Medical Terminology – The Basics – Lesson 2



hey everyone this is medical terminology the basics lesson two and in this list I'm going to talk to you guys about medical terminology with regards to medical conditions and medical processes so this is actually a continuation of medical terminology the basics lesson one and at the end of this video I'm gonna take what you guys have learned from us and one in lesson two and give you guys some practice problems to help you use the information you've learned from both of these lessons to help better understand and better get a grasp of deciphering medical terminology there's many different processes guys I suggest taking notes for this so the first one is this dys that means just problem or something abnormal so again as I mentioned dyspnea if there's some abnormal pattern of breathing mal is bad so maladaptive itis so this this is a suffix itis this is a very important one guys if you can remember itis you know a lot of different a lot of different types of medical conditions colitis gastroenteritis arthritis they all have to do with inflammation another one is pleasure process of growth or growing another one is plasma that's just a growth or formation the next one is OMA that means tumor so a sarcoma typically when you see OMA you can think of cancer in that regard another one is trophies or that typically means growth as well growth typically involving cellular growth and this doesn't mean division it actually means just a growing in size there's no there's no growth in number but a growth in size so that's the difference between playa and trophy the next one is path II which means disease so you know neuropathy is one to think about disease of nerves OSIS is typically used and that just means a condition and usually means an all conditioned when you say it another one is yeah so this one at the end of a word ia like AB is another again another way of saying in abnormal condition ISM is just state of and and just think again about hypothyroidism that's just a state of a low thyroid activity or low a low v a fibroid function and the next one is it or eel and that just means pertaining to or related to some process so cephalic or esophageal it just really means pertaining to the the subject or pertaining to the process at hand some more processes again meta this is the prefix actually that means chains or transformation so metaplasia there's a transformation in cell type another one is stasis or static that just means a maintenance of normal conditions so we all know homeostasis so homeo is body stasis is main maintenance of normal conditions you're maintaining your body in within normal conditions and the opposite of stasis or static is dynamic and that means changing or and it's usually usually involving continual change and for this one you can think of hemodynamic another one that is common is lytic or lysis so that just means destruction so when you think of hemolytic or hemolysis its destruction of blood or destruction of red blood cells megali means enlarged and you may remember earlier about I had mentioned megalo if this is just another way of using that that term you can use it as instead of using it as prefix you can also use it as a suffix so that just means enlarged P Nia it means decreased or below or lower than normal so for that one you can think of Saito Pina so a decrease in cell number or your number of cells is below in amia is relating to a blood condition so you can think of anemia so the next group of suffixes that I want to teach you guys is about medical procedures so again there's a lot of medical procedures so again just take notes while I go along so the first one I want to talk to you guys about is aekta me what just means excision or removal so you can again you can think of appendectomy you're removing or excising your appendix another one is auto me that's an incision or cutting you can think of tracheotomy you're cutting or in cutting into your trachea ostomy so we can think of a colostomy bag it's kind of like making a hole so it's a little bit different than automata means making a cut ostomies making a hole for some kind of connection scope II you think you think of microscope our microscopy that's just to view that's all that means graph or graph II this is just meaning the process of recording so a Isana graph is you know the instrument for a recording sound or sonography is the process of recording sound and again a gram is just recording so mammogram is this a recording of your mammary gland a plasti is a surgical repair so again remember as I mentioned angioplasty your surgically repairing your your artery and another one is therapy and that's pretty easy that just means treatment another few things that I want to tell you guys about these are these are actually prefixes that go along with a lot of these one is chemo so that means chemical so again chemotherapy is this chemical treatment that's all it means is a chemical treatment echo or Sano again that means sound so remember how I mentioned echo echo say you can think of an echocardiogram you're you are using sound to look at your heart and that's a recording of that so echocardiogram and electro that's pertaining to electrical charge and that's typically again used in electro cardiogram you can think of like an ECG that's looking at the electrical charge going through your heart and here are a few practice ones so I'll just go over these quickly the first one is hypertrophy so what does that mean well just break it down again guys hyper equals above normal trophy is growth and again the trophy is not a growth in the sense of a growth in number of cells it's actually a growth in the size of cells so the next word is normal tension so we'll just break it down again normal equals normal tension again equals pressure so normal pressure so in the context of blood pressure you can think of normal your normal tensive or your normal tension so you have a normal blood pressure hyperplasia again break it down hyper above normal or high pleasure equals growth so again I just use that to just emphasize the difference between hyperplasia and hypertrophy hypertrophy is growth in size hyperplasia is growth in number pancytopenia so this one might be a little bit more tricky I will just break it down piece by piece so pan equals all again Saito is cell and P Nia just means decreased or low level so really just means all cells are decreased or low at low level so you can you might hear a lot of this in a clinic or an oncology clinic or the patient might be pancytopenia and that just means that a lot of their blood types say like erythrocytes and leukocytes are all decreased so they just use that term pancytopenia and the last one is splenomegaly so spline all just means and megali just means enlarge so all that means is an enlarged spleen so that's that see once you break it down guys it makes it really easy

32 thoughts on “Medical Terminology – The Basics – Lesson 2”

  1. I'm watching these videos just to learn, I'm not studying medicine. Super helpful and interesting!! Thank you.

  2. I'm new to learning about medical term… I found your videos first…. I think you are doing a good job. Thank you for sharing your videos. I learn faster from video / audio than I do reading. These will be helpful.

  3. Accidentally found your video. I'm glad I did. Thank you for your time and help. Truly a useful tool. Thank you!! Subbed!!!

  4. I love the way you teach…but if you give us some example,we will be grateful…😘😘

  5. thank you for this video it's very helpful. May i ask what is the breakdown or metastasis? Root suffix or prefix?

  6. We want to use this video for a college course in Radiologic Technology. Please turn on Community Contributions so that we can improve the auto-generated closed captions. If you prefer not to turn on Community Contributions, please give us permission to fix the captions using the Amara.org site which will embed your video from here.

  7. Omg JJ medicine his way is so simple i have been haveing trouble with theses sticking for weeks he rocks . Thankyou

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