Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology | Wikipedia audio article


The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports,
Science and Technology (文部科学省, Monbu-kagaku-shō), also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, and formerly
the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (文部省, Monbu-shō), is one of the ministries
of the Japanese government. The Meiji government created the first Ministry
of Education in 1871.The Japanese government centralises education, and it is managed by
a state bureaucracy that regulates almost every aspect of the education process. The School Education Law requires schools
around the country to use textbooks that follow the curriculum guideline set by the ministry,
although there are some exceptions. In January 2001, the former Monbu-shō and
the former Science and Technology Agency (科学技術庁, Kagaku-gijutsu-chō) merged to become the
present MEXT. MEXT is led by the Minister of Education,
Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, who is a member of the Cabinet and is chosen by
the Prime Minister, typically from the members of the Diet. MEXT is one of three ministries that run the
JET Programme. It also offers the Monbukagakusho Scholarship,
also known as the MEXT or Monbu-shō scholarship.==Romanization==
The Ministry sets standards for the romanization of Japanese.==Education of Japanese living abroad==
MEXT provides the Children Living Abroad and Returnees Internet (CLARINET) which provides
information to Japanese families living abroad.MEXT sends teachers around the world to serve in
nihonjin gakkō, full-time Japanese international schools in foreign countries. The Japanese government also sends full-time
teachers to hoshū jugyō kō supplementary schools that offer lessons that are similar
to those of nihonjin gakkō and/or those which each have student bodies of 100 students or
greater. In addition, MEXT subsidizes weekend schools
which each have over 100 students.==See also==
National Spiritual Mobilization Movement Education in Japan
Fundamental Law of Education History of education in Japan
Japanese history textbook controversies Monbukagakusho Scholarship==Notes

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