The Chronicle of Higher Education | Wikipedia audio article

The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper
and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty
and student affairs professionals (staff members and administrators). A subscription is required to read some articles.The
Chronicle, based in Washington, D.C., is a major news service in United States academic
affairs. It is published every weekday online and appears
weekly in print except for every other week in May, June, July, and August and the last
three weeks in December. In print, The Chronicle is published in two
sections: section A with news, section B with job listings, and The Chronicle Review, a
magazine of arts and ideas. It also publishes The Chronicle of Philanthropy,
a newspaper for the nonprofit world; The Chronicle Guide to Grants, an electronic database of
corporate and foundation grants; and the web portal Arts & Letters Daily.==History==
Corbin Gwaltney was the founder and had been the editor of the alumni magazine of the Johns
Hopkins University since 1949. In 1957, he joined in with editors from magazines
of several other colleges and universities for an editorial project to investigate issues
in higher education in perspective. The meeting occurred on the day the first
Sputnik circled the Earth, October 4, 1957, so the “Moonshooter” project was formed as
a supplement on higher education for the college magazines. The college magazine editors promised 60 percent
of one issue of their magazine to finance the supplement. The first Moonshooter Report was 32 pages
long and titled American Higher Education, 1958. They sold 1.35 million copies to 15 colleges
and universities. By the project’s third year, circulation was
over three million for the supplement.In 1959, Gwaltney left Johns Hopkins Magazine to become
the first full-time employee of the newly created “Editorial Projects for Education”
(EPE, later renamed “Editorial Projects in Education”) starting in an office in his apartment
in Baltimore and later moving to an office near the Johns Hopkins campus. He realized that higher education would benefit
from a news publication.He and other board members of EPE met to plan a new publication
which would be called The Chronicle of Higher Education.The Chronicle of Higher Education
was officially founded in 1966 by Corbin Gwaltney. and its first issue was launched in November
1966.Although it was meant for those involved in higher education, one of the founding ideas
was that the general public had very little knowledge about what was going on in higher
education and the real issues involved. Originally, it didn’t accept any advertising
and didn’t have any staff-written editorial opinions. It was supported by grants from the Carnegie
Foundation and the Ford Foundation. Later on in its history, advertising would
be accepted, especially for jobs in higher education, and this would allow the newspaper
to be financially independent.By the 1970s, the Chronicle was attracting enough advertising
to become self-sufficient, and in 1978 the board of EPE agreed to sell the newspaper
to its editors. EPE sold the Chronicle to the editors for
$2,000,000 in cash and $500,000 in services that Chronicle would provide to EPE. Chronicle went from a legal non-profit status
to a for-profit company. This sale shifted the focus of non-profit
EPE to K-12 education. Inspired by the model established by the Chronicle,
and with the support of the Carnegie Corporation and other philanthropies, EPE founded Education
Week in September 1981.In 1993, the Chronicle was one of the first newspapers to appear
on the Internet, as a Gopher service. The Chronicle grossed $33 million in advertising
revenues and $7 million in circulation revenues in 2003.==Awards==
Over the years, the paper has been a finalist and winner of several journalism awards. In 2005, two special reports – on diploma
mills and plagiarism – were selected as finalists in the reporting category for a
National Magazine Award. It was a finalist for the award in general
excellence every year from 2001 to 2005.In 2007, The Chronicle won an Utne Reader Independent
Press Award for political coverage. In its award citation, Utne called The Chronicle
Review “a fearless, free-thinking section where academia’s best and brightest can take
their gloves off and swing with abandon at both sides of the increasingly predictable
political divide.” The New Republic, The Nation, Reason, and
The American Prospect were among the finalists in the category

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