Paraphrasing: The Basic Steps

hello students this is mr. guy — i’m going
to talk to you about paraphrasing remember paraphrasing just means putting
other people’s words into your own words communicating something that you read or
heard and putting into your own words which shows understanding and also shows
good academic honesty ok so before I give you some specific
examples i just want to go through some very quick steps with you that are quite
helpful okay step one is read carefully and this
is an important step because we cannot paraphrase what we don’t understand so we need to read carefully and we need
to make sure we understand step 2 so read carefully and make sure you
understand because that’s where the ability to paraphrase comes from: it
comes from our understanding step 3 once you’ve read and understand go away and take a break… let the
information process…Let it become part of your brain this is the way I think of it: it becomes
part of your knowledge base. it becomes part of you, and then once it becomes
part of you, once you understand it, now you can put
it into your own words step 4, when you return from your nice
break rewrite it in
your own words — and here’s the key: without looking don’t have that text in front of you
write it in your way from your memory and this can be effective Ok, now make sure to change grammar and vocabulary as necessary. And then once you think you have rephrased, check to see the differences. Compare the original with
what you wrote look at the difference in grammar
and look at the difference in words words and grammar here’s an interesting website it’s
called handyman /paraphrasing- tool . HTML i recommend you google
this just google handyman online com google paraphrasing and I’m sure the
website will come up it’s a great way to compare your
original text with the one that you wrote. for example it looks like this. you
put the original text here you know I like sports and then here you
might say something like– okay I enjoy athletics and you get to check to see
the differences. i won’t go over all the details now but you put the
original phrase or sentence or paragraph there in here you put your version and you you look on
the bottom to see some of the differences ok so step six is site the power praise text you still give the
author credit and you cite it you don’t quote it but you just give it a citation it says that you got the information
somewhere else ok and this is important when it’s new
information if it is common knowledge then you don’t need to cite for example
you know breakfast is important this is common knowledge everybody knows
it there’s no reason to – cite that it’s not an original idea
for it maybe it was at one point but it
certainly is not in new information these days so there’s no reason to cite ok now i’m
going to go over an example sentence level changes here as a sentence new york city in engaging city with a
vibrant ambiance and exhilarating pace is one of the foremost tourist
destinations in the world now i need i find that to be interesting
information and i’m going to paraphrase it again I’m going to look at vocabulary
and grammar so here’s my paraphrase version i wrote
one of the most popular places in the world to visit is New York so this kind of takes the place of this
new york is very popular for most tourist destination means that it is one
of the most popular places in the world to visit see it’s a tourist destination so it’s a popular place to visit to
visit is taking the place of tourist destination people love to visit because it’s an exciting and interesting so that takes the place of this part
here where they’re saying that it’s exhilarating and engaging well, engaging basically means
interesting and exhilarating basically means exciting so again simply changing words in
changing grammatical structure and in the end what you have is a paraphrase now let’s take a look at a paragraph
level it’s a bit different at paragraph level. It
requires a little bit more work so here’s the paragraph: BPA a toxin
resin found in most plastics can be detrimental to your health the International Health Organization
has done many studies that support this hypothesis many scientists believe that the
molecules– although in small amounts– enter the body
slowly over time after years of consuming foods and drinks packaging
plastic the amount of BPA can be dangerous now this can be tough but we need to do
is notice which words can we not live without — in other words
which words must stay we cannot change these works and i chose
these words as unable to change. can’t change BPA because that’s so specific You must have that in order
to make set to communicate the author’s ideas, so BPA international Health
Organization you can’t there’s no other words for that in my view. I think
molecules need not be changed because it’s so specific and it’s such a
scientific and specialist word and again BPA can’t be changed but words like
detrimental can. Let’s right-click detrimental we see the synonyms are
negative damaging harmful. so these can be easily done in fact if
you want you just say he just ok detrimental synonym and i’m going to say
damaging so there you go damaging international
Health Organization of studies now i right clicked on studies but none of
these words will be appropriate because here the computer thinks it’s about lessons and
training and education — but it’s not. But, I do know a word and it could be experiments…… or you may think that this
word is not replaceable. You see, some words may not be replaceable and there is some
judgment that you can use but what matters most is the paragraph
feels and reads differently than the original so words like enter mean ‘go into’ a
‘body’ not really sure….. let’s take a look synonyms physique,
build, bulk ,organization, group, figure form none of these– even though they’re
synonyms– would actually fit this sentence so like I said in class we have to be
very careful about just using synonyms because we have to use the right synonym
and in terms of this paragraph body is probably necessary you probably need it consuming foods all
that that was easy consuming foods means
eating foods ok – to consume means to eat so we can
change that so as you can see there’s some words we
can change and some we can’t ….dangerous we can look at synonyms of dangerous
look at that hazardous, treacherous perilous, precarious the one that I think
is the best is a unsafe or hazardous you know things can be hazardous or
detrimental or hazardous ok so or negative for your health there’s lots of
ways to do it the point is that you identify those
words that really can’t be changed and then identify those words that can and
you’re halfway home the next part is changing the grammar so
let’s take a look at the paragraph that i paraphrased ok here’s my version I said BPA is a dangerous chemical and
according to studies by the International Health Organization it can
have negative impacts on our health the scientific community has done many
experiments and believe that the plastic molecules from the food wrappings make
it into our body slowly so enter becomes ‘make it into’ over time the amount of plastics
increases which can be dangerous to our bodies now i’m going to bring up the old
paragraph or the original paragraph and let’s see if we can look at some
differences here BPA is a dangerous chemical and
according to the International Health Organization can have negative impacts
on health ok so here it says BPA, a toxin resin
found the most plastics, can be detrimental to your health so detrimental year to your health
changes to negative impacts ok many scientists believe that the
molecules –although in small amounts– enter the body slowly over time. Hhere I said
the scientific community has done many experiments and believe that the plastic
molecules from the food wrappings make it into our body slowly. Over time, the
amount of plastic increases which can be dangerous to our bodies so what you have here is a change of
grammar and a change of vocabulary and of course notice that some words can’t
be changedwhile some can okay well that’s it this is a good start paraphrasing look
at vocabulary look at grammar know what you can change
know what you can’t change and over time this will become natural it will become
easy for you ok thank you and if you have any
questions please remember to ask mr. guy and happy happy paraphrasing

100 thoughts on “Paraphrasing: The Basic Steps”

  1. Mr.Guy Stieglitz i am going to give a ecpe test and i have a problem on paraphrasing .This video helped me a lot but isn't it very difficult to paraphrase in 2 minutes . What can i do should i read each point and paraphrase it ?

  2. but the problem is if you don't have much vocabulary since I am Arabian we have some difficulties, we don't have much words what should i do , please can you give me advice regarding this matter

  3. I slowly understand this. Please make more video of this. I am studying at the university and most of my assignments are paraphrasing

  4. I paraphrase it, then when i check his reference I just reversed to original writers form?how can minimize such problems?

  5. Thank you for your helpful video but people from non-English backgrounds like me who are struggling to learn new language and have to do assessment for University need more helps or at least easier steps to learn "How to paraphrase".

  6. Omg1 I am happy to run across this video. i had two anxiety attacks for writing papers. You explain so clearly. Thank you so much!

  7. It is good video. It would definitely increase my learning about paraphrasing. Thanks respected sir. God bless you!

  8. Honestly, this is the kind of teaching techniques that students from various learning institutions need, it is very creative, educational, informative, interesting and entertaining as well. Guy Stieglitz, you have done an excellent job for making this wonderful instructional video and I give you 100% respect for that. I think you should also do another video that will teach students the differences between  paraphrasing and plagiarism and give many examples that will explained clearly theirs differences. Thanks and keep up the good work.

  9. This is a very helpful video, and I'll direct my students to it for sure. Just one comment, however. I think it would be preferable for your final example, the paragraph-level paraphrase, to condense the original as well as changing grammar and vocabulary. That is, ideally your (or a student's) version would be shorter whilst still maintaining the essence of the original. Perhaps the three sentences in this paragraph could be condensed to two, or maybe even one? Something like:

    "Supported by substantial scientific evidence, The International Health Authority maintains that the long-term ingestion of the dangerous chemical BPA, via plastic molecules originating in food wrappings, has a cumulative and increasingly negative impact upon the body."

    What do you think? My intention here is not to outdo your very excellent paraphrase (though I AM rather pleased with my version!), but to propose that one possible goal of paraphrase is to abbreviate and distill, as well as to recast. I'd be very interested to know your views!

    Thank you again for an excellent pedagogical tool 🙂

  10. Go away and take a break,
    U must be genius if you discovered this. All items are nice but this is excellent.

  11. Our health may be in great danger due to BPA, a chemical substance found in synthetic naterials like plastics. is this correct?

  12. plzz teavher i paraphrased a tezt n i want u to correct it for me
    "given that content available through the internet is often not verified by an independent source,it is important that youg ppl learn to read with a critical eye and not take everything that is said at face value "
    the paraphrasing is: young ppl,learnt
    study from independent sources without paying attention at how it could be dangerouse.otherwise ,eventhough it warned them to take it at face value. how to

  13. I haven't heard about such an interesting option in writing programs. Thanks a lot for this knowledge, it is going to be extremely helpful in my future writing.

  14. Hi, I love your video and learned a lot from this video. I have a question, How could you get synonyms of the word after you click it? Can you tell me the way of setting?

  15. whats the different btw paraphrase n summarise
    plzz can u reply me right now
    caz i need to know pluss i hv an exam right after 30 mins !!

  16. Paraphrasing is the literary equivalent of trying to disarm an explosive device. Because if you don't do it properly, you could get written up for plagiarism. I know, it happened to me once.

  17. I have a question can the conclusion have the thesis rephrased in the paragraph or do I need to write another paragraph about my thesis rephrased sorry bout my name Its cause I'm in writing comp Remedial class and I am confused about these last two

  18. I am so glad I have come across this. I personally feel this is the only vlog that has simplified everything so well. Thank you so much for this .. I really don't understand why people have disliked this…… no one can break down Paraphrasing this well.

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