Language Teaching Methods: Audio-Lingual Method



hello my name is Diane Larson Freeman I'm a teacher educator at the school for international training it's common in language teaching education programs to serve a current language teaching methodologies at si T we do this by giving our teacher trainees a direct experience with each method the purpose of this videotape series is to provide you with a similar the vicarious experience involving six common methods yo-yo lingual method community language learning the comprehension approach suggests a pedia Silent Way and the communicative approach the intermediate level lessons you will observe were taped at the television studios of the USIA in Washington DC and it is through the courtesy of the USIA but this program is being made available to you the students were all volunteers who are studying English at the time the instructors are experienced language teachers and teacher educators from si T who of each taught students in various parts of the world using the methods they demonstrate for you here for the sake of coherence the instructors have designed their lessons around a common theme namely that of a house what you will see are somewhat condensed versions of the original lessons all the steps of the lessons have been preserved but some of the participation has been trimmed in the interest of time the instructors have tried to faithfully depict each method but of course each instructor is also putting the principles into practice based upon his or her interpretation and experience first I will introduce each method next you will observe the method in practice afterwards I will point out the salient techniques and principles associated with each method the lessons are meant only to introduce you to these methods all of the methods have a richer repertoire of principles and techniques they can be fully portrayed here if you wish to learn more you may choose to consult my book techniques and principles and language teaching published by Oxford University Press as you view the tape try to remain open to what you see you may be missing out on something valuable if you reject any of the things you observe in these lessons because you don't see how they could apply to your own situation for example there are about 25 students participate these lessons your own classes may be much larger than these rather than thinking this will never work with a large class think instead is there anything worthwhile for me in this technique and if the answer is affirmative next ask yourself how then can I adopt this technique to my own circumstances or what other way can I put this principle into practice let your imagination create the possibilities for you the first method we will observe is the audio lingual method or ALM it's a method with which many of you may already be familiar my colleague Michael Gerald will now demonstrate the ALM watch carefully what the teacher is doing and what he is asking the students to do good morning class fine thanks how are you good I'm happy to hear that today today's lesson is going to be about two people about a Salesman a special kind of a Salesman now you know what a Salesman is that's a person who sells something to somebody else a Salesman we're going to today the salesman is a vacuum cleaner salesman and the other person here's the vacuum cleaner salesman and let me write that the other person is a woman or we could we could call her a housewife so now I want you to just listen and watch what I do listen carefully watch what I do and try to understand okay now I'm the salesman now okay I'm going to be both people I'm going to play two roles I'm going to be the salesman and the woman okay ring-ring ring-ring ring-ring ring-ring now the woman hello hello madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town yes of course I would then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner no I don't salesman what why not because my husband does the cleaning in our house oh okay now listen and I'll do it one more time you just listen and don't talk this time listen again I'll do it one more time salesman rings the bell good morning good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town yes of course I would then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner the woman says no I don't salesman says what why not and the woman says because my husband does the cleaning in our house and the salesman says oh all right now we're going to learn this together now I'm going to help you learn how to say this whole dialogue okay so please repeat the first line is the woman says good morning good morning Molly the salesman says good morning would you like to have the cleanest house in town okay house in town just say that much houses the cleanest house in town okay now just Group D here the cleanest house in town hey the cleanest Towson that's okay the cleanest house in town the cleanest house in town clearly has houses down okay now just you the cleanest house in town the cleanest house in town the cleanest house in town the cleaner horse in car cleanest greenest the cleanest house in town the cleanest house in town good Gregor okay this group the cleanest house in town that is house you down the cleanest house in town ah no just right now just this group okay let's get in a minute in a minute the cleanest house in town just clean this housing time you man the penis housing done the cleanest house in town good everybody the cleanest house in town would you like to have the cleanest house in town would you like to have the cleanest house in town okay would you like to have the cleanest house in town good okay you would you like to have the cleanest house the the cleanest house in town good okay from the beginning now the the the woman says good morning everybody good morning good morning the salesman says good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town okay good now the woman says yes of course I would yes yes of course I would yes all right this half of the class yes of course I would this half yes of course I would yes you please yes of course I would yes of course I would yes of course I would yes of course yes you have to sale it with say it with feeling right yes of course I would yes of course I thank you yes sir yes also you yes of course I would yes of course okay everybody yes of course I would yes salesman says then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner vacuum cleaner Hoover vacuum cleaner the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner okay this group then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner all right you the then then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner good very good very good all right you try it then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner vacuum cleaner very good everybody then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner now you remember that we don't write down these dialogues as we're saying them because at the end of the class I will give you a copy so you can read it right now concentrate on memorizing it just from the sounds okay and later you'll be able to see it in writing so from the beginning the woman says good morning good lighting the man says good morning madam okay good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town yes of course I would yes then you need the amazing Matt 'im you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner you need making fool about Molina no I don't know I do what why not what why not what why not what went on yeah what why not okay use the gesture see what what why not why not try it try it with your hands use your hand what why not yeah what why not in your shoulders say my Sheldon why not what why not okay everybody together what why not okay and the woman says because my husband does the cleaning in our house in our house in the cleaning in our house my husband does the cleaning in our house because my husband does the cleaning in our house this group here please just you just this group because my husband does the cleaning in our house okay listen to me because my husband does the cleaning in our house wait wait okay just you please you try it does does the cleaning now again because my husband does the cleaning in our house good very good everybody because my husband does the cleaning in our house and then the salesman says oh he's sad oh I will I will be that I will be the salesman and you all of you will be the woman ok I'm the salesman so I ring the bell ring ring ring ring good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town then madam you need the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner why me why not okay now now will change and you will be the salesman and I will be the woman okay ring the bell ring the bell good morning the cleanest house in town would you like to have the cleanest house in town yes of course I would the amazing Hoover vacuum cleaner no I don't why not because my husband does the cleaning in our house all right can we have two volunteers two volunteers come up placing and how about a woman no and Hasan you can be the salesman here she is and we need a woman Sonia please oh just you begin ring the bell good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town of course then then we I got the hover amazing Cobra magma cleaner than you you need the amazing covert vacuum cleaner oh no I don't what why not because my husband does that leave these in our house oh I'm sorry I'm sorry you didn't sell it excellent we have two more people please do want people to do this two more volunteers two more brave courageous volunteers here's one what are you you want to be the salesman here saleswoman okay and yes yes you're the housewife for the morning good morning man we like to have we have another clinics girls in town yes I do of course I would that's cool of course I will then you need the amazing cooler cleaner oh I don't what what not because and my husband some community now we're going to do a little grammar practice grammar practice okay would you like to have the cleanest house in town prettiest house good would you like to have the prettiest house in town greenest lawn would you like to have the greenest lawn in town good okay now again this time individual people okay we'll do it again would you like to have the cleanest house in town do you like to have the cleaning house cleaners clean it would you like to have the cleanest house in town do you like to have the cleanest house them in town in town okay good would you like to have the cleanest house in town do you like to have a clean house details would would you like would you like to clean okay wait would you like to have the cleanest house in town would you like to have the cleanest house in town you let have the cleanest housing down would you like it to have a cleanest house in town the cleanest house in town get the cleanest house in town okay everybody would you like to have the cleanest house in town now you try again please to have the cleanest house in town okay everybody would you like to have the cleanest house in town the prettiest house will you good the biggest car greenest lawn would you like to have the greenest lawn in town very good very good now I will ask the question would you like to have the cleanest house in town you answer yes of course I would yes of course I would okay I asked the question you give the answer would you like to have the cleanest house in town would you like to have the biggest car in town yes would you like to have the greenest lawn in town yes of course I would yes would you like to have the prettiest house in town now you ask me the questions cleanest house ask me the question yes of course I would prettiest house yes of course I would biggest car yes of course I would the greenest lawn yes I of course of course I would yes it's only now at the end of the grammar drilling that the students see the printed word okay now this time I'll read it and then you repeat after me read it and repeat okay good morning good good morning madam would you like to have the cleanest house in town yes of course I would yes then madam you need the amazing Hoover a vacuum cleaner no I don't know what why not what because you see my husband does the cleaning in our house oh all right now for your homework for tomorrow I want you to memorize this memorize it and tomorrow in class tomorrow I'm going to ask you to say this perfectly with no mistakes without the paper you understand so your homework tonight is to memorize this perfectly okay and then the other thing you have to do you have two things for homework you have to sell this vacuum cleaner to someone okay sell this vacuum cleaner to someone for homework okay that's all for today thank you for coming see you tomorrow good bye as the lesson began we saw the teacher presenting a dialogue to the class the students just listened to the teacher at first one of the ALM teaches major roles is that of a model of the target language it's the students job to repeat as accurately as they can the teachers model language learning is seemed to be a process of habit formation the more often the students repeat something the stronger the habit and the greater the learning we saw how the students stumbled over one of the lines of the dialogue they were repeating and this happened the teacher used a backward buildup drill with a troublesome line he started at the end of the sentence and had the students repeat the final phrase to this he added each phrase in turn until the students were able to say the whole sentence smoothly the teacher corrected students errors in other ways as well for example by quickly saying the phrase for the students to hear and repeat it's important to prevent learners from making errors since errors lead to the formation of bad habits later in a lesson the teacher used grammar drills a single slot substitution drill and a question-and-answer drill these drills help students to learn or even better to over learn the sentence patterns of the target language the over learning leads to automaticity you may have noticed that the teacher often said good or very good in this way he positively reinforced his students work such reinforcement helps the students develop correct habits it wasn't until the end of the lesson that the students got to see the written version of the dialogue which they were learning this is consistent with the ALM principle that speech is more basic to language in the written form

29 thoughts on “Language Teaching Methods: Audio-Lingual Method”

  1. they were all SOOOO eager those days…hm… not like nowadays. The golden days of language learning are over…

  2. The topic and sentences taught is not really important for students. Maybe a housewife talking about how she cleans the house is more useful for students.

  3. We watched this video.It was very strange, but interesting.They did the production ,repeated the sentences,it seemed to us funny. Thus,it improves memory and vocabulary .Thank you teacher 😊😄😄

  4. I don't see the point. If they're at the level of understanding what the teacher is saying, why do they have to repeat simple sentences so many times? Is it about practicing pronunciation? If so, why asking the students to repeat instead of explaining one or two rules and giving examples?

    What's the principle behind this?

  5. I personally think Audio-lingual Method would work on children learners more effectively than on aldult

  6. My first impression is that ALM as demonstrated here is not suited for anything like a communicative language approach. There is much to be said for parroting as a pronunciation technique — suprasegmentals especially — but telling students what to say rather than eliciting what they want to say or ask or communicate about has real limits.

  7. Why doesn't the teacher correct the pronunciation of the last syllable in cleanest when the old Asian guy with a shiny forehead obviously said it wrong? I just can't bear it. And the woman that fails to repeat correctly several times is because she doesn't understand how the sentence is organized. She needs more grammar instruction beforehand. So she misses the point of this practice. But I like the method. The dramatic performance makes the group class more lively, so students' memory of how the expressions are used in real situations is enhanced. Repeating and acting is a key to language acquisition. Students need repeating from listening to store the language in their head.

  8. This method is only useful for military officials, who are of degraded intelligence. That is why was introduced for the first time in the US army; also, a bunch of uneducated arseholes, like in any other army.

  9. Now audio-lingual method is kind of out-of-date. That is a methold commonly used in the time when the slide had not reach the general population.

  10. Hhhhhh I like it
    But I think it will be more useful and enjoyable for young learners more than adults .

  11. Hello mr Gerald , I remember you as one of the best teacher I have ever known!!!! , I met you in El Salvador.. My name is Maggie Guardado.

  12. WIthout grammar instructions and rules, communication could not be flexible in specific contexts. Real-life situations are full of unexpected expressions and verbal responses. This method may be suitable for children classes only at the discretion of the teacher. Besides, students would be exhausted to be forced all the time.

  13. The intro reminds me of John Larroquette's monologue at the beginning of "Texas Chainsaw Massacre". This lady's delivery is excellent; I felt a serious sense of foreboding while listening to her into.

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