How We Could Build a Moon Base TODAY – Space Colonization 1


Humans dream about leaving Earth
and traveling through the galaxy. But we were born too early to be part of it. Or were we? The reality is, we could begin our dream
by building a Moon base today. We actually do have the technology and current estimates from NASA
and the private sector say it could be done for 20 to 40 billion dollars,
spread out over about a decade. The price is comparable to
the International Space Station or the budget surplus of Germany in 2017. Not that big an investment really. The payoff would be immeasurable. The Moon is a sandbox to develop new technologies and exploit unlimited resources. It would start a new space race and lay the foundation for us to spread out
into the solar system and beyond. It would create a vast array of new
technologies to benefit us on Earth and we would all be part of it. So, why aren’t we doing it? Well, sadly, it’s hard to get governments interested in long-term investments in the future of humanity. Let’s imagine, just doing it. If we start today, how would we build a Moon base? Throughout history, colonization happened in phases: In the first phase of the age of exploration
of the new world, for example, European monarchs funded expeditions to chart
and discover and to stake their claims. They planted a flag and set up a camp,
but they didn’t stay. In the second phase, small missions set up outposts and settlements were founded, which was still very dependent on
their home countries for supplies. Some failed, but others survived and
established a permanent presence. Only then, in the third phase, did a true colony form to which tradesmen and laborers could emigrate, creating new wealth and opportunities
for themselves and their families, sending extreme wealth back
to their countries of origin. When we colonize the Moon, we’ll go through the same three phases. This time, without murdering millions
of innocent people in the process. The Moon is not a welcoming place for living things. A Moon day lasts 29 Earth days, with a difference of maybe 300 degrees
Celsius between sunlight and shade. There’s no atmosphere to shield us from meteorites,
big and small, or cosmic radiation. Worse still, the lunar surface is covered
in a layer of nasty jagged dust. The Moon is hard. But we’re good at doing hard things. In the first phase of lunar colonization, our explorers proved it can be done that a new world can be reached. This face started 60 years ago with the Apollo missions. Since then, satellites like the American Lunar
Reconnaissance Orbiter have mapped the Moon, while rovers like the Chinese Yutu,
have studied the composition of the lunar surface. Looking for water, ice and metals. Phase one is more or less complete. We know what we need to know to enter phase two. In the second phase, astronauts will build the first Moon base and this could begin today. The first small Moon base could
be completed in a decade. The first nation that establishes this base, will be akin to the first nations building outposts
in the new world 500 years ago. It’s expensive to send rockets to the Moon. So we will send as little as possible. The base will be light, little more than inflatable habitats
for crews of no more than 12, and will be deployed somewhere with a natural shelter. Options include caves,
like underground lava tube tunnels, or craters near the poles,
where the days are six months long. These astronauts will not stay long. The habitat is likely to be abandoned between missions, as solar panels cannot generate
electricity during the lunar night. But they’ll do the groundwork to enable
humans to stay permanently. Our first crew will consist of scientists and engineers who will study the composition of the Moon and whose experiments will explore ways
of using the available lunar material. Say purifying the lunar ice and turning
it into water for human use. And water is important for far more than drinking. They can use it to experiment
with growing plants for food. Hydrogen fuel cells will store
power through the long night, extending astronauts’ days. And most importantly: It could be split into hydrogen and oxygen. Rocket fuel! By harvesting water from the Moon
and putting it into orbit, the Moon base will supply an orbital depot. Where scientific missions to Mars and
the outer solar system can refuel. Compared to the Earth, it’s much easier and cheaper
to get things off the Moon into orbit. Colonizing Mars may mean starting from the Moon. But this isn’t a true colony, not yet. The base will be abandoned if funding stops. If we want our base to grow into the third phase,
into a true colony, it must become self-sufficient,
supporting itself via exports to Earth. Now, private contractors arrive looking to get rich
off lunar resources and support services. If it’s cheaper to produce rocket fuel in space, what else can they get rich on? They could extract precious metals, abundant in impact craters and other raw materials from the lunar regolith. One promising possibility is the mining of helium-3, an isotope that could one day be used
in nuclear fusion reactors, something the Chinese lunar exploration
program is currently looking into. Future colonists may export helium-3 back to Earth, providing us with cheap and clean fusion energy. Asteroids could be pulled into
the Moon’s orbit and mined. With commercial exports to Earth, the colony is fully in its third phase, self-sufficient and economically productive. Our base will begin using lunar material in its
construction projects, if it’s to continue growing. Fortunately, lunar soil has all the necessary
ingredients to make concrete. Robotic mining rigs can sift
the lunar dust for organic molecules and could be used to build huge structures way too massive to be brought from Earth. While advances in 3D printing, will make it possible to produce almost
everything else the crews need. It’s hard to say when exactly the colony
becomes self-sustaining. Growth is gradual, experiments are replaced by industry and the population steadily reaches the hundreds, encompassing more than just scientists. Engineers, pilots and contractors representing
countries and corporations will be present. Two of these people will make a breakthrough. Not scientific, but social. They will have the first extraterrestrial child. Throughout history, the birth of the first child was celebrated
as a moment where the seed of a colony finally and irreversibly took root. Here, it means that the Moon is not just a place
for scientists and engineers to work, it’s a place for people to live, to raise a family. Once this transition happens, the colony grows rapidly, building more habitats and schools and farms and
all the things needed to support the growing population. As our colony grows, all kinds of new technologies
will be invented to sustain it. They might develop crops
that efficiently recycle carbon dioxide, or the grow with very little water. They might find ways to recycle and
reuse 100% of their waste, technologies that are extremely valuable for Earth. They could even build the first
space elevator in the Solar System. With a space elevator, spacecraft,
astronauts and raw materials, could be brought back and forth from lunar orbit, without needing to use rockets at all. The Moon may become a hub for economic activity
on a scale that’s hard to imagine right now. It’s hard to say who will own the colony at this point. Will the first person born on the Moon
take the national identity of their parents, or will a new generation melt together
into a new lunar society? And when existing treaties that bar any nation
from owning the moon are inevitably rewritten, will the colonists be given a say? Will they declare independence from the Earth? However it happens, the Moon is a perfect sandbox to learn
how to colonize the Solar System, the perfect project unify nations, and the only way to guarantee our survival as a species, should something tragic happen on Earth. If we ever want to colonize the Milky Way, we’ll have to start somewhere. So why not start there? Why not start now? While unfortunately you can’t jump on a spacecraft and go to the Moon right now, you can learn more interesting things
about space and our universe. And we can even help you with that. Kurzgesagt and Brilliant are collaborating
on a six-part video series about our favorite science and space topics. Kurzgesagt has worked with Brilliant for a while now and we love what they’re doing. In a nutshell, Brilliant teaches you science
and maths with a hands-on approach, by solving puzzles yourself, you learn to understand
concepts instead of just memorizing facts. If you’d like to think more like a scientist, go to brilliant.org/nutshell and sign up for free. The first 698 people to use the link get their
annual premium membership at a 20% discount and also support our collaboration with Brilliant.

100 thoughts on “How We Could Build a Moon Base TODAY – Space Colonization 1”

  1. >private contractors

    We can't let capitalism off this planet. It has to stay here and end here. Only the workers can be trusted to explore and inhabit the galaxy.

  2. Building a moon base = Great Idea (possibly)
    Flying upto the moon and turning it into the top of Mt. Everest = Dumb, Ignorant and Begging for Aliens or A.I. to kill us all. (Probably Righteously)

  3. There's a video game called Routine that's set on an abandoned moonbase where everyone mysteriously disappeared.

    F O R S H A D O W I N G ?

  4. In the Dyson sphere video you talked about "beaming" energy via a sort of mirror system. Couldn't we "beam" sunlight from lunar orbit the same way? Then we wouldn't be reliant on direct sunlight 🙂

  5. I hope that we do not go forward with a moon base, I mean when my future grandchildren sit outside at midnight during a full moon will they see the unchanged white circle in the sky that has watched earth change?

  6. If moon is colonized, there will be a few big wars between moon and the earth before the moon joins united nations. Don't look forward to it much.

  7. 지구는 몇억년에 걸쳐서 생태계가 상호작용하여 지금의 사람이 있는건데 달에서 과연 그런 상호작용들을 기대할 수 있을까? 이 프로젝트는 아직 시행착오가 많다고 본다

  8. One big reason we cannot start space colonization is because the west is so PC/Humanity brainwashed. They are not like their forefathers who would risk their lives traveling to the unknown without assurance that they can return back. So the cost designing space ship increases for back and forth missions. And also instead of Hiring Qualified engineers/scientist, they Want DIVERSITY even if that person is not knowledgeable or qualified! Meaning they want people based on Humanity/PC/morals instead of SCIENCE and Facts. They thought they are God or in a Fiction Movie.

  9. Not only building a moon base is a good idea, there's a crap ton of Helium-3 on the moon, which can be used for fusion reactors, boosting colonization furthermore

  10. Yea but they still need gravity of earth or the unborn baby become a bit damaged due to th parents not being too used to the moon so you'll have to stay there as a baby – child for you to be used to it

  11. What about gravity? Wouldn't living on the moon fuck with people's muscles? I mean you don't use it you lose it. Imagine being born on the moon and then coming to visit Earth, which has six times the gravity.

  12. You don't have to imagine it. Trump signed it and NASA is now set to establish a Moon base. One of the many pros of having a non-politician in the White House.

  13. It woud be the best to be like with ISS it doesnt stand with american flags but neither with russian flags its international so international moon base woud be the best because cooperation woud speed things up drasticaly (just my opinion)

  14. What i'm wondering is, what about solar eclipses? Would they be helpful? Or would it be too hot? Or maybe something else, same with lunar eclipses :/

  15. What i hate about humanity is that even if we are capable of doing great things, like colonizing the moon, the majority of us is too selfish. The only interest of the politicians of the world, no matter what nation we speak about, is money and this will be the ruin of mankind because i don't think that the people that believe in a united and better world would win….

  16. Meanwhile in my country still many peoples fighting about religion, ideology, racism, etc. Welcome to Indonesia.

  17. According to NASA, international treaty or whatever, nobody can own the moon.
    Children born there will most likely take nationalship of their parents. (If it ever happens)

  18. The only problem with this plan though is that if you decide to stay in space then you'd have to figure out a way to have the same type of gravity as Earth because if not and it's even weaker than Earth buy a lot then your body will start to weaken seeing that there is no need for your muscle mass as well as messing up a part of your brain

  19. Devote 20 to 40 bn to build a base on the moon while on earth people are slowly dying because of climate change : humanity is doomed. But hey NASA, congrats for the upcoming performances.

  20. Tides are hard enough to predict without removing unknown amounts of mass from the moon man. Shit would be catastrophic.

  21. Hey dude, do a video on type one and type two diabetes, I'm type one and I would really like for you to help spread awareness about it so more people can help towards a cure.

  22. yeah, I would kinda like to leave the planet and get away from these pedophile Elites like Jeffery Epstein's friends.

  23. My idea to get rid of the dust is a cleansing earea so the pioneers can go out to fix the rovers/robots and be cleansed as to not poison the crew with moon dust

  24. Just more proof that governments DO NOT CARE about humanity, the governments we have today are the most vile things humans have created, humans only exist to serve their whim and keep them parasitically alive until they eventually kill everyone.

    None of this will ever happen, humans were born on earth and will die on earth because the governments will never allow humanity as a whole to come together and forge a better future for everyone because that won't make them any money. The only hope we have is those same disgusting greedy bastards are the only people who will make it to the age of space colonisation, none of us will every see it.

  25. This sounds like those "A better future today!" Billboards from Fallout or something

    This got srs all of a sudden uhhh

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