More than a MOOC – Seven Learning and Teaching Scenarios to Use MOOCs in Higher Education and Beyond



hello my name is Martina ignor and first of all I like to thank you for the invitation to give you a short talk I am currently the head of the department of educational technology at Graz University of Technology and we are as a Graz if you don't know grads we are located in about two hundred kilometers in the south of Vienna which is our capital in Austria and we are the second biggest University of Technology here in Austria and therefore because I am the head of the department we are responsible for all learning activities at our University and I'm also doing research in the area of e-learning mobile learning learning analytics open education resources for more than 15 years now and therefore we are combining research as well as practice so you have to do of course the e-learning as well and also to make research about that today my talk will be about MOOCs what we can do about MOOCs what is a MOOC and why did I see a very big chance maybe in the area of online education here first of all I give you an hint to a new L this is a so-called feedback system so because I am just online available for you and you are just listening to this video I can comment my slides as well you can ask questions and I will read them afterwards and maybe I give you also feedback and answers and so I'm very happy if you are just taking this URL and give me some comments or whatever you would like to write first of all the question what is a MOOC what then do we understand if you are talking about MOOC it's just shortened for massive open online courses this was invented in about 2010 and 2012 it became really a trend or a hype because we have very many popular essays in different newspapers and the massive open online courses this MOOC is very specific in it in a special way and M would be for example for massive that means we are reaching a very broad audience we are offering MOOCs on the internet for free and therefore we have very many learners in this MOOC this is very different to the University we have maybe hundreds of learners here we are talking maybe about thousands or more than thousands of learners Oh always a day the time for open open means that the content learning content will be for free available so you are able to just access the course and you can just learn it does not mean that you have to pay something it's without any costs so the idea is that we are really bringing learning content to the masses oh it's clear seems to be clear it's an online course and really completely online so you can just sit anywhere you would like today the course and the final thing means that we are offering courses not only learning content so it's not just a video or just an PDF or a website it's a course that means we have really a structured process how we would like to guide you through such a course that is that they a MOOC platform in austra we are as Department we are Department are hosting this onliest MOOC platform in Austria it's called a MOOCs and it's similar to the very huge platforms of the world from the MIT their ethics for example Coursera or whatever we would like to see so it's just a MOOC platform we have done since 2014 about more than 50 MOOCs and they are just here available for free and of course you can also take a course but most of our courses because depending on the language we are speaking is our enjoyment yeah and that is justice or how each MOOC looks like and the I MOOCs platform so it's the platform itself should be rather simple for the users or he should not just learn the platform so he has to learn the content for example so in every course you have the title of the course for example in this case it's learning the code for example do you like to learn programming this pocket code it's a similar to scratch but it's a mobile version of scratch if you'd like to do that and we have here the units so each course is divided into different units mostly in weekly so you get weekly learning content and then you have to get the next learning content the next weekend typically we are running from 4 to 8 weeks there's just a typical course here you can of course find the course content here you have news for example if I as teacher would like to give some use for the course to the students if I would like to interact with the students we have a discussion forum for each MOOCs of course here you can download all the files teachers are providing and this is it the course description so why do you this course what we learn for example and in the end you get a certificate that you had done all the self-assessment of the course and you can download that the course content itself is beginning here downstairs and so you can see normally you have at least one video for each week mostly two week two videos for example additional material as PDFs powerpoints web links whatever and in the end of every week a kind of self-assessment self-assessment does mean that you you can just reflect what you have learned in this week and it's just for your home and as I mentioned before if you have done all this self assessments then you get a certificate of the whole course and we have also in behind the badge system that means that you also can get batches for example for each self-assessment you have done though that it's the possibility to certificate also different kinds of you have done something yeah duh so just to summarize the question what is a MOOC MOOC can be very simply described as an open online course because it's for free and it's just open to all of the world and mostly based on videos that it means the main input format for the learners are just videos but maybe we have to talk about that that videos can be in a different way of course this is just not not only the recording of a talk it's a different kind of form of videos but video is the main input format the next thing is that we have of course done very many different kind of research activities within MOOCs do what have you learned and what did we know currently about MOOCs but Kenneth II something about that the first thing is MOOCs are very interesting if you would like to reach a very broad audience so how does that explain for example I have a lecture on my University and have I don't know 20 or 25 students per year and if I go in for example online I have maybe thousand or many thousand students who would like to do the same content so if you have the idea for example to make a very fast knowledge transfer from the University to schools to university to the companies and you need a very broad audience and it should be very fast then maybe a MOOC is a very interesting option to do that so broad audience you get many people who may be interested in this topic the next thing is that we have discussed over years is the metres of drop out so mostly of the newspaper writing MOOCs are fine with us but nobody and the MOOC or did certificate in the end and they always propound postponed or about a five percent just completed the course and that's not really true because as I can show you for example some statistics impact this is a just one MOOC for example and the first thing is that for example for this course more than 1000 students have registered so from this and that's it's interesting part from this registered students only more than 460 470 only only from them are even coming at least once in the course though that means that very many people in the first run think oh I'm just registering because it's free but they will not enter even the course also not the end of the first week nothing else oh we have nothing we don't see anything from this person's just a registration and of course this is just if we compare it with the lecture hall just opening the door and going home so I cannot go outside and say ok this is this person's are not interested and they are doing nothing so that's our the actives persons so 460 and from this 460 more than 160 just doing till the end making certificate and there is also a group which is interesting a little bit higher of course that people they have done all the things they have to do but they never downloaded for a camp or the certificate because they are not interested in that so normally if you see what is real drop out we can just talk about this distance and if you look at that for example we have just we have more than 20 persons so if we are talking about in 20 persons from the 20% from the 1000 just get the completed C course but in relation of course to the 479 is just 50% and that it's very high thing if you're thinking about normal lectures for example so the dropout rate is just something how would you like to interpret the data and if you are really doing it consequently and we see that a typical online course just behaves simple as a typical lecture in a very big lecture hall then what we also see about activities on the course that's also very interesting for example as this is just a statistic about say reading in discussion forums not so disgusting but how people are reading and be active in discussion forums and typically see that you have very high sentence of readings in these casual forums on the first day the new content is available so in the start of the week and it's always the week start and of course it's a little bit dropping down but you see very high activities in reading the forum we have also a typical course where you can see for example doing the self-assessment so very interesting is that this is just typical for an online course it behaves always the same and we always say till the week for we have an increase and afterwards it's just stable more or less but it means that people who are doing just the MOOC for four weeks they will also complete the course in the end yeah and then for example that is a diagram where you can see when people are learning so typically they are just sleeping between 1 o'clock and 6:00 in the morning and trust in the rest of the day they are just working within the MOOC so we have there is not for the whole day learning hip happens always is just as what you can see in this diagram yeah then we have the part of the gamification there's also very interesting as we introduced two years ago a kind of battery where you can see for example what you have done in the previous week so for example if you get this one then we say you are active 50 percent and maybe that is be dangerous to complete the course is just an element what is where you can see what it was your activity in the last week and maybe you should perform in this week better for example to complete the course and was a very interesting effect of this I have never seen just a diagram before and afterwards that is that's the first time that we have for example there's the number of completed self-assessment in week 1 and after the gamification element in this course we have more people who are doing self assessments in the second week because they were officially or obviously motivated by this battery and say we can see for example that just small gamification elements can also work to motivate learner's more – to go further on with their online course yeah so to summarize what we did know about MOOCs is learning happens always at any time as you see in the diagrams but perhaps not so structured as we expect that so typically students are coming doing something going out locking out coming again and something like that so it's a very unstructured process for the students but it's going for it on and it's at and it happens yeah and finally because as we have done so many MOOCs now we make a very small research study because we just recognized that not a MOOC is not used as a typical MOOC so the online learner itself just is coming to our platform and see this offer of these different courses but as I know that many courses have a different story in the background and there we are just tried to cluster and to make an overview about how we can use those MOOCs and we have also as you see here seven learning and teaching scenarios different scenarios how we can use these MOOCs and that is a very interesting outcome because you can see how flexible we can work with this online resources the precondition that we can do it is that in our platform at valises in another German speaking platform we are using completely open educational resources that is very important because that means we have in Austria for example also the same situation of the whole middle Europe a very strict copyright law that means that people are not allowed to use the material which they get in a MOOC also to teach them in schools and something like that though we decided to make every learning content on the MOOC platform as open educational resources means that every object has an Creative Commons license so you know exactly what you can do and that has some interesting effects because for example you can now use one video or in different MOOCs for example without any problems of the copyright yeah and to understand afterwards the seven different learning stereos we have just a small legend this means it's the start of the course that is the end of the course this means that is a kind of face-to-face session this can be a lecture that can be just a discussion around whatever that means only there is a teacher and the students face-to-face and this is the assessment that's also how you can get the final grading of for example for a course if you use it as a lecture and we of course have this is a forum the forum means that we have a discussion forum in active and passive form this is the MOOC and that LMS would be meaning we are talking about here about our learning management system not a blook platform typically as you know it from Moodle or whatever so type one is the conventional MOOC that the source of form of MOOCs as we know it from the newspaper as we may be expected if you're thinking of MOOC that's exactly this kind of course just put it online is it pure online is just running online for many users and nothing more yeah but as I noticed on our platform that is not the main typical form of a MOOC is just that what we are understanding typically from MOOC so type one is just the conventional MOOC as we know it the second type is the pre MOOC for example we have as a different learning scenarios where teacher is had their ideas to say okay I'm doing a MOOC an online course for my students and they have to do this MOOC yeah so till a typical date they have maybe afterwards a very small assessment so that I know as teachers they have done the MOOC and then is this the precondition to come in a face-to-face session for example a laboratory or something like that so you have in the front of the typical lecture also a MOOC running just online to prepare students and to give them just knowledge about something but you afterwards need also in your lecture so that means this is an online course as preparation for a following learning event whatever this does mean but this is typically than face to face for example that type 3 is the planet MOOC the planet MOOC is there where you can where you integrate the MOOC or bring it to Gaza we should in to be a typical plant at learning scenario so it means I have a face-to-face session then say okay the next three weeks you are for example doing the MOOCs for three weeks then we have another face-to-face sessions at the University then you have also prepared a MOOC again and then you have again a face-to-face session and afterwards maybe an assessment so the MOOC is just integrated in between several face-to-face sessions so it doesn't mean how many face-to-face session you know it depends on the teacher but mainly here just using the MOOC more or less as just online material the type 4 is the in-between MOOC that is just we have some kind of training sessions often that are mainly in the adult education sector there for example you just come this is the first day and you gave we give longer input maybe for a day a workshop for a day they'll just explain your material face to face and then it said face just online where you can deepen your interest and you have some more information about the content and afterwards a final is again a workshop for one day for example or half a day and then the whole situation at least gives you the grades for example so it's a special form of type sorry because it's also a kind of planted thing but it has just an opening and in closing event in face-to-face for example type 4-5 sorry is the inverse planned it MOOCs that it's a new technical concept called inverse blended learning this we've just thought what we can do or how we can make more socialize the MOOC so the main thing of the learning process is of course discussing from person meet each other discussing about things and our idea was to bring the MOOC that are the online course back again to face to face situations and this did we and we're just organizing face to face events that means you can be a trainer you say just I would like to to make some training sessions at 1:00 in the week we're just meeting in a room and we are discussing what you have learned in the MOOC for example so the MOOC is just running yeah and say a different kind of face to face sessions outside anywhere where some learners are just meet each other and discussing what they have learned and maybe they have also problems and just discussing about this in a face-to-face situation so this type of MOOC is enriched by face-to-face meetings and events and this can be in very different ways so we have also face-to-face meeting we have done online in a webinar as well in a cafe for example we are just sitting on a table as well as on adult education institutions where they just meet these people and offering this kind of enrichment here the type six is the flipped MOOC the flip MOOC is just following the directive concept of inverted classroom or flipped classroom for example so the MOOC is just used to give the input at home so people or students or learners a test going home just looking at the MOOC and preparing the so the face to face situations and in the face-to-face lectures we are just exercising with them we are discussing world then we have a very high interactivity because the real input giving and the lecturing just happens in the online course that is the idea of the flipped MOOC for example so have really you have on the one side the online sessions and as well regulary sessions in face to face situations yeah and the final one is to lecture MOOC because we teach this again because it's a rather typical for MOOCs we are using at the university itself there we have the situation we have the MOOC maybe also separated with face-to-face lectures so sometimes I say to my students you have to come for example and that gives you a face-to-face lecture and then is again the MOOC and a very typical thing for a lecture MOOC is that you have in parallel again for example a learning management system where all the things are happening for example you have to say they have to them to do some exercises they have to discuss something or something like that and the problem is that I cannot do that in the MOOC for example because the grading of the students must be in a separated system because of the of different regulations we have for example so you never see that a for example this MOOC is just used also in a typical lecture at a university and of course in the end you can also assess this MOOC yeah so the final thing is as a if and that's the precondition I mentioned before the content is also available as open education resource the exchange in between other institutions and the usage of external organizations becomes a rather simple and also legal and what we see is that open educational resources works as a kind of motor to be so such flexible with this kind of online content as we can do it with the MOOCs and we are MOOCs as a facilitated access to education that is very important so we can on the one side provide this content also to the public so we have two effects we are just teaching our students we are lecturing and we have also the the chance to give this material to the public to people who are interested in that and would like to learn that as well to other educational institutions who would just may be offering a similar course and we can use all these resources to learn something and of course it's in a very innovative way that is the interesting thing about that only the Laos as you see new forms of teaching and learning so we have so many different scenarios that we today can say ok we can do so many things with all this online content yeah so I like to conclude is that MOOCs or even me if I say it's not massive and it's an open online course for example for us as research in this field are not really a trend or a hype see a consistent in the logical first development of teaching and help us very deeply to make educational content also accessible and not also within our context of the university but also worldwide to people who are just interested to learn something new yeah that is the end of the talk I would like to thank you very much for your attention if you would like to contact me just take my email address just take Twitter or you can also reach me on Facebook or on feedback a channel how would you like the content thanks a lot for your attention you

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