# Logic (Critical Thinking) "Inductive and Deductive Reasoning"….4

## 8 thoughts on “Logic (Critical Thinking) "Inductive and Deductive Reasoning"….4”

1. Mohammad Shereen says:

Your are teaching method is really attractive.

2. Nesc Mdsq says:

Logic is that has a formula, namely as a law of cause and implication.

A ∨ B ∨ C ∨ ….etc ⇒ Z ———-> Logic formula

A=(a1 ∧ a2 ∧ a3 ∧ a4 ∧….etc) —–> cause

B=(b1 ∧ b2 ∧ b3 ∧ b4 ∧ b5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

C=(c1 ∧ c2 ∧ c3 ∧ c4 ∧…etc) —–> cause

D=(d1 ∧ d2 ∧ d3 ∧ d4 ∧ d5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

Z=(z1 ∧ z2 ∧z3 ∧ z4 ∧….etc) —–> implication

∨ is an abstract symbol for or

∧ is an abstract symbol for and

⇒ is an abstract symbol for implication

¬ is an abstract symbol for not

To think logically is to make an logic equation by

replacing the abstract symbol at in logical formulas

either in cause or implication or both at once with

whatever we think then we compare it to reality then

everything will look more clearly.

The logic equation is always certain (consistent)

and precision because the logic equation is law

of nature so that if a logical equation arises

compared to natural law it is not consistent then

it is suspected that the equation is has a problem

With a simple logic formula it turns out that it can

explain most of the logic problems like analogy,

The analogy is if A ≠ B we enter into a logical formula

will form the following logic equation:

if "A ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

then "A ∨ B ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —>analogy.

Deductive and inductive is when CC = (cc1, cc2, cc3,

cc4, cc5, …. etc.) where CC is a group and cc1,

cc2, cc3, … etc. are members of CC group, if we

enter into the logic formula it will form the following

logic equation:

if "CC ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

then "CC ∨ cc1 ∨ cc2 ∨ cc3 ∨ …etc ⇒Z" ✓(certainly

true) —-> deductive.

if "cc1 ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

then "cc1 ∨ CC ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —> inductive.

The paradox is when the two same logical equations

but with conflicting consequences like following:

if there ! "A ⇒ Z" !

but also there ! "A ⇒ ¬Z" !

Because the paradox is impossible thing then what is

called proof if an event happening in the form "A ⇒ Z"

is all over components of causes namely a1, a2 a3, a4,

… etc. and all components of implication namely z1,

z2, z3, … etc. must exist, Because of the
limitations

of the human brain usually only used as evidence only

some of the component of cause and implication so

that the proof humans are never perfect.

3. Y S says:

My exams are coming up and your videos are a gift from God. Thanks!!

4. Keith H Hudson says:

I start my "Intro to Logic and Critical Thinking" tomorrow. I am so glad I found your videos. Thank you!!!! I am going to watch all of them.

5. Carol Blake says:

Enjoy learning. Like the style Lovely

6. Blair Macdonald says:

Nice. Can you help me: what is the difference between this deductive and inductive argument language as you have explained (very clearly) and how it is used as a method in science? Is there a connection? I hope you understand. B

7. Shyne Hard Kennels says:

"you can use that one, free of charge." haha

8. Mary Kyler says:

Awesome!!!! Thanks and have a good day!!