PHILOSOPHY – Plato


Athens, 2400 years ago. It’s a compact place:
only about a quarter of a million people live here. There are fine baths, theatres, temples,
shopping arcades and gymnasiums It’s warm for more than half the year. This is also home to the world’s first true
– and probably greatest – philosopher: Plato Born into a prominent and wealthy family in the city, Plato devoted his life to one goal:
helping people to reach a state of what he termed: εὐδαιμονία (Eudaimonia) or fulfilment. Plato is often confused with Socrates Socrates was an older friend,
who taught Plato a lot but didn’t write any books. Plato wrote lots of them: 36, all
dialogues: beautifully crafted scripts of imaginary discussions in which Socrates is
always allocated a starring role – among them: The Republic
The Symposium The Laws
The Meno and
The Apology Plato had four big ideas for making life more
fulfilled. First big idea: Think more We rarely give ourselves time to think carefully
and logically about our lives and how to live them. Sometimes we just go along with what the the
Greeks called ‘doxa’: ‘popular opinions’. In the the 36 books he wrote, Plato showed
this ‘common-sense’ to be riddled with errors, prejudice and superstition. Fame is great Follow your heart Money is the key to a good life The problem is, popular opinions edge us towards
the wrong values, careers and relationships. Plato’s answer is ‘Know yourself.’ It means doing a special kind of therapy,
philosophy: Subjecting your ideas to examination rather
than acting on impulse. If you strengthen your self-knowledge, you
don’t get so pulled around by feelings. Plato compared the role of our feelings to
being dragged dangerously along by a group of wild horses. In honor of his mentor and friend, Socrates,
this kind of examination is called a Socratic discussion. You can have it with yourself
or ideally, with another person who isn’t trying to catch you out but wants to help
you clarify your own ideas. Second Big idea: Let your lover change you. That sounds weird, if you think that love
means finding someone who wants you just the way you are. In The Symposium , Plato’s play about a
dinner party where a group of friends drink too much and get talking about love, sex and relationships, Plato says:
“True love is admiration.” In other words, the person you need to get
together with should have very good qualities … which you yourself lack. Let’s say, they should be really brave Or organised. Or warm and sincere By getting close to this person, you can become
a little like they are. The right person for us helps us grow to our
full potential. For Plato, in a good relationship, a couple
shouldn’t love each other exactly as they are right now. They should be committed to educating each
other – and to enduring the stormy passages this inevitably involves. Each person should want to seduce the other
into becoming a better version of themselves. Three: decode the message of beauty. Everyone – pretty much – likes beautiful
things Plato was the first to
ask why do we like them? He found a fascinating reason: Beautiful objects are whispering important
truths to us about the good life … We find things beautiful when we unconsciously
sense in them qualities we need but are missing in our lives. gentleness harmony balance peace strength Beautiful objects therefore have a really
important function. They help to educate our souls. Ugliness is a serious matter too. it parades
dangerous and damaged characteristics in front of us. It makes it harder to be wise, kind
and calm. Plato sees art as therapeutic: it is the duty
of poets and painters (and nowadays, novelists, television producers and designers) to help
us live good lives. Four: Reform society. Plato spent a lot of time thinking how the
government and society should ideally be. He was the world’s first utopia thinker. In this, he was inspired by Athens’s great
rival: Sparta. This was a city-sized machine for turning
out great soldiers Everything the Spartans did – how they raised
their children, how their economy was organised, whom they admired, how they had sex, what
they ate – was tailored to that one goal. And Sparta was hugely successful, from a military
point of view. But that wasn’t Plato’s concern. He wanted
to know: how could a society get better at producing not military power but fulfilled
people? In his book, The Republic, Plato identifies
a number of changes that should be made: Athenian society was very focused on the rich,
like the louche aristocrat Alcibiades, and sports celebrities, like the boxer Milo of
Croton. Plato wasn’t impressed: it really matters
who we admire, because celebrities influence our outlook, ideas and conduct. And bad heroes
give glamour to flaws of character. Plato therefore wanted to give Athens new
celebrities, replacing the current crop with ideally wise and good people he called Guardians models for everyone’s good development. These people would be distinguished by their record of
public service, their modesty and simple habits, their dislike of the limelight and their wide
and deep experience. They would be the most honored and admired people in society. He also wanted to end democracy in Athens.
He wasn’t crazy. He just observed how few people think properly before they vote and
therefore we get very substandard rulers. He didn’t want to replace democracy with
horrid dictatorship; but wanted to prevent people from voting until
they had started to think rationally. Until they had become philosophers. Otherwise, government
would just be a kind of mob rule [back to To help the process, Plato started a school,
The Academy, in Athens, which lasted a good 300 years. There, pupils learnt not just maths
and spelling, but also how to be good and kind. His ultimate goal was that politicians should
become philosophers: ‘The world will not be right,’ he said, ‘until kings become
philosophers or philosophers kings.’ [show Hollande, Merkel, Cameron all trooping into
a uni- then coming out as philosophers] Plato’s ideas remain deeply provocative
and fascinating. What unites them is their ambition and their idealism. He wanted philosophy
to be a tool to help us change the world. We should continue to be inspired by his example.

100 thoughts on “PHILOSOPHY – Plato”

  1. Plato believed ONLY high class folks could have kids..LOWER class no way. The kids would be killed. Look up the Marriage Laws in Plato's Republic. And marriages were arranged.

  2. The worlds 1st philosopher Really😂😂😂
    Know Yourself
    Is written in the walls of Ancient Kemet Or Aka Egypt which dates back at least 5000 yrs b4 Plato’s birth Shaken my Head
    I love ALL people but White Supremacy is very real and very dangerous a fact is a fact we do not know for sure how long man has existed on this planet called earth There is no such thing as a primitive Or indigenous Caucasian on the planet earth but yet I want to take credit For everything I’ll bring your minds people please

  3. If one is stupid, they claim that Plato was a Philosopher, which was true, but that is not what he told you his job was.

    The job of a philosopher is dialectic. Now, people use the word philosopher today, but divorced from any understanding of what dialectic is.

    Dialectic is correct grammar, or one can say, information processing. A modern term for dialectic is binary. Every possible thing is a Conjugate Binary Pair of a relative constrained by correlatives, commonly called a unit and a thing. Conjugate is used for the meaning of complete induction and deduction. This is called judgment and even prophecy as grammar allows us the ability to predict behaviors.

    Plato was a grammar teacher, probably the only correct grammar teacher you will find.

    Plato in the Nude, Internet Archive.

    Universal Language, Internet Archive.

    Many people toss the word philosopher around while being as dumb as a box of rocks as to what it means as Plato defined it.

    So, one can use the term Philosopher as Plato did, but it would turn out to be exactly the same meaning of the term Prophet. Or again, rational, etc.

    A mind has one and only one job to do, and one and only one means of doing that job.

  4. Plato writes Socrates has learned from ancient Egyptians. Philosophy started in ancient Egypt and Greeks adopted it and continued the legacy.

  5. Plato argues with the idea of love, like, temperateness, friendship, hate without actually giving any conclusive answer. And about democracy, he admired and wrote about the system of the Carthaginians.

  6. The wisdom of Plato is not a philosophy, a search for God by means of human reason. Aristotle made such an effort and did it as well as anyone can. But the wisdom of Plato is nothing other than an orientation of the soul towards grace. In Republic, Phaedrus, and Symposium, Plato makes use of images. The fundamental idea of these images is that the disposition of the soul that mentally receives these images and welcomes grace is nothing other than love. The love of God is the root and foundation of Plato's philosophy. Protagoras said:"Man is the measure of all things." Plato replies: "Nothing imperfect is the measure of anything" and "God is the measure of all things."

  7. Just here to drop a casual comment. I didn't even watch this video. I think that some philosopher would find my tactic interesting. At any rate, I love you guys. I think it is the people who challenge previously established moral beliefs who will truly change the world going forward, but that is merely my two cents. Peace

  8. Plato might himself be deeply desired of such a balance life, but himself wasn't ever able to attain. His construct of a balance life

  9. by the way, Plato's wisdom was BEFORE CHRIST and the new testament was written. yes, proverbs was probably written before he did his thing. But how many people outside the desert and the tribes of Israel had access to the book of Proverbs. Before the bible and New Test, Plato and greek philosophy and Roman philosophy had a bigger impact than the Jews and their old testament ever did.

  10. wow….! this video and this philosphy ALONE by Plato's beliefs…that lone by itself has done wonders for my soul and brain. the simplicity and beauty of the message. PHilosophy is important. HOW MANY CHILDREN are NOT learning this in public school, or also in christian schools. Modern society could learn SO MUCH by studying this philosophy. Most people studying philosophy ONLY WANT TO KNOW ABOUT Freud and Yung and Existentialism or Marxism. There is so much "health" here in this philosophy video class. I had forgotten he greatness of Plato and the early mystics.

  11. see, the message from Plato about ARt, is important. It teaches us about real beauty and honor and nobility and grace and elegance and un selfishness, etc. Modern art teaches nothing but flesh, vagueness, relativism, politics and vulgarity and unnecessary acceptance of false beauty.

  12. you don't have to be a christian to enjoy modesty, self control and grace and loyalty. but most young people will attack you and mock you if you put down nudity and vulgarity in modern fashions. Mosty liberals today do not value honor, discipline, family values, virtues, elegance, non nudity coupled with chasteness and modesty.

  13. The greatest American philosopher is:
    – Archie Bunker
    "There are two types of people whites & others" 🖐🇵🇹

  14. Did nobody catch the subtitles, where it says – show Hollande, Merkel, Cameron all trooping into a uni- then coming out as philosophers. at 6:16

  15. Know thyself. They can take everything from you, your freedom, friends, family and ambitions but they cannot take away your integrity. Cold miserable and alone but still knowing the right from wrong. The truth shall live after they are all long gone. Have a good one.

  16. As Jesus said What shall it profit a man if he gains the whole world and loses his own soul
    All vanishes except Eternal Life , Learn the Wisdom of Jesus first my beloved

  17. platos last point at the end is pretty stupid imo. he essentially advocates for a ruling class which makes all the decisions weather he actually realised it or not

  18. The politicians that you show are not politicians that I would ever vote for, i compleately agree to be governed by feeling is like being dragged around by wild horses.
    Above emotions is the mental but above the mental is the spiritual.
    It is the spiritual which is all important to correctly form to live the happy life.

  19. Thanks for the school of life, I really enjoy it. I know Alain is an atheist and that’s fine but what does he think about near death experiences? Has he looked into them? To me they seem strong evidence of some form of afterlife, heavens,hells, possibly reincarnation. Socrates, Plato and Pythagoras seemed to have believed in reincarnation and also there is the story of the myth of Err, a near death account.

  20. Instead, we're stuck with the Kardashians, Trump is President, and it's actually miraculous that we haven't all been killed by nuclear war yet.

    Ah, humanity–no one is better at killing us than ourselves.

  21. Plato: one of the five greatest minds that ever lived. That’s why humanity ignores every single idea he ever promulgated and ridicules anyone with the temerity to suggest implementation of some of his concepts ( which were, of course, exactly the same as the concepts of the other four) into daily life

  22. I wouldn't take Plato's advice on relationships. Comparing human natural habits to dogs… Not cool!
    But Plato's views on anything else, from metaphysics to political economy are very deep and thought provocing. My favorite is his idea on private property and social conditions for government! Man was genious! ❤

  23. you saved me from failing my political philosophy class. i was literally crying the night before my exam because nothing was going into my brain when i found you guys' channel, and binge watched everything until 3am. the animation really helped me remember the information since i am an extremely visual learner. read through my own notes multiple times on the bus ride to school, went into my 9am exam the same morning and passed with flying colours. thank you school of life.

  24. never in the history of mankind has so many been educated so quickly, thanks to the internet and sources of knowledge

  25. I don’t get it. I thought he believed that poets and artists should be banished from The Republic, then WHY DOES HE SEES ART AS THERAPEUTIC?? XDDD

  26. Ernst Rohm, with a bigger vocab and fewer physical death creation skills, Socrates…not an old school "platonic friend" – these pair have fucked Western thought for thousands of years – pair of trivial vain pompous gits – virtue,? Horses butt cheeks more like

  27. Hitler was a philosopher.

    But hey it’s Hitler, let’s portray him in a bad light as always.

  28. Platon was not friend of Socratis, he was his student. Platon was 53 years younger than Socratis. And btw, Aristotelis was student of Platon.

  29. Females do not think rationally so why have they got the vote?

    Female power is destroying Western civilisation.

  30. Hello my name is Pieter Zandvliet a Dutch Artist, in my webshop I made drawings of philosophers, poets and writers, have fun watching! @t

  31. ‘’ A life based on the question of its greatest good is a life lived to the fullest ‘’ This quote by Plato stuck with me since I was 17 and I am 26 now. Philosophy changed my life in a good way thank you so much for sharing this content with other people to see and free their minds.

  32. One thing i learnt, whenever you say 'first, great, only and inventor of the world' you only mean the person from your society only. You think there was no World existed beyond Europe and China for the taste of argument.

  33. KNOW THYSELF. “Knowing others is intelligence; knowing yourself is true wisdom. … “Know Thyself.” The meaning of these two words are attributed to the Greek philosopher Socrates and inscribed in the forecourt of the Temple of Apollo at Delphi.

  34. Real philosophy comes from Persia. All the evidence got burnt by terrorists from Macedonia, Arabia and Mongolia.

  35. "We find things beautiful because we find qualities in them" Damn this is game changing! I never thought of it about this way.

  36. I have been wracking my brain (and the internet) for years trying to find out which ancient sage said (or wrote), "When athletes and actors are revered as gods, the end of the republic is near." Was that Plato, in "The Republic?"

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