Reflective Teaching: an Element of Life-Long Learning | Solomon Au Yeung | TEDxEdUHK

okay thank you very much to him for your introduction about me yes I'm so now yeah and I am a part-time tgdd student of the education university of hong kong majoring in primary English education and today I would like to talk about reflective teaching so I'm going to share with you some of my experiences as a local in-service teacher and how I'm fine I can actually apply the idea of reflection into my daily teaching routines and for those of you who are in the field of education you may actually consider applying some of those into your practice and for those of you here who are not really related to the field of education maybe some of those ideas can also be applicable to your own settings and maybe your own careers as well okay so before I really begin my speech I would like to ask all of you two questions the first question is has any one of you here been actively engaged in reflection so you will reflect on a daily basis any one of you here would do that okay quite some of you good how to question number two is has anyone in your life taught you how to reflect like a teacher a friend a family member has anyone in your life talked to you about that very field not a lot really okay so we may have thought that reflection the idea of reflection is actually inborn to us we know how to reflect and actually there is no need to really talk about that anyway is it really the case but I think especially for Hong Kong a lot of us as we step out to work in a society we will feel the situation that when we go out to wear in the morning then we will just go to work and then we may work overtime and as we go home to have our dinner would then maybe go to bed there is not much room not much space and not much time for us to do a mindful reflection and that is why I would like to talk about the idea of the importance of reflection and so for today I would like to focus on reflective teaching as a teacher as an educator we can actually reflect on the timely basis on a daily basis on whatever is possible to make ourselves a better teacher and also a better lifelong learner okay so the first thing I would like to talk about is a little bit background information of myself so I have been educated here all the way in Hong Kong from kindergarten to tertiary and for my tertiary education I was educated in the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and my major was risk management and business intelligence but through all these years of education in Hong Kong I feel that I didn't really have someone to to teach me to talk to me about how I can actually reflect how I can reflect in a way that can help me choose or help me go to direction that can be better for myself and I remember as I was studying risk management in HK UST I was really struggling because what I thought of risk management I originally thought that it was related to crisis management because I had an interest in managing crises but it turns out that risk management is about managing business rates building or business models for different kinds of Institute's or especially financial sector and as I was approaching to the end of my study I I saw a lot of my classmate a lot of my cause mates they were already looking for multiple internships during the summer time the winter time and some of them were already talking about wanting to secure maybe the return offers from certain kinds of companies and it was not until that that I really start to to wonder to worry what what I was supposed to do and I ops I start of course before that my hai away from myself I may really want to just try to stick to my path and then just just finish it anyway and maybe just follow the pop of my friends but as I asked myself more questions and I asked myself to listen to my inner voice and that is the time that I really you know maybe I should really choose a different path maybe if I really if I really try to follow the path of others I may not be as good as them so that's the time that I really made a move and try to do something that I really like and that is education because I since when I was very small I already have interest of talking to others and as I progress in my study I found that I actually like to talk to students to talk to children so I apply for a part-time teaching post in my current school a school very far away is located on Atlanta Island isn't IO which I will share a bit more about that in the later part of my speech so as I bombarded myself with all these questions I got a room and I call a space for myself to really do some mindful reflections as to what I really want to choose for my future so I think that's the first thing about reflection at least for me and that is asking questions I think if you ask yourself questions then you would get to know more about yourself you will have more time maybe during a shower time that you can actually know what you actually like to do what you want to do okay and then reflections when you actually reflect and ask yourself questions of course it may not be really helpful if you don't take actions but I think for myself as I ask myself more questions I was there to to make a move to do actions to take actions and then I think that make very much difference for me and another thing is for me because I'm an in-service teacher and as I really start teaching because I was not trained to be a teacher so when I when I really started my first day of teaching facing a bunch of students in front of me I remember I prepare a lot I maybe have or prepared different kinds of worksheets different kinds of activities or maybe videos I tape for myself to introduce myself for them but I turned out that they didn't really listen I don't know why I didn't really listen it may be because of the language that I use because I taught them English so I used English all the way maybe because of the pace of my speech I may have taught a little bit too fast but do you know the reason so that is my face when I can't start my lesson so I was really struggling but I didn't know how to fix the problem and as I move on I I may have reflected but I didn't really know what to do so I try to work harder maybe prepare different kinds of worksheets maybe you spend my time doing different kinds of preparation but I think it was not until I talk to my colleagues I talked to my friends who are studying in education that I knew what was wrong with my teaching so I think the second piece of advice I want to give to you about reflection is it's not only about sound reflection you can reflect together with your friends you can talk to them sometimes they're vice may not be very helpful but it provides you with different kinds of perspectives that can help you to think so as I talk with my very experienced colleagues I was very blessed they talked to me and they told me that from the observation they thought that I may have acted a little bit like an elder brother or friend with the student because talking to the students and teaching them are two different things we talk to them we can treat them as friends but as we teach students there needs to be a certain kind of Authority in the process and as I realized that and I practiced again and again after reflections and after the discussions with my colleagues I knew that how I can actually improve and I think I have learned a lot in this process and in this way of reflections ok then move on I want to share my daily routine with you as I said as I move on from year 3 to my final year of Education in HKUST I try to take up a part-time teaching job in Thai oh so you can see each of us series right here and tile is right here so it's like going from the most eastern side of Hong Kong to the most southwestern side of Hong Kong and as you can see on this Google map it takes around three hours to go there every single day from Monday to Friday his very long chin isn't it I think a lot of you would say wow it's very long I if I were you I would not do that but I think is a very good experience for me and I really chose to do that as I really as I told my friend about this as I told my teachers about that I loved a lot of them would say to me oh no it's a waste of time you could have spent those time doing some other things which are valuable which which can have which may help save your time for example maybe you can take up jobs in a school library working as a student helper which I really beat that beforehand but I think that if I do not do that I can I would not know what I really like to do and another thing is about time since a lot of them told me is a waste of time but I think that time is a very good element to the process of reflection because a lot of us in Hong Kong we will say we don't have enough time but as I as I went from the HKUST taking minibars and the MTR and then bus again to my destination I had the time to do the reflection I had the time to put my ideas down on the notebooks I had the time to look up to the Internet to to see what are the latest trends of education I had the time to really sit calmly and really think about what I've done right and what I've done wrong previously in my lessons and how I could have improved accordingly so I think a lot of us have been talking about we don't have enough time but I think it depends on how you treat time maybe for those of you who go to work who go to study maybe the duration is not as long as what I did back then but you can still make use of that period of time to close your eyes and to sell meditate or sell reflect then maybe it would be a better day for you and talking about time I want to share my experience as an in-service teacher with you and what I have observed in that education sector in Hong Kong because I found that a lot of the things that we teachers are doing and not just teachers a lot of us we only had to teach we have to prepare we have to we have to go out for professional development we also have to we also have to go to different kinds of meetings which may not have direct impacts or have anything to do with students after all but we still have to do it it's a part of our duty and another thing here is actually some extracts from a documentary of local school teachers how they how their daily routines really are the teachers here what they are doing is they are having a very formal discussions among themselves about whether the girls in their school because their school is a girl's school where the girls of the school should have the PE uniform the shirts whether they should tuck in their shirt into their short or whether they should leave it out and the discussion could go on for half an hour an hour or even more without even a concrete conclusion I'm not trying to make fun of the teachers because I think they're very hard-working and it may also reflect the different teachers that their daily routines how how they work the teachers of other schools as well but what I want to say is if we can allow teachers just more room to more space to really focus back on our own teaching to prepare for the students to do the markings to really reflect on our own teaching then we will have a generation of better more qualified teachers to teach our next generation and I think that not only applies to a few of Education it also applies with other fields because I think the idea of allowing people to take a rest and to give them some space to reflect is very important ok so I think for teachers we can actually integrate the ideas of reflection into our daily teaching and how is that possible I found this this kind of mind map or routine about reflection on the Internet I think he's an idea come up from educator from the US and she talks about the reflection process how to make reflection possible in a own classrooms and I think this lesson is about STEM education since a lot of us have been talking about stem how we can integrate the ideas of stem and the process of making into the teaching of primary and as a secondary or even tertiary students and I think ideas here are actually not very difficult we can ask them a series of different kinds of questions and in the beginning they they're not very used to it they need your guidance but as we repeat this all over again in every single lesson then they will have the habit of asking themselves the questions and they are already in the process of reflections okay so I would like to share this with you is a quote from John Dewey we do not learn from experience but we learn from reflecting on experience so having experiences are not enough more importantly is how we make that an experience that have values in our self we put values on experiences and we learn from our own experiences and last but not least I want to leave this to all of you for those of you who are teachers we're not only teaching but we're also learning at the same time and if you are not teaches by just reflecting on yourself by just keeping keep going and getting to know what you like to do and thinking about yourself what you have done in the past how you want to move forward from day to day taking up a journey of being a lifelong learner and that's the end of my presentation as Paige thank you very much [Applause]

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