Is Earth Actually Flat?


Hey, Vsauce. Michael here.
In 2003, researchers did the measurements and found that Kansas is in fact literally
flatter than a pancake. Of course, the Earth is not flat, the Earth
is round. Otherwise travellers would be falling off
the edge all the time. Right? Wrong. If the Earth was not a ball shaped, but was
instead a flat disk, like this plate, well with the weight, density and thickness, living
in the middle could feel pretty normal. But as you move toward the edge, gravity on a disk Earth would slightly skew, pushing at a greater and greater angle back toward the centre. My friend Nick from ‘yeti dynamics’ put together
this great simulation. The person and buildings obviously aren’t
to scale but check out how such increasingly diagonal gravity would work.
Although this is a flat disk, it would feel to a runner headed toward the edge, like they were fighting to climb up a steeper and steeper hill. The building foundations behind the runner reflect how you would have to build structures, closer and closer to the edge, so that people living in them always felt like down was at
right angles to the floor – the way we feel it on our big, round Earth.
As you approach the edge, things would get scary. Remember, this is a flat Earth, but it would feel like a sheer drop off. What’s really cool is that contrary to the “don’t fall off the edge” fear, on a flat
world because of gravity, the scary risk would actually be falling away from the edge and
rolling all the way back to the centre. Once you stepped over the edge, instead of
falling off into space, you’d be able to relax. It would be a nice level place. This model, of course, neglects the fact that such a planet shape would be impossible. Anything as massive as the Earth, shaped like a flat disc, would, under its own gravity,
naturally collapse back into a ball. This is why in outer space everything more
than few hundred miles in diameter is round. Or so we’ve been told.
What if gravity isn’t real? What if the Earth is, in fact, flat and science
has been wrong all along? It’s a misconception that Christopher Columbus
discovered that the Earth is round. Virtually every scholar and major religion
in the West accepted Earth’s rotundity, since at least the time of the Ancient Greeks, who,
for instance, had noticed that boats disappear bottom first when sailing away.
And, as you walk north and south, stars pop in and out of the view. The misconception that only a few hundred years ago lots and lots of people believed
the Earth was flat likely began in the modern era, as a sort of insult.
Well, your people recently thought the Earth was flat, so why should we believe you now?
The smear was repeated and published so often it became accepted as historical fact.
“Flat-Earther” became synonymous with “Anti-science”. It might seem flat over short distances, but
over longer ones, well the Earth is pretty darn curvy. The Verrazano–Narrows Bridge, connecting Staten Island and Brooklyn, had to be designed
with Earth’s roundness in mind. Its 2 towers, separated by 1300 metres, and
perfectly vertical, are nonetheless 41 milimetres further apart at the top than at the bottom because of Earth’s curvature. In the 3rd century BC, Eratosthenes measured
the differences between shadows cast by poles in Syene and Alexandria to calculate, more
than 2000 years before rockets and space travel, the circumference of the entire globular Earth,
with, for the time, impressive accuracy. Word got around that the Earth was a round
shape after that. But in 1906, Wilbur Glenn Voliva became head
of a slightly bizarre religious sect that pretty much ran the city of Zion, Illinois. Voliva believed that the Earth was actually flat and he enforced flat Earth’s teachings
in schools in Zion. He also enforced that belief on really anyone
who entered the city. Voliva believed not only that the Earth was
flat, but that the sun was only few thousand miles away from Earth.
Not 93 million. He also believed that the sun was only 32
miles across, not 860 000. He sounds crazy, or does he?
You see, the same phenomenon Eratosthenes measured could be explained by a flat Earth,
if the sun were only few thousand miles away and 32 miles across – the math would work
out the same. Today, with the power of the Internet, modern
day flat Earthers have picked up where Voliva left off. They have quite good explanations for any evidence you throw at them that the Earth is round. Circumnavigation is really just a flat circle path. The round shadow Earth casts on the Moon during
a lunar eclipse could also be made by a flat disc.
Time zones are caused by spotlight sun, and remember how gravity would be totally different
on a disc-shaped planet? Well, they argue that gravity, as we know
it, simply doesn’t exist. The flat disc of Earth is merely accelerating
up at 9.8 metres per second. As for all of the photos and video evidence
we now have that the Earth is round, thanks to space exploration, well all of that material
is completely fabricated. A hoax, perpetrated by Big Globe.
Space agencies, airlines, globe manufacturers. They are reaping the rewards of our ignorant
belief that the Earth is actually round. They know, of course, that it’s flat.
And they’re hiding that truth from us. Is it merely a coincidence that the logo used
by the Flat Earth Society is a projection of Earth, centred on the North Pole, and also
happens to be the projection used by the United Nations? Are these people for real? Probably not most of them.
But this is the crocks of Poe’s Law. An adage that states that at their extremes,
parody of extremism and sincere extremism are difficult to distinguish. Although clever, flat Earth theories are predominantly ad hoc explanations – excuses made up on the
spot that only address one issue and don’t fit all the evidence. Science, of course, rejects a theory if a better one fits more of our observations,
but why the egoistical obsession with OUR observations? A cosmic ray particle could use the very same scientific method we use and conclude that
the Earth was, in fact, flat. You see, at speeds near the speeds of light,
time slows down and lengths contract. One way we know this is that unstable muons,
created in the upper atmosphere by the collision of cosmic rays with the atmosphere, should
mostly decay before reaching Earth’s surface. But yet, we detect a lot of them down here,
because they’re crazy fast speed literally means that, from our perspective, their physics
runs according to a slower clock; and to them, the distance they have to cover to the surface
during their short lives is, from their perspective, much much shorter than it appears to us.
If you’re a cosmic ray proton travelling at 99.9999999999991% the speed of light, Earth
would appear to be only 17 metres thick in the direction you travel. So Earth is flat to them, but round to us. It is ball shaped to some observers and flat to others. There doesn’t appear to be a single most correct-est,
in all circumstances, answer. Susan Haack compares knowledge to a crossword puzzle. New answers interweave with old ones, they
all reinforce one another. The clues are the questions we ask, and the
way the answers fall into a predetermined grid, well, that’s our confidence that we’re
on the right track. But that doesn’t mean one day there will be
a finished puzzle – a complete answer. Recall The New York Times famous 1996 crossword
puzzle that came out the day before the US election between Bill Clinton and Bob Dole.
The clue for 39 across was pretty crazy. You seemed to need to be able to tell the
future to answer it correctly. It simply said, “Lead story in tomorrow’s newspaper (blank) elected”. Well that blank could be Clinton or Bob Dole
and who’s to say which one until tomorrow? There’s no way to know.
But, as it turned out, the answer was Clinton, or Bob Dole.
No matter which you wrote in, all the other clues fit.
For instance, a “black Halloween animal” could either be a cat or a bat. Our knowledge about the outside world might be the same. A puzzle with no answer key, just the reassurance that the answers we think we know fit together,
so they’re probably correct. Though there’s always the possibility that
the answer to one clue, or all of them, will fundamentally not have a single definite satisfying answer. The puzzle may be playable forever. I like what Richard Feynman says about this. “Some people say ‘How can you live without
knowing?’ I do not know what they mean. I always live without knowing – that is easy.
How you get to know is what I want to know.” You know? And as always, thanks for watching.

100 thoughts on “Is Earth Actually Flat?”

  1. If you are spinning on a merry go round and then you let go you are going to fall off, you are going to fly away from the center. Don't listen to anybody use your own eyes and brain.

  2. If the Earth was a ball then the Moon would look upside down from Australia. Have you ever seen a picture of an upside down Moon ? You know they cameras in Australia and what they show is the Moons right side is now on its left side, but it is not upside down. The Earth is not a ball.

  3. Satan has tried to make the ball spinning earth hallucination as a fact since thousands of years ago, but only succeed at 15th century via Galileo Galilei, circumnavigation can be used on a lat earth and far more possible on a flat earth. You got no proof whatsoever of the motion earth!!

  4. Hey at 6:10 anyone noticed that the music is also the same music from one of the pixel gun levels, no just me.

    Ok

  5. We Have Been played By SATAN ..Lies & Deceptions …WE LIVED IN …METRIX LIE….TIME TO WAKE UP WORLD .. !!

  6. Ten and a half minutes and he doesn't answer the question.What i want to know is why he has 27,382,245 views.

  7. The Earth is neither flat nor spherical. It's an inverted sphere and everything we see is actually upside-down. And because our 3D brains cannot perceive a multi-dimensional inverted-sphere it translates this information as both flat and spherical dependent on our position of view.
    So the reality is that planets are both flat and spherical and yet they are not. I hope this helps.

  8. Imagine digging a hole,If the earth was FLAT we'll go straight to space then

    to those of you all flay earth believers 🙂

  9. Yes, space 100% vacum and earth 23% oxsygen what is between them? Gas? Glasphera? God holding air with his hands? Or scienist with his farytails? 😀

  10. dude knows flat-earthers don't believe in gravity… dude knows flat-earthers don't think they are in a solar system going around the sun. So he forces two factors that they don't believe in… into the model that they believe in. And then comes to the conclusion that they have no understanding????….. like reeeeeaaaally?!?!?

  11. oh my goodness…. NO FLAT EARTHER BELIEVES WHAT THE FLAT EARTH SOCIETY SAYS… NO FLAT EARTHER BELIEVES WHAT THE FLAT EARTH SOCIETY SAYS… NO FLAT EARTHER BELIEVES WHAT THE FLAT EARTH SOCIETY SAYS… NO FLAT EARTHER BELIEVES WHAT THE FLAT EARTH SOCIETY SAYS… NO FLAT EARTHER BELIEVES WHAT THE FLAT EARTH SOCIETY SAYS!!!!!!! Get it people??? The Flat Earth Society is a strawman. If you wanna debunk what a flat-earthet believes, then talk to real flat-earthers. Don't go to the website that intentionally misrepresents them… the website that they hate… the website that they want nothing to do with, and attach what is said on there to every flat-earther. If I went to a website that said globe believers think that trees are purple, then proceeded to ridicule what you thought. It would be obvious to you that the debate is going nowhere until the debate starts off on truthful grounds where both sides understand the position of the opposing side. I'm not claiming it's flat… I can see deception everywhere concerning the shape of the earth. And videos like this just make me more suspicious that someone somewhere with alot of power doesn't want people looking into the authentic claims of authentic flat-earthers… whether they be right or wrong, deflection on this topic is still occurring. Why? what's so dangerous about getting to the bottom of their beliefs. If it was as erroneous as they claim and it was that hurtful to the progress of the human race, as it is being claimed… then why not go ahead and get to the bottom of their beliefs and prove them wrong instead of deflecting? I want truth and debunking what flat-earthers don't believe is getting us no where.

  12. if its a crossword puzzle where multiple conclusions fit, and the puzzle is unfinished…. then how do you know you arrived at the correct answer when it comes to the shape of the earth?

  13. How can the sun be a spot light? If it is a spot light then how it's light is spreading in other directions?

  14. Y NO VA A FALTAR EL SALAME QUE DIGA: Y VOS FUISTE A LA ANTARTIDA Y NO TE DEJARON PASAR ¿ BUENO ABORTO CON PROBLEMAS COGNITIVOS. PRIMERAMENTE PARA TENER LOS HUEVOS DE HACER ESE COMENTARIO PASAME A BUSCAR CON TODOS LOS GASTOS PAGOS Y LO COMPROBAMOS JUNTOS. O TE PENSAS QUE CON EL GATO QUE TENEMOS GOBERNANDO ME SOBRA PLATA PARA IR A LA ANTARTIDA TODOS LOS DIAS… SI HAY UN CAMPEONATO AMATEUR DE PELOTUDOS VOS NO COMPETIS. PORQUE NO SE ADMITEN PROFECIONALES.

  15. of course its flat.
    but everyone has it wrong.

    a coin has two sides. so does the earth! there is no ice wall cus its the damn equator! we just sorta go over without seeing the edge cus the earth is pretty big… and it has to be at least 12 miles thick cus of that russian hole…

    its not an atom thick…

    the north and south poles are both central…

    of course, thats basically just an oblate spheroid but hey! i just unified two theories!

  16. I think the only thing flat earthers got on their side is photoshop.
    So if they're gonna throw out all the evidence we have for 1 thing, we gotta do the same.

  17. What is on the other side of our flat earth?

    AND where is the earths core and crust? Idk I may believe IT?

  18. Revelation 7:1 After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth to prevent any wind from blowing on the land or on the sea or on any tree

  19. If the earth is a ball then show us live feed footage of the full ball earth with zoom-in’s so that we can see structures and buildings and mountains upside down and sideways. You can’t because it’s all a damn hoax. Earth is fixed and flat. And these people are damn liars. Vsauce BITCHES!

  20. i wonder if a bunch of actually smart people tried to make a flat earth model that explains as many things as possible at the same time, what would that model look like?

  21. then what would you say about this👉
    https://islamqa.info/en/answers/118698/consensus-that-the-earth-is-round ?

  22. There are different culture,civilazion, different living creatures but only human can control and understand how to take care others creature and use of resources but don't forget that we are not superior in this universe.

  23. There are many things we have to control in nature after 10years we can control our climate and we have to make safe place for creature in proper food chain and food web . In future we don't not have to think about our food because all our work is done by Robert (technology). But we have to stop war with each other.

  24. Everyone: arguing if earth is flat or round.
    NASA: look at these idiots
    Government: Great distraction from what we are about to do.

  25. Hey flat earthers plates flat, but plates are round , like the earth 🌍
    Earth is round no matter what you idiot’s think, and cannot prove, there is not one planet , or piece of matter in the universe, that’s flat!
    The only thing in the universe that is flat, are, flat earthers flat empty heads!🤡🍽💿📀

  26. All generations have Thier theories . You think that you are in amordern world but that is rwong. How comes that Egyptians beault Thier pyramid? Do you think that the city of Babylon is a myth ? How could they beault such cities if they were not mordanity?

  27. Dude, you just described the ball model perfectly. Nice. Gravity is PURE THEORETICAL GARBAGE. Newton was a mamas-boy mad he got left for money. FORCE is what we got, nothing more, a fictitious FORCE.

  28. Part of the issue with Flat Earthers, and certain other theories? Is the crossword puzzle thing. Namely? It would require ALL of science being a lie.

  29. Yeah actually, well the waters are at least, rest is reletive, but it sure actually is not a hypersonic jetball spinning, nothing withstands 1,000mph.
    Anybody can tell me how do globe earthers explain the Pearl Harbor attacks??

  30. Yeah actually, well the waters are at least, rest is reletive, but it sure actually is not a hypersonic jetball spinning, nothing withstands 1,000mph.
    Anybody can tell me how do globe earthers explain the Pearl Harbor attacks??

  31. Yeah actually, well the waters are at least, rest is reletive, but it sure actually is not a hypersonic jetball spinning, nothing withstands 1,000mph.
    Anybody can tell me how do globe earthers explain the Pearl Harbor attacks??

  32. Why don't any of the flat earthers prove that the earth is flat by flying in a straight line to the edge of the earth? If they find the edge then its flat if they end up back at where they started the earth is round.

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