Nimitz Class vs Gerald R Ford Class – How Do The Aircraft Carriers Compare?

The humble beginnings of the aircraft carrier
dates to the start of the 20th century, with the first fixed-wing aircraft to ascend from
a ship being in 1910 when a U.S. pilot took off from the USS Birmingham. It wasn’t until the 1940s, when what were
then known as fleet carriers, began to play a very significant role in warfare, with the
U.S., United Kingdom and Japan leading the way in developments. Today aircraft carriers are considered ‘capital
ships,’ meaning one of the primary ships in a naval fleet, along with battleships,
battlecruisers, and nuclear submarines. Despite this, few countries currently have
aircraft carriers and those that do have many less than the U.S.’s 19-strong fleet. The U.S. is also the only country to own supercarriers,
the largest known military behemoths to sail the seas, although China and the U.K. are
developing their own. Today we’ll look at two of America’s supercarriers,
in this episode of The Infographics Show, the Nimitz Class vs the Gerald R Ford Class. Don’t forget to subscribe and click the
bell button so that you can be part of our Notification Squad. First of all, we should point out that Nimitz
Class has been a lodestone in the navy’s arsenal for some time. The USS Nimitz (CVN 68) was commissioned in
1975. The USS Gerald R. Ford is said to be 98 percent
complete, and after more trials, its expected deployment is 2019. The ship has experienced some skips and bumps
during development, although some pundits believe it will be in a class of its own. In terms of costs, the Nimitz Class’ tenth
and final iteration, the USS George H.W. Bush CVN-77, commissioned in 2009, was said to
have been made for around 6.2 billion dollars. By comparison, the Gerald R. Ford Class is
estimated to have costed around 12.8 billion dollars and a further $4.7 billion in research
and development. This makes it the most expensive warship ever
built. The Nimitz Class weighs approximately 97,000
tons, has a length of about 1,092 feet (333 meters), and a beam of 252 feet (77 meters). Its top speed is around 30 knots, or 35 miles
per hour. The Gerald R. Ford will also weigh almost
100,000 tons, have a length of 1,106 feet (337 meters), and a beam of 256 feet (78 meters). Its top speed will also be 30 knots. The Nimitz Class gets it power from two A4W
nuclear reactors, which power four propeller shafts. The Ford Class shows some superiority here,
fitted with two new-design AB1 nuclear reactors, which are said to create six hundred megawatts
of electricity, three times more powerful than that of the Nimitz Class. Supercarriers are often referred to as being
a navy unto themselves, due to the large number of personnel and equipment they carry. The Nimitz Class carries around 5,000 crew. The Ford Class is said to be able to perfectly
function with around 700 fewer crew members. The Nimitz Class is armed with 16–24 RIM-7
Sea Sparrows or NATO Sea Sparrow missiles, three to four Phalanx Close-In Weapons Systems
or RIM-116 Rolling Airframe Missiles. The Ford Class will carry two Mk. 29 missile
launchers, two Rolling Airframe Missile launchers, and four Phalanx Close-In Weapon Systems. It’s also said that due to the Ford Class’s
ability to create so much power, it will mount laser self-defense weapons. As for armor, the Nimitz Class has Kevlar
over its vital spaces, as does the Ford Class. Both carriers can hold around 75-85 aircraft
and also helicopters, but the number of aircraft, as well as the type of aircraft, can change. The Nimitz has typically carried F/A-18E or
F Super Hornets, F/A-18C Hornets, F-4 Phantoms, F-14 Tomcats and more. The Ford Class will also carry F/A-18E or
F Super Hornets, as well as EA-18G Growlers, F-35C Lightning IIs, MH-60R Seahawk helicopters,
and unmanned helicopters. One of the reasons for the excitement around
the Ford Class, however, is the fact the Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System will be able to generate
magnetic fields that can greatly improve the take-off speeds of aircraft and cause much
less damage than the formerly-used steam activated catapult systems did to aircraft over time. The method of using catapults that needed
steam power is said by some pundits to be outdated; a laborious process that required
lots of maintenance and was time-consuming due to waiting for steam pressure to build. The Ford Class also has a superior landing
system in its Advanced Arresting Gear (AAG), which will reportedly be more effective than
the MK 7 hydraulic arresting system used on the Nimitz. However, in 2016, a report by the Department
of Defense Inspector General said the AAG had yet to be proven in its superiority. The Ford Class will also receive an upgrade
in its electronic warfare systems. Up until now, the U.S. Navy relied on the
AN/SLQ-32 Electronic Warfare Suite, with the Ford Class using more advanced AN/SPY-3 and
AN/SPY-4 multifunction radars. This is known as Dual Band Radar, and essentially
performs as many tasks as the many radars used on the Nimitz. Other positive attributes given to the Ford
Class over the Nimitz Class might not sound quite as exciting, such as its superior sewage
system, various improvements regarding how space is optimized, new electric weapons elevators,
a larger flight deck area, and a redesigned island. The Ford Class’s dedicated website states,
“During the design process, the shipbuilders found hidden value in every square inch of
the ship.” This, states the site, will save Americans
billions over the years. Another aspect that is important, and one
in which America arguably leads the way, is technological automation. The Ford Class requires fewer crew, partly
because of automation. It makes sense to have fewer crew in many
ways if the ship runs just as well. As Newport News Shipbuilding’s President Matt
Mulherin said in an interview with Gizmodo, not only will operating costs be down, but
the life of the sailor should be much easier. “We’ve taken off a lot of bunks, and taken
off workload for a lot of sailors, but it retains all of the functionality of the Nimitz-class
ships,” said Mulherin. The Ford Class in some ways is a mega-computer,
consisting of fiber optic cable that stretches for millions of feet, vastly improving data
speeds and the reliability of data. As we heard in the beginning, the U.S. is
not alone in building highly advanced supercarriers. Not much is known about China’s CV-17, although
analysts have stated that it will be endowed with an advanced electronic suite and updated
Type 346 radar. Much speculation has surrounded its carrier’s
catapult system, although the People’s Liberation Army Navy have stated that the next Chinese
aircraft carrier will have an electromagnetic aircraft launch system. The UK is designing two supercarriers, one
of which is the HMS Queen Elizabeth. This will not require catapults due to it
carrying only vertical or short take-off and landing aircraft. The same goes for its other supercarrier-work-in-progress,
the HMS Prince of Wales, whose aircraft fleet will largely consist of American-made F-35B
Lightning II stealth multirole fighters, the variant of the F-35 for short take-off and
vertical-landing. As Britain and China have yet to finish these
rather expensive ships, not only is the U.S. the only country to have an electromagnetic
aircraft launch system on a carrier, but it is only joined by France in having steam catapults. The two French ships, however, are not considered
supercarriers due to their smaller size. Russia and India are also said to have aspirations
in building a supercarrier, but right now that’s a long way off. So, how do you think the old pro ranks against
the arguably more advanced Ford Class? Just as the development of the F-35 has been
criticized for devouring dollars, the new supercarrier has been met with similar concerns. Only recently, President Donald Trump said
he was no fan of spending money on what he referred to as digital catapults. We’ll leave you with that, and hope to hear
your opinions in the comments. If you liked this video, be sure to check
out Nimitz Class vs Admiral Kuznetsov! Thanks for watching, and, as always, don’t
forget to like, share, and subscribe. See you next time!

99 thoughts on “Nimitz Class vs Gerald R Ford Class – How Do The Aircraft Carriers Compare?”

  1. Laser point defense systems, Macross style!

    In all seriousness, powerful lasers are simply too potentially effective for line of sight anti-projectile defense compared to everything else.

  2. A little correction, France has one carrier left (Charles de Gaulle), at the time of the video Brazil had an old french carrier in service, but decommissioned it in 2017.

  3. These giant behemoths are getting bigger and bigger, more expensive, and less practical. Soon they will end up like the battleships a hundred years ago. Missle cruisers is the way of the future my friends!


  5. USSR s carrier is low cost and quite same powerful as USA s carrier,,so in war USSR can made 2 carriers by the same cost and they can carry double aircrafts than usa

  6. It's nice to know things but i wish congress would make it jail time for giving info on any weapons . Seams like every thing we design the rest of the world has it soon after .

  7. Am I the only one who thinks those aircraft landing on deck at 1:30 look more like Sukhoi fighters than american designs?

  8. I was against aircraft carriers till you said at the end that Trump doesn't like them. Now i'm as pro carrier as you can be!

  9. How about this. Scrap all of our plans aircraft carriers air force army navy everything. Build massive walls around the United States. We could be completely self sufficient. We have the best agriculture coal and oil. Just send out a warning to every country in the world. If you screw with us we nuke you. End of story. and let the rest of the world who hates us anyway. Fend for themselves. None of them deserve our help anyway. United States citizens can come and go whenever they want. But if you get in trouble in another country you’re on your own.

  10. The fundamental question is this:
    The Ford class costs TWICE as much as the Nimitz class.
    Would USA get more effectiveness with TWO Nimitz class carrier than with only ONE Ford class carrier? Is the Ford REALLY twice as good as the Nimitz? Frankly, I doubt it.

  11. F-4 Phantoms and F-14 Tomcats???? hahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha!!! nice Doku XD

  12. wrong,idts. no such thing as excitx or endowx or bigx or super or not, bix can be just infeirox, cepit, be, do, can be, do any nmw and any be perfect

  13. There’s no way any country on Earth can defeat the US. The B2 bomber, nuclear subs, aircraft carriers, and 800 military bases will ensure a quick and swift victory in an event of a all out War.

  14. An interesting film ruined by hurried narration. It was painful to listen to. Start again and narrate at normal speech speed.

  15. Nimitz and Ford are the same size…? I'm not impressed… Same number of aircraft. Same size.. Super carrier?? I'm lost.. It's the same frickn size as the Nimitz… Am I missing something.? A super carrier to me is length of 1300 feet or more… 100 plus aircraft and bigger entirely overall.. I'm disappointed

  16. भारत के पास निमित्ज़ श्रेणी के विमान वाहक के समान अपना स्वयं का विमान वाहक अरब सागर में होना चाहिए।

  17. 0:27 Battleships and battlecruisers were mostly decommissioned after WWII, and there are NONE currently in service. All US BS and BC were decomissioned by the 90's. Do your homework this is already inaccurate <30 seconds in.

  18. There are countries like France, England and China. Then there are countries like Russia and Germany..
    And then there’s The World 🌍
    And then there’s The United States of America! 🇺🇸 One big planet by itself!

  19. You said "costed", which is not actually a word.
    In the phrase you used it in the correct wording is to simply say "cost". Constructive criticism my man, just trying to help.

  20. Your inaccuracys in your animation s need to stop, aircraft made water landing aside battleships and then where picked up out of the water and aircraft do not land on the front of an aircraft carrier

  21. Other countries like China can saber rattle all they want. So long as America controls the seas, we control trade. So long as we control trade….we control the world. Doesn't matter how many millions of Soldiers you have if you can't deploy them anywhere.

  22. USA is an abomination.
    All these nuclear war ships are going to be nuclear catastrophes when they are sunk.
    USA is an abomination!!!

  23. USS Nimitz, commissioned 1975, primary weapon 44 FA18 or F35 strike jets.
    USS Gerald R Ford, commissioned 2013, primary weapon 44 FA18 or F35 strike jets.

    So a difference of 38 years, and the primary weapon, 44 modern jets, is the same.

    Compare the difference in the battleship age:
    USS Iowa – Commissioned 1943, primary weapon 9 16'/50 naval rifles, 24k lb broadside weight at 39km.
    USS Virginia – Commissioned 1906 (37 years before Iowa), primary weapon 4 12'/40 naval rifles, 3.5k lb broadside weight at 17km.

  24. I was thinking about it 5 yrs ago when are they going to install a magnetic catapult lunch system, was thinking in how much better than a steam catapult luncher system

  25. I suppose if the Russians got away with classifying the Kuznetsov as a cruiser, I guess you can call your Amphibious Assault Ships as Aircraft Carriers to get to 19 🤷‍♂️

  26. On the cost… the cost of the 'one ship' is actually the cost of a whole new CLASS, not just a new ship, never mind comparing the cost to the last ship built of the previous class.

  27. Key to power projection with the carriers are the worldwide bases America has, and the task forces that accompany each carrier.
    Having a super carrier is not enough. A nation needs all that goes with them, if it wants to project power.

  28. One battle group is enough to beat the air and navy from a country like Canada. That's crazy in it self cuzz they have 7+ B-group like that.

  29. Freedom isn’t free. Think where we would be without our aircraft carriers in 1942 in the Midway battle. We would speaking Japanese now if many Americans hadn’t given the ultimate sacrifice and it continues today with terrorist attacking our way of life. Go to Dover Air Base and watch the air force remove caskets of young American men and women who have given the ultimate sacrifice so you can go to WalMart every day.

  30. Did you really say the Gerald R. Ford "costed", at 1:32? You can master computers and the internet but not the basics of vocabulary?

  31. lol….35mph, what a joke. i know first hand that they will exceed that by a LOT. that 35mph number is somewhat over half of what it will really do.

  32. I don't know how you say 600MW is three times more powerful than the Nimitz class when each plant in the Nimitz class was over 500 MW.

  33. I love this channel but I just don't like listening to this dude. I hate having to skip through videos that I want to watch because I don't want to listen to it. Is it just me?

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