National Council for Teacher Education | Wikipedia audio article


National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE)
is a statutory body of Indian government set up under the National Council for Teacher
Education Act, 1993 (#73, 1993) in 1995 is to formally oversee standards, procedures
and processes in the Indian education system. This council functions for the central as
well as state governments on all matter with regard to the Teacher Education and its secretariat
is located in the Department of Teacher Education and National Council of Educational Research
and Training (NCERT). Despite the successful functioning in terms
of educational field, it is facing difficulties in ensuring the maintenance of the standards
of teacher education and preventing the increase in the number of substandard teacher education
institutions in the country.==History==
Before 1995, the NCTE had existed since 1993 as a government advisory body (and not as
a separate institution) to look after development and progress of “teacher education”. The NCTE was then only a department of the
National Council of Educational Research and Training. As per the NCTE’s own admission, it failed
in its objective of overlooking and, to an extent, regularising norms and processes in
teachers’ education in India because of lack of formal jurisdiction. To that effect, the National Policy on Education,
1986 allowed the setting up of a government authorised institution with formal powers.==Objectives==
To achieve planned and coordinated development of teacher education system throughout the
country. To regulate and properly maintain the Norms
and Standards in the teacher education system and for matters connected therewith. It aims at training individuals for equipping
them to teach pre-primary, primary, secondary and senior secondary stages in schools, non-formal
and part-time education, adult education (correspondence) and distance education courses.==Functions==
undertake surveys and studies pertaining to all aspects of the teacher education and publish
the corresponding results. For the preparation of suitable plans and
programmes regarding the field of teacher education, it makes recommendations to both
the state and central governments, universities, University Grants Commission (UGC), and other
recognised institutions. it co-ordinates and monitors the teacher education
system throughout the country. it lays down the guideline for the minimum
qualifications need for an individual to be a teacher in schools and recognised institutions. it lays downs guidelines for the provision
of physial and infrastructural facilities, staffing pattern etc. for the compliance by
recognised institutions. it lays down standards with respect to examinations,
the major criteria for such admission as well as schemes for courses or training. it promotes and conducts research and innovation
in schools and recognised institutions and then disseminate the results thereof. it examines its own laid-down guidelines,
norms and standards for the improvement. it identifies the recognised institutions
and set up new institutions for the developmental programmes of teacher education system. it takes up necessary steps for the prevention
of the commercialisation of teacher education. it also performs other function that are entrusted
to it by the central government.==Programmes Recognised==
Diploma in early childhood education programme leading to Diploma in Pre-school Education
(DPSE). Elementary teacher education programmes leading
to Diploma in Elementary Education (D.EI.ED). Bachelor of elementary education programme
leading to Bachelor of elementary education (B.EI.ED)degree. Bachelor of Education Programme leading to
bachelore of education (B.Ed) degree. Master of Education Programme leading to Master
of education (M.Ed) degree. Diploma in Physical Education Programmes leading
to Diploma in Physical Education (D.P.Ed). Bachelor of Physical Education Programmes
leading to Bachelor of Physical Education (B.P.Ed) Degree. Master of Physical Education Programmes leading
to Master of Physical Education (M.P.Ed) Degree. Diploma in elementary education programmes
through Open and Distance Learning System leading to Diploma in Elementary Education
(D.EI.Ed). Bachelor of education programmes through Open
and Distance Learning System leading to Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree. Diploma in Arts Education (Visual Arts) programme
leading to Diploma in Arts Education (Visual Arts). Diploma in Arts Education (Performing Arts)
programme leading to Diploma in Arts Education (Performing Arts). 4-yr integrated programme leading to B.A.B.Ed/B.Sc.B.Ed
Degree. Bachelor of Education Programme 3-yr (Part-Time)
leading to Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) Degree. 3-yr integrated programme leading to B.Ed.M.Ed.(Integrated)
Degree.==Division==
It relates to different academic activities pertaining to the teacher education programmes. It provides leadership and coordinates different
types. Objectives:- Coordinate the academic activities
on teacher education. – Develop Curriculum Frameworks and Model
Syllabi. – Prepare guidelines for conducting academic
activities in Teacher Education Institutions (TEIs). – Conduct Research in the field of Teacher
Education. – Provide Resource support in the field of
teacher education. – Develop database on various aspects pertaining
to the teacher education.==Current scope==
NCTE forms an extremely critical structure of the Indian government’s National Curriculum
Framework for Teacher Education 2009, and has been the organisation that developed the
year 2009 draft of the same framework.As of 2007, the NCTE has its headquarters in New
Delhi apart from regional representations in many other cities. Four official ‘Regional Committees’ of NCTE
operate from Jaipur, Bangalore, Bhubaneswar and Bhopal handling the Northern, Southern,
Eastern and Western regions respectively. The councils are responsible for recognising
‘teacher training institutions’. It is reported that as on 1 January 2007,
“7461 teacher training institutions offering 9045 courses have been recognised by NCTE
with an approved intake of 7.72 lakh teacher trainees.” NCTE completed and recognized the revised
Regulations 2014. Such includes: Establishment of Teacher Education in Composite
institutions that consists of multi-disciplinary or multi teacher education programmes. Each programme curriculum gives importance
to Yoga Education, ICT, Inclusive education etc. Open and Distance Learning (ODL) has developed
and improved in performance due to in-built quality assurane mechanisms.==Right to Education==
The Ministry of Human Resource Department (HRD), Deptt. of Social Education and Literacy
has authorized National Council of Educational Research & Training to lay down the curriculum
and evaluation procedure for elementary education and to develop framework of national curriculum
under clause a of Sub-Section 6 of Section 7 of the Act vide its Gazette Notification

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