The decline of play | Peter Gray | TEDxNavesink


Translator: Ilze Garda
Reviewer: Mile Živković Good afternoon. I am a researcher who studies play from a biological,
evolutionary perspective. I’m interested in the reasons why play came about
in the course of natural selection, I’m interested in
the evolutionary function of play. So I am going to start with animals. Young mammals
of essentially all species play. In play, they develop fit bodies, they practice physical skills that are crucial to their survival, and they also practice
social and emotional skills. By playing together, they learn to cooperate with one another, they learn to be in close vicinity
with one another without losing their tempers — it’s very important
for social animals to develop. In risky play, they learn to take risks to experience fear
without loosing their heads — a lesson that can save their lives in the course of a real emergency. Researchers have conducted
laboratory experiments in which they had deprived
young animals — usually this is done with rats,
but sometimes with monkeys — of the opportunity to play
as they’re growing up. They’ve developed ways of doing this without depriving them
of other social experiences; at least with rats,
they develop ways of doing this. The result is
that when these young animals develop, they are socially
and emotionally crippled. When you place one
of these play-deprived animals in a somewhat novel,
somewhat frightening environment, they overreact with fear: they freeze in the corner, they don’t adapt to — they don’t explore the environment
as a normal animal would. If you place one
of these play-deprived animals with an unfamiliar peer, they alternately freeze in fear and lash out with inappropriate,
ineffective aggression; they don’t learn to respond to the social signals of the other animal. It is not surprising that those mammals that have the largest brains
and that have the most to learn, are the ones that we find play the most. And given that,
it should be no surprise at all that human children,
when they are free to do so, play far, far more than do
the young of any other mammals. A few years ago, one of my graduate students and I
conducted a survey of anthropologists who had observed hunter-gatherer cultures in various isolated parts of the world. We asked them questions
about children and play in the cultures that they observed. Every single one
of these 10 different anthropologists who had studied hunter-gatherer cultures
on three different continents, told us that the children
in the cultures that they had studied, including the young teenagers, were free to play and explore
on their own, without adult guidance, all day long, from dawn to dusk, essentially every day. The adults in these cultures,
when asked, say, “We have to let them play,
because that’s how they learn the skills that they need to acquire
to grow into adulthood.” Some of these anthropologists told us that the children they observed
in these cultures were among the brightest, happiest, most cooperative, most well-adjusted,
most resilient children that they had ever observed anywhere. From a biological evolutionary perspective play is nature’s means of ensuring that young mammals,
including young human beings, acquire the skills
that they need to acquire to develop successfully into adulthood. From a religious perspective,
we might say that play is God’s gift that makes
life on Earth worthwhile. Now, here’s the sad news, here’s really
what I am here to talk about. Over the last 50 to 60 years, we have been gradually
taking that gift away. Over this period of time, there has been a continuous erosion in children’s freedom
and opportunity to play, to really play, to play freely. This has been documented in various ways by historians and social scientists, and I am old enough that I have seen it
in the course of my lifetime. In the 1950s, when I was a child, we had ample opportunity to play. We had school, but school
was not the big deal that is today. Some people might not remember, but the school year then was
five weeks shorter than it is today. The school day was six hours long, but at least in elementary school,
two of those hours were outdoors playing, we had half hour recess in the morning,
half hour recess in the afternoon, a full hour at lunch, we could go wherever
we wanted during that period. We were never in the classroom more than an hour at a time,
or for four hours a day, it just wasn’t the big deal. And homework
for elementary school children was essentially unheard of. There was some homework
for highschool students, but much, much less than today. Out of schools, we had chores, some of us had part-time jobs, but for the most part
we were free to play, for hours a day after school, all day on weekends, all summer long. I like to say that when I was a kid, I had school, and I also had
a hunter-gatherer education. At that time, you could walk through
any neighbourhood in America, almost any time
the school was not in session, and you would find kids outdoors playing, without any adults around. Now if you walk through most
neighborhoods in the United States, what you find, if you find
kids outdoors at all, is that they’re wearing uniforms, they are in some kind of manicured field, they are following
the directions of adult coaches, while their parents
are sitting on the sidelines cheering their every move. We call this play sometimes, but it isn’t
by any play researchers’ definition, it’s not really play. Play, by definition,
is self-controlled and self-directed, it’s the self-directed aspect of play that gives it its educative power. Here are some of the reasons
why play has declined. One, of course, is
the increased weight of school. But an even more important reason,
as important as that one is, I think, an even more important
reason for the decline of play has been the spread
outside of the school walls of, what I call, a schoolish view
of child development. The view that children learn best
everything, from adults, that children’s own self-directed
activities with other children are wastes of time. We don’t often say it that way, but that’s the implicit understanding that underlies so much of our policy
with regard to children. So, childhood is turned from a time of freedom
to a time of résumé building. Another reason, of course,
has to do with the spread of fears, really, mostly irrational fears, spread by the media, spread by experts who are constantly warning us
of the dangers out there, if we don’t watch our children
every minute that they are out there. Many people recognize the absurdity of some of these extreme fears, but yet, once we get them
in our head, it’s hard to shake them. I know many parents who would love
to let their kids play outdoors, and they think it would be great to, but they just can’t get rid of that idea. In addition, there is a self-generative quality
due to the decline of play. Once there are fewer kids
out there playing, the outdoors becomes less attractive. It also becomes less safe. So that kid who does go outdoors, finds nobody to play with
and goes back inside. I don’t want to romanticize the 1950s, there is a lot of ways in which we are a much better world today
than we were then, but we are a much worse world for kids. Over the same decades
that play has been declining, we have seen a well-documented increase in all sorts of mental disorders
in childhood. The best evidence for this comes from the use of standardized
clinical assessment questionnaires. Based on such assessments, five to eight times as many children today suffer from major depression or from
a clinically significant anxiety disorder as was true in the 1950s. And this has been a continuous, gradual, roughly linear increase over the years, very well-documented. Over the same period, we have seen
among young people, from age 15 to 24, a doubling of the suicide rate. We have seen among children
aged 15 and under, a quadrupling of the suicide rate. Over the same period of time, the suicide rate for people my age
has gone down considerably. We’ve become a worse world for children, not necessarily a worse world for adults, and maybe a better world
for us, older adults. We’ve also seen a decline of the young people’s sense that they have control
over their own lives. There is a questionnaire called the internal-external locus
of control scale. There is a version of this for children,
as well as for adults. It’s been given since about 1960. Ever since it’s been given, we have seen a decline,
a continuous decline, in children’s, in young adults’ sets that they have control
over their own lives. They have more and more of a sense
that their lives are controlled by fate, by circumstance,
by other people’s decisions. This is significant in terms of the relationship
between anxiety and depression because one thing
clinical psychologists know very well is that not having
an internal sense of control sets you up for anxiety and depression. More bad news; we have also seen in fairly recent years, due to the questionnaires
that have been given out since about 1980, a rise in narcissism in young people and a decline in empathy. And most recently,
there have been research studies, analyzing results of tests
of creativity over the years, which show that there
has been a gradual decline in creative thinking among children, schoolchildren of all grades, since about the mid-1980s. Now, of course,
as any social scientist will tell you, correlation does not prove
cause and effect. But in this case, I think
that there is good reason to believe that the decline in play is the cause
of these deleterious changes. For one thing
the correlation is very good, especially the correlation
between the decline in play — which seems to be roughly linear
beginning around 1955 on through today— and the roughly linear increase in anxiety and depression
among young people. It does not correlate with things like economic cycles or wars. Children are more depressed today than they were
during the Great Depression. They are more anxious today
than they were during the Cold War when they were continuously being warned of the threat of nuclear holocaust
that could happen any time. In addition, play — everything we know about play tells us that these are
the effects we would expect if children are deprived of play. They are analogous
to the effects we see in animals when we take play away from animals. Play is where children learn
that they are in control of their life, it’s really the only place
they are in control of their own life. When we take that away, we don’t give them the chance
to learn how to control their own life. Play is where they learn
to solve their own problems and learn therefore
that the world is not so scary after all. Play is where they experience joy and they learn the world
is not so depressing after all. Play is where they learn
to get along with peers and see from others’ points of view, and practice empathy,
and get over narcissism. Play is by definition
creative and innovative. Of course, if you take away play,
all these things are going to go down. And yet, the human cry
that we hear everywhere is for more school, not for more play. And we’ve got to,
we’ve really got to change that. (Applause) So, I’m told that it’s always good
to end on a positive note. (Laughter) I don’t want to be
the only depressive speaker here. (Laughter) So, I’m going to say: “Look,
let’s admit this is our fault. We have done this
to the children in this world.” Let’s start by admitting that. But then let’s say,
“We can do something about it.” The first thing we need to do
is to recognize that it’s a problem. And once we’ve recognized
that’s a problem, then we need to figure out
how to solve that problem. We need to have
an internal sense of control and know that we can solve this problem. We have to begin
by examining our own priorities. What do we really want for our kids? And how do we achieve it? We have to get to know our neighbors,
develop neighborhood networks, because it’s in neighborhoods that children make friends
and develop playmates. By getting to know our neighbors,
we can convince ourselves that the neighbourhood,
after all, is a safe place to play, that neighbor isn’t
a child molester after all, once we get to know him. We need also to establish
places for children to play, they have kind of disappeared, we have even taken away sidewalks. We need to do things
like open up gymnasiums, school gymnasiums
after school for free play. We need to do things like
put a supervisor in the park, so parents will feel it’s safe enough
to leave their kid there to play. A supervisor who knows
how to keep things safe enough, but not intervene or interfere. We need to do things like close off
city streets during certain hours, so kids can once again reclaim
the street as a place to play. And we need to do things
like develop adventure playgrounds of the kind that are
relatively common in Europe and becoming once again more so. And perhaps, most of all,
we need to be brave enough to stand up against
the continuous clamor for more schooling. (Applause) Our children don’t need more school. They need less school. Maybe they need better school, but they don’t need more school. So with that I am going to conclude, and I thank you very much for coming, I bless you and I hope
that you will all do what you can to help bring play back
to your neighborhood and to children everywhere. Thank you. (Applause)

90 thoughts on “The decline of play | Peter Gray | TEDxNavesink”

  1. I feel you are correct, play is so important and will give good results if you correct it, however it is just a gut feeling and it will always be.
    Correlation and cause, I am sorry even linear as you say is no proof. And you know that.
    Only way to get it right is to isolate 1000 children and do it right if you can and measure the results if you know how, and then even the experiment was pointless. It is not possible to isolate the cause effect what you want to measure to draw this conclusion.
    Psychologists should stop trying to fit in science, because there is nothing you can proof significantly with control groups, What works for one kid doesn't work for others. Every conclusion in the direction of this talk is another effort to wanting to treat a mass efficiently. Every kid needs a specialized treatment. Some kids need to run 5 miles, 3 times a day in the forest and we stuff them 9 hours in a confined school-class and feed them ritaline. Just because they don't fit  in the government ideal. 

  2. Enormous fan of Peter Gray and his research. Spread this video — the message's importance can't be overstated.

  3. As a parent and as a manager of people in my job, I see this as such an important topic. Perhaps the only thing not mentioned in the video is the importance of unstructured play probably never goes away.  Adults in our work spaces and in our everyday lives need to carve out time to have unstructured play especially in roles that require creativity and abstract thinking.

  4. I could not agree more. When will the policy makers acknowledge this.
    Who is looking after the children's interests and development.
    You might be good at maths and science, but can you negotiate play scenarios with peers,problem solve in social situations,be confident in sharing your opinions,be empathetic to others and inclusive too.
    We learn all these things as children by doing and by connecting with others in play,

  5. social play? virtual play? i was a poorly adjusted teen and played about 20 hours of video games a week. the "learning social cues" really struck me and the aggressive, frightened reactions of a non-playing animal really stuck out.

  6. I actually have a question. In this world of evolving technology… can play be replaced or supplemented (probably heavily) by usage of internet? In my opinion, the innovation and thinking processes can easily be replaced by technology, but, the social ability of children will never be replaced. 

  7. He's right on. And during the same period, many children are doing poorly at school. They need more undirected free-play time, outdoors in nature.  We need to get back to "reality" as a society and stop thinking of our children as little commodities.

  8. Is there a Video with german subtitles around? If not, is anyone able to put one together (I could stand for the Translation if needed).

  9. kids can't go outside alone…because some pedo is always waiting to snatch them. -_- that's the god damn stigma that baby boomers and helicopter parents used to fuck up their kids. Or god forbid playing dodge ball will create a school shooter. Instead we isolate them in class rooms, with boring teachers that don't really know what they are doing…with homework nobody knows how to do…and expect them to be happy or grateful

  10. I'm in highschool and I never get a chance to relax. There is always assignments or tests every single week. I barely have any time to breathe. I am scared of going to university because I know things will get even worse.

  11. And I've always thought piles of homework was a stupid idea. I always did it on the bus, because when I get home, I want to wind down.

  12. Read his Book 'Free to Learn' http://www.amazon.com/Free-Learn-Unleashing-Instinct-Self-Reliant/dp/0465025994 and absolutely amazing read and it it he endorses the Sudbury Valley School where his own son went to school. http://www.sudval.org/ there is no curriculum, there are no test, the children are free to play all day and they LEARN to be adults in today's world happy and resilient. The children have a democratic vote in the running of the school, and they have rights to direct their own lives.

    So much school today is something we 'do to' children we don't do it 'for' children, because if we did it 'for' children we'd have to ask them what they want and society is to scared to trust its children.   

  13. We have had the 'Race' movement, and the 'Women's' movement the next human rights movement will be the 'Children's' Movement. Bring it on… can't come soon enough for me.

  14. Not just kids: adults. I need more time to be able to do things besides work. Work should definitely not be the main priority in life.

  15. To zapewne mądre, szkoda, że nic nie rozumiem. Nazwa Summervill nie pada, a to chyba o demokratyczne wychowanie chodzi.W Polsce nawet przetłumaczyc mądrego nie potrafimy. 

  16. Pedos on videogames can't touch your kids. Minecraft, gmod, etc. are a good alternative until we get those adventure parks and closed roads for kids to play.

    I propose slides down every escalator!

  17. Its interesting to think why play is declining in most countries, not only in the US, which I lived in for 5 years in the 1985. but here in Iceland where kids grew up 30-50 years ago children where playing outdoor, hide and seek and lots of plays, but today, we are almost not seeing children playing outdoors. And I am worried about the depression in children today, parents are divorcing, and children are worried and full of anxiety. this is worse world, in some ways, but better in others.

  18. They want more school hours, they say extracurriculars are needed for college application and they want every 16 year old to have an after school job, get home and eat dinner at 9pm and do homework for 6 hours followed by 4 hours sleep so they can get be back in school by 8am.

    Why are they doing this? Because they want to train the next generation to be good little worker drones who think it's normal to work 14 hours per day.

  19. I am a child, 12 nearly 13 in secondary school, year 8 (English Education System). A lot of the time, even right now I feel physically sick when I think about school and homework. I talked to my friends and they said they feel that way too. I don't understand how they think this is a good educational system if children, children are sick with worry about school. I will say that I did grow up protected and wasn't aloud to play "out" much but that was because my dad was in the police for a while and helped with murderers even of one of a little girl so. But when need a system when children look forward too school instead of think the only good thing is your friends which is how I feel. This is alll coming from a child who is twelve years of age and is within the educational system right now. One last thing we have much less "creative" lessons than maths and English etc. Even then lessons like art are very controlled and seam boring sometimes.

  20. I love this message. I am a proud parent of a kid who plays. Every day after school my 10 year old son and a group of boys ages 6-12 run, bike, skateboard, climb trees, play basketball, and football, all over our neighborhood, most nights until after dark. They make up their own games, negotiate, solve problems, learn how to get along without adults, and create elaborate adventures with their toy light sabers or just use sticks and cardboard boxes. When we first moved to the neighborhood, all my son wanted to do was sit at the computer and play mine craft. The boys kept ringing the doorbell asking him to play and eventually he started joining in. Now he cant wait to do his homework so he can get out there and PLAY. It only takes one parent to start a change in the neighborhood. In my case, the. Neighbor across the street had two boys and they had limited time on the computer and video games ("house rules." )So they were always outside. It forced me to think about my choices for my son and how he wasn't growing up runnning around the neighborhood with friends like how I did. And now he is. He still plays a lot of Mine craft but he has hours of unsupervised creative play.

  21. This is one of my favorite Ted Talks. I am so sick of teachers taking play away and replacing it with worksheets. It shows you know nothing about child development when you do that and it makes educated parents lose all respect for you as a professional.

  22. What time period is he referring to? In the 1600s and the 1700s puritans saw playing children as idleness and many children were forced to work as adults.

    Following the Neolithic revolution children had to work as adults and were treated as adults. They got married at 13 and were expected to carry out adult tasks.

    During industrial revolution of the late 1700s children as young as five were forced to work in coal mines and factories. This period of regulated play in the 1950s is a result of government regulation on child labor laws, and a post war baby boom.

    Look at the black youth in the 1950s, many lived in neighborhoods that had become dilapidated and unsafe due to white flight following World War II. White middle class families in the suburbs had play time.

    We need play time yes. However we have to remember the world is different than 60 years ago. Women are in the workforce, many children grow up in single family homes, there are no mothers forced to stay at home and watch over the children. We need government sponsored physical education, mandatory breaks, and parental supervisor. However this could be challenging for single parent homes. If more cities had state sponsored after school programs to help single mothers then more children would be playing.

    The world is a lot more competitive as children today are not only competing against other American youths, but also the youths of China and India. This video does not take in account how much has changed since the 1950s of his youth.

  23. system is changing its a conspiarcy! its an agenda! they're molding the generations to fit with their plan and how they want things to be, everything happens for a reason.. they want us to be full on mindless slaves

  24. I feel fortunate to have been able to play a little as a kid. The make-believe games were always the best. We would have the Kid Fear Factor,  and we'd go ghost hunting. We would collect rocks, ride bikes. If you haven't had one summer where you couldn't wait to scarf down breakfast and run outside to build, ride or play, then you don't know what summer is for- the full potential for it.   A lot of time is stolen by video games and computers.They're not necessarily bad things, but I hope children will know they can have fun without them, and not all of them seem to.  In fact, it kind of seems that many kids are being set up for technology addictions.  Many stay up all night on them when they should be sleeping, and that is a habit a lot of adults can relate to that is happening younger and younger.

  25. This discussion is right up my alley, as I teach both TK and K (not in the same year-but I loop from TK to K with my students). During my TK year, my students have a mandated time of 1 hour and a half of workshops. Those workshops are student choice. The problem I find is that we can't call it play per the state. We have to call it workshops. We don't even use play in the lesson plan or in our dialogue. But what's wrong with the word play? We want kids to play and explore. In fact, in each center as I walk around, I do not enter the center without students asking me to join.

    Of course I make sure that the play is safe and inclusive for every student, but it can not be called play. In this video, it says that play allows students to grow and learn. It also says that play develops student into success as adults. They need this play.

    My students all play sports, taking music lessons, dance, karate and much more, but those aren't play. Sports with a coach teaching your and a parent watching from the sidelines is not play. It is organized sports. So nothing wrong with sports, but they also need to play, explore, grow and learn.

  26. The state of Day care is so sad to me. Most child care centers are so focused on alphabet and number recognition that the time for spontaneous play is becoming non existent. The time when the brain is most placed is not taken advantage of.

  27. Ok. So I'm from India (26 years old) and have a different perspective on this. They way we grew up, I really wish I had been sent to sports academies and music lessons etc.- the condition of the school curriculum is so bad that you hardly get to learn any real skill unless you're taking classes outside here! And as far as play is concerned, everyone was playing cricket anyway, and we kids were being watched from our parents from our balconies- so it was supervised anyway haha. Going to a cricket academy would have worked much better for me- at least I would have learned the game properly. Also, when we weren't playing cricket, the kids would be bitching and gossipping etc- where's the playful element in that? So I ultimately ended up being the unsocial kid that listened to music and watched tv all day long after school, along with reading novels issued from teh school library as well as comics.

  28. I walk past my old middle school several times a week. It's unrecognisable, literally: I can't see it past the security gate and massive fence. Guess that's what it takes to keep the pedo hordes at bay.

  29. Totally agree with this. When I was a kid, I could play on my street for a year or two, but then everyone paved their front gardens and there were so many cars coming and going it just wasn't safe. I couldn't go to the park because my parents were scared I'd be kidnapped. So all I was really allowed to do was go to my friends house and watch tv. I was brought up in the suburbs so I can only imagine what it's like for kids in the city. My boyfriend had an idyllic childhood in the countryside – adventures, building things, space to run around and trees to fall out of. He had no idea how lucky he was until we compared notes. As for school – why the hell do children get given homework? Isn't it bad enough they're caged in a classroom for 7 hours already? what purpose does homework serve? People say school is good for socialising children but really, with class, extra curriculars and homework, when do they actually get to socialise? Makes me want to homeschool when I have kids.

  30. I had a vague intuition that I was sending my daughter to school that was not only ineffective but also destructive for her capacity to learn and her growth as a whole human. Dr Gray's and John Gatto's books have helped me clarify those intuitions. With Dr Gray, the clarification is coming from a scientific and evolutionary perspective. With Gatto, it is from an experiential, analytical, and free associating perspective. These books have been very helpful for my family and especially my children. I'll be homeschooling from now on. I will also be doing everything that I can to limit the power of sociopathic mega institutions, particularly the schooling organizations, whose goals are, from what I can gather, 1. to grow indefinitely and 2. to homogenize the population so that it is predictable for industry.

  31. A novel thought is to go play along with your child, go to the playground, tennis court, take them swimming, horseback riding, hiking, camping etc.  Unfortunately, the reason some parents don't trust for their children to freely roam is because the parent found out as a child themselves, that free roaming was not safe.  That is not the case for everyone, though the lack of free range kids is likely a backlash against having been free range kids.   I love the topic of the importance of play though- and would add to advocate to the parents to lay down the electronics more often, have a family game night, go hiking in all sorts of weather and create an adventure with your child.  Today was a good example, we hiked at the lake with our kids, the camping loop is a mile- my husband & I walked it together, though as long as the two youngest (11 & 9) stayed together, they could go to either the playground to play, hike with us, or play with some similar aged kids they met along the walk.   They chose to do some of all three activities, though mostly walked with us, played with the other kids and spent a little time on the playground.  Play is very valuable, though also, realize how much kids want the attention of the parent, to be seen, to be heard and to have fun.  Just taking a ball to the tennis court, basket ball court, whatever and having fun with them is a blast!!!  They also love the chance to play a board game or card game with the parent!  This gives them a chance to win and a chance to practice being good at just playing & not being too competitive.   Hope you all get a chance to go out and play with your child!  They grow so quickly!

  32. This is so powerful. As a professional educator I have been worried about the burden of homework and controlled activities. There is a price that kids will pay as adults because they were robbed of play.

  33. Dr. Gray talks about narcissism in children, I worked in public education for 15 years and have seen the rise in emphasis of self-esteem unearned self-esteem is counterproductive and I believe is a major contributor to narcissism. Self-esteem is a gift you earn for yourself by accomplishment and a job well done it cannot be magically bestowed without negative consequences Like being self-centered as children are given the impression that they are the center of the universe by the schools and helicopter parents as I have witnessed in the years of observing schoolkids behavior and interaction with others.
    Explore the possibility of homeschooling it produces a superior education then public schools and don't let anyone tell you that homeschooled children are socially deprived because that just isn't true there are so many resources available to homeschoolers these days for groups and activities of all kinds for children, it is not expensive but it does require a commitment of the parents, contact a local successful homeschool group in your community and ask questions to learn more. Homeschooled children have plenty of free time for play!

  34. I just read an article today by a behavioral specialist that stated the lack of unstructured play in the lives of children causes them to have difficulty forming close relations. Many remain emotionally isolated. According to him, this is a proflile that has produced many mass murderers. When I was a child, we had freedom. There were boundaries, but we were free to roam within them. We learned to be responsible for ourselves and learned the penalties of not following the rules. We had our neighborhood friends, our school friends (and 3 recesses a day in elementary) and I am still friends with many of them fifty years later. I have found it much harder to form bonds with the younger people I work with. My closest friends are my oldest friends.

  35. When I was a kid my 6 brothers and sisters and 20 cousins were outside every day playing. There were kids everywhere ('70s). We had 4 different fields to play, play on tire swings, eat blackberries and grapes, and wild strawberries. We built forts in our yards in trees. Times have changed but we were out until 7pm. We walked to Religious Education on Sundays and on the trip home we picked up chestnuts. We drilled holes in them and put string through them and threw them up telephone lines. We made mud balls and threw them onto our neighbor's apartment buildings (which got us in trouble). On Halloween we went on about 20-25 streets, came home and dumped the candy and went out again. We had this one couple who gave us cider and doughnuts each Halloween. We were out until 10pm that night. I hope kids play more and put their phones and games away. Ask your parents what they did when they were kids. Enjoy nature, please.

  36. looking at years behind me at university the only thing i can say is that i've learnt only those things i enjoyed learning, with teachers i enjoyed listening to.I think schools can never replace humans biological tendency of learning, instead it restricts it witha ll that grades ,syllabus and exams……,etc. a very good talk peter gray!!!!!!

  37. …..🦊…..E.M.F., exposure: cell phones , smart T.V. , speakers , some kitchen appliances , breaker box , electronic house meters , water meters , cell towers , telephone grids including telephone wires , cameras at stores , satellites , cars , ….this type of radiation collected in small amounts will affect the brain function , look for it’,…it’s a proven fact 🐾🐾🐾🐾🐾

  38. This gentleman couldn’t be more right. Bless him for staying the obvious. Let’s stop imprisoning our kids for the sake of ‘safety’

  39. Vow. Amazing! What an information packed speech! I made notes to be able to re-read & internalize such an impactful analysis.
    And thank you Dr Peter Gray, you just helped me crack the mystery why Narcissism is on the rise today, globally.

  40. Talk to a home-schooler. I was home-schooled and we were much more relaxed, we played every chance we got and it was okay to go over our break time. I never had homework and no stress of assignments. I also developed a closer relationship with my parents and siblings than a lot of kids I see these days, I did however, have friends because of groups of other home-schooler's getting together at the park to play games and the mums to discuss life. I am now at uni studying to be a teacher because I want other kids to be given the opportunity to learn the way I did, and still be successful.

  41. Благодаря, НЕЛИ, за субтитрите и за насочването на вниманието! Остава да се хванем за ръце и да работим…

  42. I'm very surprised he doesn't mention T.V. and computers. I grew up in the eighties, and I played a lot, outdoors and in, but the distinctly hypnotic and narcotic character of The Screen made me choose it over playing more. By the time I was 13 I never went out.

  43. Muchas gracias por la traducción y revisión Lidia Cámara de la Fuente y Sebastian Betti. Muchas gracias Peter Gray. ¡¡ Es una charla maravillosa que como docente la suscribo al 100% !!

  44. Homie. Its neoliberalism: admissions committees and human capital based status climbing. Gotta fit the box of well behaved and studious. Specifically, will jump through any hoops put in front of you. Well-read, articulate robots.

  45. Not one mention of modern technology and the decline in play? Open more gyms but don't take their I Phone away? Good luck. The human species is finished.

  46. 44 people on here are not in favor of play! 2.8k out weights your point of thumbs down! Kind of sad for those 44 people who are not in favor! Can you imagine who they really are?

  47. I self studied in computers and electronics. 1 problem I see is homework. After spending an hour or so learning, it's important to take a break and sleep on what has been learned. Homework starts belt-feeding more info and overloads the brain. It's counter-productive. People usually cannot focus for more than 3-5 hours per day

  48. Interesting talk about the correlation between reduction in play and mental illness, social issues and suicide. I wonder if anyone has shown the exact same time period and the date that schools stopped allowing prayer, removed the word of God and truly began indoctrinating our children into a non-Christian world view. It is eerily the same period of time and one could easily argue that the changes in mental health, social issues, opiate addiction, and suicide are all issues of the heart. Nothing can fill the God-shaped void in our hearts but God. No matter how smart we think we are, only God will transform our hearts to love over hate and serve others above being served.

  49. Yes, we play less and we should play more but blaming everything on lack of play dents the credibility and was depressing to hear. Why when we lecture about play we put people in non-play melancholy mood of dooms and gloom. Why not play on stage, activate people, uplift the room and show the power of play like what the upcoming guru of play, Annemarie Steen is doing? Let's be positive about play and show what is great, how can we replicate it faster and stretch it to greater heights. Let's use hope and not fear.

  50. When I was 15 (1999) I complained to my parents that I felt play had been robbed from my life, my dad told me to shut up.

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