The history of chocolate – Deanna Pucciarelli


If you can’t imagine
life without chocolate, you’re lucky you weren’t born before
the 16th century. Until then, chocolate only existed
in Mesoamerica in a form quite different
from what we know. As far back as 1900 BCE, the people of that region had learned
to prepare the beans of the native cacao tree. The earliest records tell us the beans
were ground and mixed with cornmeal
and chili peppers to create a drink – not a relaxing cup of hot cocoa, but a bitter, invigorating concoction
frothing with foam. And if you thought we make
a big deal about chocolate today, the Mesoamericans had us beat. They believed that cacao
was a heavenly food gifted to humans
by a feathered serpent god, known to the Maya as Kukulkan and to the Aztecs as Quetzalcoatl. Aztecs used cacao beans as currency and drank chocolate at royal feasts, gave it to soldiers as a reward
for success in battle, and used it in rituals. The first transatlantic
chocolate encounter occurred in 1519 when Hernán Cortés visited
the court of Moctezuma at Tenochtitlan. As recorded by Cortés’s lieutenant, the king had 50 jugs of the drink
brought out and poured into golden cups. When the colonists returned with shipments
of the strange new bean, missionaries’ salacious accounts
of native customs gave it a reputation as an aphrodisiac. At first, its bitter taste made it
suitable as a medicine for ailments, like upset stomachs, but sweetening it with honey,
sugar, or vanilla quickly made chocolate a popular delicacy
in the Spanish court. And soon, no aristocratic home was
complete without dedicated chocolate ware. The fashionable drink was difficult
and time consuming to produce on a large scale. That involved using plantations
and imported slave labor in the Caribbean and
on islands off the coast of Africa. The world of chocolate would change
forever in 1828 with the introduction of the cocoa press
by Coenraad van Houten of Amsterdam. Van Houten’s invention could separate
the cocoa’s natural fat, or cocoa butter. This left a powder that could be mixed
into a drinkable solution or recombined with the cocoa butter to create the solid chocolate
we know today. Not long after, a Swiss chocolatier
named Daniel Peter added powdered milk to the mix, thus inventing milk chocolate. By the 20th century, chocolate
was no longer an elite luxury but had become a treat for the public. Meeting the massive demand required
more cultivation of cocoa, which can only grow near the equator. Now, instead of African slaves
being shipped to South American cocoa plantations, cocoa production itself would shift
to West Africa with Cote d’Ivoire providing two-fifths
of the world’s cocoa as of 2015. Yet along with the growth
of the industry, there have been horrific abuses
of human rights. Many of the plantations throughout
West Africa, which supply Western companies, use slave and child labor, with an estimation of more than
2 million children affected. This is a complex problem
that persists despite efforts from major chocolate
companies to partner with African nations to reduce child
and indentured labor practices. Today, chocolate has established itself
in the rituals of our modern culture. Due to its colonial association with
native cultures, combined with the power of advertising, chocolate retains an aura
of something sensual, decadent, and forbidden. Yet knowing more about its fascinating
and often cruel history, as well as its production today, tells us where
these associations originate and what they hide. So as you unwrap
your next bar of chocolate, take a moment to consider that
not everything about chocolate is sweet.

100 thoughts on “The history of chocolate – Deanna Pucciarelli”

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  2. ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿช๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿฅ›โ˜•๏ธ

  3. aztecs and maya: hey lemme take the beans and put it with some fruit
    spain: ok dudes we want more
    british: TAKE COCOA MIX IT WOTH TEA

    random guy: milk

  4. In my country, a lot of people still die in cocoa plantations just to make White people asses bigger ๐Ÿ˜‘

  5. ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช๐Ÿซ๐Ÿฉ๐Ÿช

  6. So thatโ€™s why much of it is substituted with soy bean? Maybe if people consume less especially in the west we would have more of it to go around, But thatโ€™s politic talk lets just enjoy the video.

  7. Sorry but youโ€™re wrong from the beginning. Chocolate existed in the Equatorial Andes and northern Amazonia of South America for at least 2.000 years before it came to Mesoamerica.

  8. I still recall a fierce discussion I had with my teacher from the primary school of my last year there. She refused to believe certain whale sounds can kill you, Antartica is, in fact, a desert, and that cocoa originated from Mesoamerica, holding onto the idea it was African.

    Ugh. On the whole, she was nice, but this still triggers me. A lot.

  9. Me quedo con la รบltima oraciรณn. Cuando me coma una barra de chocolate, definitivamente pensarรฉ en eso.

  10. What is you guy's favorite chocolate I like super dark chocolate as I usually eat 90 percent chocolate which has hardly any sweetness compared to others yet being me it's surprisingly still too sweet as i wanna eat 100 percent or close to that but who cares about me tell me your guy's favorites

    Edit:I really don't like white chocolate but I'm ok with milk I just prefer dark way more than the other and by dark I mean DARK

  11. Almost all the stories behind produce are bad, whereas there are not much behind meat, so I guess we can say that VEGETARIANISM IS SIN. (just kidding)

  12. Mexico:Corn,Cacao,Tomato,Vanilla,Avocado,Beans
    Colombia:Mango
    Peru:Potato
    All the world,give thanks to the real AMERICA FOR REAL AMERICANS

  13. Many things have its origins in Mexico that are either consumed or used today around the world. For example cacao/chocolate, tomatoes, avocados, the concept of zero, mathematics, science, and engineering, etc.

  14. More slavery in to world history.. I do love chocolate and eat it almost everyday but we eat it on the expense of someoneโ€™s hard work and not getting paid enough..

  15. My mom likes it unsweetened and it's bitter but she said that's the way our ancestors ate it because it was natural

  16. My Grandmother worked at Schrafftโ€™s Candy Company back in the 1920โ€™s as a โ€œChocolate Dipperโ€. She taught me what the different โ€œTwirlsโ€ on each type of piece meant. This way I could tell what the Filling was without poking a hole in it meant! In my own defense I was only seven years old. ๐Ÿ™„๐Ÿคฃ๐Ÿ˜‚๐Ÿคฃ

  17. ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ๐Ÿซ I love dark chocolates ๐Ÿ˜ ๐Ÿ˜‹ ๐Ÿ˜˜

  18. You know it.
    1: Cadbury
    2: White Chocolate
    3: Twix
    4: 3 Musketeers
    5: Snickers
    6: Milky Way
    7: M&M
    8: Reese's
    9: Kinder
    0: Hershey's

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