Study With The Best: The Press Under Duress: CUNY and the News Under Siege


♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪>>>WELCOME TO “STUDY WITH THE BEST,” THE MAGAZINE SHOW ALL ABOUT CUNY. I’M TINABETH PINA. ON TODAY’S EPISODE, WE’LL LOOK AT HOW WE RESPOND TO THE CHALLENGES FACING JOURNALISTS, FROM QUEENS COLLEGE TO THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, WE’LL LOOK AT THE PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE OF THE PRESS. OUR PRESIDENT CALLED FAKE NEWS THE ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE. HERE AT THE SCHOOL OF JOURNALISM, HIS WORDS HAVE BECOME A CALL TO ARMS.>>IN MY LIFE AS A JOURNALIST, I DON’T THINK I’VE EVER SEEN MY FIELD UNDER SO MUCH PRESSURE. WE’VE NEVER BEEN ACCUSED BEFORE OF BEING ENEMIES OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.>>A FEW DAYS AGO, I CALLED THE FAKE NEWS THE ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE. AND THEY ARE. THEY ARE THE ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE.>>ON ONE LEVEL I WAS INCREDIBLY OFFENDED. ON ANOTHER LEVEL, I WAS INCREDIBLY PROUD. I’M PROUD TO BE DOING THE WORK OF A JOURNALIST. I’M PROUD OF OUR PROFESSION. IF YOU’RE A READER, SOMEBODY WHO WATCHES TV, YOU’RE STARTING TO HAVE SERIOUS QUESTIONS ABOUT THE PEOPLE WHO ARE THE PROVIDERS OF THE NEWS. ARE THEY HONEST, ARE THEY TELLING YOU THINGS THAT ARE FACTUALLY ACCURATE. ARE THEY SO BIASED BY THEIR OWN POLITICAL MOTIVATIONS THAT THEY CAN’T TELL YOU THINGS IN A STRAIGHT FORWARD FACTUAL MANNER? MANY OF OUR STUDENTS AND ALSO FOR WORKING JOURNALISTS, WHAT SOME PEOPLE ARE FINDING IS A LEVEL OF HOSTILITY AS THEY ASK QUESTIONS, AS THEY TRY TO INTERVIEW PEOPLE, THAT THEY HAVEN’T HAD TO ENCOUNTER BEFORE. AND THEY HAD TO REALLY WORK MUCH HARDER THAN THEY EVER HAD BEFORE TO ESTABLISH TRUST. HE’S MADE IT CLEAR HE’S GOING TO BE AT WAR WITH OUR PROFESSION. AND TO THE EXTENT THAT WE CAN CONTINUE TO HOLD POWER TO ACCOUNT, CONTINUE TO HONESTLY REPORT AND FACTUALLY REPORT ON THE OPERATIONS OF THIS WHITE HOUSE AND THIS ADMINISTRATION, IT IS GOING TO REQUIRE A LEVEL OF INVESTIGATIVE REPORTING THAT HASN’T PREVIOUSLY BEEN NECESSARY.>>UNFORTUNATELY MUCH OF THE MEDIA IN WASHINGTON, D.C. ALONG WITH NEW YORK, LOS ANGELES, IN PARTICULAR, SPEAKS NOT FOR THE PEOPLE, BUT FOR THE SPECIAL INTERESTS AND FOR THOSE PROFITING OFF A VERY, VERY OBVIOUSLY BROKEN SYSTEM. THE PRESS HAS BECOME SO DISHONEST THAT IF WE DON’T TALK ABOUT IT, WE’RE DOING A TREMENDOUS DISSERVICE TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE. TREMENDOUS DISSERVICE. WE HAVE IT TALK ABOUT IT.>>THE ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE, TRYING TO DISCREDIT US, BECAUSE THIS IS AN ADMINISTRATION THAT CHALLENGES THE TRUTH. SO BY KIND OF SAYING THESE THINGS, THIS FALSE RHETORIC, WE’RE ENEMIES, IT IS CREATING A DIVIDE. AS JOURNALISTS WE HAVE TO CONTINUE FIGHTING THAT.>>WE’RE LIVING IN THIS SORT OF BIFURCATED COUNTRY NOW THAT IS BEING MANIFEST THROUGH HIGHLY PROCESSED JOURNALISM, HOW WE TAKE IN JOURNALISM. WE DON’T LOOK AT A LOT OF STUFF THAT MAY CHALLENGE OUR PRE-EXISTING BELIEFS BECAUSE WE DON’T EVEN ACKNOWLEDGE IT MIGHT HAVE VALUE. JOURNALISM IS SUPPOSED TO INFORM, CHALLENGE, ENLIGHTEN, IT IS NOT SUPPOSED TO BE JUST THERE TO, YOU KNOW, MAKE THE PEOPLE IN POWER FEEL GOOD. WE WANT ALL OUR COURSES TO SORT OF GET STUDENTS TO THINK ABOUT, IS THIS DOING ANY OF THOSE THINGS? IS THERE JOURNALISM WE’RE LOOKING AT, JOURNALISM WE’RE PRODUCING, HELPING TO HELP CITIZENS BE INFORMED, BE CHALLENGED. THE QUESTIONS YOU’RE RAISING THESE ARE THINGS I HOPE EVERY JOURNALISM SCHOOL IS WRESTLING WITH. WHAT IS OUR ROLE IN SOCIETY, WHAT IS OUR ROLE NOW IN SOCIETY GIVEN THE CURRENT POLITICAL SYSTEM, HOW DO WE CONNECT TO PEOPLE WHO HAVE ALREADY DISMISSED US AS FAKE OR AS THE ENEMY. THAT’S REALLY SCARY. IF YOU HAVE PEOPLE WHO WON’T EVEN LOOK AT YOU, OR SEE YOUR BRAND AND SAY, NO, I DON’T TRUST THEM, THAT’S THE REALLY PROBLEMATIC THING FOR SOCIETY. BECAUSE THOSE ARE SOME OF THE PEOPLE THAT HAVE STORIES THAT WE WANT TO TELL, BUT ALSO WE HAVE INFORMATION THAT AS I SAID BEFORE, WILL INFORM AND CHALLENGE THEIR NOTIONS OF THE WORLD.>>I DON’T KNOW WHERE YOU ARE, WHERE YOU LIVE, PEOPLE DO LIVE IN A BUBBLE, TO BE HERE IN THE MIDDLE AMERICA, AND I THINK OUR JOB AS JOURNALISTS IS TO POP THAT BUBBLE AND TO KIND OF TELL THE TRUTH AND HOLD PEOPLE ACCOUNTABLE.>>LIVING IN NEW YORK, WE ARE IN AN ECHO CHAMBER. YOU CHOOSE THE NEWS YOU WANT TO SEE AND A LOT OF PEOPLE, MYSELF INCLUDED, WE WERE ALL GOING THROUGH EITHER READING OR WATCHING TELEVISION THAT WAS VERY LIBERAL. AND SO I THINK THROUGH THE ECHO CHAMBER, THAT ONE WE CREATED FOR OURSELVES IS INCONSIDERABLY IMPORTANT AND LET’S SEE WHAT THE ALT-RIGHT IS DOING, WHAT IS THE LEFT IS DOING, WHAT THE TEA PARTY MOVEMENT IS DOING AND JUST BEING KNOWLEDGEABLE ON ALL FRONTS.>>WE TYPICALLY HAVE 100 STUDENTS STARTING IN THE FALL OF EVERY YEAR. PROBABLY STAY AT THAT SAME NUMBER, WE MAY SLIGHTLY EXPANDED IN THE FALL. WHAT HAS BEEN STRIKING THIS YEAR IS THE JUMP IN APPLICATIONS. OUR APPLICATIONS ARE UP OVER 40%. AND I’M SURE THAT THE POLITICAL CLIMATE AND THE DESIRE TO PARTICIPATE MORE ACTIVELY AND ENGAGED DIALOGUE IS LEADING THAT CHARGE. MY SENSE IN TALKING WITH THE STUDENTS IS THAT THE CONVERSATIONS THAT THEY’RE HAVING IN NEIGHBORHOODS AROUND NEW YORK, WITH UNDERREPRESENTED COMMUNITIES, ARE MORE IMPORTANT. WE HAVE STUDENTS FROM SOME OF THE SEVEN COUNTRIES WHO HAVE BEEN TARGETED, REALLY IMPORTANT FOR US THAT WE GET OUR STUDENTS OUT INTO THE COMMUNITIES AND THAT THOSE POINTS OF VIEWS AND INTERVIEWS OCCUR AND GET REFLECTED IN THE PRESS THAT WE GENERATE HERE. THE ISSUE IS CAN WE MAINTAIN THAT FAIRNESS, CAN WE MAINTAIN THAT OPEN MINDEDNESS, THAT INDEPENDENCE, IN AN ENVIRONMENT WHERE EVERYTHING IS SO DEEPLY POLITICIZED. I THINK IT IS A VERY HOPEFUL TIME. IT DOESN’T PERHAPS SEEM THAT WAY AT FIRST GLANCE, BUT IF THEY’RE ENGAGING PEOPLE MORE, IF THE LEVEL OF ENGAGEMENT RISES, IT IS THE CERTAIN ABOUT THE IMPORTANCE OF JOURNALISM INCREASES, THAT’S ALL TO THE GOOD. TO SEE THE NEXT GENERATION SO POSITIVELY ENGAGED IN THIS DISCOURSE IS WONDERFUL. THEY SAY IT NEVER HAS BEEN A BETTER TIME TO BE A JOURNALIST AND THAT’S HOW I FEEL.>>>UP NEXT, THE MAN WHO COINED THE TERM VIRAL MEDIA, QUEENS COLLEGE’S DOUGLAS RUSHKOFF, WARNS US ABOUT GETTING NEWS FROM COMPUTER ALGORITHMS.>>IN AN ALGORITHMICALLY CONCOCTED NEWS SPACE, THE THINGS WE DON’T WANT TO KNOW ABOUT WILL GO AWAY. SO IF THE NEW YORK TIMES, IT IS ON THE COVER EVERY WEEK OR SO, THERE IS A STORY ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING, I CAN CHOOSE NOT TO READ IT, BUT IT IS THERE. I KNOW I’M CHOOSING NOT TO READ IT. IF I SWIPE LEFT EVERY TIME I SEE A GLOBAL WARMING STORY OR CLIMATE CHANGE STORY, EVENTUALLY THE ALGORITHM LEARNS, OH, THIS GUY DOESN’T BELIEVE IN GLOBAL WARMING, DOESN’T WANT TO HEAR ABOUT GLOBAL WARMING, WE’RE WASTING AN IMPRESSION, IF HE’S JUST BEEN A SWIPE LEFT ON IT. WE’LL STOP SHOWING IT TO HIM. I DON’T WANT TO KNOW ABOUT THE AFGHAN WAR, THAT GOES AWAY. IF I DON’T WANT TO KNOW ABOUT BAD PEOPLE GETTING SHOT, THAT GOES AWAY. BUT IF I DO WANT TO KNOW ABOUT WHITE PEOPLE GETTING SHOT, IF I DO WANT TO KNOW ABOUT BLACK PEOPLE DOING BAD THINGS, THEN I START SWIPING ON THOSE AND NOW MY WHOLE WORLD BECOMES RACIST. MY NEWS SOURCE BECOMES RACIST WITHOUT THE EDITORS DECIDING TO BE RACIST. IT IS THE ALGORITHM CONFORMING TO WHAT IT IS THAT I AT MY MOST IMPULSIVE WORST DECIDE WHAT IS RIGHT FOR ME TO HEAR, WHAT IS RIGHT FOR ME TO SEE. MY E-MAIL BOX IS FILLED WITH EVERYBODY WANTING TO UNDERSTAND MEMES NOW. OH, NO, THIS IS A MEME WARFARE. THIS IS MEMES FIGHTING.>>THEY SAY A PICTURE IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS, COULD A MEME BE WORTH A U.S. ELECTION. >>THE BILLIONS SPENT ON TRUMP WERE SPENT INFECTING THE ALGORITHMIC NEWS SPACE WITH VIRULENT MEMES, WITH IDEAS, AND CONFIGURING THEM, PERSONALIZING, CUSTOMIZING EACH MEME TO THE PERSON THAT WENT TO. SO EVEN IF YOU WERE A BERNIE SANDERS BEGRUDGING HILLARY SUPPORTER BECAUSE SHE WON THE NOMINATION, THE MONEY WAS BEING SPENT JUST TO GET YOU AS A BERNIE SANDERS SUPPORTER TO FEEL WORSE AND WORSE ABOUT THE FACT THAT HILLARY WAS NOW YOUR NOMINEE, TO GET YOU TO BE LESS ENTHUSIASTIC. SO EVERYBODY HAD MESSAGES POINTED AT THEM, AND I GUESS THOSE MESSAGES MASQUERADED AS NEWS. SO I HAVE TO EXERCISE A LITTLE BIT OF DISCIPLINE IN HOW THEY GET THEIR INFORMATION ABOUT THE WORLD. THEY’RE GOING TO HAVE TO DECIDE IF THEY REALLY WANT TO KEEP FEEDING THAT ALMOST AMPHETAMINE-LIKE RUSH OF PANIC THAT YOU GET STIMULATING YOURSELF WITH AN ALGORITHM. OR DO YOU WANT TO START LIVING A HAPPIER, BETTER LIFE AND CONTRIBUTING TO THE BETTERMENT OF OUR CIVILIZATION. REALLY, IT IS THAT EASY A CHOICE. IF YOU LIKE WALKING DEAD, IF YOU REALLY LIKE IT, TO THE POINT WHERE YOU WANT TO GO THERE, THAT’S WHERE YOU WANT TO BE, LIVING IN ZOMBIE THREAT ALL THE TIME, THEN GO THERE. BUT REALIZE THAT’S WHERE YOU’RE GOING TO TAKE CIVILIZATION, WE REALLY WILL GO THERE. AND IT IS SO UNNECESSARY THAT THERE IS WAYS TO EXPERIENCE STIMULATION THAT IS MUCH BROADER SPECTRUM, STIMULATION OF LOVE OR SOCCER GAME OR RAISING A KID OR RIDING A BIKE, AND THAT KIND OF STIMULATION WILL SERVE YOU A LOT BETTER THAN READING A CONSPIRACY THEORY. I THINK PEOPLE WILL HUNGER FOR NEWS THE SAME WAY A REALLY DEPRESSED PERSON EVENTUALLY SEEKS OUT THERAPY OR SICK PERSON LOOKS FOR A DOCTOR. I THINK THERE WILL BE SUCH CONFUSION AND SUCH DESPAIR WHERE PEOPLE REALLY REALIZE I DON’T KNOW WHAT TO BELIEVE ANYMORE. IF SOMETHING HAPPENED TO THE STRATEGY, THE TRUMP IS THE BEST THING TO HAPPEN TO THE TIMES SUBSCRIPTION STRATEGY. ANYTIME HE TWEETS, IT DRIVES SUBSCRIPTIONS WILDLY. I THINK THERE WILL BE A LAST MAN STANDING. I THINK THE GUARDIAN AND BBC AND NEW YORK TIMES AND L.A. TIMES, AS IT GOES, THERE WILL STILL BE A FEW DOZEN IMPORTANT NEWS SOURCES, AND MAYBE THEN IF WE FOCUS ON MONEY AND ENERGY ON THEM, THEY CAN RESTORE THEIR AGENCIES, NEWS AGENCIES INTO DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE WORLD. MODELS LIKE ASSOCIATED PRESS, WHICH IS A CO-OP, YOU KNOW, MOST DIDN’T REALIZE THAT, IT IS A CO-OP, EARNED BY THE JOURNALISTS. A MODEL LIKE THAT CAN START TO GROW AS HUNGER FOR GENUINE NEWS RISES AGAIN.>>>IF HISTORY IS A GUIDE, THEN THE ATTACKS ON JOURNALISM ARE NOTHING NEW. ARI GOLDBERG HAS THAT STORY FROM CUNY’S GRADUATE CENTER.>>THE ROLE OF THE PRESS HAS BEEN CHALLENGED IN OUR CURRENT POLITICAL CLIMATE. OF COURSE, PASSIONS ARE EASILY ENFLAMED WHEN SUCH FOUNDING PILLARS OF OUR DEMOCRACY LIKE FREEDOM OF THE PRESS AND FIRST AMENDMENT COME UP. BUT IS THE CONCERN WARRANTED? TO UNDERSTAND THE PRESENT DYNAMIC, WE WANTED TO GET AN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE. IN THE AMERICAN SYSTEM, UNLIKE THE PARLIAMENTARY SYSTEM, THE BRITISH, FOR EXAMPLE, THERE IS A STRONG INSTITUTIONAL OPPOSITIONAL ROLE FOR THE PRESS, WE DON’T HAVE, FOR EXAMPLE, QUESTION TIME, MEMBERS OF CONGRESS DON’T GET TO QUESTION THE PRESIDENT OR THE GOVERNMENT, BUT THAT’S WHAT PRESS CONFERENCES ARE FOR. IN THE UNITED STATES, IN OUR PARTICULAR FORM OF GOVERNMENT, THE PRESS HAS TAKEN AN OPPOSITIONAL ROLE AND FOR THAT REASON, AT LEAST IN LEGAL THEORY, THE PRESS IS IS ENTITLED TO SPECIAL PROTECTION. WE HAVE FAR MORE LIBERTY FOR OUR PRESS THEN ALMOST ANY OTHER NATION ON EARTH. BECAUSE OF THAT INTRINSIC OPPOSITIONAL ROLE.>>ANDREW ROBERTSON IS A PROFESSOR OF HISTORY IN THE CUNY GRADUTE CENTER. ONE OF HIS SPECIALTIES IS THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PRESS AND THE GOVERNMENT. ACCORDING TO HIM, WE ARE INDEED IN UNCHARTERED WATERS BUT IT IS NOT THE FIRST TIME THERE HAS BEEN AN ADVERSARIAL PRESS GOVERNMENT RELATIONSHIP. PERHAPS NOTABLY IN 1798 UNDER THE FEDERALIST PARTY OF JOHN ADAMS.>>THE FEDERALISTS WERE CONCERNED THAT AMERICA NEEDED TO DEFINE ITSELF AS A PROTESTANT NATION. AND IF THESE IRISH CATHOLICS WERE GOING TO COME IN IN LARGE NUMBERS THAT COULD SUBVERT THE PROTESTANT IDEOLOGY. THE SEDITION ACT RESULTED IN THE IMPRISONMENT OF FIVE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT OPPOSITION EDITORS IN THE UNITED STATES. WHEN PEOPLE WOULD ACCUSE ONE PARTY OF AIMING TO ERECT GUILLOTINES IN CONNECTICUT OR THEY’RE AIMING TO BRING THE KING BACK FROM ENGLAND OR MARRY JOHN ADAMS DAUGHTER OFF TO THE KING’S SON, THEN YOU CAN SEE THAT WE HAVE THE SAME KIND OF WILD AND SCURRILOUS CHARGES TODAY.>>IS FAKE NEWS PHENOMENAL OR A NEW LABEL?>>FAKE NEWS OCCURRED ON THE EVE OF THE CIVIL WAR. ABRAHAM LINCOLN WAS GOING TO BECOME A DICTATOR. MANY OF THESE FAKE NEWS STORIES COME OUT IN THE TIME OF NIXON AGAIN. FAKE NEWS IS SOMEONE THAT WE HAD A LONG EXPERIENCE WITH. THE PROBLEM IS NOW, WITH THE PROLIFERATION OF MEDIA, IT ALTERS PROLIFERATING ANONYMOUSLY ALL THE STORIES WITHOUT ANY SOURCING, WITHOUT ANY OPPORTUNITY FOR VERIFICATION. I THINK WE’RE IN A VERY DIFFERENT KIND OF UNIVERSE.>>WHAT OFTEN HAPPENS IS THAT THESE NEW MEDIA UNDERMINE THE OLD FORMS OF COMMUNICATION IN WHAT WE CALL THE PRESS. FACEBOOK AND TWITTER UNDERMINE TELEVISED COMMUNICATION. TELEVISION UNDERMINES RADIO. RADIO UNDERMINES NEWSPAPERS. AND PRINT. SO WE ACTUALLY SEE A KIND OF CLASH BETWEEN NEW AND OLD MEDIA.>>HISTORICALLY CONFLICTS HAVE ALWAYS ARISEN AS THE PRESS AND GOVERNMENT WRESTLE WITH NEW FORMS OF MEDIA. JUST NOT ENOUGH ROOM TO EXPLAIN ANYTHING.>>IF YOU HAVE 140 CHARACTERS, TO EXPRESS YOURSELF, YOU DON’T HAVE ENOUGH INFORMATION, DON’T HAVE ENOUGH GRIST. YOU DON’T HAVE ENOUGH SPACE TO COMMUNICATE WHAT IT IS YOU SHOULD BE ABOUT. YOU CAN CAN’T DO THAT.>>WITHOUT A CLEAR AGENDA, IT IS LEFT TO THE MEDIA IN THE OPPOSITIONAL ROLE TO QUESTION THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH ABOUT THOSE SPECIFICS. CLEARLY OFTEN CONTENTIOUS CONTENTIOUSLY.>>YOU ARE FAKE NEWS.>>SIR, CAN YOU SAY — >>THERE HAVE BEEN BITTER CLASHES BETWEEN THE PRESS AND THE GOVERNMENT BEFORE. THE COMMUNIST SCARE OF THE 1950s, IN THE WAKE OF THE PATRIOT ACT. BUT HAS THE PRESS BEEN UNDER SUCH DURESS AS IT IS NOW. >>IT IS SOMETHING THAT FINDS ECHOES IN THE SECOND NIXON ERA. HE HAD DRAWN UP A WHOLE ENEMIES LIST. THERE WERE HUNDREDS OF PEOPLE ON THE LIST, FAMOUS JOURNALIST DANIEL SURER, DAN RATHER, TOM BROKAW, HE SAW THEM AS HIS MORTAL ENEMIES. BUT THE IDEA OF A PRESS AS AN INSTITUTION BEING AN ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE, THAT LANGUAGE HAS MORE RESONANCE WITH STALINIST LANGUAGE FROM THE 1930s, WITH TOTALITARIAN REGIMES THAN IT DOES EVEN WITH NIXON. THAT ANYTHING THAT THEY ARE DOING THEY CAN BE SUBJECT TO CHARGES OF LYING, OF PRODUCING FAKE NEWS, EVEN NIXON DIDN’T GO THAT FAR.>>IS THE HEIGHTENED ATMOSPHERE OF TENSION IN THIS COUNTRY NOW, IS THE CONCERN WARRANTED OR MORE THINGS CHANGE, THE MORE THEY STAY THE SAME AND WE HAVE SEEN THIS BEFORE?>>IT DOES SEEM TO ME EVEN THOUGH I’VE SAID IN PREVIOUS CASES, CULTURAL CONFLICTS, CLASHES BETWEEN NEW MEDIA AND OLD MEDIA, REPRESSIVE ACTIONS, IT DOES SEEM TO ME THAT THERE IS A WHOLE ATTEMPT TO CREATE A KIND OF AUTHORITARIAN CENTRALIZATION OF POWER WITHIN THE EXECUTIVE. THIS IS UNPRECEDENTED. AND I THINK THAT WE HAVE A CAUSE FOR WHAT JEFFERSON WOULD CALL A JEALOUS REGARD FOR OUR LIBERTIES. >>>AS WITH MOST THINGS, A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF OUR PAST, GIVES US THAT MUCH BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF OUR PRESENT. FOR STUDY WITH THE BEST, I’M ARI GOLDBERG.>>SOCIAL MEDIA HAS INCREASINGLY BECOME THE HOME FOR NEWS AND FAKE NEWS. BUT AS JEFF JARVIS TELLS US, THERE IS A LOT IN SOCIAL MEDIA AND ONLINE NEWS IN GENERAL THAT NEEDS TO BE FIXED. >>>MY BOOK, GEEKS BEARING GIFTS, I KIND OF ACCORDION THE DEFINITION OF JOURNALISM. AT THE BROADEST LEVEL, JOURNALISM HELPS A COMMUNITY ORGANIZE ITS KNOWLEDGE TO BETTER ORGANIZE ITSELF. THAT CAN INCLUDE A LOT. BUT AT THE VERY NARROW END, WHEN WE WORRY ABOUT TRYING TO PRESERVE THE MOST IMPORTANT ELEMENTS OF JOURNALISM, I’LL BE CONTROVERSIAL HERE, I THINK JOURNALISM AT SOME LEVEL IS ADVOCACY. ADVOCATING FOR THE LITTLE GUY, ADVOCATING FOR JUSTICE, ADVOCATING FOR TRUTH, ADVOCATING FOR HONESTY. WE ARE ADVOCATES FOR SOMETHING AND CAN’T — IF WE’RE SEPARATE FROM THE COMMUNITY AND OBJECTIVE AND APART FROM LIFE. WE’RE A PART OF IT. WE HAVE TO RECOGNIZE IT AND ACT LIKE IT. JOURNALISM AT THE MOST VALUABLE CORE, WATCHES GOVERNMENT, FINDS CORRUPTION, ASKS THE QUESTIONS THAT AREN’T BEING ASKED OF THE FLOW, REPORTS, THOSE ARE THE DIFFICULT AND BRAVE THINGS. THAT’S THE CORE TO PRESERVE AND PROTECT, THAT JOURNALISM IMPROVES PEOPLE’S LIVES AND THEIR COMMUNITIES. FAKE NEWS IS A FAKE LABEL. NO SUCH THING. THERE ARE LIES, PROPAGANDA, FRAUD, THERE IS ALL KINDS OF SPECIFICS HERE. WE’RE PUT UNDER THIS UMBRELLA OF FAKE NEWS, TO SEE THINGS THAT ARE ECONOMICALLY MOTIVATED, IF YOU CAN GET PEOPLE TO CLICK ON IT, IF YOU CAN PUT UP A CHEAP COMPUTER AD ON IT MAKE A FEW PENIES AND DO THAT MILLIONS OF TIMES YOU CAN MAKE REAL MONEY. WE HAVE TO CUT OFF THE MOTIVATION FOR PUTTING UP JUNK. THE OTHER IS PROPAGANDA. THAT’S FAKE NEWS, POLITICAL MOTIVATION BEHIND IT. THE WAY TO DEAL WITH THAT IS NOT BY TRYING TO CUT IT OFF, WE BELIEVE IN FREE SPEECH, YOU HAVE A RIGHT TO LIE IF YOU WANT TO. WE HAVE TO FIND WAYS TO GAIN THE TRUST OF PEOPLE SO WHEN WE TELL THEM UNCOMFORTABLE TRUTHS, THEY MIGHT LISTEN TO US. WE HAVE TO START NEW OUTLETS AND CHEAPER MOMENT WITH THE OUTLETS OF PEOPLE WHO HAVE NEVER BEEN SERVED WELL IN MEDIA. AFRICAN-AMERICANS, LATINO AMERICANS. MUSLIMS. IMMIGRANTS. WOMEN, PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES. THE LIST GOES ON AND ON OF PEOPLE WHO AREN’T REPRESENTED IN NEWSROOMS OR PUBLICATIONS. WE HAVE TO BETTER SERVE THE CONSERVATIVE WORLD VIEW IN AMERICA. WE IN THE LIBERAL MEDIA LEFT A VACUUM FILLED BY RUPERT MURDOCH AND BREITBART AND DRUDGE AND FAR WORSE. JOHN BORTHWICK WHO HEADS BETAWORKS, AND I CAME UP WITH 15 THINGS WE THINK FACEBOOK AND GOOGLE AND MEDIA CAN DO. AMONG THEM, SOME HAVE ALREADY STARTED, FACEBOOK NEEDS TO BE ABLE TO WORK WITH MEDIA TO BRING MORE TRUE NEWS TO PEOPLE AT THE MOMENT IN WHICH THEY’RE GOING TO CLICK AND READ OR SHARE. HERE IS A RELATED ITEM, MAYBE A SNOPES ITEM OR SOMETHING ELSE, THAT’S NOT TRUE. WE ALSO NEED NEWS LITERACY. AND THAT MAY INCLUDE SAYING, THAT SIGHT YOU THREW TO, IT IS TWO DAYS OLD, NOT A REAL NEWS SIGHT OR THAT MEDIA YOU WERE TALKING ABOUT, THAT’S BEEN SPREAD AROUND. BUT WE HAVE TO GO TO MORE WORK. EVERYONE IN THE WORLD IS A JOURNALIST, SPEND HALF AN HOUR INVESTIGATING BEFORE THEY CLICK. SO WE HAVE TO RECOGNIZE THAT AND NOT FEED AS MUCH BAIT INTO THE SYSTEM. WE TRAIN USERS. WE WANTED THEIR TRAFFIC. AND WE HAVE TO GIVE THEM MORE INFORMATION AT THE MOMENT WHEN THEY MAKE CRUCIAL DECISIONS. HERE WE HELPED START A PROGRAM WHICH ENABLES JOURNALISTS TO START THEIR OWN BUSINESSES AND MAKE THEIR OWN INVENTIONS NOW WITH THE PROGRAM WITH THE SOCIAL JOURNALISM, REALLY JUST CHANGES THE IDEA, TAKES IT AWAY FROM THE IDEA OF CONTENT, THE PRODUCT, INSTEAD REALIZES THAT JOURNALISM PROPERLY CONCEIVED IS A SERVICE TO A COMMUNITY. WE DON’T KNOW WHAT THE INTERNET IS YET. WE’RE TRYING TO RE-CREATE THE OLD INTO THE NEW. YOU DON’T KNOW WHAT IT CAN DO YET. DON’T KNOW WHAT ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CAN DO. TO LISTEN TO CONVERSATION, GIVE US DATE WHY AND INFORMATION AND PERSONALIZED FOR US. WE DON’T KNOW WHAT IT REALLY MEANS WHEN EVERYBODY ON EARTH HAS A TELEVISION REPORTING DEVICE IN THEIR HANDS. WE DON’T KNOW HOW TO LISTEN TO COMMUNITIES IN A NEW WAY. WORK OF REINVENTING JOURNALISM HAS JUST BEGUN.>>>AS A FINAL NOTE, STUDY WITH THE BEST WANTS TO REMEMBER TWO PILLARS OF NEW YORK JOURNALISM. WAYNE BARRETT AND JIMMY BRESLIN. BARRETT, THROUGH 40 YEARS OF INVESTIGATIVE JOURNALISM, TOOK AIM AT THE CITY’S POLITICAL ELITE PENNING THOUSANDS OF COLUMNS INCHES FOR THE VILLAGE VOICE AND WRITING THREE HARD HITTING BOOK ON THREE MAJOR BIG APPLE FIGURES. ED KOCH, RUDY GIULIANI, AND DONALD TRUMP. JIMMY BRESLIN’S PIERCING OBSERVATIONS AND HEALTHY WIT KEPT HIM BUSY AS A NEWSPAPER COLUMNIST FOR 50 YEARS, A LEGEND AMONG READER AND WRITERS, FAMOUS FOR SHINING A LIGHT ON THOSE JUST OUTSIDE OF THE SPOTLIGHT. BOTH APPEARED ON CUNY TV AND BRESLIN IS SURVIVED BY RONNIE ELDRIDGE, THE HOST OF OUR OWN ELDRIDGE AND COMPANY. THAT’S OUR SHOW FOR TODAY. FOR MORE INFORMATION ON ANY OF OUR STORIES, VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT CUNY.TV OR CHECK OUT OUR STUDY WITH THE BEST FACEBOOK PAGE. THANKS FOR WATCHING. I’LL SEE YOU NEXT TIME. BYE. ♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪

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