Sleep needs of children birth to 5


(playful music) – [Narrator] Sleep, rest,
and relaxation, ahhh. (baby crying) Not for you, silly. You’re a parent. For your kids. Sleep, rest, and relaxation
are a forgotten luxury for most parents of young children, But from birth onwards, they’re a necessity for all kids. Vital to their physical,
neurological, social, and emotional development. This video helps families
and carers understand why, and demonstrates best practises on how to meet your child’s
individual sleep needs. – We’ve just finished a
comprehensive early year sleep study conducted by the Department
of Education and Training and Queensland University of Technology. – Sleep is critical for their physical and their emotional well-being. – Oh I think it’s really important for their brain development. – They don’t have good sleep, they’ll be cranky whole day. – Sleep is vital for children’s learning, development, and behaviour. At a time of rapid transition, it provides an important opportunity for young minds and bodies to recuperate. – When you think they’re
busy when they’re awake, you should think about
when they’re asleep too, because when they’re asleep, they are consolidating or remembering what they learned during the day, and they’re growing too. – I think it would probably
be good for 10 to 12 hours. – 9 to 10 hours. – 13 hours I’d say. – I think it’s supposed to be about 12. I don’t think we’ve ever
made it to 12 hours. – The range in which children
sleep varies enormously, and we need to understand
that children have a different range of sleep length. – [Irvine] And that’s why
we advise not to compare your child’s sleep needs with the development needs of others. And that can be tricky, but just know that there is a huge range
of what’s considered normal. – Sleep is restorative for children, that’s also a life skill where we learn to have rest and
relaxation during our day, but for children of course, remember that there’s a
changing sleep pattern. So we have to attend to
their changing sleep needs. – Oh no I think it’s
definitely trial and error. – It’s just trial and error. – Trial and error. – [Narrator] No matter how you picked up putting your child down, there are some best practise techniques we recommend following. To maximise sleep, we recommend rest. Huh? REST stands for regularity, environment, sleep need, and transition. – [Thorpe] Routine and
regularity is really important for children’s sleep,
rest, and relaxation, and very important for
ongoing sleep development. But you do need to attend to children’s individual sleep cues. – Some cues are universal,
but every child is different, and so you need to learn to
read your own child’s cues. For example, perhaps they seeks comfort or more attention when
they’re feeling tired, or not. – [Thorpe] Environments are important too, and what is preferable is that we have cool, calm, quiet, and
darkened environments. This is not always possible,
but it’s preferable. – It’s important to support your child’s learning and choices about sleep also. Older children may benefit
from being involved in decisions about their sleep. – [Thorpe] Seizing the sleep
moment is really important and it’s important to
have those transitions that signal when the routine
that it’s time to sleep. Timing is critical. – Yeah, we’ve developed our
own little routine, story book reading, dimming the lights. – To the bath routine, we brush his teeth. – Tell them a bedtime
story then go to sleep. – If it’s a daytime
sleep, it would be a book, or two, or three. – Particularly for younger children, we need to attend to safety. Make sure that bedding, clothing, and the external environment comply with the SIDS guidelines. (playful music) – [Irvine] Try to maintain your child’s current sleep routines wherever they are and
whoever they’re with. – [Narrator] Today’s modern
lifestyle means many families rely on multiple carers across their week. That’s why communication is key. – Regular two-way communication between you and the other
people caring for your child are important to maintain that routine that you’ve worked so hard to establish. Regularity of sleep
patterns are important, but remember patterns are
changing quickly at this time, so ongoing communication
with the carer is critical. – [Irvine] Today many children participate in early childhood education
and care programmes, and these programmes are typically busier social and learning environments. Your professionally trained
educator also needs to adhere to national standards
and quality practises. So sometimes this can mean
that practises at the surface are different than those at home. – [Narrator] To help
families and educators work in partnership, we’ve put together another short video. It identifies communication strategies to achieve continuity and
maximise your child’s sleep needs. We hope this video
hasn’t made you nod off, but we hope it helps your child to. – Thank you for listening.

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