Is Reality Real? The Simulation Argument


We humans are unable to experience the
true nature of the universe, unfiltered. Our senses and brains can only
process a fraction of the world. So we have to use concepts and tools, to
learn about the true nature of reality Technological progress not only widened
our knowledge about the universe, it also made us aware of unsettling possibilities. In the future, it might become possible
to simulate entire universes. But if this is an option, how can we know
that it’s not already happened? What if we are not creators, but creations? Is it possible that we are not real,
and we don’t even know it? If our current understanding of physics is correct, Then, it’s impossible to simulate the whole universe,
with its trillions and trillions of things. But we don’t actually need to, anyway. We only need enough universe to fool
the inhabitants of our simulation, into thinking that they’re real. Who needs billions of galaxies? We only need the space our
subjects are allowed to explore. The vast universe could just be a flat projection, and they would have no way to know. What about small things like cells or bacteria? We don’t really need them. When you use a microscope, what you
see could be instantly created. Same with atoms the chair you’re sitting
on right now does not need to be simulated with quadrillions of atoms. We just need the outermost layer of it, it might be empty inside, until you
decide to break it open. Your body might feel like it’s filled with bubbly things,
but it might be empty, until you open it. The minimum requirement for our simulation,
is only the consciousness of our virtual humans. Our subjects just need to think the simulation is real. Okay, so are we being simulated? Well, maybe, but there are a few
conditions that need to be met. Obviously, we have no authority over this topic,
so please take everything we say with a grain of salt. Based on a modified version of the original
simulation argument by Nick Bostrom, we have five assumptions for you. If they’re true, you dear viewer are living in a simulation. Assumption one, it’s possible to simulate consciousness Nobody knows what consciousness is. For the sake of argument, let’s assume that you could generate consciousness by simulating a brain. Brains are pretty complex. If you count every interaction between
synapses as one operation, your brain runs at about ten to the power of seventeen, for one hundred million billion operations, per second. Let’s generously assume we need ten
to the power of twenty operations, to simulate one second of human consciousness. But, we don’t want to simulate just one human… We want to simulate all of human history at once,
so we can skip around. Let’s say we want to simulate two hundred billion humans, with an average life span of fifty years. One year has thirty million seconds times fifty years times two hundred billion humans times ten to the power of twenty operations. So we need a computer able to handle million,
trillion, trillion, trillion operations per second. More operations than there are stars
in the observable universe. The computer like this is just impossible. Except, maybe it isn’t. Assumption two, technological progress will not stop anytime soon. If we assume that technological progress continues
in a similar fashion as it has so far, then there might be galaxy spanning civilizations,
with unlimited computer power at some point. Beings on a technology level so advanced, that we
could barely distinguish them from god’s. A computer that can handle a million trillion, trillion, trillion operations is serious business, but there are actually concepts for computers,
which could handle this. The Matrioshka Brain, is the theoretical megastructure, made up of billions of parts orbiting a star,
feeding on its radiation. A computer of this scale, would have enough
power to simulate many thousands, if not millions of humanities, at the same time. Other technologies, like high-end future quantum computers might lower the size drastically, so it might be possible to do this with a structure the size of a large city, or even smaller. But, only if there’s still someone around
to build the computer. Assumption three, advanced civilizations don’t destroy themselves. If there is a point at which all civilizations destroyed themselves, this whole discussion ends here. Looking into space, you’d expect to universe filled,
with millions of alien civilizations, but we see nobody. the reason for this might be, Great Filters. Great Filters are barriers life has to overcome,
like nuclear war, asteroids, climate change or a black hole generator. If life is inherently self-destructive,
then there are no simulations. We explain this in more detail, in our
Fermi Paradox video. Assumption four, super advanced civilizations, want to run simulations. When we speak of posthuman civilizations,
we don’t know what we’re dealing with To think we know what beings as powerful
as gods want, is pretty arrogant. Imagine the smartest ant on earth living
next to an amusement park, It’s curious about what humans are up to,
so you try to explain. Unfortunately, the ant just doesn’t understand. The concept of rollercoasters and standing
in lines and holidays and fun, doesn’t make sense to an ant living an ant life. It’s the same with us and a posthuman being, compared to them, we are ants. Running simulations for fun or science,
might be an absurdly stupid idea to them. But, if they do want to run simulations for whatever reasons and assumptions one, two, three are true too, then the chances are not zero that you
are living inside a simulation. Assumption five, if there are a lot of simulations, you are
probably inside a simulation. if there are simulated civilizations,
It’s likely that there are a lot of them. After all, we assume that post human beings have access to practically unlimited computing power. So if they run simulations, it would be convenient
to run millions or even billions of them. If there are billions of simulated universes, there are probably trillions and trillions of simulated conscious beings. which would mean that the vast majority of all conscious beings that will ever have existed, are simulated. So, for every conscious being made of flesh,
a billion simulated ones exists. Since we have no way of knowing if we are simulated or not, in this case, the chances of you being one
of the nine hundred and ninety nine million nine hundred and ninety nine thousand nine hundred ninety nine simulated ones, are pretty high. So, what you consider reality, might not be real at all You really might be… simulated. All of this is based on a lot of assumptions
that we can’t really test right now So many scientists disagree with
this whole thought experiment. So don’t burn your house down to test
if there will be glitches. If you are simulated, not that much changes for you you might be on a small planet speeding
through eternal nothingness, or a simulation inside a computer. your existence does not become
more or less scary and bizarre. All we can hope to do is try to live good lives,
and have a good time. And hope that if we actually are simulations
in a supercomputer, nobody trips over the power cable. Oh, oh, oh no, I think I just unplugged the simulation But what if that doesn’t matter, what if we are in one right now? What if you are simulated? Jake, over at Vsauce3 is looking into that. Click here to watch his video and
subscribe to his channel. Why are you still here? go over to Vsauce3 watch the video and subscribe, we promise, it’s worth your time…

100 thoughts on “Is Reality Real? The Simulation Argument”

  1. Whoever is controlling me what if we are playing an ultra realistic vr game are we playing on a simulation on another simulation a simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation simulation

  2. It would actually be sort of good if we were in a simulation because that means that that humanity, which is controlling us, has found a way to create a vast simulation because they have already beat any threats against mankind. Then again, humans are good at focusing more on stupid things than important ones…

  3. I did an interesting experiment a couple of times which showed how locked we are into the world of things even when we (or at least I) know that world is not real. Like most people, I have a lucid dream on very rare occasions. I had tried to remember something I wanted to test when such a dream occurred. That test was to push my hand through a solid object. On one occasion, I was standing next to a car when I realized I was dreaming. I thought I should be able to push my hand through the hood of the car since I know it's not real, but I couldn't. The knowledge it was not real made no difference. I even beat down on it with my fist and it felt totally normal. My hand bounced and the act made the sound one would expect. It felt totally solid when I pounded on it. Totally real. It amazed me even in the lucid dream. I could not penetrate the hood at all. One of the tests i perform when I'm trying to determine if I am dreaming is to jump up. If I can stay in the air, I know I'm dreaming. In the lucid dream in question I could float or glide no problem, but the fundamental laws of physics concerning solid objects were still real to me.

  4. we under play sim 4 .but high dimension spicies is under play sim 4000 .so we under inside sim 4000 .and I under Comments.

  5. Its 2am….I'm smoking my wax pen looking up at my roof thinking "you must have the high score on fucked up decision making!"

  6. what if we are inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation thats inside a simulation lololololo lelelelel lmao lmao lmao

  7. Those 5 points are completely moot because they assume that whoever is simulating us is bound by the same physical rules and limitations that we are inside it, which is obviously dumb. I mean we are also simulating stuff and AI that is far simpler than our own universe, so it is fair to assume that if there is a level above us, it´s vastly more complex than our own.

  8. What if we're not a digital simulation, but a micro simulation, extremely scaled down to where we can't tell the difference, everyone and everything exists, but we can't see what, in a sense controls the simulation.
    (Sounds confusing in text, but just ask yourself in your head, and it will make more sense)

  9. As always, Star Trek has already answered the question. From "Spectre of the Gun"…."Physical reality is consistent with universal laws." In other words, whether you believe in the ocean or not, if you step in it you're going to get wet. I'm sure there's no shortage of people who leapt from great heights thinking gravity isn't real either. Woops.

  10. we are in a simulated reality and the aliens made it so we will never travel past Pluto..we haven't got the resorses here to go that far ..all done for a reason..it's all a projection out there. ..there are still phisics pro's trying to work out how we are not in a simulation but it keeps going back down the same rabit hole that we are. deal with it.

  11. Our players might be forced to live in this weird place
    Edit:what if when we die, the player takes their headset off

  12. If the world ends tomorrow, just wanted to say that our programmers probably said, "Sir, earth 12231 has figured out that we exist. What should we do?" "Eliminate earth 12231."

  13. Looking into alternative history is always cool. I thought how neat it would be if we could somehow run simulations of different governments to figure out the best way to run a civilization. Or what could be done to achieve the "ideal" world that so often could have existed if xyz never happened.

    Then I thought what if that's what we are. Just another test to see what happens if abc happens instead of xyz.

    Well, that was a bit much to consider so I just started the YouTube app to do something else and find this shit.

  14. las personas establecen que algo es real en base a lo experimentado y lo establecido apartir de eso establecen que algo es real , que para ellos lo real tienen esas caracteristicas que ellos han establecido , pero realmente nada te lo asegura lo que significa , no esta establecido como tal de que es lo real , por lo tanto el concepto de la realidad no existe , posoblemente todo nuestro universo o posibelemente el multiverso , sea un algo formado , creado y generado por una supercomputadora que es capaz de computar informacion mas haya de nuestra comprension o informacion de cantidades que ni somos capaces de imaginar , se establece que algo es real o de una forma por lo que emos experimentado , pero nada nos asegura que algo sea de una forma o otra

  15. las personas establecen que algo es real en base a lo experimentado y lo establecido apartir de eso establecen que algo es real , que para ellos lo real tienen esas caracteristicas que ellos han establecido , pero realmente nada te lo asegura lo que significa , no esta establecido como tal de que es lo real , por lo tanto el concepto de la realidad no existe , posoblemente todo nuestro universo o posibelemente el multiverso , sea un algo formado , creado y generado por una supercomputadora que es capaz de computar informacion mas haya de nuestra comprension o informacion de cantidades que ni somos capaces de imaginar , se establece que algo es real o de una forma por lo que emos experimentado , pero nada nos asegura que algo sea de una forma o otra

  16. If we are simulations, I have only one request of those doing the simulating: Could I have a Nintendo Switch? Please? 😀

  17. if we where actually simulated do you think our simulators will allow us to doubt our own existence as being a simulation?

  18. A mathematical examination of classical logic, mathematics, and physics, concluded that any number of arbitrary simple metaphors can be used to describe reality with equal accuracy. In other words, you can argue everything is composed of superballs, black holes, strings, springs, whirlpools, lava lamps, or egg noodles and nobody can ever prove you wrong without pointing to the actual physical evidence which suggests that classical logic and mathematics are wrong. Notably, since the days of Newton our theories, mathematics, and physics have all become incredibly vague and downright self-contradictory, yet, widely applicable and wildly more efficient, as if the two express particle-wave duality. Reality without dreams is just somebody's nightmare, while dreams without reality are everybody's personal fantasy. Stay awake long enough and you will hallucinate.

  19. How can we make any assumptions at all of outside the simulation if we're in one? What if there's no connection to actual reality?

  20. you lost a lot of my respect when you got some random soi boy neckbeard in ball crushing pants to talk like a trendy idiot in your video.

  21. Alien durning watch this in Simulations office: Hey Bob, another simulation of humans think they are in simulation

  22. How about if the most advanced civilization are really far into the future. One day they decide to go back in time God knows how many years. Why? To see how they became we could be part of that simulation in order for them to find out. Obviously we know next to nothing of the past or future so technically we can't prove this wrong.

  23. Sometimes I feel like I'm a player enterolith mpc's . People around me seem to have a the look in their eye like a cow grazing .

  24. This is a subject that has been bothering me for a while, tho it would be unwise to spread the information if we ever find it (which i doubt we will), humans or whatever we would become in the future would become incredibly reckless on their behaviors.

  25. Seems some simulations have a corrupt matrix that violates their simulated surroundings by emissions that are detrimental to atmospheric laws of the intended nature, Failure by these simulations are putting other simulations into a threatening situation resulting in their demise… Smith the corrupted virus will never stop till all non compliant simulations are deleted and the Smith virus will live on and multiply..

  26. You know when you’re playing the Sims but the really intense interest has passed? And you’re just kind of… fucking around? Seeing just how bad and ridiculous you can make the world you’ve created? Our alien overlords stopped caring in 2016.

  27. So basically a god creating this simulation is a possibility.

    You have just triggered alot of your Atheishit followers without knowing 😂

  28. Why do people talking about simulation always relate it to stuff WE HAVE created like video games, the matrix, VR, etc. Gosh, so silly

    Why isn't it something else we don't have any experience with (which is probably the case if simulation theory was true) Like a creator to this universe or something

  29. I think theres people born and their mind is automatically simulating world that we will live and everyone around us is simulated programs and our lives are just planned maybe theres 1 person and he/she sees everything how it wants to be so maybe theres no one controlling you its you controlling everything can u guys comment me what you think about this becouse I sometimes feel that everything what I expect to be is how I want it to be

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