undergraduate students than Emerson, the biggest college on the list. And the University of Central Florida has
a staggering 54,662 undergraduate students, which is more than four times as many as the
combined total student numbers of the four colleges listed above. To look at staffing at these education institutes,
the head of a university is called the Vice-Chancellor. For a college it’s a Dean or Director. Professors teach at both colleges and universities
and the level of their pay varies depending on several factors, such as the size and location
of the college or university, the subject taught, and whether the institution is private
or public. The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reports
that the average salary of a Professor was $75,430 annually as of May 2016. The lowest-paid 10% of all Professors earn
less than $38,290, while the highest-paid 10% are paid more than $168,270 per year. The American Association of University Professors
reports that the salary of full-time professors at private colleges and universities averages
$105,323, as compared to $103,019 for those teaching at public colleges and universities. And Professors working at four-year institutions,
both private and public, earn higher salaries than those employed at two-year schools. Finally let’s take a look at a college and
university that are on each other’s doorsteps; Harvard College and Harvard University. How do they compare? Harvard College is actually the original Harvard. It was founded in 1636 as the oldest institution
of higher education in the United States. There are about 6,500 undergraduate students
at Harvard College with nearly equal numbers of men and women. But the college is part of Harvard University,
which comprises 10 other graduate and professional schools. Although part of the same institution, each
of these schools is run independently. So they maintain independent admissions offices,
teaching, and research faculties. So the difference between college and university
is far from clear. In some cases they are part of the same institution
but other times completely independent, and typically a university is larger than a college
and its professors are paid more. Are there other differences worth mentioning,
that we didn’t highlight? Let us know in the comments Also be sure to
check out our other video, The Most Dangerous Schools In America. Thanks for watching and as always don’t
forget to like, share and subscribe. See you next time!

100 thoughts on “University VS College – What’s The Difference? Education Comparison”

  1. Everyone is complaining that they make you broke as hell if so then come to India even poor as hell who make hardly make 200$ a month can study here without any concern

  2. in puerto rico its a bit weird.
    school is still school, but collage refers to a private high school or school in general and then university is for any school above highschool

  3. But don't Americans use "college" as a generic term for tertiary education?I have very rarely heard an American say "I'm in university". They always say "I'm in college", no matter the institution they attend

  4. First university founded in the world was by a Muslim! Not only a Muslim, but a Muslimah! Yes! It was a Muslim woman who established first institute of higher learning. In fact Muslim community can boast of, some of the oldest universities in the world.

    1.  University of Al-Karaouine: Located in Fes, Morocco, this university originally was a mosque founded in 859 by Fatima al -Fihri, a woman. It developed into one of the leading universities for natural sciences. It wasn’t until 1957 that the university added mathematics, physics, chemistry and foreign languages. This university is considered the oldest continuously -operating degree-granting university in the world by the Guiness Book of World Records.

    2.  Al-Azhar University: This university, located in Egypt, is the world’s second oldest surviving degree-granting institute. Founded in 970-972, this university serves as a center for Arabic literature and Sunni Islamic learning. Al-Azhar university concentrates upon a religious syllabus, which pays special attention to the Quranic sciences and traditions of the Prophet Muhammad (s) on the one hand, while also teaching all modern fields of science.

    3.  Nizamiyya: This series of universities was established by Khwaja  Nizam alMulk in the eleventh century in what is now present -day Iran. The most celebrated of all the Nizamiyya schools is Al -Nizamiyya of Baghdad, established in 1065 in Dhu’l Qa’da and that remains operational in Isfahan. But, this was just one of many Nizamiyyah schools — others were located in Nishapur, Amul, Mosul, Herat, Damascus, and Basra.

  5. We only got university in sweden. And its free… Exept for the books. We get paid a sum to study. But ofc we are able to take loans aswell

  6. In the UK college is the last two years of high school in the US. University is the general term used for education after that.

  7. Universities are generally more expensive than colleges. You can get a good or bad education regardless where you go.
    There you go, give me a 👍

  8. Universities are were you go to accumulate large debt ($50-150,000) for a fancy piece of paper from a “name brand” school. “Colleges” are were you go to accumulate smaller debt ($15-50,000) for a less fancy but equally useful (or useless depending on what you major in) piece of paper. Unless you really need a doctorate or bachelors degree…stick to community college or trade school and learn what your actually going into the field for!Don’t get $70,000+ dollars in debt just for a piece of paper that says “Stanford” on it.

  9. Education is a lucrative business
    You missed the most important difference btwn a College and a University: tuition. There is a big difference btwn paying right of the bat for a four year degree at a University rather than transferring from a two year degree to a four.

    The tuition difference is staggering but the level of education is negligible. Students and parents can save a thousands of dollars by doing this. But Universities will never recommend this because in the en Education is a business.

  10. What is the difference ? non . Kids this days come out more stupid then they go in. Imagine that some 1 who finish university need to have extra special preparation even to start work on Taco bell. They never teach kid how to open a business , how to be a successful person, how to be positive , etc . The only this they teach is to obey the government ( to be like a sheep saying over and over yes ) and to be a worker.

  11. You know what I’m a student that goes to a university and I realized that the whole student loan, student debt and bullshit is just apart of life and if I have student debt when I get out of school I’ll just man up and pay for it little buy little.

  12. That awesome moment when my college, Emerson College, gets mentioned in the video… But I'm in a graduate Masters program. So I guess it is confusing.

  13. In Canada we do not use University to describe ALL further education, there is a CLEAR distinction between the 2 and every student will make it clear that there is a difference….. If you talk to people from the U.S. A lot of them call all higher education 'College' (unless it's like Harvard) which is strange to us here in Canada. Pretty much if you go to College for a Trade here in Canada, you will actually get a good paying job $25+ first 2 years, then goes to like $40+… If you go to University, you get 40k debt, and no job…. The thing is, nobody wants to go to College here in Canada, it is almost looked down upon.

  14. What a load of crap…jst to degrade colleges…i go college of the canyons in santa clarita and it is amazing over here!We have an enrollment of 18000+…the colleges mentioned in this list are shitty..

  15. 5:28 I don't understand what that has got to do with anything? Are you comparing Unversities with Colleges or private with public Colleges?

  16. I went to brony college. a lot of students at my community colleges were fans of my little pony. try to get my degree in pony studies.

  17. That question is too narrow. I would compare reputation and specific degrees instead of asking general questions. Generally, University is great if you have the money to go there, care about studies and take a important subject that is purely scientific. The reputation of your university will greatly impact your overall academic reputation, making you more desirable (or less). Take all factors into account and then chose whether university is the right path or not.

  18. Wow this is so different in my country…
    In my country College has almost no prerequisites for admission, thus considered rather low quality in comparison to a university that demands a lot to be accepted to, and considered as the spearhead of high education..

  19. Depends on where you live, here in France, university is FREE (probably 80€) for inscriptions. You just need to have your final degree and you’re good to go! I currently study at the University of Lorraine in eastern France, in the city of Metz! I do what’s called “LEA”, Applied foreign languages, where my major are languages letters and Arts.
    It’s actually sad that US students must pay so much and get debt at this young age.

  20. UK education:
    School until age 16, aiming for GCSEs in 9 subjects.
    Then it's 6th Form or College for 17-18. 6th Form is in schools and will not take older students, generally they study 3 or 4 subjects to get A Levels.
    College offers A Levels, or a range of vocational qualifications and skills courses instead and accepts students of all ages.
    University is for studying 1 subject for a degree. Following that, a student can go for a post graduate degree in another subject or study a masters in their original subject. A lot of university courses have students write a dissertation as their final work to gain the qualification.

    I hear about major and minor subjects in the USA but it's a lot more focused here. Everyone studies the same broad subjects in school, narrowing it down to 3 or 4 to continue for A level, then going down to 1 subject for University. Which is probably why a large number of us didn't go to university. It has become very expensive and unless you see a career at the other end you have some tough questions with yourself about whether it's worth it. 90% of the people I know who got their degree do not work in that field now, or were never able to secure work in that area. Which is one of the reasons I never went myself. I didn't want to be another person who went for the sake of it then either dropped out or never used the subject after

  21. In Canada (at least in the place I live in), college is usually for the more “odd”jobs such as electrical engenreioning, mechanical engineering and nursing while university is for higher-paying jobs like medicine and law.

  22. In my area in Canada, universities issue degrees and colleges issue diplomas. Universities are harder to get into and are considered higher in prestige than colleges. Some work fields and work places will only accept degrees from university and not a college diploma. The course work in university is harder and considered more cerebral than college which is more practical. University is also more expensive than college for these reasons.

  23. I don’t know about America but in England we don’t pay for the college. If you are over certain age you have to pay but the government gives you like funding

  24. In Canada it's almost always:
    College == trades, 2 year degrees, certificate. Get straight to work, it's much more focused, and cheaper tuition per semester.

    University == bachelors/masters/doctorates. More expensive, but has access to better facilities, and offers dorms, etc.

    I think this makes plenty of sense. Most see University as something 'better' but it depends on how fast you want to get into the workforce, and with how much debt, as well as what field you want to work.

  25. it same call even in asia and you should know we are not living even life and even life is not exist, in humans history high education every time issued and it keep go on our life. And high educate require a money or talent someone sponsorship your life. And if you living OECD countries and your parents keep a middle class lifes then do struggle get higher education as you can when your parents can support your what your desier. There is even country only dictator countrolled world and they are living equally shitty life. Even a big communist country have a different class and they also corrupt none tarent generation born.

  26. Who else was looking comments while watching as Americans have stupid system.
    Anyways mine is Bashkir State Medical University

  27. In Australia, university is rlly just studying for a high degree and even get to work experience. And i found that Australia does not have any colleges

  28. What about cases such as City Universities of New York?

    I attend Queens College, which has a campus of 84 acres (keep in mind this is in a city) and attendance at 16k students, undergraduate only.

    You fully call it CUNY Queens College.

    So, is it a university, college, or "both"?

  29. Here in Canada, school is vastly different from the U.S and what this video said about it being similar to the U.K. At 17/18 you graduate high school and usually would have already applied to a post-secondary institution about a year before you actually start. For most programs, getting in is based on your grades and classes you took in high school (i.e you need a C-college or U-uni level high school course such as English or biology to get into the corresponding institution) so you need to make up your mind about the type of career you want, early high school in order to gain these credits.
    University is more for academic/STEM types of careers, while college is more "hands on". Here, college can have trades programs and/or have programs intertwined with a local university, so you can be taking classes at a college and a university (or do 2 years at one and 2 at another). As for jobs, well personally most jobs i've been seeking out require a 2 or 3-year college degree for an entry-level graphic designer job (and there are plenty available, many with starting salaries double than what i paid for tuition, which was technically free since i'm low income)
    My full 3 year tuition is about $15,000. And that's one of the more expensive programs my school offers, many are just under $10,000 for 2 years.
    In college, you can get a diploma or advanced diploma. In university, you can get an undergrad degree, bachelors, ect.

    it all depends on the type of job you want in life, he skills you currently have & if you're prepared to enter that job.

  30. University makes you hate life more. Especially when there’s geniuses screwing up the curve. Actually I don’t know what the difference is since I’m Asian and Canadian cuz only university exists in my family vocabulary.
    Both are lovely ways to make you feel inadequate!

  31. in my country collage is a private school so u must pay for your education by your self and university is a public school which means that your state is paying your education during your studies on university and often many students get schoolarships … ofc there are some privates universities but not many of them…

  32. In Zimbabwe
    A college is synonymous with Highschool. They offer (2 years) Advanced Level and (4years) Odinary Level certificates for the most part. Both certificates are high school certificates offered to Kids between 13 and 18 years usually

    Universities offer 4year undergraduate Degree's and 2-5years Post graduate degree's Masters, PHD etc and Universities are 50 – 100 times larger than colleges.

    We have Polytechnics that offer Diplomas and certificates in 2- 4years

  33. I went to Dartmouth and it’s actually pretty good, the only thing is the debt. I still have 20,000$ debt now. I got my job as an astronomer working at a small university in Canada and doing podcasts.

  34. canada isn’t that they have sooo many undergrad degrees in colleges and typically people don’t transfer to a university after however long.

  35. In Sweden, we call collages ”hög skola” which translates to high school… and what you call high school we call “gymnasium”.

  36. What's an academy? Do they only learn stuff for their main subject like art or science? Or do they still have English lessons?

  37. I am bound to start the first two years off at a community college. Which is better? Community, university, online college?

  38. Some universities here in philippines have pre-school, elementary, high school, then college (can be undergrad or grad). I graduated senior high in a university. I've always thought that's how universities work, until I entered the internet 😂

  39. Either way you still end up with 100k Student Debt and no Job!
    Please don't make videos on very dark and negative topic like this
    aka americans are weird

  40. I’ve always thought they were the same lol
    Please don't make videos on very dark and negative topic like this
    I always always thought collage was the cheaper version of a university;-;

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *