Learn English in 90 minutes – The Best of 2017



wanna speak real English from your first lesson sign up for your free lifetime account at English class 101.com ya vamos a la playa now we're going to the beach hi everybody welcome back to top words my name is Alisha and today we're gonna be talking about 20 travel phrases that you should know so let's go do you have any recommendations the first phrase is do you have any recommendations this is great to use when you get to a restaurant where you don't know what the food is you don't know anything about the local cuisine or you're just feeling a little bit adventurous you can ask the waitstaff do you have any recommendations how much is this how much is this this is useful when you're out shopping or when you're in a restaurant and the price is not clearly marked or something is not clear to you so you can ask how much is this usually when you point to something I would recommend like pointing to the menu are pointing to an item how much is this I'd like this you can point to something and say I'd like this if you want to say I'd like one for example I don't know you're getting beer I'd like one of these if however you're in a situation where you can't point you can say I'd like ten of the blah blah blah I'd like ten of blue t-shirts please can I try this on is useful when you're shopping for clothes so you find something that you'd like to try just ask the staff can I try this on you can just say I want to try this on if you like do you speak English you might get asked this phrase so you should say if you're watching this videos you'd probably say yes or you can say yes a little if you're not feeling very confident if you're watching this video and you're understanding this part and you say no then things that's a little strange I have a reservation usually the staff will greet you and you can say I have a reservation hello I have a reservation it's at 7 o'clock the name is Alisha usually we say the name is or it's under meaning the reservation is under my name or it's for name or it's in name water please depending on which country are from water may or may not automatically be brought to your table when you're in a restaurant if you would like more water however you can say water please to make it a little more polite I would like wave at the waitstaff and say could I please have some more water do you take credit cards do you take credit cards in case you're not sure if the shop that you're in will accept credit cards or debit cards you can ask them do you take credit cards it's so it doesn't mean do you take meaning are you going to take my card but this take means do you accept credit cards this isn't what I ordered so if you're at a restaurant you order steak and you get lobster instead you can look at it and go uh this isn't what I ordered be careful though saying this politely if you look at the waitstaff and you say this isn't what I ordered they're gonna be like I don't know just be a nice customer excuse me but I don't think this is what I ordered or this isn't what I ordered can you please check could we have the menu please if for some reason you don't receive a menu when you come to the table you can again just wave it a member of the staff and say could we have the menu please could you give me a discount could you give me a discount means I would like a cheaper price essentially it depends on which country you're in if haggling or bargaining meaning talking to the seller to try to reduce the price and my family didn't bargain we didn't haggle so I don't haggle it depends on you and your culture but just yeah just be be aware of the culture that you're in and the place that you're in before you ask this question do you have any vegetarian dishes ah this is useful some people have specific eating requirements or eating needs maybe food allergies for example you can replace vegetarian with the specific dietary requirement that you have do you have any vegan dishes do you have any gluten-free dishes do you have any low-fat dishes do you have any low-carb dishes do you have any fish free dishes do you have any could you take a picture of me please if you are in a location where you would like to take a picture but you don't want to do a selfie or you don't have a selfie stick or whatever you someone else to take a picture of you a stranger that you don't know you can ask them could you take a picture of me please or excuse me would you mind taking a picture of me please I'm allergic to blah blah blah if you have a food allergy or even an allergy to a medicine this is the phrase you can use to explain that I'm allergic to wheat or I can't eat wheat for example is the Wi-Fi free meaning can I use the Wi-Fi free of charge keep in mind some places have a password that you have to ask the staff for so you can say is the Wi-Fi free if they say yes you can then follow that up with can I have the password I'd like to have a non-smoking seat please so when you go to a restaurant you have an option between smoking and non-smoking sections the staff will say smoking or non-smoking you can say I'd like to have a non-smoking seat please quite honestly though the most natural response is just to say non-smoking could I get a map maybe it's a map of the subway system for the city that you're in or maybe it's a map of the area around your hotel you could say could I have a map as well could I have the check you're finished it's your cafe you're finished at the restaurant and it's time to leave it's time to pay so you say to the waitstaff excuse me could I have the check another more common expression perhaps is excuse me check please you might also hear bill excuse me can I have the bill where is the bathroom very important question if you're traveling in America we don't really use the word toilet or washroom very much we use bathroom or restroom to talk about toilet facilities excuse me can you tell me where the bathroom is or excuse me I'm looking for the bathroom or I'm looking for the restroom is this the train for blah blah blah or is this the train that goes to blah blah blah to confirm with someone that I'm indeed on the correct train line if I say is this the train bound for San Francisco you can use that to check if you're correct ten compliments that you always want to hear let's go I love your cooking this is my personal favorite limit oh my god I love cooking like I'm always posting like pictures of things that I cooked on Twitter I'm just like crazy about food so this would be a compliment that I would love to get like the ultimate compliment for me that would be will you make my birthday cake that would be such a compliment like it's a question but it's it there's so much behind that will you make my birthday cake yeah you would give that to me so maybe after you can use this after a meal for example I love your cooking and the other person will be like next is great job great job this is a compliment that you can use anytime you can use it to your with your friend with your not with your boss your boss might use it with you an employee a co-worker or colleague pet even whatever it's it's just a very small scale very easy to use compliment and it means you think whatever has just happened is good I use great job all the time I use great job and I use good job sometimes when I make a mistake or something funny happens and I'm alone at my house and I want to make fun of myself I'll be like yeah great job Alicia but if I'm if I'm trying to be positive about a failure or laugh at myself a bit but in general it's just a good easy compliment to give someone great job you have a way with words you have a way with words this can be speaking this can be writing it means you think that the other person is a good communicator or maybe even more so than just a good communicator you think that the way they speak or the way that they write is particularly good so that could mean funny it could mean romantic it could mean dramatic something about the way they speak or the way that they write you really enjoy that you can say you have a way with words it's quite a nice compliment I think it's kind of like a you know it's smart it's a bit of a smart thing you have a way with words or you can say you're good with words you're really good with words yeah all right next one you look gorgeous you look gorgeous very nice compliment to give just be very careful with the way that you say this for an everyday compliment I tend not to say you look nice or you look gorgeous today or something like that because the underlying comment there is on the other days that person doesn't look nice like so if I want to compliment someone's appearance I try to pick a specific thing I'm like oh I've never seen you wear that sweater before it looks nice on you something like that like yesterday my friend had a new dress on and like is that a new dress and cuz I thought she looked nice but I didn't I didn't want to make it sound like I don't think she looks nice every day so I said he's not a new dress and she goes yeah and I said I think that color is really really nice on you it looks really good and she was so happy about that so yes there there are these compliments like you look nice you look great you look gorgeous and so on but I personally kind of prefer to level them up a little bit and just say pick a specific thing like did you get a new haircut did you dye your hair or you did you get something did something happen like what whatever it is trying to pick up on a specific thing because then that shows you're paying attention to the other person and you think that whatever they have chosen to do whatever like clothing or whatever haircut whatever it is you think that they have good sense there too or good style so it's kind of like a double it's a very subtle double compliment yeah the next word is you have good tastes you have good taste this can be for food fashion style for decorating sense music in movies whatever if you think that that person's artistic selection is in whatever capacity if you think that that person makes good choices with their their appearance or their hobbies or whatever you can say you have good taste this is a fairly sophisticated compliment I think we use you have good taste for something like it's it sounds a bit more sophisticated maybe if you both choose the same bottle of wine perhaps like it has kind of a more formal adult dish sophisticated feeling about it this compliment so yeah maybe maybe wine is a good example of that yeah oh nice bottle choice like I really like that you have good taste you can follow this by the way you have good taste in blah blah blah you have good taste in movies you have good taste in music if you want to be specific about something that you think that person is really good at choosing you have good taste in now okay okay um next one is you have a great sense of humor you have a great sense of humor this is the this is the underlying compliment in the phrase you are so funny this is the underlying compliment you have a great sense of humor means the other person thinks you are funny that you are good at telling jokes or you make them laugh this is actually one of my favorite compliments to get you have a great sense of humor yeah because I think that like you know people like to laugh so it's an it's an if someone makes you laugh you can say this you have a great sense of humor or you're very funny yeah it's a good one it's a really good one so you could say after a joke for example or after maybe you've you're you finished laughing it's something the other person has said you can say ah you have a great sense of humor good next one is your resume is impressive this is a weird compliment to say to your friends unless you're like reviewing your friends resume it's a bit weird this is something that perhaps someone interviewing another person for a job would say the candidate comes in for the interview the interviewer says why your resume is very impressive I'd like to ask you a few questions about it so this is good to hear in a work situation yeah you really probably won't need to use this with your friends if you do it's kind of weird oh wow this next one is quite a compliment nobody's ever says this yeah to be fair if somebody said this next one to me I would feel a little bit of like pressure the compliment here is you make me want to be a better person this is something that I think you see in movies from time to time yeah I've had I had one person say like like oh that something you did inspired me and that was like really like wow that was really exciting like somebody was inspired by something like wow that's great I want to be like you that's a really cool compliment but if someone says you want to make me be a better person it's like oh wow like that means I'm really important to that person which is really flattering but at the same time if someone said that I would also be like if it's like my friend I would be like but I want you to be you like I think you're a cool person already yeah it's like oh you make me want to be a better person like in that person's viewpoint you're like somehow above them and that's uncomfortable yeah just I would rather say you inspire me I think that that or like this thing that you did really inspired me like if somebody said like I saw that picture that she posted on Twitter of that pizza today Alicia and it really inspired me and I made my own pizza I'd be like yay Oh next one is nice actually I say this to my friends quite a bit you are an awesome friend this is really really good to use after your friend has helped you with something maybe you're moving to a new apartment or new house or maybe you've had some trouble and your friend gave you some good advice or your friend just listened to you when you really needed to talk to someone after that experience you could say thanks so much you were an awesome friend or maybe your friend did something really really cool and you just want to like tell them like I think you're really awesome just say you are an awesome friend they'll be happy to hear that or just you can abbreviate it – you are awesome not just you're an awesome friend just you are awesome you're a cool person you are awesome you're fantastic you are an awesome foreign you're an awesome friend ten ways to motivate yourself when learning English let's go the first way to motivate yourself is to imagine that one day you will live in the United States so to do this imagine what is your day going to be like when you live in the u.s. where will you go who will you meet where will you shop and so on imagine your day in the United States okay the second way to motivate yourself when you're studying English is to study other aspects of the culture – which makes it more rewarding to study English okay so this means of course studying English as a language but if there's a specific country that you would like to visit or a specific part of that country's culture try to learn about that – if you like music you like the food if you like the history try to find something about a specific country or a specific part of that country's culture that you enjoy in addition to studying the language okay way number three to motivate yourself is finding funny words in English okay so finding a word that sounds funny or a word that you enjoy using or a phrase that you enjoy using can really increase your motivation for using that word and for interacting with people so if you can find those phrases that you think are funny or are fun they can be really really helpful for you as you learn your language the next way to motivate yourself is to make friends with people who speak English so of course if you don't have any friends who are English speakers especially native English speakers it's a really good idea to make some friends this way you can practice with them you can learn from them and you can just see maybe what their life is like and how their life is different from yours so this is a great way to practice a great way to learn and a great way to think more internationally as well the next way to motivate yourself is watching youtube videos of other people who have successfully learned English so you can listen to people what worked for them how did they study where did they go what materials did they use what did they find not helpful so you can try to find a strategy that works well for you through using resources like YouTube for example it's a great way to find people that maybe match with what you need okay the next way to motivate yourself is by watching English movies and TV shows and enjoying the feeling when you can understand a word or a sentence yeah I do this too when you enjoy something when you find entertainment value in something like music movies TV and you there's that moment when you pick up or when you understand what your favorite character said or you understand it like a key point in the story it's a really really good feeling it makes you want to continue watching I think so that's a really really nice feeling I think and you can do that by enjoying media so it's a fun way to learn and it's a fun feeling to experience okay the next way to motivate yourself is by reading English news articles blogs and magazines to get a feel for formal and casual language so the style that we use here like an English class 101 and this on the videos on this channel is quite casual most of the time or at least in these videos it's very casual but the way that I speak in the way a newspaper is written the way a magazine is written the way a a newscaster presents the information these are all different ways of communicating we're using the same language yes but there are different styles so it's important to try to understand those differences and to become familiar with them so try to find a few different things that you can enjoy the next way to motivate yourself is after dinner you write about your day in a journal in English okay this is an interesting idea so just take a few minutes after dinner or before you go to bed to write something in English about what you did that day or maybe so you have a chance to talk about future tense or to use the future tense you can use you can talk about your upcoming plans or the things you're going to do the next day so you can talk about past tense what you did that day maybe present tense how you're feeling as you're writing your journal for the day and future tense to talk about your upcoming plan so journaling can be a really effective exercise for motivating you okay the next way to motivate yourself inspire practicing with flashcards of useful words and phrases for 15 minutes every day on the train I actually do do this I use but I use an application to study in Japanese to study kanji and 15 minutes every day adds up over the course of a week you can learn a lot of information in a short period of time and if you live in the country where your target language is spoken then you might even find the word you studied on the train you see it like after you leave the train you might see that word later on in your day so you can immediate we feel like an extra sense of motivation by knowing that this thing you're studying is applicable it's something you can use right away it's a really cool feeling so this is a tip I honestly I use this last I make sure to thank anyone and everyone who corrects my English yeah I think this is really important because people are really nice they don't want to correct you when you make a mistake but sometimes people do they're really polite about it and they tell you the more tell you a more natural way or they give you a suggestion for how to improve your English make sure you say thank you like repeat after them and then say thank you so that you know it's motivation for them to tell you again in the future to help you again in the future so make sure to say thank you to anyone who helps you with your English hi everybody my name is Alisha welcome back to our English class Channel today we're gonna be talking about the difference between bye and until so let's get started okay so first we're gonna talk about bye-bye marks a deadline for an action to finish by marks the point where an action completes or is replaced by another action so really think about using bi to express a deadline something is going to stop or you must finish an action at this point in time so we can think about bi as marking some point in the future so by mark some point in the future where an action is going to finish an action is going to be completed so in an example sentence I have I'll be at the office by 7:00 p.m. so in this sentence the speaker is not at the office but 7:00 p.m. is the deadline this is the point in time at which the speaker will be at the office the speaker is not at the office now but by 7:00 p.m. by the 7:00 p.m. deadline the speaker will be at the office this will shows us this is a future tense Express and by shows us the deadline the point at which that expression or the point at which that action is going to be completed so this is how we use by to think about it like a deadline at some point in time at which an action will be completed or finished okay so let's continue on to the other grammar point for today which is until until also has a more casual form we can use till TI ll or apostrophe TI l you might see both spellings used for until til or til in most cases it's good to use until in casual speaking and maybe in casual writing you can use the casual form but until is always polite and is always correct okay so when we use until let's talk about when to use until we use until to talk about a continuing situation or a continuing state now in the present or in the future but it's going to change or stop so the key difference one key difference here perhaps is a continuing situation a continuing state with by the nuance is a deadline something is going to finish at a deadline here however until gives us the nuance of something that's continuing something true now for example but that may not be true in the future until marks the points where that action or that state is going to finish or change hmm okay so we can think of it rather than as a deadline as a key point in the future somewhere where action a continues until a point where we use until and then a second action begins hmm something is going to change at the until point with by however we don't have the nuance of an action changing we only have the nuance of a deadline so here until is used to show that something different is going to happen or something something will finish but there's going to be a change after the the until point so for example this sentence very similar to the by example sentence is I'll be at the office until 7:00 p.m. so here we have the future tense aisle I will I will be at the office until 7:00 p.m. this sentence shows us the speaker is at the office right now however at 7:00 p.m. until shows us that 7:00 p.m. is the point at which the situation or the state is going to change so at 7:00 p.m. the speaker is probably going to leave the office until shows us that right here the action or the state is going to change so please keep that in mind until shows you a change in something by shows more of a deadline for an action that is continuing so I hope that we can practice this in a few example sentences now ok so let's try to choose the correct word to use in these example sentences should we use by or should we use until in these cases so the first one I have is he has to find a new job bla bla bla March so in this case we see a point in time we can think about it should we use bi or until here if we use bi we see that the deadline the deadline nuance matches here he has to find a new job by March if we use until he has to find a new job until March there's no information in this sentence that shows us a hint or that gives us a hint about how the action is going to change until does not make sense for this question so we should used by in this case he has to find a new job by March is the correct answer for this sentence in the second sentence I'm not going to go to bed bla bla bla I finish this movie so in this sentence we have at the end I finish this movie so there's some action maybe that's continuing here and we have another action I'm not going to go to bed in this case it's a negative so there are two actions here this is a pretty good hint that there's an action that's going to change at some point instead of the nuance of a deadline so for this sentence until is the best answer I'm not going to go to bed until until I finish this movie this shows us that at this point the point where I finish the movie I'm going to go to bed this marks the change in the continuing state or the continuing situation so the next sentence is they need to write their reports blah blah blah tomorrow so this sentence there's no change in the sentence we don't have any hints about some kind of different action that's going to happen instead we have maybe what seems to be a deadline some requirement here too so if we try to use until it doesn't make sense there's no changing action we can't guess about what might happen in the future or a change that might happen so by is the best answer here they need to write their reports by tomorrow tomorrow is the deadline so we can guess that tomorrow is the deadline here by shows us that it's the deadline in this case for this task alright let's take a look at something a little bit different here we have we can't leave the house bla bla bla your mother calls so again there are two situations there are two actions involved in this sentence we have leave the house and your mother calls makes a phone call so because there are two actions here we can guess that there's some change that's going to happen so because we learned that until marks a change in actions we know that until is the better answer here okay we can't leave the house until your mother calls would be the correct sentence here all right so let's look at the next sentence though this one is a tricky sentence this one is a little bit difficult we have I'm not going to be there something-something 8 p.m. hmm so here we have 8 p.m. at the end of a sentence which looks like a deadline right we have going to be there mmm so should we use by or until for this sentence it's difficult because actually both are okay for this sentence I'm not going to be there by 8:00 p.m. is correct and I'm not going to be there until 8 p.m. is also correct however the meanings are very different just as we practiced in these two sentences I'll be at the office until I'll be at the office by 7 p.m. the same is true here I'm not going to be there by 8:00 p.m. means I'm not going to be there at 8 p.m. it's not possible for me I can't go however I'm not going to be there until 8 p.m. this sentence means after 8 p.m. or beginning at 8 p.m. and after I'm going to be there so please be careful in some cases both bye and until are correct but they change the meaning of the sentence okay let's continue to another example so the next example sentence is also a little bit difficult it's if my date doesn't arrive something something 7:00 p.m. I'm leaving okay so here we have we do have to actions doesn't arrive my date doesn't arrive a negative point and I'm leaving so it seems like there are two actions here however we have this 7:00 p.m. this marks a deadline right so if my date doesn't arrive there's some deadline here if this is not completed something is going to happen the person is going to leave so in this case 7:00 p.m. is showing a deadline so we have to use bye if my date doesn't arrive until 7:00 p.m. we could use that but it doesn't sound so natural so the new once again here is of a deadline there's something that is going to happen at 7:00 p.m. 7:00 p.m. marks the endpoint in this situation so we use by here okay let's go to the next pair again these are very interesting points we have to leave the beach but Beaubois 10:00 a.m. and we have to stay at the beach bla bla bla 10:00 a.m. okay so these two sentences I included because I wanted to show the emphasis of changing actions and continuing actions so we can see the verbs are different here in the first sentence we have leave so this is a change leaving a location in the second sentence I have stay which shows a continuing action stay in one place so here as you can guess then we have to leave the beach bla bla bla 10:00 a.m. some change some deadline so we'll use by to show our deadline in the second sentence we have to stay at the beach stay shows a continuing action and then it's going to finish here so we'll use unto we have to stay at the beach until 10 a.m. this shows us a continuing action and maybe at 10:00 a we'll leave the beach all right let's go on to the next sentence I'm not going to travel abroad blah blah blah I learn English okay so here there's no time point there's no 10 a.m. 8 p.m. tomorrow and so on so this is a little more complex maybe we have travel abroad and learn English so it seems there's no real deadline here but we have maybe a change maybe this shows us some kind of change learning English marks a change so I'm not going to travel abroad until I learn English hmm this shows us that something different is going to happen in the future so we should use until to mark that change okay our last example sentence for today is we told him to wake up bla bla bla 6 a.m. so once more our last sentence may be a little bit simple but 6 a.m. shows us an action sort of this deadline you can see a lot of these use a time to mark a deadline for an action so here we told him to wake up by 6 a.m. this is the point at which something must happen so we should use bye ok great so those are a few examples sentences that you can have a look at and think about when you're trying to decide whether to use bye or until keep in mind however there are some cases where both by or until are correct but the meaning is going to change significantly depending on the one you use so I hope this lesson was useful for you if you have any questions or if you want to try to make an example sentence using bye or until please be sure to leave us a comment if you liked this video – please be sure to hit the thumbs up and subscribe to our channel if you haven't already thanks very much for watching this episode and we will see you again soon bye ten words for connecting thoughts these are going to be ten words that you can use to transition between ideas very useful in both speech and in writing let's move also also also is a word that you can use to add information I went to the store this morning also I went and got coffee that's true however however however is used to contrast or to contrast depending on your pronunciation to differentiate to show a difference between two pieces of information a good pattern would be a however B so for example I love to uncle Tadamon however it is very high in calories so I don't eat it often also true on the other hand on the other hand on the other hand is I feel used more commonly in speech than it is in writing again it's used to present like two sides to a story or two sides to some information so for example I'm thinking about visiting Taiwan sometime this year but on the other hand I'm also thinking about visiting Thailand still so it might be common to use still with the word like butt or word like even though so you're saying even though there's some other factor like like I'm really really tired this week or even though I have a lot of homework to do I still want to go out with my friends or I still want to see a movie this weekend so there's this other there's this thing that's maybe mix this other action difficult to do or tough to do or whatever but even though there's this you still have this over here so maybe the two are kind of used as a pair I still want to go out later even though I'm tired then then yes a very useful word we use then when telling stories a lot so for example if I could tell a story about my morning today when I got up I brushed my teeth and then I cooked breakfast and I did a little bit of work then I took a shower then I did some cooking blah blah blah you'll often hear and then as well and then I and then we and then you and so on so then it is really really useful for sequence so a useful word I think besides besides so it's commonly used in a pattern like besides that meaning other than something else I went out with my friends this weekend but besides that I didn't really do much so another way to say that sentence is I went out with my friends this weekend but other than that other than that activity I didn't do very much ok meanwhile meanwhile or you might hear the similar expression in the meantime it means while you're doing action a at the same times maybe somewhere else action be is happening this is used while telling stories a lot so for example I was working at my office all week last week meanwhile my co-workers across town were having a party without me so these two things are happening at the same time but maybe separate from one another meanwhile likewise ok likewise I don't really use this word personally myself at all it's often used after an introduction similar to the pleasure is all mine in a formal situation so maybe somebody says you know hey it was really great to see you last weekend thanks very much for coming to my barbecue you can say yeah likewise it was really good to see you in your family so likewise means I have the same feeling or I have the same idea it's kind of a friendly phrase but personally I don't really use that to transition between thoughts um I would just use and I suppose but mmm that's how I would use it instead instead so so instead it's used like instead of I want to a instead of B can be used to express your plans or what you want to do I want to have Chinese food instead of Italian food tonight so you're presenting two alternatives essentially so instead of means in place of or as a substitute for so I should have drank a lot of water this morning but instead I drank a lot of coffee that's true I wanted to have dinner with my friends this weekend instead I had dinner at home in addition in addition this is a really good word for more formal situations I like to use in addition in writing I don't really use in addition in speaking unless I'm trying to be very formal for some reason similar to additionally as well so you make a point a and point B and then when you want to make one more point that's related to point a and point B you can say in addition point C so you're like building an argument and in addition can be used to kind of finish that argument off a little bit our new marketing plan worked really well last month we noticed increased sales in product a in addition we've gained a lot of new customers something like that so just your your quickly presenting a series of ideas that are related to one another you can use in addition to finish it off 20 words you'll need for the beach let's go sunglasses the first word is sunglasses sunglasses are those dark glasses that you wear on your face when it's bright outside in a sentence I forgot my sunglasses hold on I forgot my sunglasses beach beach is the place near the ocean you might have a beach in your city or in your country the beach is usually visited in the summertime the image is lots of Sun you can get a tan you can get a sunburn but it's usually a fun place to spend time with family and friends in a sentence I'm going to the beach with my friends this weekend I'm so excited in this sentence she walked along the beach swimming the next word is swimming swimming is of course a popular activity to do at the beach I go swimming at the beach every summer or in this sentence be very careful when swimming in the Pacific Ocean might be sharks Sun Sun is that big bright thing in the sky that will make your skin change color if you stay in it for too long the Sun in a sentence the Sun is really bright let's get out of the Sun palm tree the next word is palm tree so palm trees are a type of tree they're usually seen in like tropical places like Hawaii has palm trees any place close to the equator then the middle line of the earth I think that's where palm trees tend to grow it's kind of an image of the beach so palm trees there are a lot of palm trees near the beach in California that palm tree is almost 60 feet tall seashell the next word is seashell seashell are those little objects you find on the beach like in the sand or in the water in some cases they're like shells from like clams or maybe oysters sometimes two depending on what you consider a seashell but if you break the word down its sea and shell so like something from the ocean and the shell or like the covering the outside of something so usually a small creature a small animal has lived inside the seashell and then you can collect them and look at them or make something from them little kids like to collect them I used to collect seashells when I was a kid oh my gosh look at this example sentence it says it's bad luck to take seashells from the beach oops swimsuit swimsuit is the clothing you wear to swim in your swimming suit there are men's swimsuits women's swimsuits usually men's swimsuits are like short sports shorts or I suppose there's the what like speedo makes like the men's swimsuits as well the really small ones and then for women they have one-piece swimsuits they have and then they have bikini swimsuits the two-piece swimsuits so in a sentence I hate swimsuit shopping in this sentence I need a new swimsuit this summer ocean the next word is oh Sh Oshin is the big blue the big water the big deep blue sea in a sentence the ocean is so beautiful at night in this sentence he dipped his feet in the ocean lifeguard lifeguard a lifeguard is a person at the beach life guard so someone who guards lives if someone gets into trouble in the water they start to drown or they start to have trouble if there's an accident at the beach the lifeguard at the beach is responsible for handling that problem so they'll call an ambulance or they know how to do first aid to save people so in a sentence it's important to go to beaches where there are lifeguards available if you need help in the sentence there isn't a lifeguard on duty here jetski next word is jetski a jetski is a like a water motorcycle you can ride around it on with your friends alone riding jet skis is a lot of fun in the sentence if you have a driver's license you can drive a jetski beach towel the next expression is beach towel beach towel beach towel is different from regular towel because usually beach towels have like a bright color a bright pattern or there are towels that you don't mind or towels that are ok to get sand or dirt in them usually in a towel you use in your house you don't want to get your towel really really dirty so a beach towel is it's how you use only at the beach in a sentence I bought a new beach towel and it has a picture of a hamburger on it in this sentence oh no I got sand all over my beach towel that's the point of beach tow' beach chair the next expression is beach chair as you can probably guess it is a chair you use only at the beach so again this is a chair you don't mind it's ok if it gets dirty or sandy usually a beach chair is easy to fold or easy to carry – in a sentence I have a couple of beach chairs that I'm going to bring to the barbecue this weekend in this sentence can we use these each chairs sandcastle the next word is sandcastle sandcastles are usually kids make them they use like buckets so kids will like put sand in a bucket or like they move sand into piles and design castles or these really complicated mazes or something they make things make buildings out of sand we call those sand castles so in a sentence my brother and I used to make sand castles on the beach when we were kids that's true in this sentence get the buckets and we'll make a sandcastle cooler so cooler is a noun in this case cooler is the place you keep your drinks and your food it's a it looks like a suitcase but it has a special lining inside that keeps cold things cold so you can put ice inside and it will keep your food and drinks cold while you are at the beach in the hot weather so in a sentence did you put a bunch of beers in the cooler I forgot ice for the cooler tide the next word is tide tide is the level of the water the the level of the ocean water at different times of day so if you are interested in this sort of thing you might know about high tide and low tide high tide means the water level at the beach is high low tide means the water level at the beach is low so tide is how high or low the water is in this sentence the tide ebbed and revealed a starfish abdomens it went away a little bit so tide is the flow of water tan so tan is we use it as a noun like to get a tan in a sentence it means that your skin turns a darker color so be careful there are two words we use in English tan means your skin gets a little bit darker and we also use the word sunburn or just burn burn means your skin gets red it means like it's damaged it may be your skin peels a bit so in America anyway in the u.s. anyway a tan is usually considered a positive thing men people want tan skin but sunburn where your skin is red and damaged is that so be careful those are two different words we use to talk about this the changing a skin color I got a tan last summer at the beach in this sentence you got such a nice tan in Florida snorkeling the next word is snorkeling snorkeling is really really fun snorkeling is swimming but you have a like a hose you have a pipe that you can breathe through as you swim so you can you usually put goggles you wear goggles as you're swimming in the ocean you can look down and see fish or you can see things in the ocean but you can still breathe so this is a really fun thing to do to look at fish or just just to hang out and see a different point of view I went snorkeling for the first time maybe when I was 20 to 23 in this sentence she bought goggles so that she could go snorkeling in Hawaii flip flop the next word is flip flop flip flop is a very common beach sandal many people like to wear flip-flops in everyday life too some people prefer not to it's up to you like in California I know especially in beach towns everybody just wears flip-flops it's very comfortable so flip-flops kind of have an image of being a little bit cheaper just very very simple it's it's the most basic possible sandal why are they called flip-flops because I always thought it was because of the sound that they make sound I guess maybe it sounds like flip-flop in a sentence I usually don't wear flip-flops in this sentence these flip-flops keep breaking sunscreen next word is sunscreen sunscreen or you might also hear sunblock these are products you can put on your skin to prevent a tan or to prevent a sunburn Sun screen so it's a protection it's a protection against the sunlight I just hit this screen so sunscreen is quite important like it is said that you should use sunscreen to prevent to help prevent skin cancer in a sentence I'm out of sunscreen I need to buy more in this scent mom I don't need sunscreen bikini the next word is bikini bikini we talked about swimsuit a little bit earlier but bikini is usually a swimsuit for women and it's two pieces there's a bottom half and an upper half and oftentimes the the top half of the bikini or sometimes the bottom half you have to tie a knot or you have to latch something I suppose if you don't tie it carefully it can create a problem like you could fall off so bikini it's a popular style of something for women are you going to wear your bikini to the beach tomorrow in this sentence my bikini came undone in front of everyone it was so embarrassing five sentence patterns that you can use as a beginner of English let's go the first expression that you can use as a beginner is personally I think that or I would just use I think that personally makes it sound a little bit more polite I think you can use this to introduce an opinion for example personally I think that pizza is amazing personally I think that dinosaurs would have been delicious personally I think that cars should be made to enjoy with friends personally I think that you shouldn't worry about it yes that's probably a much more useful sentence than dinosaurs would be the next expression is what does blah blah blah mean so we're here is the word you don't know so for example what does pasta mean what does Stegosaurus mean so a word like Stegosaurus is a really strange word that you probably don't know Stegosaurus is a type of dinosaur we're gonna marry dinosaurs I don't know Jurassic we're on a Jurassic adventure at the moment so this is a pattern you use when you don't know when you don't know the meaning of the word and you would like someone to explain it to you so if you say what does Stegosaurus mean then someone can say oh it's a dinosaur it's kind of like it's a sort of short it has a bunch of spikes on its back and it has a long tail and it gets into a fight with a Tyrannosaurus Rex if you saw the movie Fantasia by Disney okay in this sentence what does complication mean means problem okay the next pattern you can use is can you tell me more about bla bla bla so on a topic that you would like more information about you can say can you tell me more about the soccer game last week can you tell me more about the plan for the party next week so something you would like more information about you can say can you tell me more about this thing okay so in a sentence can you tell me more about your sandwich options that is a useful sentence that is a useful sentence okay in this sentence here we don't have that back home can you tell me more about it mmm this is used to the reverse pattern okay the next expression is if it were up to me if it were up to me I had to teach this in a class couple weeks ago actually if it were up to me means if I could make the decision if this was my if this were my decision bla bla bla so meaning if I could make the choice this is what I would do but one point here is the nuance is it is not my decision this is not my decision but if it were my decision I would do bla bla bla so for example if it were up to me every day would be Saturday woo but it's not right so that's that's always the underlying that's always the kind of basic nuance of this phrase some this decision is not mine okay here the example is if it were up to me I would take my boss to dinner oh my things just got scandalous the next pattern is I feel like bla bla bla you can use I feel like when you introduce a suggestion or something that you would like to do especially for food drinks or activities so for example I feel like coffee I feel like Italian food I feel like an action-movie there's some activity or something you would like to do at the end of this pattern I feel like bowling this afternoon something needs to go here some sort of activity of course you can use this expression to talk about your feelings I feel like something but this something must be a noun it must be a noun like if you feel really great I feel like a million bucks for example if you feel really bad I feel like garbage that's a nice expression that somehow it just came out of my head anyway you can use this in two ways but this must be completed with a noun phrase at the end of the sentence ten things to do in the summer in the United States so let's go to travel abroad to travel abroad to travel abroad abroad means outside of your country so meaning to travel to a place not the United States in my case please don't forget to in this expression so many of my students will say this summer I'm going Europe you need to use two before the place you do not however need to use two before they're so like students sometimes will say I want to go to there you can't do that you have to use two before the specific name of a place there is not a specific place so you don't need to use to keep that one in mind to relax at the beach to relax at the beach ah that sounds fantastic right now to relax at the beach you go to the beach and you just relax there you lay in the Sun you go swimming maybe you drink a beer you get a tan if you would like to do that of course some people don't you put on sunscreen whatever it is that you like to do at the beach you just do that and enjoy in a sentence I would rather relax at the beach than have a really active vacation to learn English with English class 101.com to learn English with English class 101.com Thanks so I guess if you are ambitious this summer good for you you can learn English by doing what you're doing now or I think you can visit I presume you can visit the website for more content there too I'm going to put my time to good use and learn English at English class 101 dot-com to have a barbecue oh yeah the next one is one of my favorite things ever to do in summer wherever I am it's to have a barbecue or to have a BB q is also okay but barbecue usually BB q is in like writing I love having barbecues with my friends in the summer every fourth of July my family has a big barbecue to party all night the next expression is to party all night to party all night you don't it doesn't have to be summer or in the United States to party all night just say anyway it's a party all night means to do something you enjoy presumably with your friends or not I guess I partied like all night at home I tweeted pajamas are the best and then I tweeted a picture of myself really excited about a cookie and was very embarrassed about that the next day so I deleted it and why since I won't have school in the morning I'm going to party all night in a different sentence I don't like partying all night I get tired I always hit a wall like r.e.m like I'm like yeah and then 3 a.m. and I'm ready to sleep to get a tan to get a tan to get a tan it's in some cultures this is a good thing in some cultures it's not a good thing it means to sit in the Sun or lay in the Sun and let the Sun change the color of your skin be careful there's there are two expressions in English there is one to get a tan and another is to get a Sun burn so in u.s. culture anyway getting a tan means like your skin turns like a darker brown color but when it turns red it's bad that means you've burned your skin so tan good burn bad so we'd have two separate words to describe them in a sentence you'll find me poolside getting a tan to go hiking the next expression is to go hiking so hiking means walking or trekking usually in a mountain or in a nature setting so in a sentence I used to go hiking with my family every summer that's roughly true in this sentence I'm going to hike the Pacific Crest Trail to work a part-time job the next expression is to work a part-time job to work a part-time job is very common if you're a student especially so when you have your summer vacation it's a chance for you to earn a little bit of money by working at a part-time job in a sentence unfortunately she can't go because she has to work at her part-time job Wow when I was a teenager I had a part-time job at a golf course yeah because I was on the golf team at school very convenient lovely experiences a plus everybody to have fun with friends to have fun with friends also something that you do not need to only do in summer but which you can do anytime we're having fun now aren't we so to have fun with friends is just to enjoy time with your friends it's great in a sentence I love having fun with my friends whenever I can he has fun with friends but he doesn't do much else to attend summer school the next one is to attend summer school to attend summer school usually has kind of a bad image and I feel in you in the u.s. anyway because it sounds like maybe you missed something in regular school but for some people maybe there's a special course they want to attend or like a special internship program or just something special extra that they would like to study in a sentence I hated going to summer school when I was a kid since I failed the class I'll have to attend summer school twenty 'must no family word so let's go mother mother is the person who gave birth to you mother you can say mom mother mom mama mummy my mother has amazing cooking it's true father father father is the person who did not give birth to you but who helped make you happen so we say father dad daddy pop-pop my father is a very level-headed person that's all sister-sister is a female sibling so my brother might say I have an older sister anyone who is yeah a female sibling or someone you can use this for friends that you feel very very close to like she's like my sister that's fine as well brother brother we sometimes use bro for this I would say I have a younger brother like sister you can use brother for any male that you feel is similar to a brother someone you feel very close to so he's like a brother to me or you're like my brother grandmother grandmother when you put grande plus something else it means the next generation or the the previous generation so you have your mother and father in this case grand mother means your mother or your father's mother it can be either of them so grandmother my grandmother was born a long time ago grandfather grandfathers are just like grandmother your mother or your father's father is your grandfather my grandfather liked to play tennis that's true uncle uncle your uncle is either your mother or your father's brother someone directly related to one of your parents who is a man is your uncle my uncle is very good with woodworking also true aunt aunt you might also hear aunt both of them are correct you can say aunt or aunt an aunt or an aunt is your mother or your father's female sibling one of my aunts gave me a stamp collection when I was a little kid that's also true cousin cousin cousin is your aunt or uncle's children it can be on any side so typically these people are of the same generation is you not always but cousins are generally about the same age at least in my family they are it's really fun to see all my cousins at family barbecues nephew nephew a nephew is a siblings male child so if you have a brother or a sister and they have children any may children are your nephews nephews I don't have any nephews nice nice nice so your brother or your sisters female children any female children they have you can say she's my niece or I have two nieces how many nieces do you have or I have a lot of nieces wife wife so this is a female partner that you are married to she is my wife or how is your wife wife is only used when you are married to that person husband husband is a male that someone is married to so how is your husband this is my husband again husband is only used when you are married to that person parent parent parent it's typically used generally for a mother or a father like I'm a parent he is my parent she is my parent it's often used in the plural they are my parents these are my parents my parents are home my parents are not at home but you can also use parent to describe someone who raised you so maybe your biological mother or father did not raise you but someone else like an aunt or an uncle or perhaps a different figure in your community did raise you you can say she's like a parent to me or she had a parenting role in my life child child child is a a small human a small human as a child it doesn't necessarily have to be of your family like if you're just at the park and you see kids running around you can say ah look at that child you can use a child in the singular but be careful child changes in the plural form to children so not child's but children one child two children please be careful this has an irregular plural form maybe I'll have a child someday son son is a male child a male offspring my uncle has a lot of sons that's not true daughter daughter a daughter is a female child I wonder if I will ever have a daughter brother-in-law brother in law so we use in law to mean our married partners family members not my brother but my partner's brother in law is used after any family members position or family members title to show they belong to my partner's family originally but now they're part of my extended family as well I'm going out for drinks with my brother-in-law tomorrow night father-in-law father-in-law so we have in-law here meaning my partner's father so my father-in-law is very kind mother-in-law mother-in-law meaning my partner's mother in a sentence my mother-in-law and I get along really well hi everybody my name is Alicia today I'm going to be talking about the simple future tense today I'm going to talk about will and won't and going to and not going to so these are a few grammar points that learners make mistakes with when should you use will or won't when should you use going to or not going to so I'm going to talk about a few of these points a few basic points that I hope can help you decide when to use will and when to use going to so let's begin okay the first point I want to talk about is going to or not going to the positive form and the negative form going to not going to for today I want to talk about two times when we'll use these grammar points so the first time the first situation where you use going to or not going to is for plans decided before the conversation so if you make a decision about your future plans or someone else makes the decision before the conversation about their plans for the future you should use going to or not going to it's something that is probably going to happen a high certainty so this is a plan that has a high level of certainty meaning there's a good chance this plan is going to happen you decided it before the conversation meaning you've probably had some time to plan your future to plan your schedule a little bit so please use going to for something you decide before the conversation so on a timeline it might look like this we have past now and future here so your plan is for the future yes but you decided on the plan sometime before the conversation so if this point this is now this is your conversation you made the plan you made the decision before the conversation in this case use going to I'm going to at the beginning of this video I said I'm going to talk about simple future tense will and going to I decided before this video started about my plans I decided what I was going to talk to you about before the video started so I used going to to introduce that plan so please keep this in mind okay but let's talk about will now so we use will and won't for decisions that are made at the moment of speaking so keep in mind will is the positive form won't is the negative form here so a decision made at the moment of speaking this is one way to use will or won't you can use this for example at restaurants you can use this to talk about plans you make quickly after learning information from a friend keep in mind will and won't tends to have a lower certainty there's a lower chance the plan is going to happen because you made the plan at the moment of speaking going to is used for plans made before the conversation but will is used for a plan made a spur-of-the-moment or a very quick plan you've just made so that's kind of the image is the decision you've just made use will or use won't in those case if you made the decision before the conversation there's a good chance you should use going to so to go back to our timeline here if going to is used for a decision you made in the past about your future plans will is used for a decision you make in the conversation during the conversation the plan can be any time in the future but the decision the point at which you make the decision is the difference here one point about this two points about this actually first will if you've made a decision at the moment of speaking and you therefore should use will to communicate that decision you can improve or you can communicate that there's a high chance it's going to happen with the word probably mmm so here I'll show you this in an example sentence in a moment but you can use probably with will and won't I'll probably I probably won't remember that order though I'll probably or I probably will or probably won't mmm point number two I want to mention about both of these grammar points is to make your pronunciation a little more natural try shortening both of these expressions going to shortens to gonna gon a gonna I'm gonna I'm not gonna this sounds much more natural at least in American English for will and for won't when you use will use the contracted form with your subject for example I will becomes aisle you will becomes you'll they will becomes Vail using the contracted form sounds a lot more natural and everyday conversation it's correct to say you will they will but it sounds really stiff and unnatural so please use the contracted form to sound a bit more natural you can use the contracted form with probably for will aisle probably they'll probably we'll probably these are all pretty good okay so let's practice using them alright first example sentence maybe something something go hiking tomorrow so how do we know is this a will sentence or a going to sentence we have a hint here maybe maybe so meaning there's a low level of certainty perhaps a low chance that this is going to happen so let's say maybe I'll go hiking tomorrow this is probably the best answer maybe I'm going to while you can communicate the idea yes it sounds like you decided your plan before the conversation but you're using maybe so it doesn't quite match instead use aisle maybe I'll go hiking tomorrow okay let's look at the next sentence I'm mmm there's a big hint here a grammar hint I'm something something go to France next year so next year this go to France next year this is a pretty big decision most people probably would not make this decision at the moment of speaking so we should use going to I'm going to go to France next year this is the correct use of going to in this case a decision made before the moment of speaking and there's a high level of certainty here okay let's look at the next one I decided here's a hint past tense decided if you watched a different video oops I decided that I am something something go out for dinner I'm too tired okay so past tense this shows us a big hint past tense decided this implies the decision was made before the conversation hmm so I'm something something go out for dinner I'm too tired here's another hint so go out for dinner and too tired mmm this should probably I'm not going to go out for dinner I'm too tired so this person has decided hmm I'm not going to go out for dinner we should use going to the negative not going to because the speaker made the decision before the conversation happen and there's a highest level of certainty there's a high chance that this is going to happen so we should use going to in this sentence okay okay so the next sentence I included because I think it's a really good one to remember any time you visit a bar a restaurant some kind of service situation you can use this pattern specifically to make a request for something so let's take a look here my example sentence is I something something have a glass of wine please in this case maybe it's at a restaurant or at a bar but in this case you've just made the decision looking at the menu looking at a catalogue looking at something you made a decision just then at that moment and you're asking for that item you're asking for that service so we'll use will I'll have a glass of wine please so in this example sentence I used glass of wine to show my request to ask for a glass of wine but if you want to use this pattern to make a request in a service situation just replace glass of wine with the item or service that you would like so for example I'll have a beer I'll have a steak I'll have a hamburger these are all things you can order at a restaurant or at a bar if you're shopping you can say I'll have the blue one please for example so just make your request using the same pattern but replacing that glass of wine section that I used in my example sentence okay next one this one is maybe a little bit challenging it's you're running late so you something-something have to take a taxi to your next meeting so maybe this is an assistant or someone supporting another person with their schedule okay so in the next sentence we're looking at a situation where there's been a sudden or quick change to a schedule someone is running late and there's a new decision that's made at the moment of speaking or a new decision is made to reflect the new situation so let's take a look you're running late so you'll or you will have to take a taxi hmm you could say you're running late so you have to take a taxi but maybe this is a future plan something that's going to happen in an hour from now maybe this is something the speaker is planning for later in the day so you will is a nice way to use that you're running late so you'll have to take a taxi to the next meeting okay the last one I want to talk about this uses probably which I mentioned over here so probably remember we can use probably to sort of improve or we can use probably to communicate a higher level of certainty with the decision we made at the moment of speaking so here you're not going to the party then I probably something something go either okay so either is a big hint here remember we use either to show agreement but negative okay so in the last example sentence for today we're going to look at a situation where the listener has heard some new information they use the expression you're not going to go to the party so they're confirming new information they have just heard after that they're going to make a decision about what their plans are for the party so let's take a look we know that probably can be used with will and won't and we know from then the speaker just made this decision and we know it's a negative with either so we should use won't you're not going to go to the party and I probably won't go either so the speaker uses won't hear to show a decision made at the moment of speaking but the speaker also uses probably won't to show there's a high chance that this is going to happen there's a high chance that this is the future plan probably won't okay so there's a lot of information communicated there with small words like then and either and probably as well so please keep this in mind when you're trying to decide when to use will won't going to and not going to okay so so that's my recap of a few useful grammar points how to talk about your future tense plans so I'm going to finish the lesson now I hope that you enjoyed this lesson if you have any questions please feel free to leave it in a comment or if you want to try out a few practice sentences please feel free to leave those in the comment section too if you haven't already please be sure to like this video and subscribe to our channel too if you want to find more stuff like this more lessons more information like this you can check out English class 101.com thanks very much for watching this episode and I will see you again soon bye bye hi everybody my name is Alisha today we're gonna be talking about simple past tense we're gonna talk about how to make simple past tense statements in English so let's get started okay so first let's talk about when we should use the simple past tense simple past tense statements for today are for actions that started and ended in the past so these are things that both started or began and ended in the past both of those must be true to use simple past tense the second point for today is these are actions which happened at a specific point in time so a specific point in time can be yesterday it can be an hour ago it can be last year it can be when you were a kid all of these are a specific point in time but the key is that we know when the action happened so specific point in time is point two for this grammar point third we can use simple past tense for repeated actions in the past so things you did every week or every month or every year every summer every hour if you like but one point about this make sure to include a frequency indicator if you want to talk about an action that repeated in the past frequency indicator for example I just mentioned a few every week every month every year so frequency meaning how often an indicator shows how often you did that so you can use repeated actions with past tense to show let's see something you did a lot in the past for example so to give you a visual the past is down here now is this point here and future is up here when we use the simple past tense it's an action that started and ended in the past somewhere before now that's one it's at a specific point in time so this action and this action we know when they happened it could be this morning it could be yesterday for example but we know when these actions happened third we can use for repeated action so maybe these actions repeat but we know when the repetition happened we know when we repeated these actions so it's okay to use simple past tense to describe those okay so now we know when we should use simple past tense we know why we should use simple past tense but how do we make simple past tense stay it's so when you want to use the simple past tense to explain an action that happens in the past you need to conjugate your verb you need to change your verb so that means when you're using a regular verb you do verb plus e d so verb plus e d is the basic form for simple past tense verbs but keep in mind this is only for regular verbs not all verbs are regular verbs so for example some common ones are talk which becomes talked start which become started and enjoy which becomes enjoyed please be careful however you'll notice that the past tense form of verbs has a few different pronunciations so for example start becomes started it has an ID sound it's not an e D sound but an ID sound you might hear a word like walked also which has a sort of T sound about it walk becomes walked started becomes started an ID sound and then there's also a sound like in breathed a very soft D sound so there are three past tense verb sounds to listen for an e d sound started a soft D sound like breathed and then a more hard T sound like walked so pay attention to that when you're trying to make these past tense verb conjugations okay but some verbs are irregular verbs irregular verbs do not have a simple rule for understanding past tense conjugation how to change them in past tense there's no rule for these you simply have to practice you have to remember them read them listen to them until you can remember the correct conjugation the correct way to change these verbs into the past tense so for example some common ones are eat which becomes ate speak becomes spoke and make becomes made if you see a verb somewhere that that seems a little odd or you're not sure what the present tense form would be you can check a dictionary and try to remember from there so now we've talked about simple past tense irregular and regular verbs let's try to use them to make some sentences I prepared a few example sentences so let's take a look okay first sentence he something something a towel and sunglasses to the beach so the verb here is bring I want to use the verb bring bring however is an irregular verb so I can't use the Eadie rule for regular verbs the correct conjugation is brought the RO u ght he brought a towel and sunglasses to the beach this is the correct conjugation here so bring is an irregular verb okay let's go to the next sentence today something something to the gym every day last week so here I'm showing you a repeated action here I'm using every day this is a frequency indicator how often did I do that action and last week shows the specific point in time so I'm using both of these two points in addition to a simple past the basic simple past structure here so the verb that we want to use here is go but go is an irregular verb so we can't use code for example though changes to went in the past tense so went is the correct answer for this sentence here okay let's try the next one I something something to tell my boss about my schedule so the verb I want to use here is forget forget is a very useful word I think to remember but again forget is not a regular verb forget is an irregular verb so we cannot use the e D form forget in the past tense becomes forgot okay so I forgot to tell my boss about my schedule is the correct sentence here all right let's go to something a little bit different here's a negative sentence I don't think they something-something a reservation at the restaurant okay so here I'm using a phrase I want to use the phrase make a reservation to make a reservation so the verb here is make this was one of my example verbs for the irregular form so make becomes made I don't think they made a reservation at the restaurant is the correct verb form to use here all right the next sentence we something-something junk food almost every day last month so here again I have everyday but I have almost here so almost every day not every day but close to every day and then last month last month is my specific point in time in this case so here we have junk food that means that the verb we want to use is probably eat and we learned that eat is an irregular verb there's no rule for conjugating this we just know that eat becomes eight we ate junk food almost every day last month great okay so next sentence has two spaces for verbs actually okay so the next sentence that I've prepared I included because a lot of my students asked about how to report information when you want to report information share something that you heard from a friend a past tense action you need to conjugate the reporting verb for example say becomes said or here becomes heard you need to conjugate this verb and you need to conjugate the information that you heard so there are two past tense conjugations that should happen when you report information let's take a look so here we have she something something she something something a great time at the party so here she blah blah blah a great time at the party so we use the expression to have a great time to have a great time again have is an irregular verb so we conjugate it to had she had a great time at the party okay but then to report your speech so someone gave you information past tense give becomes gave you information so the verb for giving information a neutral way to pass information is say so to conjugate say into the past tense it's an irregular verb so we use said say becomes said so she said she had a great time at the party okay please be careful of your pronunciation with the word said a lot of people I've heard use Sade Sade is not correct so please use said it sounds like sed the pronunciation but it's said si ID is the spelling say becomes said she said she had a great time at the party okay so last one okay so the last example sentence for today includes spaces for a few different verbs I included this because I wanted to show you that you can use a lot of different information in one sentence just by connecting your past tense verbs together so let's take a look okay yesterday I something-something late something-something shopping and something something to my mother okay so the verbs I want to use for this sentence are sleep go and speak sleep go and speak these are all irregular verbs there are no regular verbs in this sentence so sleep in past tense becomes slept go in past tense becomes went and speak in past tense becomes spoke so here in one sentence I have I have explained three things about my day yesterday yesterday I slept late I went shopping and I spoke to my mother so you can explain a lot of things with past tense and a few connecting words in this case I've just used and to connect the last two things in this sentence so please keep this in mind when you're sharing information about your past events so today we talked about the simple past tense and we talked about how to conjugate both regular and irregular verbs it might seem a little bit difficult to understand which verbs are regular and which verbs are irregular but with some practice it will become easier so I hope that you enjoyed this video if you have any questions or comments please be sure to leave us a comment and let us know also please be sure to like this video and subscribe to our channel if you haven't already thanks very much for watching check us out for more in English class 101.com and we'll see you again soon bye

36 thoughts on “Learn English in 90 minutes – The Best of 2017”

  1. Unremarkably misleading. As an English trainer and coach, learning anything is a marathon. You must commit to life-long learning. There's no "quick way" to doing ANYTHING when it comes to learning. Sounds like an "overnight success" story. That's not how life works. Continual improvement everyday to achieve the goals you've set out on. Stop acting like sprinters, English learners. You need to be a marathon runner.

  2. Normalmente juego con personas que hablan ingles y eso ayuda mucho supongo. Me sorprende que entiendo completamente todo lo que dice la profesora !

    Y se me hace raro aprender ingles en una clase En ingles xD Pero le entiendo muy bien

  3. Exchange subscription impress comment. Exchange friendship, love and videos. Your channel is great تبادل اشتراك اعجاب تعليق . تبادل الصداقة والمحبة والفيديوهات

  4. Thanks so much, Alisha! I really appreciate your way of teaching English. I am subscribed to channel courses

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