Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology | Wikipedia audio article

The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports,
Science and Technology (文部科学省, Monbu-kagaku-shō), also known as MEXT, Monka-shō, is one of
the ministries of the Japanese government.==History==
The Meiji government created the first Ministry of Education in 1871. In January 2001, the former Ministry of Education,
Science, Sports and Culture (文部省, Monbu-shō) and the former Science and Technology Agency
(科学技術庁, Kagaku-gijutsu-chō) merged to become the present MEXT.==Brief==
MEXT is led by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, who
is a member of the Cabinet and is chosen by the Prime Minister, typically from the members
of the Diet. The Japanese government centralises education,
and it is managed by a state bureaucracy that regulates almost every aspect of the education
process. The School Education Law requires schools
around the country to use textbooks that follow the curriculum guideline set by the ministry,
although there are some exceptions.==Activities==
MEXT is one of three ministries that run the JET Programme. It also offers the Monbukagakusho Scholarship,
also known as the MEXT or Monbu-shō scholarship. The Ministry also sets standards for the romanization
of Japanese.MEXT provides the Children Living Abroad and Returnees Internet (CLARINET) which
provides information to Japanese families living abroad.MEXT sends teachers around the
world to serve in nihonjin gakkō, full-time Japanese international schools in foreign
countries. The Japanese government also sends full-time
teachers to hoshū jugyō kō supplementary schools that offer lessons that are similar
to those of nihonjin gakkō or those which each have student bodies of 100 students or
greater. In addition, MEXT subsidizes weekend schools
which each have over 100 students.==See also==
National Spiritual Mobilization Movement Education in Japan
Fundamental Law of Education History of education in Japan
Japanese history textbook controversies Monbukagakusho Scholarship==Notes

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