Lausanne | Wikipedia audio article


Lausanne (, also US: , French: [lozan], German:
[loˈzan]; Arpitan: Losena [lɔˈzəna] (listen); Italian: Losanna; Romansh: Losanna) is the
capital city and biggest town of the canton of Vaud in Romandy, Switzerland. A municipality,
it is situated on the shores of Lake Geneva (French: Le/Lac Léman). It faces the French
town of Évian-les-Bains, with the Jura Mountains to its north-west. Lausanne is located 62
kilometres (38.5 miles) northeast of Geneva. The municipality Lausanne has a population
of about 140,000, making it the fourth largest city in Switzerland, with the entire agglomeration
area having 420,000 inhabitants (as of March 2015). The metropolitan area of Lausanne-Geneva
(including Vevey-Montreux, Yverdon-les-Bains, and foreign parts) was over 1.2 million inhabitants
in 2000.Lausanne is a focus of international sport, hosting the International Olympic Committee
(which has recognized the city as the “Olympic Capital” since 1994), the Court of Arbitration
for Sport and some 55 international sport associations. It lies in a noted wine-growing
region. The city has a 28-station metro system, making it the smallest city in the world to
have a rapid transit system. Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics.==History==
The Romans built a military camp, which they called Lousanna, at the site of a Celtic settlement,
near the lake where Vidy and Ouchy are situated; on the hill above was a fort called Lausodunon
or Lousodunon (The “-y” suffix is common to many place names of Roman origin in the region
(e.g.) Prilly, Pully, Lutry, etc.). By the 2nd century AD, it was known as vikanor[um]
Lousonnensium and in 280 as lacu Lausonio. By 400, it was civitas Lausanna, and in 990
it was mentioned as Losanna. After the fall of the Roman Empire, insecurity
forced the residents of Lausanne to move to its current centre, a hilly site that was
easier to defend. The city which emerged from the camp was ruled by the Dukes of Savoy and
the Bishop of Lausanne. Then it came under Bern from 1536 to 1798, and a number of its
cultural treasures, including the hanging tapestries in the Cathedral, were permanently
removed. Lausanne has made repeated requests to recover them.
After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, Lausanne became (along with Geneva)
a place of refuge for French Huguenots. In 1729, a seminary was opened by Antoine Court
and Benjamin Duplan. By 1750, 90 pastors had been sent back to France to work clandestinely;
this number would rise to 400. Official persecution ended in 1787; a faculty of Protestant theology
was established at Montauban in 1808, and the Lausanne seminary was finally closed on
18 April 1812. During the Napoleonic Wars, the city’s status changed. In 1803, it became
the capital of a newly formed Swiss canton, Vaud, under which it joined the Swiss Federation.===Modern history and heritage===In 1964, the city played host to the Swiss
National Exhibition, displaying its newly found confidence to play host to major international
events. From the 1950s to 1970s, a large number of
Italians, Spaniards and Portuguese immigrated to Lausanne, settling mostly in the industrial
district of Renens and transforming the local diet.
The city has served as a refuge for European artists. While under the care of a psychiatrist
at Lausanne, T. S. Eliot composed most of his 1922 poem The Waste Land (“by the waters
of Leman I sat down and wept”). Ernest Hemingway also visited from Paris with his wife during
the 1920s, to holiday. In fact, many creative people — such as historian Edward Gibbon
and Romantic era poets Shelley and Byron — have “sojourned, lived, and worked in Lausanne
or nearby”.The city has been traditionally quiet, but in the late 1960s and early 1970s,
a series of demonstrations took place that exposed tensions between young people and
the police. Later demonstrations took place to protest against the high cinema prices,
followed by protest against the G8 meetings in 2003.==Geography=====
Topography===The most important geographical feature of
the area surrounding Lausanne is Lake Geneva (Lac Léman in French). Lausanne is built
on the southern slope of the Swiss plateau, with a difference in elevation of about 500
metres (1,640 ft) between the lakeshore at Ouchy and its northern edge bordering Le Mont-sur-Lausanne
and Épalinges. Lausanne boasts a dramatic panorama over the lake and the Alps.
In addition to its generally southward-sloping layout, the centre of the city is the site
of an ancient river, the Flon, which has been covered since the 19th century. The former
river forms a gorge running through the middle of the city south of the old city centre,
generally following the course of the present Rue Centrale, with several bridges crossing
the depression to connect the adjacent neighbourhoods. Due to the considerable differences in elevation,
visitors should make a note as to which plane of elevation they are on and where they want
to go, otherwise they will find themselves tens of metres below or above the street which
they are trying to negotiate. The name Flon is also used for the metro station located
in the gorge. The municipality includes the villages of
Vidy, Cour, Ouchy, Mornex, Chailly, La Sallaz, Vennes, Montblesson, Vers-chez-les-Blanc,
Montheron and Chalet-à-Gobet (871 m (2,858 ft)) as well as the exclave of Vernand.
Lausanne is located at the limit between the extensive wine-growing regions of Lavaux (to
the east) and la Côte (to the west). Lausanne has an area, as of 2009, of 41.38–41.33
square kilometers (15.98–15.96 sq mi) (depending on calculation method). Of this area, 6.64
km2 (2.56 sq mi) or 16.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 16.18 km2 (6.25 sq mi) or
39.1% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 18.45 km2 (7.12 sq mi) or 44.6% is settled
(buildings or roads), 0.05 km2 (12 acres) or 0.1% is either rivers or lakes and 0.01
km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.0% is unproductive land.Of the built-up area, industrial buildings made
up 1.6% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 21.6% and transportation
infrastructure made up 12.5%. Power and water infrastructure as well as other special developed
areas made up 1.4% of the area while parks, green belts and sports fields made up 7.5%.
Out of the forested land, all of the forested land area is covered with heavy forests. Of
the agricultural land, 11.1% is used for growing crops and 4.2% is pastures. All the water
in the municipality is in lakes.The municipality was part of the old Lausanne District until
it was dissolved on 31 August 2006, and it became the capital of the new district of
Lausanne.===Climate===
Lausanne has an average of 119.7 days of rain or snow per year and on average receives 1,153
mm (45.4 in) of precipitation. The wettest month is May during which time Lausanne receives
an average of 117 mm (4.6 in) of rain. During this month there is precipitation for an average
of 12.1 days. The driest month of the year is February with an average of 67 mm (2.6
in) of precipitation over 8.8 days. The USDA Hardiness Zone for Lausanne-Pully
is 8b with an average minimum temperature of -7.0 C over the past 20 years (1997 – 2016),
but at the lake level, it can be considered 9a.==Politics=====Coat of arms===
The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, chief argent.===Administrative divisions===
The city is divided into 18 quartiers, or districts, sometimes composed of several neighborhoods.
They are: Centre (1), Maupas/Valency (2), Sébeillon/Malley (3), Montoie/Bourdonnette
(4), Montriond/Cour (5), Sous-Gare/Ouchy (6), Montchoisi (7), Florimont/Chissiez (8), Mousquines/Bellevue
(9), Vallon/Béthusy (10), Chailly/Rovéréaz (11), Sallaz/Vennes/Séchaud (12), Sauvabelin
(13), Borde/Bellevaux (14), Vinet/Pontaise (15), Bossons/Blécherette (16), Beaulieu/Grey/Boisy
(17), and Les Zones foraines (90)===Government===
The municipality (la Municipalité) constitutes the executive government of the City of Lausanne
and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of seven councilors (French: conseiller
municipal/conseillère municipale), each presiding over a directorate. One of the members act
as mayor (syndic). In the mandate period 2016–2021 (la législature) the Municipality is presided
by Monsieur le Syndic Grégoire Junod. Directoral tasks, coordination measures and implementation
of laws decreed by the Communal Council are carried by the Municipality. The regular election
of the Municipality by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every five years. Any resident
of Lausanne allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the Municipality. Since 14
April 2003, due to the constitution by canton of Vaud not only Swiss citizen have the right
to vote and elect and being elected on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence
permit of at least 10 years in Switzerland and 3 years in the canton of Vaud. The current
mandate period is from 1 July 2016 to 30 June 2021. The delegates are elected by means of
a system of Majorz. The mayor is later on elected as such by a public election as well
by a system of Majorz, while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the
collegiate. The executive body holds its meetings in the Town Hall (L’Hôtel de Ville), in the
old city on Place de la Palud.As of 2016, Lausanne’s Municipality is made up of three
representatives of the PS (Social Democratic Party, of whom one is also the mayor), and
two members of PES (Green Party), and one each of le Parti Ouvrier et Populaire Vaudois
(POP) & gauche en mouvement (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail
– Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and PLR (Les Libéraux-Radicaux
(PLR)), giving the left parties a very strong six out of seven seats. The last election
was held on 28 February/20 March 2016. The mayor was elected by two ballots on 17 April/8
May 2016. Simon Affolter is Town Chancellor (chancelier
municipal) since for the Municipality.===Parliament===The Communal Council (Conseil communal) holds
legislative power. It is made up of 100 members, with elections held every five years. The
Communal Council decrees regulations and by-laws that are executed by the Municipality and
the administration. The sessions of the Communal Council are public. Unlike members of the
Municipality, members of the Communal Council are not politicians by profession, and they
are paid a fee based on their attendance. Any resident of Lausanne allowed to vote can
be elected as a member of the Communal Council. Since 14 April 2003, due to the constitution
by canton of Vaud not only Swiss citizen have the right to vote and elect and being elected
on communal level, but also foreigners with a residence permit of at least 10 years in
Switzerland and 3 years in the canton of Vaud. The Parliament holds its meetings in the Town
Hall (Hôtel de Ville), in the old city on Place de la Palud.The last election of the
Communal Council was held on 28 February 2016 for the mandate period (la législature) from
1 June 2016 to 31 May 2021. Currently the Communal Council consist of 33 members of
the Social Democratic Party (PS), 21 Les Libéraux-Radicaux (PLR), 17 Green Party (PES), 12 Swiss People’s
Party (UDC), 11 Ensemble à Gauche (an alliance of the left parties POP (Parti Suisse du Travail
– Parti Ouvrier et Populaire) and solidaritéS and indépendant.e.s), and 6 Le Centre (an
alliance of Christian Democratic People’s Party (PDC) and Green Liberal Party (pvl)).===Elections=======National Council====
In the 2015 federal election for the Swiss National Council the most popular party was
the PS which received 30.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the PLR
(18.6%), the Green Party (15.9%), and the UDC (15.4%). In the federal election, a total
of 26,116 voters were cast, and the voter turnout was 41.0%.==Demographics=====
Population===Lausanne has a population (as of December
2018) of 139,111. As of 2013, 42% of the population were resident foreign nationals. Over the
last 10 years (1999–2009) the population has changed at a rate of 9.9%. It has changed
at a rate of 8.3% due to migration and at a rate of 2.6% due to births and deaths. The
population of the greater Lausanne area (grand Lausanne) is 402,900 (as of December 2014).Of
the population in the municipality, 58% or 80,828 have a Swiss citizenship, while 16,908
or 12.1% are from Lausanne and still lived there in December 2013. There were 27,653
or 19.8% who are from somewhere else in the same canton, while 36,276 or 26.0% have a
Swiss citizenship in another canton. 58,9562 or 42.0% have a foreign citizenship.In 2000,
most of the population spoke French (98,424 or 78.8%), with German being second most common
(5,365 or 4.3%) and Italian being third (4,976 or 4.0%). There were 62 people who speak Romansh.In
2008 there were 840 live births to Swiss citizens and 623 births to non-Swiss citizens, and
in same time span there were 862 deaths of Swiss citizens and 127 non-Swiss citizen deaths.
Ignoring immigration and emigration, the population of Swiss citizens decreased by 22 while the
foreign population increased by 496. There were 9 Swiss men and 57 Swiss women who emigrated
from Switzerland. At the same time, there were 2230 non-Swiss men and 1802 non-Swiss
women who immigrated from another country to Switzerland. The total Swiss population
change in 2008 (from all sources, including moves across municipal borders) was an increase
of 883 and the non-Swiss population increased by 2221 people. This represents a population
growth rate of 2.6%.The age distribution, as of 2009, in Lausanne is; 11,818 children
or 9.4% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 12,128 teenagers or 9.7% are
between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 21,101 people or 16.8% of the population are
between 20 and 29 years old. 22,158 people or 17.6% are between 30 and 39, 18,016 people
or 14.4% are between 40 and 49, and 13,940 people or 11.1% are between 50 and 59. The
senior population distribution is 11,041 people or 8.8% of the population are between 60 and
69 years old, 8,277 people or 6.6% are between 70 and 79, there are 5,896 people or 4.7%
who are between 80 and 89, and there are 1,171 people or 0.9% who are 90 and older. As of 2000, there were 58,100 people who were
single and never married in the municipality. There were 48,990 married individuals, 7,797
widows or widowers and 10,027 individuals who are divorced.As of 2000 the average number
of residents per living room was 0.64 which is about equal to the cantonal average of
0.61 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2
(43.1 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars
and attics. About 6.5% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did
not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement). As of 2000, there were 62,258 private households
in the municipality, and an average of 1.9 persons per household. There were 31,205 households
that consist of only one person and 2,184 households with five or more people. Out of
a total of 63,833 households that answered this question, 48.9% were households made
up of just one person and there were 306 adults who lived with their parents. Of the rest
of the households, there are 13,131 married couples without children and 11,603 married
couples with children. There were 3,883 single parents with a child or children. There were
2,130 households that were made up of unrelated people, and 1,575 households that were made
up of some sort of institution or another collective housing.In 2000 there were 1,833
single family homes (or 23.1% of the total) out of a total of 7,925 inhabited buildings.
There were 3,634 multi-family buildings (45.9%), along with 1,955 multi-purpose buildings that
were mostly used for housing (24.7%) and 503 other use buildings (commercial or industrial)
that also had some housing (6.3%). Of the single family homes 324 were built before
1919, while 153 were built between 1990 and 2000. The greatest number of single family
homes (498) were built between 1919 and 1945. The most multi-family homes (933) were built
before 1919 and the next most (906) were built between 1919 and 1945. There were 180 multi-family
houses built between 1996 and 2000.In 2000 there were 69,383 apartments in the municipality.
The most common apartment size was 3 rooms of which there were 22,408. There were 9,579
single room apartments and 7,388 apartments with five or more rooms. Of these apartments,
a total of 61,056 apartments (88.0% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 6,840
apartments (9.9%) were seasonally occupied and 1,487 apartments (2.1%) were empty. As
of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.1 new units per 1000 residents.As
of 2003 the average price to rent an average apartment in Lausanne was 1064.08 Swiss francs
(CHF) per month (US$850, £480, €680 approx. exchange rate from 2003). The average rate
for a one-room apartment was 597.46 CHF (US$480, £270, €380), a two-room apartment was about
792.33 CHF (US$630, £360, €510), a three-room apartment was about 1044.64 CHF (US$840, £470,
€670) and a six or more room apartment cost an average of 2024.55 CHF (US$1620, £910,
€1300). The average apartment price in Lausanne was 95.3% of the national average of 1116
CHF. The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.17%.===Historic population===
The historical population is given in the following chart:===Religion===
From the Reformation in the 16th century, the city was mostly Protestant until the late
20th century, when it received substantial immigration, particularly from largely Catholic
countries. Catholics now form a plurality of the city’s population.
From the 2000 census, 47,225 people (37.8% of the population) were Roman Catholic, while
33,993 (27.2%) belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there
were 2,698 members of an Orthodox church (2.16%), there were 65 individuals (0.05%) who belonged
to the Christian Catholic Church, and there were 4,437 individuals (3.55%) who belonged
to another Christian church. There were 849 individuals (0.68%) who were Jewish, and 7,501
(6.00%) who were Muslim. There were 452 individuals who were Buddhist, 772 individuals who were
Hindu and 343 individuals who belonged to another church. 21,080 (16.88%) belonged to
no church, were agnostic or atheist, and 7,590 individuals (6.08%) did not answer the question.===Crime===In 2014 the crime rate, of crimes listed in
the Swiss Criminal Code, in Lausanne was 167.3 per thousand residents. During the same period,
the rate of drug crimes was 49.5 per thousand residents, and the rate of violations of immigration,
visa and work permit laws was 21 per thousand residents.==Transport==Lausanne is served by an extensive network
of local, national and international public transport. National and international passenger
trains of the Swiss Federal Railways depart from Lausanne railway station, which is also
the hub of the Réseau Express Vaudois commuter rail system, and a stop on the city’s metro.
The metro and local buses are operated by Transports publics de la région lausannoise
(TL), with many routes run using trolleybuses. Additional commuter trains are run by the
Lausanne–Echallens–Bercher railway (LEB) from Lausanne-Flon station. Ships across Lake
Geneva are provided by the Compagnie Générale de Navigation sur le lac Léman (CGN).
Lausanne became the first city in Switzerland to have a rubber-tyred metro system, with
the m2 Line which opened in October 2008. The rolling stock is a shorter version of
the one used on Paris Métro Line 14. Further expansion of the system is planned, as is
the re-introduction of trams.Lausanne is connected to the A1 motorway on its west side (Geneva
– Zürich axis) and to the A9 on its north and east side (for transit with Italy and
France); the interchange between these two motorways is on the north-west side of the
city. Lausanne Airport is located at Blécherette,
and also houses a Boeing 737 Simulator. The city is also directly linked by train to the
Geneva International Airport, four times an hour, in 42min.==Economy==As of 2010, Lausanne had an unemployment rate
of 8%. As of 2008, there were 114 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 25
businesses involved in this sector. 6,348 people were employed in the secondary sector
and there were 698 businesses in this sector. 83,157 people were employed in the tertiary
sector, with 6,501 businesses in this sector.There were 59,599 residents of the municipality
who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 47.4% of the workforce. In
2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 75,041. The number of jobs in the
primary sector was 93, of which 56 were in agriculture, 34 were in forestry or lumber
production and 3 were in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector
was 6,057 of which 1,515 or (25.0%) were in manufacturing, 24 or (0.4%) were in mining
and 3,721 (61.4%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was
68,891. In the tertiary sector; 8,520 or 12.4% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair
of motor vehicles, 2,955 or 4.3% were in the movement and storage of goods, 4,345 or 6.3%
were in a hotel or restaurant, 4,671 or 6.8% were in the information industry, 6,729 or
9.8% were the insurance or financial industry, 8,213 or 11.9% were technical professionals
or scientists, 5,756 or 8.4% were in education and 14,312 or 20.8% were in health care.In
2000, there were 55,789 workers who commuted into the municipality and 19,082 workers who
commuted away. The municipality is a net importer of workers, with about 2.9 workers entering
the municipality for every one leaving. About 1.9% of the workforce coming into Lausanne
are coming from outside Switzerland, while 0.1% of the locals commute out of Switzerland
for work. Of the working population, 40.9% used public transportation to get to work,
and 35.1% used a private car. Philip Morris International, a tobacco company,
has its international headquarters in Lausanne. Tetra Laval, a multinational packaging corporation,
has its international headquarters in Lausanne. Nespresso, an operating unit of the Nestlé
Group, based in Lausanne. Logitech, the computer peripherals company
has its headquarters in Lausanne.==Education==In Lausanne about 40,118 or (32.1%) of the
population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 22,934 or (18.4%)
have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of
the 22,934 who completed tertiary schooling, 38.7% were Swiss men, 31.3% were Swiss women,
17.1% were non-Swiss men and 12.9% were non-Swiss women.In the 2009/2010 school year there were
a total of 12,244 students in the Lausanne school district. In the Vaud cantonal school
system, two years of non-obligatory pre-school are provided by the political districts. During
the school year, the political district provided pre-school care for a total of 2,648 children
of which 1,947 children (73.5%) received subsidized pre-school care. The canton’s primary school
program requires students to attend for four years. There were 6,601 students in the municipal
primary school program. The obligatory lower secondary school program lasts for six years
and there were 5,244 students in those schools. There were also 399 students who were home
schooled or attended another non-traditional school.Lausanne is home to a number of museums
including; the Collection de l’art brut, the Espace Arlaud, the Fondation de l’Hermitage,
the Musée cantonal d’archéologie et d’histoire, the Musée cantonal de géologie, the Musée
cantonal de zoologie, the Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts, the Museum of Contemporary Design
and Applied Arts, the Musée de l’Élysée and the Musée historique de Lausanne. In
2009 the Collection de l’art brut was visited by 27,028 visitors (the average in previous
years was 33,356). The Espace Arlaud was visited by 9,222 visitors (the average in previous
years was 14,206). The Fondation de l’Hermitage was visited by 89,175 visitors (the average
in previous years was 74,839). The Musée cantonal d’archéologie et d’histoire was
visited by 14,841 visitors (the average in previous years was 15,775). The Musée cantonal
de zoologie was visited by 30,794 visitors (the average in previous years was 30,392).
The Musée cantonal de géologie was visited by 28,299 visitors (the average in previous
years was 24,248). The Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts was visited by 26,456 visitors (the
average in previous years was 26,384). The Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied
Arts was visited by 28,554 visitors (the average in previous years was 22,879). The Musée
de l’Élysée was visited by 36,775 visitors (the average in previous years was 37,757).
The Musée historique de Lausanne was visited by 23,116 visitors (the average in previous
years was 22,851).As of 2000, there were 12,147 students in Lausanne who came from another
municipality, while 2,258 residents attended schools outside the municipality.===Libraries===
Lausanne is home to eight large libraries or collections of libraries. These libraries
include: Cantonal and University Library of Lausanne, the library of the Swiss Federal
Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), the libraries of the Réseau EPFL, the Bibliothèque
municipale de Lausanne, the Haute école de travail social et de la santé (EESP), the
HECV Santé, the Haute école de la santé La Source and the École cantonale d’art de
Lausanne (ECAL). There was a combined total (as of 2008) of 3,496,260 books or other media
in the libraries, and in the same year a total of 1,650,534 items were loaned out.===Tertiary education===
Lausanne enjoys some world class education and research establishments (see also Lausanne
campus), including private schools, attended by students from around the world. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne
(EPFL) University of Lausanne (UNIL)
HEC Lausanne, Faculty of Business and Economics of the University of Lausanne
University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV), a hospital centre with associated research
École hôtelière de Lausanne (EHL) École cantonale d’art de Lausanne (ECAL)
International Institute for Management Development (IMD)
Swiss Graduate School of Public Administration (IDHEAP)
AISTS (“International Academy of Sports Science and Technology”)
Business School Lausanne (BSL) The Lausanne campus of the University of the
Nations Pepperdine University maintains an international
study campus in Lausanne===
Primary and secondary schools===International schools: École française de Lausanne-Valmont
Lycée Pareto (Italian school) Brillantmont International School
International School of Lausanne==Culture and arts=====Heritage sites of national significance
===There are 46 buildings or sites that are listed
as Swiss heritage site of national significance. Additionally, the entire old city of Lausanne
and the Vernand-Dessus region are listed in the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.
Religious Buildings: Notre-Dame Cathedral, Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-François,
Swiss Reformed Church of Saint-Laurent and the Synagogue at Avenue de Florimont.
Civic Structures: Former Hôpital at Rue Mercerie 24, Former Federal Tribunal, the Former Académie
at Rue Cité-Devant 7, Casino de Montbenon, St-Maire Castle, Bois-de-Vaux Cemetery, Fondation
de l’Hermitage and House de maître, Railway station, Beau-Rivage Palace, City Hall, Hôtel
des Postes, Administration Building of André & Cie. S.A., Administration Building of the
Vaudoise Assurances, Apartment and Office Building at Rue du Grand-Chêne 8, Les Bains
de Bellerive, l’Estérel House, House at Chemin de Chandolin 4, the Mon-Repos estate
at Parc de Mon-Repos, Olympic Museum and Archives of the International Olympic Committee, the
vessels of the CGN (La Suisse (1910), Savoie (1914), Simplon (1920), Rhône (1927)), Pont
Chauderon, the Vernand-Dessus rural site, Site de l’Expo 64 avec Théatre de Vidy,
the Tour Bel-Air and the University Hospital of Lausanne (CHUV).
Museums and Libraries: Former Residence of the Bishop of Lausanne which is now the Lausanne
Museum of History, Bibliothèque des cèdres (former Bibliothèque des pasteurs), Beaulieu
Castle and the Collection de l’art brut, Fondation Toms Pauli Collection de tapisseries and d’art
textile, Galeries Saint-François, Musée de l’Élysée, Museum of Contemporary Design
and Applied Arts (MUDAC), Cantonal Botanical Museum and Gardens, the Roman Museum, the
Palais de Rumine with the Musée cantonal de géologie, Cantonal Museum of Zoology,
Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts, Musée monétaire cantonal de Lausanne (Cabinet des médailles)
and Musée cantonal d’archéologie et d’histoire. Archives: Archives of the Banque Vaudoise,
Archives of the City of Lausanne, Archives of Énergie Ouest Suisse (EOS), the Radio
Suisse Romande archives and the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland with archives.
Archeological sites: The Roman era/medieval hill-top city and the prehistoric settlement
and Roman era Vicus of Vidy (Lousanna).===Culture===The Orchestre de chambre de Lausanne, the
Lausanne Opera and the Ensemble vocal de Lausanne provide a diverse and rich musical life. The
latter has been under the direction of Michel Corboz for many years.
In January, the Prix de Lausanne, a famous dance competition, takes place at the Palais
de Beaulieu (the biggest theatre in Switzerland) over a one-week period. The event attracts
dancers and some of the big names in dance from all over the world.
The Swiss Film Archive is based in Lausanne and the city hosts film festivals such as
the Festival cinémas d’Afrique and the Lausanne Underground Film and Music Festival. In addition
to modern cinemas, the “Capitole” (in activity since 1929) is the biggest cinema in Switzerland
(currently 867 seats).The town hosted the Eurovision Song Contest 1989. Each July, the
Festival de la cité is held in the old part of town. Other music festivals include the
Bach Festival, the Festival et concours Bach de Lausanne, which follows the Nuit de musées
(museums’ night) in the fall season. Lausanne is also the home of the Béjart Ballet.===Monuments===
Cathedral (restored by Viollet-le-Duc) Saint-Maire Castle (Château Saint-Maire)
Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland Town Hall===
Museums===Lausanne is also the site of many museums: Archizoom
Musée Bolo Olympic Museum (Musée olympique)
Musée de l’Élysée Fondation de l’Hermitage (“Hermitage Foundation”)
Collection of Outsider Art (Collection de l’art brut)
Museum of Contemporary Design and Applied Arts (Musée de design et d’arts appliqués
contemporains) Lausanne Museum of History (Musée historique
de Lausanne) Musée Arlaud or “Espace Arlaud”
Espace des inventions (“Science Center for Kids”) at the Vallée de la Jeunesse
Fondation Claude Verdan – Musée de la main (“Museum of the Hand”)
Vivarium de Lausanne Cantonal Botanical Museum and Gardens (Musée
et jardins botaniques cantonaux) Cantonal Museum of Money (Musée monétaire
cantonal) (formerly “Cabinet cantonal des médailles”)
Cantonal Museum of Archeology and History (Musée cantonal d’archéologie et d’histoire)
Cantonal Museum of Fine Arts (Musée cantonal des beaux-arts)
Cantonal Museum of Zoology (Musée cantonal de zoologie)
Cantonal Museum of Geology (Musée cantonal de Géologie)
Lausanne-Vidy Roman Museum===Art galleries=======Main contemporary art galleries====
Galerie Lucy Mackintosh (closed) Dubner Moderne
Synopsism Espace Saint-François====Art centers or artist-run galleries====
Circuit Galerie Galerie 1m3
Doll espace d’art contemporain===
Music===Contemporary composer Leonardo Balada’s Symphony
No. 4 is subtitled ‘Lausanne’. Igor Stravinsky’s L’Histoire du Soldat was
premiered in Lausanne in September 1918.==Sports==Lausanne is home to the IOC, with water sports
available on the nearby lake and mountaineering in the nearby mountains. Cycling is also a
common pastime, with the vineyards in the surrounding hills providing extensive views
and challenging routes. There is an annual track and field meeting (Athletissima), road
running through the city (the 20 km (12 mi) of Lausanne), the Tour de Romandie road cycling
race, Marathon of Lausanne and triathlon competition, among other sports events. The two most important
sports are ice hockey and football. Lausanne will host the 2020 Winter Youth Olympics and
the 2020 IIHF World Championship. LocalLausanne Hockey Club
Lausanne-Sport Football Club Lausanne-Sports Aviron Rowing Club
Lausanne Sharks American Football Club Federation of Swiss Bandy
Stade Lausanne Rugby Club Lausanne University Club (Luc) RugbyInternationalLausanne
hosts the headquarters of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and Court of Arbitration
for Sport (CAS), and many other international sport associations: European Athletics Association (EAA)
International Baseball Federation (IBAF) International Federation for Equestrian Sports
(Fédération Équestre Internationale, FEI) International Fencing Federation (Fédération
Internationale d’Escrime, FIE) International Golf Federation (Fédération
Internationale de Golf, IGF) International Federation of Gymnastics (Fédération
Internationale de Gymnastique, FIG) International Hockey Federation (Fédération
Internationale de Hockey, FIH) International Rowing Federation (Fédération
Internationale des Sociétés d’Aviron, FISA) International Skating Union (ISU)
International Swimming Federation (Fédération Internationale de Natation, FINA)
International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) International Triathlon Union (ITU)
International University Sports Federation (Fédération Internationale du Sport Universitaire,
FISU) International Volleyball Federation (Fédération
Internationale de Volleyball, FIVB) International Wushu Federation (IWUF)
World Air Sports Federation (Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, FAI)
World Archery Federation (WA; Fédération Internationale de Tir à l’Arc, FITA)==Notable people==public service, the military & the churchPierre
Viret (1511–1571) a Reformed theologian and Protestant reformer
David-Louis Constant de Rebecque (1722–1785) colonel and commandant of a Swiss regiment
Alexandre Vinet (1797–1847) a Swiss critic and theologian
Amalric-Frédéric Buscarlet (1836–1928) overseas minister of the Church of Scotland,
promoted the building of the Scots Kirk, Lausanne in 1876
Major General Lionel Dunsterville CB CSI (1865–1946) a British general, who led Dunsterforce
Baron Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim (1867–1951) Finnish field marshal and president
Gustave Biéler DSO MBE (1904–1944) a Special Operations Executive agent during WWII
Metropolitan Anthony of Sourozh (1914–2003) Russian Orthodox ecclesiastic
Georges-André Chevallaz (1915–2002) an historian, politician, Mayor of Lausanne 1958-1973
and member of the Swiss Federal Council 1974–1983 Marceline Miéville (1921-2014) a dentist
and feminist politician Jean-François Bergier (1931–2009) an historian,
chaired the Bergier commission Jean-Pascal Delamuraz (1936–1998) Swiss
politician Daniel Brélaz (born 1950) a mathematician
and politician, Mayor of Lausanne 2001-2016science & architectureJean-Nicolas-Sébastien Allamand
FRS (1716–1787) a Swiss-Dutch natural philosopher Johann Ludwig Burckhardt (1784–1817) a traveller,
geographer and orientalist Oswald Heer (1809–1883) Swiss geologist
and naturalist Eugène Viollet-le-Duc (1814–1879) a French
architect and author Eugène Renevier (1831–1906) geologist and
professor at the University of Lausanne Léon Walras (1834–1910) Economist, Professor
of Economics at University of Lausanne, co-founder of the Lausanne School of economics, together
with: Vilfredo Pareto Vilfredo Pareto (1848–1923) Economist, engineer,
sociologist, philosopher, Professor of Economics at University of Lausanne, co-founder of the
Lausanne School of economics, together with: Léon Walras
Sir Waldemar Haffkine (1860–1930) Ukrainian bacteriologist
Auguste Piccard (1884–1962) a physicist, inventor and explorer
Michel Mayor (born 1942) an astrophysicist, winner of the 2015 Kyoto Prize
Bernard Tschumi (born 1944) an architect, writer and educator associated with deconstructivismwritingJean
Bagnyon (1412-1487) a lawyer, historian, political writer and translator
Jean-Pierre de Crousaz (1663–1750) a writer, theologian and philosopher
Edward Gibbon FRS (1737–1794) an English historian, writer and Member of Parliament
Benjamin Constant (1767–1830) a political activist and writer on politics and religion
Albert Chavannes (1836–1903) a Swiss-born American author, philosopher and sociologist
Charles-Ferdinand Ramuz (1878–1947) a French-speaking Swiss writer
Georges Simenon (1903–1989) a Belgian writer, created Jules Maigret
Alejo Carpentier (1904–1980) a Cuban novelist, essayist, and musicologist
Jean Anouilh (1910–1987) French dramatist Han Suyin (1917–2012) a Chinese-born Eurasian,
a physician and author of books on China Nanos Valaoritis (born 1921) a Greek writer,
poet, novelist and playwright Albin Schram (1926–2005) collected letters
by royals, scientists, writers and philosophers Jon Steele (born 1950) an American expat author,
cameraman and journalistactingGeorge Sanders (1906–1972) a British film and television
actor and author James Mason (1909–1984) an English actor
Freddy Buache (born 1924) cinema critic and director of the Swiss Film Archive 1951-1996
Capucine (1928–1990) French actress and model
Fernand Melgar (born 1961) a Swiss actor, producer, director and film editor
Vincent Perez (born 1964) film actor and director David Bennent (born 1966) actor
Élodie Frenck (born 1974) a Peruvian-Swiss-French actress
James Thiérrée (born 1974) a circus performer, violinist, actor and directorpaintingFrançois
Bocion (1828–1890) artist and teacher, painted scenes around Lake Geneva
Eugène Grasset (1845–1917) a decorative artist, a pioneer in Art Nouveau design
Elizabeth Thompson (Lady Butler) (1846–1933) a British painter of history paintings
Théophile Steinlen (1859–1923) a French Art Nouveau painter and printmaker
Marius Borgeaud (1861–1924) a Post-Impressionist painter
Félix Vallotton (1865–1925) a Swiss/French painter and printmaker associated with Les
Nabis Alice Bailly (1872–1938) a radical painter,
participated in the Dada movement René Auberjonois (1872–1957) a post-impressionist
painter Ernest Boiceau (1881–1950), artist and designer
Aloise Corbaz (1886–1964) outsider artist Lucienne Peiry (born 1961) PhD in the history
of art, specialist in Outsider Art (“Art Brut”), an exhibition curator and lecturermusic and
dancingKarol Szymanowski (1882–1937) a Polish composer and pianist
Hélène Boschi (1917–1990) pianist Maurice Béjart (1927–2007) dancer, choreographer
and opera director, ran the Béjart Ballet Charles Dutoit (born 1936) conductor
Manola Asensio (born 1943) a former ballet dancer
Jacques Viret (born 1943), French musicologist Pierre Amoyal (born 1949) a French violinist,
artistic director of the Conservatory of Lausanne Rachel Kolly d’Alba (born 1981) a violinist
and an honorary citizen of Asunción in Paraguayroyalty & the landed gentryPierre de Coubertin (1863–1937)
French baron, founder of the International Olympic Committee
Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg (1887–1969) Queen of Spain as the wife of King Alfonso
XIII Helen of Greece and Denmark (1896–1982)
Queen mother of Romania, saved Romanian Jews in WWII
Prince Nicholas Tchkotoua (1909-1984) a Georgian writer and member of the Order of Malta
Bhumibol Adulyadej (1927–2016) late King of Thailand, educated and lived locally 1933-1945
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (1938–2015) the last infante of Spain
Prince Egon von Furstenberg (1946–2004) a socialite, banker, fashion and interior
designer Princess Yasmin Aga Khan (born 1949) an American
philanthropist Princess Margareta of Romania (born 1949)
daughter of King Michael I and Queen Anne of Romania
Princess Elena of Romania (born 1950) daughter of King Michael I and Queen Anne of Romania
Princess Ubol Ratana (born 1951) Thai princess Prince Christoph of Hohenlohe-Langenburg (1956–2006)
a European socialite Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany
(born 1966) head of the Tuscan branch of the House of Habsburg-LorrainebusinessPeter Carl
Fabergé (1846–1920) a Russian jeweller of Fabergé eggs, founded House of Fabergé
Coco Chanel (1883–1971) a French fashion designer and business woman
Ingvar Kamprad (1926–2018) founded IKEA Paloma Picasso (born 1949) a French and Spanish
fashion designer and businesswoman Dominique Lévy (born 1967) art dealersportAndré
Wicky (1928–2016) racing car driver and team owner
Umberto Agnelli (1934–2004) head of Fiat and Juventus F.C.
Bertrand Piccard FRSGS (born 1958) psychiatrist and balloonist
Patrik Lörtscher (born 1960) 1998 Olympic gold medalist in curling
Stéphane Chapuisat (born 1969) footballer Sébastien Loeb (born 1974) a French professional
rally, racing, and rallycross driver Ludovic Magnin (born 1979) a former footballer,
347 club caps with 63 for national side, current manager of FC Zürich
Lorik Cana (born 1983) Albanian former professional footballer, 388 club caps and 92 for national
side Stan Wawrinka (born 1985) tennis player
Stéphane Lambiel (born 1985) a figure skater and coach and 2006 Winter Olympic silver medallist
Timea Bacsinszky (born 1989) tennis playernotorious notablesMarie Manning (1821–1849) a Swiss
domestic servant and, with her husband, a murderer
Serge Voronoff (1866–1951) a French quack surgeon of Russian extraction
Gaston-Armand Amaudruz (1920–2018) a neo-fascist political philosopher and Holocaust denier
Jocelyn Wildenstein (born 1940) an American socialite, with extensive cosmetic surgery==See also==Franco-Provençal language
Eurovision Song Contest 1989 International Academy of Sport Science and
Technology (AISTS) Lac de Sauvabelin, Tour de Sauvabelin
Beau-Rivage Palace Scots Kirk, Lausanne (Church of Scotland)
List of mayors of Lausanne Lausanne Conference, 1949
Treaty of Lausanne (1564) Treaty of Lausanne (1912)
Treaty of Lausanne (1923

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