Machu Picchu 101 | National Geographic

– [Narrator] The stone
city of Machu Picchu is one of the most fascinating
archeological sites on the planet. Located northwest of
Cuso, Peru, Machu Picchu is a testament to the power and ingenuity of the Inca people. During its prime, the Inca
civilization stretched about 2500 miles along South
America’s Pacific Coastline. From modern day Ecuador down into Chile. This distance is nearly
the horizontal width of the continental United States. Machu Picchu located at the
center of this once expansive empire is one of the few
well-preserved remnants of the Inca civilization. Built around the mid 15th century, Machu Picchu is a stunning example of the Inca’s engineering feats. The Inca constructed Machu
Picchu’s palaces, temples, terraces, and infrastructure using stone and without the help of wheels or tools made of steel or iron. One particularly notable
aspect of their construction is foregoing the use of
mortar, a material often used to bind stones together. Nonetheless, the stones of Machu Picchu were cut so precisely that
they snugly fit together. Located on two fault lines Machu Picchu often experiences earthquakes but because of the stones’
exceptional cut and fit, they bounce during
tremors and then are able to easily fall back into position. These engineering marvels
have preserved Machu Picchu’s remarkable condition for over 500 years. Machu Picchu’s purpose is still a mystery to many archeologists. Some theorize that it may have
served as a ceremonial site, a military stronghold, or
a retreat for nobility. The site’s geographic
layout may be significant in another way. Many of both the manmade and
natural structures appear to align with astronomical events. But in the early 16th century, only about 100 years after it was built, Machu Picchu was abandoned. And since the Inca had
no written language, no records exist to explain
the exact purpose of the site. Although local communities
knew about Machu Picchu, the site remained largely
unknown to the outside world for hundreds of years. Spanish conquistadors who
invaded the Inca civilization in the 16th century never
came across the site. It wasn’t until the early 20th
century when Melchor Arteaga, a local farmer debuted Machu
Picchu to outsiders when he led Yale University professor
Hiram Bingham to the site. Bingham and successive
explorers devoted much of their academic careers to studying
the archeological wonder. Despite its enigmatic nature,
Machu Picchu still stands as one of the world’s most
important archeological sites. It is a testament to
the power and ingenuity of one of the largest
empires in the Americas. In 1983, UNESCO designated Machu Picchu as a world heritage
site and today visitors from around the world come to pay homage to this piece of history.

100 thoughts on “Machu Picchu 101 | National Geographic”

  1. Brainwashed. Though the inca civilazation was a great enpire. The stonework was from a time far beforw the icas

  2. "Spanish conquistadors who invaded the Incas"

    Wow. Why do Spain needs to constantly invade countries??? And destroy the culture and the people with their religion and stupid mindset! (See what a mess Philippines is)
    What a bunch of power hungry mongers!

    But on that side note, this is my dream travel place!!

  3. when will the Chinese BUY Machu Picchu ?
    Just the matter of TIME ?
    HA HA H AH A HA .

  4. If the Ica couldn't write, how come we know that it was called 'Machu Pichu'? Is it just through the word of mouth?

  5. Discovered in the early 20th century = some local guy told the English it existed.
    Gotta love that eurocentric world view

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  7. Machu Picchu – World Heritage Site, Wonder of the World, ancient enigma, a palace in the clouds in complete harmony with a spectacular natural landscape, an engineering marvel, megalithic architectural masterpiece and an ancient solar calendar built by a godking of the Americas on a mountain ridge at 2,500 meters above sea level with camelids grazing all over the place and surrounded by a vibrant ancient Inca culture.

  8. My idea was that it was built in Pachacuti's reign as a holy astronomical place as a testimony to Pachacuti's reign

  9. The video its amazing but the problem is that thy didnt put the author of the video 驴Does someone know h隆who is the author?

  10. The imperialist design and the greed of the European explorer really damage alot of archaeological importance both tangible as well as intangible

  11. Just to mention, the inhabitants of the Inca Empire aren't called Incans, they are called quechuan and other groups like aymara, calling them Incans is like calling everyone in England Londoners

  12. We no longer believe the Inca built the foundations of this structure. A much older more advanced civilization did that. Just take an unbiased look at the stonework. Obviously not built by only one culture.

  13. I would be very interested to know what the native ppl have to say about the history of this amazingly built place. The legend doesn鈥檛 die I wouldn鈥檛 think

  14. The Incas didn't build Macchu Pichu: Graham Hancock can explain way more about this and make way more sense than this nonsense. There's no way humans made this without extraterrestrial help. No mortar, perfectly cut stones, atop a mountain no less. This wasn't done just 500 years ago. Be serious.

  15. There are some obvious contradictions in this video. At 01:10 – 01:16 it says, 'The stones of Machu Picchu were cut so precisely that they snugly fit together'. Yet in the photo that accompanies this narration the stones at the bottom of the construction are cut precisely, but the stones at the top are not and seem to have a binding agent. There are clearly two different types of construction.

    It goes onto say at 01:19 – 01:30:

    'Machu Picchu often experience earthquakes but because of the stones exceptional cut and fit, they bounce during tremors and then are able to easily fall back into position.'
    However, this only applies to the stones at the bottom of the construction, not those on top. And in fact, in the accompanying animation, we only see the stones at the bottom with the exceptional cut and fit; the stones on top of them, that are less well cut, are left out of the animation, except for one row.

    So my question is, would the stones on top of the construction, which do not have an exceptional cut and fit, also bounce back into position? How exactly?!

  16. The Inca was a great civilization I hate when people destroy people things when they worked hard to do it Cough *Cough*the Spaniards thanks a lot!

  17. There is no way people built some of that the squares are cut so perfectly with technology so advanced doesn鈥檛 make any sense

  18. Nice video . But there is compelling evidence to show that the Incas did not built Machu Picchu but inherited they found it and claim it as theirs.

  19. With these videos, I can practice my english, thanks, good information ; but Need know more about Machu Picchu 馃檪 Greetings from Lima.

  20. Those stones were softened. Just like wet bags of cement. Apparently it was easy, widely used by a select group, and ended when the people got tired of their tricks.

  21. I wish Spanish people never invaded America life would have been so much better. Imagine whole two continents that are just made of trees ,rivers ,lakes and simply nature. And their only habitants would have been intelligent native americans who would never harm nature as we did.

  22. I am in Peru and just went to Machu Pichu , today I was in Chiclayo following the Moche . All awesome ! This showed up in my feed today 馃槉

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