Logic (Critical Thinking) "Inductive and Deductive Reasoning"….4

8 thoughts on “Logic (Critical Thinking) "Inductive and Deductive Reasoning"….4”

  1. Logic is that has a formula, namely as a law of cause and implication.

    A ∨ B ∨ C ∨ ….etc ⇒ Z ———-> Logic formula

    A=(a1 ∧ a2 ∧ a3 ∧ a4 ∧….etc) —–> cause

    B=(b1 ∧ b2 ∧ b3 ∧ b4 ∧ b5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    C=(c1 ∧ c2 ∧ c3 ∧ c4 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    D=(d1 ∧ d2 ∧ d3 ∧ d4 ∧ d5 ∧…etc) —–> cause

    Z=(z1 ∧ z2 ∧z3 ∧ z4 ∧….etc) —–> implication

    ∨ is an abstract symbol for or

    ∧ is an abstract symbol for and

    ⇒ is an abstract symbol for implication

    ¬ is an abstract symbol for not

    To think logically is to make an logic equation by

    replacing the abstract symbol at in logical formulas

    either in cause or implication or both at once with

    whatever we think then we compare it to reality then

    everything will look more clearly.

    The logic equation is always certain (consistent)

    and precision because the logic equation is law

    of nature so that if a logical equation arises

    compared to natural law it is not consistent then

    it is suspected that the equation is has a problem

    referred to as paradox.

    With a simple logic formula it turns out that it can

    explain most of the logic problems like analogy,

    deductive, inductive, paradox and proof.

    The analogy is if A ≠ B we enter into a logical formula

    will form the following logic equation:

    if "A ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "A ∨ B ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —>analogy.

    Deductive and inductive is when CC = (cc1, cc2, cc3,

    cc4, cc5, …. etc.) where CC is a group and cc1,

    cc2, cc3, … etc. are members of CC group, if we

    enter into the logic formula it will form the following

    logic equation:

    if "CC ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "CC ∨ cc1 ∨ cc2 ∨ cc3 ∨ …etc ⇒Z" ✓(certainly

    true) —-> deductive.

    if "cc1 ⇒ Z" ✓(true)

    then "cc1 ∨ CC ⇒ Z" ?(maybe true) —> inductive.

    The paradox is when the two same logical equations

    but with conflicting consequences like following:

    if there ! "A ⇒ Z" !

    ! ! —-> paradox

    but also there ! "A ⇒ ¬Z" !

    Because the paradox is impossible thing then what is

    called proof if an event happening in the form "A ⇒ Z"

    is all over components of causes namely a1, a2 a3, a4,

    … etc. and all components of implication namely z1,

    z2, z3, … etc. must exist, Because of the
    limitations

    of the human brain usually only used as evidence only

    some of the component of cause and implication so

    that the proof humans are never perfect.

    English by google translate.

  2. I start my "Intro to Logic and Critical Thinking" tomorrow. I am so glad I found your videos. Thank you!!!! I am going to watch all of them.

  3. Nice. Can you help me: what is the difference between this deductive and inductive argument language as you have explained (very clearly) and how it is used as a method in science? Is there a connection? I hope you understand. B

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