María Fernanda Espinosa | Wikipedia audio article


María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés (born September
7, 1964) is an Ecuadorian politician and diplomat. She was the President of the United Nations
General Assembly for the 73rd session, office which started in September 2018. She was Minister of National Defense of Ecuador
from 28 November 2012 to 23 September 2014. Previously, she served as Minister of Foreign
Affairs under President Lenín Moreno from May 2017 to June 2018. She also held several other Ministerial posts
before. She served as the Permanent Representative
of Ecuador to the United Nations in Geneva from October 2014 to May 2017, and held the
same position from 2008 to 2009. Besides her political career she is also a
poet and essayist.==Personal life==
Espinosa was born 7 September 1964 in Salamanca, Spain during a stay of her parents in the
city. She is fluent in French and English and has
working knowledge of Portuguese. She has interests in poetry and ecology. She studied at Lycée La Condamine and graduated
in the early 1980s.==Education==
She holds a master’s degree in Social Science and Amazonic Studies. She also has a postgraduate degree in Anthropology
and Political Science from the Facultad Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales in Quito and a licentiate
in Applied Linguistics from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador. In addition to that, she won the “First National
Poetry Prize of Ecuador” in 1990.==Political career==
Under President Rafael Correa, Espinosa was Minister for Foreign Affairs, Commerce and
Integration from January 2007 to December 2007. She was then Special Adviser to the President
of the Constituent Assembly, Alberto Acosta from December 2007 to February 2008 before
being appointed as Ecuador’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations. She presented her credentials as Permanent
Representative on March 7, 2008. From October 2009 till November 2012 she was
Coordinating Minister of Heritage.In November 2012 she got the post of Minister of National
Defense as incumbent Minister Miguel Carvajal stepped down to run for the National Assembly
elections of 2013. She is the third female to lead the Ministry
of National Defense after Guadalupe Larriva and Lorena Escudero. In March 2013 some controversy arose after
television channel Ecuavisa reported there was unrest in the military concerning the
promotion of certain colonels to generals. President Correa ordered Espinosa to take
legal action against Ecuavisa, saying that the information Ecuavisa possessed was false. On 18 March 2013 Ecuavisa apologized and confirmed
that basic verification procedures had not been followed. She resigned as Minister on 23 September 2014.In
October 2014 Espinosa was named Permanent Representative of Ecuador to the United Nations
in Geneva. She succeeded Luis Gallegos. In her capacity as Permanent Representative
she defended the case of Julian Assange in a discussion on arbitrary detention in September
2016.On 24 May 2017 Espinosa was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the government
of President Lenín Moreno.==Other activities==
International Gender Champions (IGC), Member World Future Council, Member

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