Noah Hamai Position Piece – Digital Literacy – Professor Mueller

hello my name is Noah Hawaii I'm going to be talking about digital literacy the intent of this talk is to define digital literacy stress its importance and explain how it can benefit students education teachers instruction in the community as a whole so first we I will go over the agenda for the presentation we're going to define digital literacy discuss its components the five major digital skills the levels of digital literacy is important teaching it in the classroom the objectives of teaching it and some state policy approaches that have been made so what is digital literacy no matter who you ask or how many people you ask you probably will not get the exact same answer twice according to the American Library Association the definition of digital literacy is the ability to use information and communication technologies to find evaluate create and communicate information requiring both cognitive and technical skills professor and noted author Alan Martin says that in today's society permeated by technology digital literacy becomes a key factor in enabling participation in education employment and social life additionally he says being digitally literate is a way to gain some understanding of the world David Buckingham of London University agrees he says that with the growth of the digital society we can no longer contain the definition of digital literacy strictly to the digital alone he says digital literacy is about these means of cultural understanding however it can go even more than that it is more than knowing how to use software or operate digital devices according to your msn of the TEL high academic College in Israel digital literacy includes a large variety of complex cognitive motor sociological and emotional skills which users need in order to function effectively in digital environments here are some components of digital literacy so what what does this mean this these circles so creativity being able to weigh up opportunities in an entre Nouriel manor and ask the right questions to generate new ideas critical thinking and evaluation is being able to evaluate information and arguments identify patterns and connections and construct meaningful knowledge in apply it in the real world cultural and social understanding is the ability to consider issues and solve complex problems based on a deep understanding of diverse values and worldviews collaboration is the ability to work with others with strong interpersonal and team related skills the ability to find and select information the internet is full of false information and fake news in fact the NA su WT teaching union reports that more than one third of teachers are now seeing false information found online sited in their students work or in classroom discussions of course I found this information online so let's hope this teaching union is reporting accurate data this also relates to advertising and being able to recognize what advertisements are realistic and legitimate and which are scams communication is being able to utilize a variety of methods and tools to effectively communicate to a range of different audiences East safety our online world and digital access has many amazing possibilities however it also has many risks especially for children digital platforms make children vulnerable to bullies criminals and inappropriate content so what can we do teach students about online safety functional skills this could be characteristics such as grit perseverance tenacity and resilience alongside a desire to make learning an integral part of living and these are all components of digital literacy the five major digital skills we have photo visual skills which is reading instructions from graphical displays reproduction skills which includes utilizing digital reproduction to create new meaningful materials from pre-existing ones branching skills which includes constructing knowledge from nonlinear hypertextual navigation information skills which includes evaluating the quality validity of information and socio-economic skills which is understanding the rules that prevail in cyberspace in applying this understanding and online cyberspace communication so Alan Martin as I mentioned him before has defined three levels of digital literacy level one which he called digital literacy covers a wide range of topics and compasses skill levels from basic visual recognition and manual skills to more critical evaluated evaluative and conceptual approaches this level also includes attitudes and awareness level 2 what she calls digital usage is a central and crucial level of digital literacy digital usage is the application of digital competence with specific professional or domain contents contexts sorry and this level users draw upon relevant digital competencies and elements specific to the context of usage level 3 which he calls digital transformation is the ultimate level achieved when the digital usages which have been developed enable innovation and creativity and stimulate significant change within the professional or knowledge domains it is important to note that users do not necessarily follow a sequential path at each stage rather they draw upon whatever knowledge and understanding is relevant in any given context why is digital literacy important digitally literate citizens have the knowledge and skills to access manipulate evaluate utilize design and develop information digital literacy skills are critical for an informed and productive citizenry as a gateway to social political educational and economic participation it is a fundamental skill in the modern world says the Southern Regional Education Board with that being said why is digital digital literacy important in education in other words why should it be taught and advocated for in schools well the 2016 Stanford University study of nearly 8,000 secondary and college students in 12 states found that these skills previously discussed are unlikely to develop on their own most students in the study could not distinguish between an advertisement and a news article or determine the source of information the study also found that an alarming 80% of middle school students thought that an ad marked as sponsored content was a legitimate news article high school students could not discern between fake news and actual news accounts on social media and college students were unable to evaluate the credibility of a website or wade through contradictory results of a Google search to find reliable and accurate information even with that scary information in mind more and more employers are requiring digital literacy as an important skill and the Pew Research Center recognizes it as one of the foundational tools of lifelong learning and success that is why schools should adopt a digital literacy curriculum beginning in elementary grades to ensure that students develop skills and build upon them throughout elementary and secondary school if we fail to educate children on digital literacy and children are unable to learn understand and apply digital literacy skills the digital divide widens why is it important for teachers simply put when teachers excel in their digital literacy skills they are likely better equipped to teach students those skills with digitally literate teachers students can learn to move beyond Google for their problems they can learn how to identify multiple sources evaluate those sources and use a variety of information to draw on to draw their own conclusions digitally literate teachers can help students avoid plagiarism in cyberbullying by promoting digital citizenship digitally literate teachers can help narrow the digital divide access a wide array of diverse ideas of world views and sources improve the technology they are currently using in the classroom in most importantly differentiate instructions so that the students receive the best education available so how do we teach digital literacy in the classroom after everything we've discussed thus far obviously the term digital literacy encompasses a whole lot of skills and ideas how do we best teach that to students first and foremost teachers must ensure that they are teaching their students how to appropriately ineffectively use technologies teachers can of course teach students the components of digital literacy that I discussed earlier educators should also teach information literacy and focus on effective ways to evaluate the quality and credibility of information and sources students should also be taught the ethical use of digital resources and by that I mean students should understand intellectual property copyrighted material how to reference and cite information or sources and how to avoid plagiarism students should understand digital footprints it's important for them to understand that everything that they do actively or passively they share things online about themselves and they should consider the implication of what they do online especially on social media sites related to that students must understand how to protect themselves online and they need to understand the basics of Internet safety such as creating strong passwords not sharing personal information and how to be digitally responsible lastly because of how frequently that many students use technology to communicate it is crucial that they understand how how to communicate safely and appropriately and that includes personal in professional communications of course like I mentioned before all information previously discussed especially the components of digital literacy are important for students to know and remember so why do we teach digital literacy what are the objectives and outcomes students will be able to locate and verify reliable sources of information they'll be able to evaluate sources for a liability use a variety of tools to evaluate sources for bias and understand and identify common reasoning errors students will be able to understand how digital information comes to them they'll be able to choose they'll be able to evaluate search algorithms and choose high-quality sources for information students will be able to constructively engage in digital communities they'll be able to display inclusivity and empathy during group communications and they will be able to evaluate group community group communications for bias students will be able to understand how online communication affects privacy and security they'll be able to map and monitor their footprint and identified platforms and techniques for safe digital communication students will be able to understand that they are producers of information they will be able to make and share original digital content and lastly students will be able to understand their role as customers in an online marketplace they'll be able to evaluate the role of online advertisements and understand the larger economics of digital marketplaces so some different approaches according to the National Conference of State Legislatures some state legislators are investing in programs and professional development to provide digital literacy and citizenship skills for students and educators in the past eight years the NCSL has noted three states that have passed beneficial bills in 2011 the state of Maine passed Senate paper 161 which requires the Commissioner of Education to develop a program of technical assistance for instruction and digital literacy offering professional development and training for education for educators sorry and the effective use of online learning resources in 2015 the state of Washington passed Senate bill 52 94 this bill modifies teacher librarian duties to include collaborating with schools to integrate information and technology in the curriculum and instruction and it also includes them instructing other certified staff about using integrating using and integrating information and Technology literacy into instruction instruction and digital literate look sorry digital citizenship and creation of a culture of reading in the school community in the same year the state of Utah passed House bill 213 which requires a school community council to provide for education and awareness on safe technology utilization and digital citizenship that empowers a student to make smart media and online choices in a parent or guardian to know how to discuss safe technology with their child in 2016 the state of Washington passed the Senate bill 60 to 73 which concerns safe technology use in digital citizenship in public schools the bill provides a process in which students parents teachers and other school employees and administrators to engage in an ongoing discussion on safe technologies as well as Internet youth digital citizenship and media literacy and this is all part of implementing the state's Basic Education goal and essential academic learning requirements for technology the digital world is here to stay the best way to acknowledge this as teachers is to utilize technology and teach our students the skills that they need to stay safe work learn live and thrive in this digitally permeated society thank you very much and here are two slides of my resources thank you

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