The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard


Slavery, the treatment of human beings as property,
deprived of personal rights, has occurred in many forms
throughout the world. But one institution stands out for
both its global scale and its lasting legacy. The Atlantic slave trade, occurring from the late 15th
to the mid 19th century and spanning three continents, forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans
to the Americas. The impact it would leave affected
not only these slaves and their descendants, but the economies and histories
of large parts of the world. There had been centuries of contact
between Europe and Africa via the Mediterranean. But the Atlantic slave trade
began in the late 1400s with Portuguese colonies in West Africa, and Spanish settlement
of the Americas shortly after. The crops grown in the new colonies,
sugar cane, tobacco, and cotton, were labor intensive, and there were not enough settlers
or indentured servants to cultivate all the new land. American Natives were enslaved,
but many died from new diseases, while others effectively resisted. And so to meet the massive
demand for labor, the Europeans looked to Africa. African slavery had existed
for centuries in various forms. Some slaves were indentured servants, with a limited term
and the chance to buy one’s freedom. Others were more like European serfs. In some societies, slaves could
be part of a master’s family, own land, and even rise
to positions of power. But when white captains came offering
manufactured goods, weapons, and rum for slaves, African kings and merchants
had little reason to hesitate. They viewed the people they sold
not as fellow Africans but criminals, debtors,
or prisoners of war from rival tribes. By selling them, kings enriched
their own realms, and strengthened them
against neighboring enemies. African kingdoms prospered
from the slave trade, but meeting the European’s massive demand
created intense competition. Slavery replaced other criminal sentences, and capturing slaves
became a motivation for war, rather than its result. To defend themselves from slave raids, neighboring kingdoms
needed European firearms, which they also bought with slaves. The slave trade had become an arms race, altering societies and economies
across the continent. As for the slaves themselves,
they faced unimaginable brutality. After being marched
to slave forts on the coast, shaved to prevent lice, and branded, they were loaded onto ships
bound for the Americas. About 20% of them
would never see land again. Most captains of the day
were tight packers, cramming as many men
as possible below deck. While the lack of sanitation
caused many to die of disease, and others were thrown
overboard for being sick, or as discipline, the captain’s ensured their profits
by cutting off slave’s ears as proof of purchase. Some captives took matters
into their own hands. Many inland Africans
had never seen whites before, and thought them to be cannibals, constantly taking people away
and returning for more. Afraid of being eaten,
or just to avoid further suffering, they committed suicide
or starved themselves, believing that in death,
their souls would return home. Those who survived
were completley dehumanized, treated as mere cargo. Women and children were kept above deck
and abused by the crew, while the men were made to perform dances in order to keep them exercised
and curb rebellion. What happened to those Africans
who reached the New World and how the legacy of slavery
still affects their descendants today is fairly well known. But what is not often discussed is the effect that the Atlantic slave trade
had on Africa’s future. Not only did the continent lose
tens of millions of its able-bodied population, but because most of the slaves
taken were men, the long-term demographic
effect was even greater. When the slave trade was finally
outlawed in the Americas and Europe, the African kingdoms whose economies
it had come to dominate collapsed, leaving them open
to conquest and colonization. And the increased competition
and influx of European weapons fueled warfare and instability
that continues to this day. The Atlantic slave trade also contributed
to the development of racist ideology. Most African slavery had no deeper reason
than legal punishment or intertribal warfare, but the Europeans
who preached a universal religion, and who had long ago
outlawed enslaving fellow Christians, needed justification for a practice so obviously at odds
with their ideals of equality. So they claimed that
Africans were biologically inferior and destined to be slaves, making great efforts
to justify this theory. Thus, slavery in Europe and the Americas
acquired a racial basis, making it impossible for slaves
and their future descendants to attain equal status in society. In all of these ways, the Atlantic slave trade
was an injustice on a massive scale whose impact has continued
long after its abolition.

100 thoughts on “The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard”

  1. I really don't care, after seeing this. No pity. I'm so sick of hearing how I'm responsible for something that happened so long ago. Sorry, not biting. I don't feel a bit guilty.

  2. white Irish were also sent to the plantations as slaved for the most simples of crimes ie poaching a rabbit for their starving families or ladies getting pregnant by the lord of the manor they never go home they were mated to bk slaves to produce light skinned slaves as house servants

  3. Love the video but part is wrong the kings in Africa thought the white men were taking the people away to get a better life …..they tell us that in school but its not true

  4. Yes, that’s what I’ve said, the nations that are poor today are still poor because of what happened long ago. Spanish Conquistadors stole the gold from the “New World” and that’s why they’re still poor today! British stole much of their wealth from colonies (slavery) and that’s why the colonies are still poor today! Etc.

  5. Vocal fry always signals a false narrative.
    Between 355,000 and 500,000 slaves were brought to British North America and the southern United States, until 1808.
    When narrators say “ten million”, or “tens of millions”, they need to be honest enough to mention that almost all went to the Caribbean and Latin America, and to further mention that the legacy of slavery remains far worse in those countries, than it does in the USA.

  6. This pale face Mutant Has been the cancer on this celestial body since the beginning So much inaccurate information on this video First of all lice are not attracted to indigenous people hair that’s a dog hair people problem

  7. Slavery has nothing to do with race and everything to do with vulnerability. We are all slaves just different degrees.degrees.

  8. And it's all TRUMP'S fault.
    If Bush was still president, it would be all BUSH'S fault.
    The MSLSD mindset

  9. As an African (100%) …well well …I will say this story is not concretely completely truthful but based on a general mental colonizing principle of societal alignments. Definitely keeps people shielded from the factual truth and more aligned with what colonizers taught u during their programming phase called school(lol make senses since they created it after all so, they can B.S as much )

  10. Bringing Blacks into their own land was the stupidest thing any Whites (the British colonists of America and, subsequently, the Americans) have ever done. The question isn't whether slavery was right or wrong…that's a moot point. The question is: Why weren't Blacks DEPORTED after emancipation?? Whites CAN'T live with them.

  11. If this is true that African Kings sold their own to European imperialist guns ,rum, and manufactured goods, why is Africa took over by Portuguese, Spain, Great Britain, Belgium, and Germany?? Then their land stolen, Africans put into slavery and countries in Africa being remapped???? Sometimes you have to question the European story? It reminds you of their werewolves and vampires stories they talk about to this day in 2019???🤔🙄

  12. America bought estimated 300k slaves total while other countries bought them by the millions Denmark had the least amount about 100k over. the same period. Slaves lived better in America and grew in numbers faster.

  13. 0:31 "more than 10 million…" in a few months…
    my research during this period has estimates into the BILLIONS bro! #FAIL

  14. Tell the truth, our story was told in reverse! How does sailboats carry millions over time? How does Africans know about American lands, we have a whole different type of dirt, and atmosphere.

  15. What other race had laws prohibiting their humanity? We're denied reparations while non-citizens obtained them? Everyone wants to point the finger and say "hey, we all did it", but this is a video about U.S Slavery; y'know, the most unique?

  16. I posted on here before. But, I am wondering if you ever read history of the Indian in the U.S.? About the wars they had between each other?

  17. there is alot of wrong info in this video,and alot of true facts left out.how ever slavery has to be one of mans worst and horrible injustice to human beings.

  18. Africans were biologically superior which is why they were used as slaves contrary to what the speaker said.

  19. load of sht. africans showed the dutch what slaves were. africans have been brutally enslaving each other for thousands of years and brutally killed and tourtured them. No mention of the fact that only 2% were owned by white southerners. Jews owned more percapita than any other group.

  20. Stop saying Europeans, when you say Europeans it sounds like whites. It was the Spanish that had the explorers, boats and financial backing to find USA, South America and Carribean and showed white Europeans the way to USA !!

  21. 1, These people were sold by their african owners. 2. Jewish merchants facilitated the business. These are the essential facts commonly ignored.

  22. Just like the typical edomite to omit the part that Africans sold God's people the Hebrew Israelites. Always amazes me when an edomite try and describe our ancestral history.

  23. You are telling a lie mathematically impossible to bring 10 million people on sailboat to the United States you leaving out that the so-called blacks had already migrated from what is presently called Africa to what is presently called America we got enslave when the so-called white man came to America with their guns and enslave us stop telling lies and they also migrated two places that we call Japan China Russia Hawaii Australia Iraq Iran in all parts of Europe and India

  24. Also missing from modern text books is the plan Thomas Jefferson had to ship all slaves back to Africa. He had calculated how long it would take and how much it would have cost. Unfortunately, it was never implemented. I am sure it would have made slaves and blacks of today happier to be scratching out a living in the jungles and deserts of Africa. And it would have been so much better for America.

  25. Am I the only person who is waiting to find out something I didn’t know? If the average person does not know those basic facts, they choose to keep their head in the sand.

  26. 1 second ago

    Please watch this video on YouTube maafa 21 full movie https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZAF2GPT_79Q

    I hope it will wake more people up and understand things that are going on right under our noses.

  27. We are all slaves thanks to the very man who they claim freed the slaves. Lincoln signed income tax into effect and now that the govt steals more than a third of our production at gunpoint we are all nothing more than slaves that produce for our masters. The reason they want more people in the population is because everyone produces for these thieves. It is like the matrix , you think you are free until you stop production then you are of no use.

  28. Hey, did ya know that only 5% of all African slaves were brought to the United States?

    The other 95% went to Brazil, the Caribbean, some to Europe, and that's a verifiable fact that is swept under the reparations rug.

  29. … And narrators like this bozo are what fills the mind of a person through the Liberal bias education system!

  30. As a brazilian, slavery was a huge part of my country's history. Despite our education's many faults, I must credit them for never hiding this part of our history – most of the information in this video is already known by me. Seeing that most of the comments are defensive claims of 'anti-white propaganda' and pointed fingers at Muslims or Africans strikes me as childish and frankly delusional. Of course slavery is still practiced today – in the western world, it takes the discreet form of ilegal human trafficking or underpaying jobs. In the eastern world, it's more boosted by extremist, traditional groups who want their actions to be noticed and feared. But, as said in the beginning, this video is focused on one especific form of slavery from the past. It should not cause so much hate, unless the citizens from modern democracies are too afraid to admit that their past – and sometimes present as well – is not so democratic after all.

  31. They enslaved us in the name of Christian God, the enslaved us in the name of Mohammed, and Jews funded the whole excursions. Read Psalms 83. No more arguing its plan and clear if you are looking for the truth.
    FYI the true MOST HIGH has NO religion the Bible isn't a religious book either; however, the world has used the WORD and the MOST HIGH to form religions and justify their thirst for power.

  32. Slavery has always existed as far back as recorded history accounts and SADLY will continue as long as humanity FAILS to value the individual who has been created by God in His image.

  33. Well… this was EXACTLY what european textbooks say… your story is just like you: A farse. Fake news from fake humans.

  34. This story forgot to mention that African tribes were slaves trader's themselves and still too this day practice slavery.

  35. White and arabs, please shut up your. Slavery is a crime against humanity. Whoever commited it must be condamn to die.

  36. I was taught that the American civil war was about slavery AND economics. The north was more industrial whereas the south was mainly agricultural. Most of the time history offers a variety of reasons for a conflict. And as such history is a different country all the time. They simply do things differently.

  37. The face of African slavery in Qajar Iran – in pictures (like house slaves)
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2016/jan/14/african-slavery-in-qajar-iran-in-photos History of Islam and Muhammad by John Allembillah Azumah – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rBluWnM4bJg

  38. I take it this is a basis of teaching of the far right. Reason being, it's way off and nowhere near the truth. But maybe it was just a snippet for quick super bias teaching. I dont know! I could go for that.🙄🙄🙄😶😶😶

  39. The brave new modern world needed em … Industrial Age ushered in the civil war.. we as Americans fixed it then

  40. While a lot of this is true, some of it is completely false. I have actual, authentic letters from slaves, from the years around 1840. I can't wait to get these so I can show everyone that they're completely wrong about slavery.

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