Rethinking Education for Future Jobs | Najeeb Khan | TEDxCollingwood



I have a question for you and if you agree I'd like you to put your hand up would you like to work for a robot boss okay how about a robot coworker instead the fact that a few people over there are putting their hands up means you guys either must really love change or you really don't like the people you work with when asked this question Millennials were twice as likely to trust working with a robot than a baby boomer and it's all surprised that the younger generation is more comfortable with technology I seen this firsthand with my nephew who's so comfortable using YouTube on the iPad my nephew who's five years old to start an elementary school and by the time he graduates high school in 2030 it's estimated that 85% of the jobs in the future are gonna be new and if that seems unrealistic let's rewind back 20 years ago when I was in elementary school back then Google was just getting started and now we take Google Maps and email for granted even ten years ago around 2008-2009 Instagram Pinterest snapchat didn't exist neither did whatsapp or uber when we were younger we're told don't talk to strangers and don't get into their cars but now we're using uber to literally summon strangers cars with their phones our our education has not caught up with the new world the image on the left is a lecture in the mid 14th century the image of on the right is a typical lecture today as you can see the teacher is teaching and the students are sleeping not much has changed the school system that we know of as today was created 125 years ago by a committee that decided to standardize teaching and they did that by thinking that they could divide instruction by age ability and subject matter and a made sense because back then the more information you knew the better often more successful you're gonna be and the only way to get that was through the teacher books and knowledge was where that was before now we have everything available at our fingertips memorization is obsolete yet we're still forcing students to memorize at school were evaluated based on standardized tests how well we memorize and how well we do it alone at work we're evaluated based on work we produce how well we access information and how well we work with others who we often need to get the job done so why is it we're valuing students based on situations that they're not going to experience in the future when I was in school I remember I was studying and cramming for exams and tests making sure I remember that one particular foreign word that I'm pretty sure is gonna be on that test and the day after I forgot it I basically built up disposable knowledge that threw away Lawrenceville School wanted to test this so at the end of the school semester they took a group of students gave them a test they got a b-plus which is fine after summer break they came back and tested the same group of students they went from a B+ to an F they failed we need to realize that we're preparing children for tests not life and if you disagree with that statement why is it that so many adults who have passed high school math still fall into credit card debt it's not the knowledge they know + and – its application of it we're told that you need to remember the quadratic formula or we'll get into trouble it's because we're told the story from the past generation which was you need to study memorize so you can pass the test so you can get into college so you can get a good job and that's the only way to go that route but now Google Apple and a host of other companies are removing college as a requirement to get a job with the rising cost of tuition and debt you have to ask yourself if you're a parent even bother saving for your child's education if colleges are going to be a requirement anymore because after all we're talking about the future of jobs right and when you're talking about the future of jobs we know the future of jobs robots are gonna take over the fear of automation has nothing it's not new as history has shown us when there has been a technological disruption more jobs has been created in the in the industrial revolution than jobs are lost but it's not gonna be the same for our future well we know the quality of life is getting better but what about our jobs are we are we gonna get useless are we gonna be useless without anything it depends on the task and skills let's say you you're good at math and you work in accounting or insurance well an artificial intelligence was created that replaced 34 employees if you are good at writing while Associated Press created robot journalists to write their own stories if you're good at seeing an artificial intelligence was created to detect a rare form of leukemia after scanning 20 million studies 20 million that's something we can't do in one sitting okay but we know computers are good at math and good at writing and good at seeing but we're humans we've got our hands we're good right so we can see where this going Sam is a semi-automated Mason they can lay 3,000 bricks a day which is five times the productivity for half the cost or we can 3d print a house in one day if you take a step back on a construction site you can take a drone that can scan the ground while self-driving diggers can level the land semi autonomously so what's there left for us to do just sit there and look pretty even that is being disrupted meet shoot the world's first digital supermodel that's right digital she doesn't exist as machines are now able to listen to talk to think artificial intelligence and automation are the new buzzwords however we need to realize that we're not in a terminator like scenario yet we're in a new state that's for granted the Japanese word Henco which means entering a new state without going back to the original is where we're in because we're not getting any less technical as a society in five years is predicted that 75 million jobs are going to be displaced and by 10 years that is gonna balloon to 400 million that's 15 percent of the global workforce it's anyone a little freaked out by this you're not alone because there are a good news and I'm gonna get to that so how do we prepare for something like this well for one we need to understand that we need to have industry knowledge we need to have a foundational knowledge that's given and we need to be more digitally literate because in the future isn't gonna be banking online and banking in persons just gonna be banking it isn't gonna be shopping online and shopping the person just gonna be shopping at school the way we prepare for the future for some schools least they focus on steam education steam which stands for science technology engineering arts and mathematics but when you ask employers 93% of them prefer soft skills to what major someone has I trust me I come from a engineering background I used to be an architect before and I've hired so I realized the importance of soft skills we need to go from prioritizing knowledge to practicing skills because when it comes to knowledge we know the machines can remember more information that we can but it comes to skill so we can do some stuff the machines can't but what skills when it comes to skills there are handful skills that's gonna give us a leg up in the human-machine age the Augmented age there are certain skills that's gonna give us a leg up through my research it's what I call the Augmented advantage in the advented age there are three skills that's gonna put us ahead of machines so what are they it's play problems and people play plays all about creativity adaptation learning new behaviors not just play but deliberate play having like the childlike wonder curiosity inquiry this is a painting of a portrait of Edmund a Bellamy which is gonna be auctioned off next week and just like any painting on the bottom right corner it's signed by the artist but when you zoom in you realize it's not a name but a formula that's right because this painting was created by an artificial intelligence system while in AI is able to create a painting with this it was only able to do so by analyzing 15,000 other paintings so can't create something new but just something that's an iterative of what's been done before so when we focus on play we can build and create things that machines can't that is the importance of the first P play the second P is all about problems problem solving systems thinking reasoning weighing decisions connecting dots Malcom Gladwell talks about the puzzle and a mystery a puzzle is something that can be solved it has answers a mystery is something that can't it can only be framed to better illustrate mystery imagine you're in a self-driving car it's dark it's raining and makes a turn and suddenly on the street on one side there are children and on the other they're teenagers who should the car save the children or the teenagers or should it save both and sacrifice yourself what's the right answer there isn't one while machines are able to solve simple problems two plus two equals four it can't solve complex situations and that's where the importance of the second P problems comes into play the third P is people it's all about connecting with people having empathy leadership years ago I was in South America and I helped rebuild and earthquakes devastated city in Peru while I was there I was fortunate enough to build a house for Carmela over here and while a machine now is able to 3d print the house in one day when it took us three weeks it can't look at someone like Carmela nor I and say I know you lost your family it's gonna be okay I'm here for you these three P's play problems and people are important and it's gonna get us to the next step but who's gonna teach it to us schools right well let me ask you who's either in school or has children in school quite a few people don't you find it odd that for some students they're able to remember something they're really interested in like 250 types of Pokemon then the basic history lesson from this morning it's not weird when students are interested and engaged in a topic they're much more able to remember it than something that they're force-fed and what we need to realize is they're force-fed subject that was deemed important 125 years ago around the Industrial Revolution for us – for us we need to prep for the next revolution the Augmented revolution and while most schools aren't teaching this there are some that are schools like high tech high which was started in 2000 San Diego and while it looks like a typical school upon closer examination you realize that there are no bells no class period no subjects or tests their tests are group projects and they display publicly the teachers aren't teachers are more like coaches and the free to coach however way they want it's going from a teacher centered to a student centered going from knowledge to prioritizing skills and a lot of people are slowly starting to take notice recently notable figures like Elon Musk pulled his son's out of traditional schools and create his own schools that focuses on the three P's because he wants to prep his sons for the jobs of tomorrow when it comes to education in our life it used to be that you'd learn once and you applied for the rest of your career and that you used to work but now as so many things are changing we need to constantly be levelling up we need to relearn and relearn and when we're learning we need to ask ourselves whether it's at work or at school we need to ask yourself are we learning to compete against machines or are we learning to work with machines because when you learn to work with to improve our productivity were much better off now I started off by asking you if you'd like to work with a robot coworker many of you said no but it turns out you have been working with a robot coworker for the past few years your phone your phone has phone numbers of your friends it has photos and videos of your loved ones when we lose our phone we feel like we lost a part of ourselves if you think about it your cyborgs part machine part human and home we also have a robot coworker that's been washing dishes for us that we call the dishwasher and we've been doing that since the 1960s and at work this is where it hits us the hardest because when it starts and replace us we begin to question our future as job profiles with repetitive activities are gonna decline when I mentioned before the 75 million jobs are gonna be displaced in five years the good news is this a hundred million is gonna be new so there are gonna be jobs existing but it's gonna require a new set of skills now when you come back to education and learning we need to realize that we need to evolve our education for the future not what's been dictated by the past and when we do we can make sure that all of us here are along for the ride up thank you you

6 thoughts on “Rethinking Education for Future Jobs | Najeeb Khan | TEDxCollingwood”

  1. So who will program machine learning algorithms? People with no math background or people who in the 2000s or earlier learned actual math?

  2. There is such thing as automation occurring too rapidly; and many people not being able to readjust in time before things get really bad; especially with inflation outpacing payments in general.

    On another topic; it seems like people are ignoring the outdated curriculum in general. Middle school and high school curriculum needs to be rethought; especially in terms of what classes should even be mandatory or not.

  3. Congratulations on getting the opportunity to present this powerful message @Najeeb. I enjoyed your change of tone, movement, fluidity of speech/thought, the simple slides, etc. The world needs to hear this message more so that we can revolutionize our education system.

  4. @Najeeb khan- well said about the future of jobs, even I m setting up my skills for augumented reality…bcz that's the only future.we.ll have to work with machine soon

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