The True Gifts of a Dyslexic Mind | Dean Bragonier | TEDxMarthasVineyard


Translator: Tanya Cushman
Reviewer: Peter van de Ven Here’s the moment of truth:
Anybody in this audience have dyslexia? Show of hands. Thank you. Thank you. Thank you. Some more. Thank you. That’s almost a fair assessment. We’ve got about 20%
of the general population has dyslexia. That’s one in five people. And I think that dyslexia
is most commonly understood as this reading issue, you know, we have a tendency of flipping
our b’s and d’s and our q’s and g’s, and that’s, you know,
I think that’s a fair assessment, at least in the symptomatic department. But I want to take this opportunity to speak a little bit more in depth
about the neuroscience of dyslexia. So, we have this outer layer
of our brain called the cortex. And we all know that we have –
or maybe we don’t know – but we have these little things
called minicolumns, okay? And these minicolumns serve
as the telephone poles, if you will. What strings together
on these minicolumns are axons. Okay? Now, people with autism, for example, have axons that are extremely closely
located in proximity to each other, and as a result, their axon lengths
are very, very finite and short, and as a result they are able
to do these incredibly detailed, highly specific patterns
and behaviors and skills, right? Well, dyslexics are
on the other side of that spectrum; we have our minicolumns
that are spaced very, very far apart. As a result, our axon lengths
are significantly longer. And this actually lends
to some significant cognitive advantages. We have an ability to look at a situation and identify seemingly disparate
pieces of information and blend those into
a narrative, or a tapestry, that makes sense to us
that most people can’t see. So this translates
into an exceptional level of success in four major vocational paths. That’s entrepreneurship,
engineering, architecture and the arts. I just want you to please remember that,
as it comes up later in this discussion. Dyslexia comes with a cost though, okay? We have an incredibly difficult time
doing what’s called phonetic decoding. Okay, that’s the most complex
word I’m going to use, and I hope you’re impressed by it. Phonetic decoding
is essentially our ability to identify these squiggly lines, translate those lines
into a sound in our mind and then string those sounds
together to compose a word. For dyslexics, that takes five time more energy
than a normal brain. So, to give you a little bit
of a historical context on dyslexia, I’ll go back and start off with the first nine-tenths
of human existence. Societies were largely based
on apprentice models, right? From hunter and gatherers
down to the trades in more recent times, people learned by observing
and then doing kinesthetic learning. Now, this happens to be
the wheelhouse for dyslexics; this is our prime opportunity to learn. Then there was this little twist
in history, okay? It was called the Industrial Revolution. And what happened
during the Industrial Revolution is the society said, “Okay,
we’ve got this new form of economy. What we need to do is educate the masses to become effective worker bees
in these factories.” Now, this dovetailed historically with the importation
of the printing press from Europe. And so everyone was incredibly excited
that they had this newfound technology that would enable us
to embed knowledge into a format that could then be scaled
and distributed on a national level. Now, this served society
tremendously well, except for the fact
that at that very moment, you essentially locked the door
on 20% of the population, right? Those of us with dyslexia. So, what does the dyslexic
experience feel like? Of those that raised their hands,
we certainly know, but I’ll illuminate it
for the rest of you. I ask you to take a stroll back to those sepia-toned images
of your 7, 8, 9-year-old years, where school was sort of this montage of recess and nap time and snack time; the world was a really good place, right? And then, all of a sudden, at one point, they kind of tightened the screws a bit, and said, “We’re going to introduce
our first benchmark of intelligence.” They didn’t put it that way; they said,
“We’re going to learn how to read.” And all of a sudden, for those of us with dyslexia,
our world changed overnight. We realized, looking at our peers, that what everybody else
was doing effortlessly, we had an incredible time trying to do. And we actually
not only failed on day one, but we failed on day two
and three and four, and so on, and the years started to compound where we were exposed
to this level of failure that became so commonplace that we started to wear
this shroud of shame. There’s a psychologist
named Dr. Gershen Kaufman. Dr. Kaufman studies shame. Dr. Kaufman says that people
who cannot read or who have difficulty
learning how to read feel the same level of shame
as people who have engaged in incest. So you can imagine what it’s like – again, you see that in yourself,
you know, many, many years ago – and you realize that after a while,
you’re burdened with this shame, and then you get this reinforcement, negative, albeit, where you’re walking down the hall,
and you hear things like, “That guy Dean. Kid’s so dumb
he can’t even read.” Right? Or the best one is
the teacher-parent conference where they’re like,
“You know, Dean’s a smart kid, but if he just tried harder. I think he’s a little bit lazy.” Okay? And so what happens is that you formulate
this malignant self-esteem; you start to believe – no matter
how strong your personal resolve may be – you start to believe
what everyone is telling you. So it should come as no surprise: you transition into
middle school, then high school, thinking, “Okay, who am I going to be?” We all remember that.
Horrible experience, right? Trying to define who we were going to be
in our cult, our pack, our community. And we knew that we’re not
going to be the smart kid. I mean, albeit the wrong assessment, but we knew we weren’t
going to be the smart kid. Maybe we were the gifted jock, but chances are we looked at the kids, after school, smoking reefer
on the bleachers, or the kids throwing rocks through glass or somebody maybe even getting involved
in a little bit of gang involvement. And we’d think to ourselves
they’ve got a very low barrier to entry; I can be that guy; that’s very easy. And so we naturally gravitate
towards those identities. And statistically, it’s a very sad story. You know, 35% of all dyslexics
drop out of high school, and 50% of all adolescents involved
in drug and alcohol rehabilitation have dyslexia. Another whammy is 60% – in fact, the professionals
say it’s more like 70%, but I think that’s outlandish – the people that work
in the juvenile detention system say that 70% of all juvenile delinquents have dyslexia. So, that is a very strong
and depressing narrative, obviously. But we all have heard – I heard
an earlier speaker talk about Einstein – we’ve all heard how Einstein was dyslexic. JFK, Pablo Picasso, Leonardo DaVinci, Richard Branson, Charles Schwab. I mean the laundry list is endless, right? In fact, dyslexics,
when they are fully empowered and they recognize
that innate intelligence, represent 35% of all entrepreneurs. They represent 40%
of all self-made millionaires. And you know those
rocket scientists down at NASA? One out of two of them is dyslexic. My favorite, because I live
in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is this easy-to-get-into
school called MIT – they call dyslexia the “MIT disease.” So, I’ve kind of toiled with this notion of why it is that my people – right? – suffer this huge delta in outcomes. And about a year-and-a-half ago, I found myself in
a learning-disability conference – which is the worst name
you could think of – and I was listening to these professors,
and they were really impressive. They had, you know, three or four
acronyms behind their last names, and they were sitting there saying
the way we need to teach dyslexic learners is through two things. We need to teach them social/emotional learning
executive functioning methodology. Okay? That’s code word
for sequencing and time management and emotional intelligence. And I sat there, like you all did, and I was just getting
a little hot under the collar. Like, man, what they don’t get is that adding another discipline
to an already frustrated student is like, “Alright, kids,
you headed off to the Gulag? Here’s an 800-pound sledgehammer, called social/emotional
learning executive function. Take this. It’s really
going to help when you get there.” Makes absolutely no sense. So I was frustrated, and I went
into a conference breakout session that was hosted by the Carroll School,
which is up in Lincoln, Massachusetts, K through 8, dyslexic only. And the head of the school, brilliant guy
named Steve Wilkins, was so smart. He said, “I’m not going to talk
to a room full of educators. Let me put my kids up there.” So, I remember this one eighth-grader, this gangly little dude,
he went up, he’s all nervous, standing in front of a room like this. And he reaches into this backpack, and he pulls out this
size-11 basketball high top, and on the heel, he’s got
this like erector set attached, right? and this long cord leading out of it. And he explains to everybody
that this is his prototype for a shoe that enables him
to charge his cellphone while he walked. And everyone is like,
“That’s really good, man, right? Yeah, there’s some technical issues,
right? but that’s details.” But the beauty was that the moment
this kid’s presentation ended, every arm in the place shot up, right? And all these very impressed educators
going, “How’d you think of that? That’s so creative.” And I watched this kid – literally – this little 8th-grader,
like, blossom into this deity. That kid was going to walk out
of that presentation hall, and he was never ever going to believe
that he was stupid or lazy or indolent. In fact, the kid is probably,
five years from now, going out to Palo Alto and
giving Zuckerberg a run for his money. Right? He’s going to displace Zuckerberg. This kid was so empowered. And I thought to myself,
“Here’s the answer.” Here’s the answer. What we have to do is we have to take these students
who are so disenfranchised, so frustrated, so thirsty
for positive reinforcement and introduce them to
that cognitive skill set they have, which is a direct result
of the construction of their brains. As I said earlier, entrepreneurship,
engineering, architecture, the arts – what we need to do is take
those subject matters, those vocations, distill them to an age-appropriate
middle school level, and then once we’ve got
these learners hooked, we can embed it with
that social/emotional learning and executive functioning methodology because I can attest
that once you’ve got a captive dyslexic, they are ravenous; they are thirsty; they’ve built up this moxie and this grit, and then, all of a sudden, you’re revealing something that
they’re better at against their peers – this is a brand new message. And so I’m in Cambridge, like I said,
the Saudi Arabia of academics, and I went to the best institutions: I went to Harvard School of Education,
Tufts University, the Carroll School, and I said this is what I want to build. They said, “We’re down.”
Said I was brilliant. Nobody’s done that. Not brilliant – I hope
they said that’s brilliant. They said, “We’re interested.” (Laughter) A little artistic liberty, I guess. Still working out
some issues from my youth. (Laughter) But the beauty was they got on board, and then I was faced with the question, “Okay, how do I avoid the mistake
of the traditional educational path?” Right? How do I avoid text
as that barrier to entry? So I hunted around, and it turns out
that Harvard, MIT and Stanford University have created something called edX. edX is a state-of-the-art
internet platform where they provide their MOOCs –
their massively open online curricula. And because these three universities
have the GDP of a small country, each one of them, they said part of building this
and part of our social responsibility is we’ll open source our software, which means that anybody can utilize
this state-of-the-art technology to create their own MOOCs. So, I found a company that works
between me, as the content provider, and the software, and we determined that I could actually offer
every single one of my lesson plans through a variety of modalities. I could offer my lesson plan
through a video presentation; I could offer it
through an audio presentation or a graphic or
a pictorial representation, which enables that dyslexic learner
to access the information without having to stumble
over text as that barrier. Now, I don’t want
to ever be mistaken for saying that dyslexics don’t have to learn
how to read; they absolutely do. But the point is this: if we can get to these kids
when they’re in middle school, we can access or reveal to them
what their inherent capacities are before, as my friend Ben Foss –
another friend in the field – says, “Before the cement
of their personality is solidified,” we can, theoretically –
and I hope to prove this – we can take these kids, empower them in such a way that we can not only
reduce attrition rates and reduce drug and alcohol
and incarceration rates, but, better yet, is we can
give birth to these kids; they can access within themselves
a new narrative, an empowered narrative, where they can go out, and they can join the ranks of those
famous dyslexics that I listed earlier, but more importantly, so these individuals
can become self-actualized, satisfied, content,
confident human beings. And I’ll end it on this: There are a lot of problems
facing today’s society. I think the previous speaker spoke about
the environment riddled with problems. Some of the most creative,
innovative minds are at this moment atrophying behind bars. And that’s all a result of a system that insists upon the most archaic form
of educational medium – text. So, I hope I’ll get
invited back in five years, and I’ll be able to explain to you – no, better yet – I’ll be able
to put up a panel of my students – that’s non-TEDx, but let’s say – put up a panel of my newly empowered,
little, dyslexic brothers and sisters and let them show you
what it is they’ve invented, or what they are going to do to solve
some sort of environmental problem. So, I’m so grateful to have had
this opportunity to speak to you all, to hopefully tell you a little bit more about this dyslexic potential
that we’re trying to unlock. So I thank you so much for being here. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “The True Gifts of a Dyslexic Mind | Dean Bragonier | TEDxMarthasVineyard”

  1. I am 60 an industrial designer and landscape architect. I left school when I was 14. I started to understand my left from my right at the age of 50 i understand my left from right now

  2. As a dyslexic dude. It brings me to tears hearing someone who understands. It takes so much for me to just type this (thank god for autocorrect). But Ive hustled- I’m now a user interface designer, whose so bad a reading comprehension but idk. I’d love to have the opportunity to chat with not only you but other people who have it. P.s I can’t uses gramerly to type this message

  3. But I have dyslexia and autism, yet the brain structures in certain regards are supposed to be the opposites of one another.

  4. I am a 55 year old woman that is feeling like a eight year old. That little girl that was extremely confused because she didn’t know what was so wrong with her.
    And convinced herself that there was something very seriously wrong with her.
    And now she understands that, there was absolutely NOTHING Wrong with HER. .. 😭😢

  5. I have a mild version of dyslexia but I see on a daily basis how I process and think to the average non dyslexic people I encounter.

    The edex system would of been very helpful to me when I was young. I am still finding thing that I am good at which keeps surprising myself.

  6. Are there any other dyslexic people who get so mentally fatigued much quicker than the average person? I mean like working 4 days a week is a big push and so mentally taxing? I believe I have skills and character to succeed in my own business but my biggest doubt is that I can’t work more than 4 days a week. If you are that person I ‘d loved to know how you are overcoming this obstacle?

  7. Staring this stuff after 8? No they do it in kindergarten now, they have a minute test for reading in kindergarten. My son is in second grade and my daughter is in first. They want them to be computers. If you can't do it in a minute there's an issue…

  8. I have dyslexia and dropped out of high school but went on to community college where I found more independence, support and confidence to discover my intellectual capabilities than my traditional high school. I was not officially diagnosed until I was in my first year of CC at 18 years old. I am now 21 and finishing up my junior year at UC Berkeley. I have a passion for academia despite my daily challenges. I am successful and happy. I am also hopeful future educators will pay closer attention to kids like me who had a hard time in school but was looked over for being "lazy" or "unmotivated." YOU CAN DO IT <3 go bears 😉

  9. I have dyslexia. I am in high school. I’m one of the only ones thriving in the engineering classes:) perseverance

  10. I'm 13 and I want to be an architect I'm not dyslexic though and people say it's because I'm left handed and it's supposed to be very rare and believe me I'm very creative with all be designs and plans and when I am an architect I will make some very very famous works of art and nobody can stop me in my reign if architecture

  11. As an early childhood educator and a mother to a dyslexic 8 year old I feel I should say that you should be focusing on children before middle school. Grab them in early primary, find there gift and nourish it! Middle school is almost too late.

  12. If only the education system was aware when I was in school!!! Really terrific presentation and ideas. Thank you.

  13. Omg. I just realised this morning that I might be dyslectic. I am 50. Looking back I overcame it by working hard. I had to “read” before every class and processed each written information to mentally understandable images and remembered them all. Reading information was never easy for me. I had to read each sentence more than ten time to access the meaning! I thought I was mentally lazy! I wrote a word more than ten times to remember them with my hand. With that efforts, I maintained the TOP grades and went to TOP rank school. Still, it has been a mystery to myself why I don’t enjoy reading. Then I found “Audible” and it is a whole new world to me. I could never tell teh difference between left and right in speaking until now! In yoga class, I still find it hard to tell which one is left or right, or which one is elbow or knee? Now it all makes sense! As all disabilities are so, dyslexia helped me develop other skills. Now I want to learn more about the social affects of it. It might tell me more why I always felt socially awkward although I am quite extrovert!

  14. I’m dyslexic and I would say I didn’t have a positive up bringing and now I’m 16 living on my own but dropped out of school and looking for work

  15. I want to get help but every corner i turn im not able to end where i want/need. Trapped in a loop. Please Help.

  16. Thank so very much my brother 😊you have no idea what I felt when I watched this video, after I bot my well on hold from getting to the end of my life, I watch you on stage, you give me hope to stay a life to show the world my gift, thank you sins seriously , I hope to meet you in parsons soon …

  17. I just dropped out today and suddenly my life has become something different in a great way, I didn't choose to follow the main stream system anymore that Is selfish, I don't like they way Im treated there so now Im gonna prove to everyone I can achieve.

  18. I'm severely dyslexic. I had the opportunity to attend the Carroll for 3rd and 4th grade and I firmly believe it saved my life.

  19. Im dyslexic and im 19 from Poland. In middle school I was super creative I created remote control arduino car, build few pc/android games to play with friends, guitar amp, arduino dj mixer and much more cool stuff. I was really really supported by my teachers they knew im dyslexic and they helped me with everything I built and struggle. Unfortunately, high school came. And I can describe it as end of my life I could live freely. Nobody care if I was dyslectic or not I was put to the same bin as others. I tried my best to make things I would create in middle school but only thing I would hear was "shut up, sit down and be quiet".I couldn't bear that. There was ONLY ONE teacher that cared about my dyslexia and those lessons were the best out of all. I felt like I;m me again. Well I almost finished highschool, the worst time of my short life, and I cried on this vid cuz it reminded my of who I was and what highschool did to teach me like everyone else no matter what. I realised that highschool succesfully killed all of my inspirations and ambitions. Im gonna watch this vid again tho. I'm still in tears.

  20. Wow damn just noticed this clip and he literally talking about my life, I knew I was slightly different from my peers and siblings

  21. I wish I had that opportunity to learn more about my dyslexia and find ways to over come it I am 23 and still can't read very well and it's really hard to find a job 🙁

  22. Blame the system, the more kids that do well at a school the more funding the school will get, kids that struggle will just get pushed aside.

  23. Thanks!! I’m dyslexic and adhd. They flunked me in third grade. I made it to 10th grade and took me GED and went racing. A lot of these kids that’s people think have disability’s. Are actually huge gifts if you learn how to use it!! Kids are the future 💪🏼😎🇺🇸

  24. Brilliant !!! thank you l sent this to my parent …who still don't know what my problem was!! and is !! they did how ever know there was something Wrong!!! so they sent me to a special school wow that was fun …Not !!!!! it helped though a little in some aspects of you reading and other stuff . Steve UK

  25. Honestly this is true, I found out in 10th grade (yes pretty late) that I was dyslexic, and everything I remember is either through hands on work, teachers who give us presentations instead of having us read, or information from videos

  26. To finally understand that my struggles and weakness in my everyday life is summed up. Now I can look at it objectively and be aware of it!

  27. I have Dyslexia and I learned how to read but that was a really long time ago and now I am a teen and if I fail math I fail in life. I want to get better but nothing is working. I hate feeling weak or like I can not do something and then I get so stressed and mad at myself then I can not think at all. What do I do?

  28. I need help!!

    1st of all, sorry for my bad english.

    I suspect my wife had dyslexia. She is 32 yrs old and she dont even know how many minutes a hour, how many weeks a month, and how many months a year. & she is confusing when im asking her about any simple numbers to "equal, times, devide, minus and plus" This is my 1st time ever met people who really really bad at a very simple math.

    This is really bad.., she dont even know how to spend money, how to manage times. Im tired to teach her for a million times.

    We always arguing each other because of that matter. She is in her own world.

    I always felt depressed when i think of her weakness .

    I am not rich, i work for my parents, for my children & her. i really want her do any job to help me out for our living costs.

    Owh ya, the reason why she is jobless is because she is upset with previous job why her monthly sallary is little than she expected. She think there is 50 days a month i guess..

    What should i do know?
    Is there any medication that can cure her?

    I really appreciate for any advise.

  29. Two years ago (when I was 15 and in year 10 of my secondary education(I live in the UK)) I had to talk with a teacher to discuss with students individually about their career choices. They wanted to know what I wanted to do for my future career and I said I want to be a professional writer (baring in mind I have Dyslexia (this they knew) and am currently using spellchecker to tell this story) to which they replied with "how about you go into a career less acedemic?"
    And I am ashamed that I didn't speak up about this sooner but this has drives me to write even more (even if my spelling is bad) and I am currently doing A levels in English Language and Literature, History and Politics… Now I find this funny as most people I know, who don't have Dyslexia are starting to drop out of college (most of them are doing A Levels) because they can't handle the pressure of their heavy topics.

    I think all this has come down to pressure from schooling systems and teaching strategies that cater to those who are more 'simple-minded', not those with different thinking strategies to learning and absorbing information. Along with our coping mechanisms and how we handle stress is also a factor.
    Plus anyway I believe everyone is acedemic as academia can't be categorise by one teaching method which is what the schooling system imposes…

    "No two minds are alike."

  30. I did very poor in my finals and have such shame around my results undiagnosed unsupported all through school told I was lazy i know that malignant shame.. excelling in my career now thanks to Microsoft word ! Applied for a university course recently they wanted my finals results from school and this flung me right back to the shame .. do we tell universities about our dyslexia I was never formally diagnosed but found out through a wonderful lecturer I had dyslexia!! I am 47 and that shame triggers everyday

  31. I do not like your views generalisation on Dyslexia, I find it insulting and very upsetting. Not all dyslexics are the same, there are minor to extremely severe dyslexics.
    I think you’re confusing Savant syndrome with dyslexia. “Dyslexia is not a Gift” 🤨
    Regards Jemma renèe Brownless

  32. It seems so easy to recognise the signs of dyslexia in oneself. Why then is it so expensive, at least in Australia, for dyslexia to be officially diagnosed in a student/person??? Are there any websites that offer free or reasonably priced testing for dylexia?

  33. I have minor dyslexia and it took me 2 years to learn how to read, but the most challenging thing is spelling and mixing up the letters when I'm trying to read at a normal pace. It didn't slow me down in school that much because I'm on the minor scale but I'm definitely inclined to engineering and architecture.

  34. i dont have dyslexia but im here to try to understand about it . my best friend , She's having a hard time for spelling even the simple one … at first my friend and i was like thats simple then laugh …. when it comes to examination weeks there is where she feel so low as she thinks shes is a slow learner , so i slowly search and analyse her symptom .i regret of my past . now i knew . she will graduate soon .

  35. I am a young dyslexic and have struggled my whole life with the idea that I have been put at a disadvantage with learning because the traditional education system is so unaccommodating to the dyslexic mind. An even more haunting thought is that in the future it is highly possible that I pass this onto my children, so they too would have to suffer from the shame and hurt that our education system would undoubtedly give them. But this has given me hope that the future of dyslexics is not as sealed in negativity as much as that of past generations. We are slowly coming to realize that dyslexia is not a limit to what a person can accomplish, but simply a side effect of having a wonderfully different mind.

  36. TY for considering tweek the information provided, so the one asked to learn is empowered rather than jackhammer a poor educational foundation that is already weak.

  37. Am dyslexic and wasnt diagnosed until in my late twenties. I struggled a lot in school. I was failing maths and english until my final couple of years in high school when I learnt how to cope and make the system work in my head. It was a lot of hard work but I graduated with As. Most times I felt I had to work three times as hard as my other classmates and it was exhausting. I realised I had a problem when I had to take my professional accountancy exams, I just couldnt decode the questions quickly enough. That was when I got tested. The assessor told my Accountancy is one of the worst professions for a dyslexic. But I have always believed that hard work can overcome most obstacles. Almost 15 years on and am fully qualified and have worked for some of the biggest firms on the planet. For the kids out there, there is hope.

  38. I was told my dyslexia was caused by not crawling as an infant. I was told that when you crawl it programs your mind to be able to read lines of information. My mother told me I never crawled I went from scooting to walking. My sister-in-law is a teacher and she told me that there are certain kinds of font that can help with dyslexia.

  39. i have dyslexia and moved to Germany wen i was 7 know i am 17.i hated going to school i was scared of reading anything and a Bad dream i had wen i was Junger stayed with me till a short time ago i was scared to be Labeld dyslexic but now i am proud to be dyslexic

  40. That was pretty eye-opening and encouraging. I am extremely curious to find more curriculum that is created in this way. Just think of how profound audio books and Youtube videos have become? People are learning to do just about anything from Youtube videos. I've learned to fly fish, tie my own flies, sculpt, water color, fabricate, 3D print, 3D modeling and design video games. Learning from text absolutely feels outdated. Some other way to ingest content that works for the student. I get it!

    I Just found out my oldest daughter(6 years) is Dyslexic and her Kindergarten and 1st grade teacher had recommend to us, that she be tested. So we did and we just found out, although we had suspicions. She is smart, very sharp and interesting in the world and all things about it.

  41. I’m dyslexic I remember in 1st grade we would get gold stars every time pass completed a book level or a set of flash cards with math problems I would never get a gold star I know something was wrong with me at the age of 6 and just wanted to be normal like the other kids

  42. I have number dyslexia and letter dyslexia if you don’t have dyslexia and wanna know how it feels I can’t explain it.not being able to do what others do feels cold inside and stuck like there’s no other way to keep going like how did you get that awnser or where did that letter come from and it fusterates you and then you get a headache.yea it’s stressful 😓

  43. As A Dyslexic Realize it's "TIME" that we need. Sometimes we'll learn K G X… before learning ABC.. Allow kids to learn in there style. Not structured linear time lines.

  44. TEXT and sitting behind a desk is the LEAST effective way to learn anything. We are not all the same and we do not have to be the same. MOOC's I believe will help a lot. Thank you.

  45. 20% you mean 10% ? The world is not 1/5 dyslexia .FFS That aculty doesn't help people perception of it or understand it can be very mild to severe. Never mind the people who now say they suffer from it because it cool .

  46. THAN YOU! THANK YOU!
    Access to information – I would ask people and they would say "just read the book". 😢
    Google and YouTube have helped me but… 40 years too late. What about those who can't understand the alphabet and can't use a computer!

    Sweet success sometimes comes in obscure ways. Of us four Dyslexics in school, one became very wealthy buying old aeroplanes and flying Red Cross supplies into Africa. Another got into the Chinese African Triad (Mafia), rose to the top and then converted it into a respectable Chinese business association. The third set up an extremely creative Accounting business. He should be out of prison any time now. I am a creative engineer. You usually don't go to prison for creative engineering yet. 😱

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