How To Research & Script Educational Videos


– [Voiceover] Hello everyone, it’s Rowan. Today something a little
bit different from me instead of my face on
screen you are going to be seeing this lovely laptop screen. I’m gonna be taking you
through a brief overview of how I research and script my videos. This is for the YouTube Girls Project. Essentially encouraging women and girls who create on YouTube to share how they make videos to kind of demystify the process, share some tips with each other but also maybe encourage some other women and girls to jump on board and make their own videos as well. So the first thing I’m gonna talk about is sort of the inspiration for ideas for me they kind of come from anywhere and everywhere. Basically just have to be something that really holds my interests
and that I wanna find out more about. So, as soon as I have an idea, I’ll put it down in a document. I always have my ideas on separate pages. Just because I like to give them a lot of space. As soon as I come up with an idea I’ll immediately write down my initial thoughts and ideas about it. What made me interested in
it, often a lot of questions. So I thought I’m just gonna paste in here my original notes for a video which is gonna actually become
part of a larger project which is about the
trouble with LGBT history. So the idea of you know particular words not existing before a certain date so how to classify or label those people in history that would be called bisexual now for example in this instance, stuff about erasure about closetedness, a lack of continuity of information, et cetera et cetera. These are just my own thoughts, I ask myself a lot of questions in these notes, stuff that I want
to be thinking about when I actually do my research. That’s the first thing that I do. If it’s a topic that I know, I’ll write down sort of ideas for sections or headers,
and if it’s not a topic that I know, I go straight into research. You can see this is actually my actual document that I use for my ideas. It’s over 17,000 words now. And, there’s a lot there. I’m not the kind of person who can go straight through and just
research and write a script all at once, I find that
quite difficult to do so I tend to jump back and forth. And sort of whichever one I finish first ends up going up. So, in terms of research, what I essentially look at
is a few different places. So JSTOR I’m really lucky to have unlimited access to JSTOR, which is essentially if you don’t know a catalog library archive
of different journals, books sources stuff like that that often people use at university or in academia. So, I’m lucky enough to have this, and if you are at
university I would encourage you to use it, if you
make the kind of videos that need a lot of research. I’m gonna go with an
advanced search here actually because I know that if I
search women and robots I come up with literally thousands and thousands of results, so, women and robots I’m gonna kind of utilize
this advanced search by going with a title so I know it’s very very specifically to do with both these subjects, ’cause
often if you were to just type this in normally
I imagine a lot of the results would be about robotics and women might not be front and center. I’m also gonna have a look at the results for discipline, and I’m gonna specify
feminist and women’s studies just ’cause I think it’s
gonna be closer to the kind of text that I’m interested in. If I search this, it
comes up with one result Lifting the Burden of Women’s Care Work: Should Robots Replace the Human Touch? Now this doesn’t have a PDF to download and I know I can’t buy it, so essentially what I’m left with is a piece of content that I can’t technically access the whole thing. So there’s a couple of ways around this one if you wanted to if it was a project that
you really really wanted to know about, I would contact the person who’s written it or the
department that they were from to try and talk to them and see if you can get a copy. Sometimes they’ll just say
it’s behind a pay wall, sometimes like this one
which isn’t available, it might be that they have
a scan of it somewhere that you can use. But, for my purposes I’m
not necessarily interested in going that far with
this particular source, but what you can do ’cause
they will often have the first page, which will
almost always have some kind of abstract. So rather than using it for equating this particular person as a scholar or as an expert in your video, what you can do is just
have a look at their ideas and see the kind of conversations that was happening around this topic. So this idea of women’s work in robotics is actually gonna be one of the videos
in my robots and women series so, this is actually kind
of interesting for me. So there’s a little bit about kind of women’s labor being free so women who look after family members and they do that full
time and yet they don’t get paid for it. The idea that robots
could take over that job and free up women’s time. And also this kind of counter idea that it could undermine social
relationships in some way. So already I have a couple of ideas to bounce off. You can also if you don’t
have access to something like JSTOR use something
like Google Scholar. So this is available to anyone if I type in the very broad
topic of women and robotics just to see what kind
of stuff is coming up when I search for it. We have things like
Love and sex with robots The evolution of
human-robot relationships. So sex relationships and robots is coincidentally another one of the videos that I’m gonna be doing about robotics. And so this might be
really useful for me so when you click on these
essentially they will bring you to a scan in of
this particular article. Which is really great you can go through if there’s any quotes that you wanna take or any stats or anything you can then kind of copy and paste. And you also have this
great thing where we have references that you can then follow up as well and see if anything
that’s been used in here sparks your interest. Sometimes it can be sort of a black hole of going through and researching. It is for me I write a lot a lot of notes, do a lot of research, and
then delete a lot of it. Because it doesn’t sort of
fit into a YouTube video. You also if you don’t
wanna go with academic text because I do understand
that using academia within liberation movements, feminism, stuff like that can be
a little bit elitist potentially, so instead you can just Google it. So I specifically searched for
can robots replace caregivers which is sort in reference
to some stuff we’re thinking about at the JSTOR article. So things that we have here is the New York Times has something so there’s gonna be a
lot of opinion pieces. Which is kind of interesting
to see people’s point of view and what’s in people’s
consciousness at the moment. We also have particular websites which focus on the topic. Sometimes these websites
can be super biased but that’s kind of
interesting to see someone’s point of view who feels very very strongly on either side of an issue. I would also say if you are Googling, have a look through for things that have PDF next to them. Especially if they have
something like related articles. This is very very likely in my experience with the kind of topics I search for to be an academic text of some kind. So, if we click on this one, we ca see that it is if I remember correctly
a Master’s Dissertation. Yep, Master of the Arts. So this might be something that you can look for even on Google that you don’t have to have this access to sort of university texts or a library anything like that. So another thing that you can try is clicking on the News tab for what you’re searching for, this kind
of gives you a lot of up to date stuff. I found with the robot things there’s always a robot
story every couple of days so it’s interesting to
go and search that for me and see what else is
happening in that area. So essentially what happens is, I do all those notes, I take them into sort of the script document, I copy and paste them all together. As I said earlier if it’s a topic that I already know about
I might already have an idea about the different
topics that I’m gonna broach and so I will just copy and paste the quotes under the heading
that they most correspond with. If I haven’t really
researched this topic before what I’ll do is just copy
and paste all the notes in as they are. And I’ll make my own
notes and I’ll put things in my own words, and then
once I’ve done all the research I think I can do I’ll print off that document. I will use a pen, and I will go through and basically in the
margin write a word or two next to each paragraph with just what that paragraph is about. And what that kind of helps me do is sort everything together, find patterns, so that when I go back
to the Word document I can have a look at that sheet of paper and my markings and my notes, and I can sort of paste all of the ones that are to do with a
particular topic together, see if that’s gonna be long
enough for a paragraph, see if I need to sort
of find more about that particular topic. Stuff like that and then
reorder each of those topics into an order that makes sense to me. And then gradually bit by bit turn those notes into a paragraph and then do the next paragraph so as I said before I sort of work very methodically and randomly and
I’ll skip between different topics and different scripts. So it sort of all comes
together in the end, as you can probably tell from
this document I have a lot of different fonts, I
often use different colors, so when I’m writing paragraphs when I start
to write my paragraphs the actual script, I’ll
change the font to green when I’m happy with a sentence so, the script sort of fills up with green and the black writing sort of gets less and less as I delete notes that I don’t need anymore,
until it’s all completely green and then I’m happy with the script. I’ll do maybe one read through just to double check. But I sort of edit as I go along. So yeah that was a very
quick sort of whiz through of my research and scripting methods. I hope that was helpful in some way. As always if you have any questions for me leave them in the comments but I think also if you have any tips if you’re a creator for people who want to start making videos,
or if you’re interested in starting to make videos
any questions that you have, leave them below and
hopefully we can get some conversations going. All right, until I see you next time, bye.

30 thoughts on “How To Research & Script Educational Videos”

  1. What would you say to a girl or woman thinking of making youtube videos to encourage them?

    What questions do you have for YouTube Creators about their process?

  2. This is absolutely fantastic. SO USEFUL. Also just useful tips on how to do research which I think seems to be taught rather inconsistently (at least here in the US), so people heading into undergrad are often at wildly different levels of preparedness on that front.

  3. I would just like to say I'm so pleased about your research method, as an aspiring academic, your bridging of that gap between academia and YouTube/general social justice is something I also intend on doing but with more emphasis on the academic side of research and publications. I kind of wish you had said something more about the concept of academia and elitism, as there's currently a huge trend in the form of anti-intellectualism in which elitism is confused with in depth research and knowledge, which is worrying and often isolating as a potential academic. Especially when it comes to English lit/cultural studies, a lot of contemporary courses take a different route and avoid the canon/elite. Can I also recommend academia.edu for research/papers! You can follow topics/people and often view, if not a paper then an abstract. Eg. I follow postmodernism, feminist theory, queer theory etc and see article recommendations based on that.

  4. This was SO interesting, I love looking into other people's thought and creative/research processes. Thanks for making this! X

  5. This was such an interesting video! You put such a lot of work into your videos and it really does show.

    It's worth noting that you can get a free jstor account, you can then save 3 articles a fortnight to a "shelf" and read them online. Not as wonderful as when I had uni access, but it's still really useful πŸ™‚

  6. I have a tip for people who need access to academic papers! It’s: capitals are key.

    Science
    Can change lives and that
    Is

    Honestly amazing and
    Using this tip will make your life
    Better as well
    .
    Cause now you
    Can (illegally) find out very interesting stuff

  7. This was actually very helpful for my personal investigation for history, thank you very much! My school doesn't have any books about my chosen topic, the Haitian Revolution, (i got some from other libraries though) so these resources will be very useful!

  8. This was so interesting Rowan! I've always thought that your videos are so well researched and now I can really see the time and effort that you put in, thanks so much for this xxx

  9. Awesome to get such insight into your process, thanks Rowan! This was really helpful as I've literally just started properly scripting a video for the first time. The most I ever did before was note down some vague things I wanted to cover and then just ad lib it, and even that wasn't all the time. I'll definitely be adopting your habit of noting all of my initial thoughts down before researching and expanding. The colour-coding of lines you're happy with is a great idea too!

  10. Your 'Weak Female Characters' brought me here. This #YouTubeGirls made me a sub. I've been researching how to make YouTube vids, and this vid is a welcome gift. Thank you.

  11. I'm creating a video essay in my media class but I'm super shy and I don't have a microphone, do you have any tips?

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