How the food you eat affects your gut – Shilpa Ravella


Trillions of bacteria, viruses, and fungi
live on or inside of us, and maintaining a good, balanced
relationship with them is to our advantage. Together, they form the gut microbiome, a rich ecosystem that performs a variety
of functions in our bodies. The bacteria in our guts
can break down food the body can’t digest, produce important nutrients, regulate the immune system, and protect against harmful germs. We don’t yet have the blueprint for exactly which good bacteria
a robust gut needs, but we do know that it’s important
for a healthy microbiome to have a variety of bacterial species. Many factors affect our microbiomes, including our environment, medications like antibiotics, and even whether we were delivered
by C-section or not. Diet, too, is emerging as one
of the leading influences on the health of our guts. And while we can’t control all
these factors, we can manipulate the balance
of our microbes by paying attention to what we eat. Dietary fiber from foods like fruits,
vegetables, nuts, legumes, and whole grains is the best fuel for gut bacteria. When bacteria digest fiber, they produce short chain fatty acids
that nourish the gut barrier, improve immune function, and can help prevent inflammation,
which reduces the risk of cancer. And the more fiber you ingest, the more fiber-digesting bacteria
colonize your gut. In a recent study, scientists exchanged
the regular high-fiber diets of a group of rural South Africans with the high-fat, meat-heavy diets
of a group of African-Americans. After just two weeks on the high-fat,
low-fiber, Western-style diet, the rural African group showed
increased inflammation of the colon, as well as a decrease of butyrate. That’s a short chain fatty acid thought
to lower risk of colon cancer. Meanwhile, the group that switched
to a high-fiber, low-fat diet had the opposite result. So what goes wrong with our gut bacteria
when we eat low-fiber processed foods? Lower fiber means less fuel
for the gut bacteria, essentially starving them
until they die off. This results in less diversity and hungry bacteria. In fact, some can even start to feed
on the mucus lining. We also know that specific foods
can affect gut bacteria. In one recent microbiome study, scientists found that fruits, vegetables, tea, coffee, red wine, and dark chocolate were correlated with
increased bacterial diversity. These foods contain polyphenols, which are naturally occurring
antioxidant compounds. On the other hand, foods high in dairy fat, like whole milk, and sugar-sweetened sodas were correlated with decreased diversity. How food is prepared also matters. Minimally processed, fresh foods
generally have more fiber and provide better fuel. So lightly steamed, sautéed, or raw vegetables are typically more beneficial
than fried dishes. There are also ways of preparing food
that can actually introduce good bacteria, also known as probiotics,
into your gut. Fermented foods are teeming
with helpful probiotic bacteria, like lactobacillus and bifidobacteria. Originally used as a way
of preserving foods before the invention of refrigeration, fermentation remains a traditional
practice all over the world. Foods like kimchi, sauerkraut, tempeh, and kombucha provide variety and vitality
to our diets. Yogurt is another fermented food that can
introduce helpful bacteria into our guts. That doesn’t necessarily mean that
all yogurt is good for us, though. Brands with too much sugar
and not enough bacteria may not actually help. These are just general guidelines. More research is needed before
we fully understand exactly how any of these foods
interact with our microbiomes. We see positive correlations, but the insides of our guts are difficult
places to make direct observations. For instance, we don’t currently know whether these foods are directly
responsible for the changes in diversity, or if something more complicated
is happening. While we’re only beginning to explore
the vast wilderness inside our guts, we already have a glimpse of how crucial
our microbiomes are for digestive health. The great news is we have the power
to fire up the bacteria in our bellies. Fill up on fibers, fresh and fermented foods, and you can trust your gut
to keep you going strong.

100 thoughts on “How the food you eat affects your gut – Shilpa Ravella”

  1. That intro music has widened my eyes and my mind has started to listen to her voice….. ♥♥♥Ted-Ed

    BTW this is the 1000th Comment.

  2. Nowadays doctors/dermatologists are so quick to prescribe you antibiotics for your skin/acne without knowing the harmful effects it has on people's guts. Coming from personal experience, I took doxycycline for months without doing research beforehand and I felt fatigued, my skin was horrible after I stopped taking it, I just didnt feel right. But as soon as I took probiotics to restore it, i felt alive again. Just a warning for people who are debating if they should take antibiotics for acne.

  3. Bonjour, puis je utiliser cette vidéo, dans le respect des droits d'auteurs évidemment, avec mes élèves ? Bien cordialement

  4. -Poor Number of Bacteria and Unhealthy Gut = Weight loss(even if you overeat)

    – Good Number of Bacteria and Healthy Gut= Weight gain (if you overeat, because it absorbs everything)

  5. thank you for this great video. how can c-section influence the gut's health? the one of the mother or of the newborn? would be very very interesting to know. thx!

  6. wow this was really good, i loved it, great animation, and useful information! to better the life of all! ,this is entertainment (in my opinion)

  7. Interesting information. I've made this webinar and explained gut and brain connection https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gs4es539gyo , would love to hear your opinion ?!

  8. I had one bowl of oatmeal, fresh mango, chia seeds and granola while watching this. I was literally smiling and smirking the entire video. Lol

  9. Thanks so much for such credible information presented in this video presentation. I embedded your video in an article that I posted on my blog today. Check it out!
    https://kevymichaels.blog/2019/02/12/u-have-digestive-issues-u-may-be-kray-kray-too-the-guts-brain-connection-to-other-organs-and-diseases/

    Warmest Regards,
    Kevy Michaels

  10. Thanks so much for such credible information presented in this video presentation. I embedded your video in an article that I posted on my blog today. It is also on my FB page. Check it out!

    https://kevymichaels.blog/2019/02/12/u-have-digestive-issues-u-may-be-kray-kray-too-the-guts-brain-connection-to-other-organs-and-diseases/

    Warmest Regards,

    Kevy Michaels

  11. I would like too know if probiotics eat any form of sugar. If not my whole childhood was CANCER I explained why iam suffering now.😐😓

  12. Wow I think this video it´s super oldated. FATS are not bad at all, not the healthy FATS… the problem, as usual, is simple carbs and Trans Fats.

  13. It seems like a lot of Indians work for ted ed. Good to know about my fellow indians excelling in various fields

  14. I FACED DIGESTION ISSUE, BUT I WAS NO GETTING
    RELIEF. THEN I TOOK PLANET AYURVEDA DIGESTION SUPPORT FOR 1 MONTH, I AM VERY
    HAPPY THAT I GET RID OF IT AND LIVE HAPPILY.

  15. I love the animation and the narration. Really well done! The content is educating yet not overloading with information. Thanks!!!! 🙂

  16. If you do this that she tells us to do you migth be able to cure your acne cause probiotics help to get rid of acne

  17. Umm, so what do you do if fiber messes you up – fermented food causes stomache pain and breathing difficulty?

  18. And neuroscientists have been discovering links between our guts and our emotional centers of the brain. Take care of your bodies, every-body!

  19. Sad thing is, people know this but they just don't care. I don't understand why being healthy is uncool or why people don't take even a slight step in helping themselves.

  20. I really like viewing humans as holobionts. You should really take care of your natural flora, because otherwise pathogenous bacteria will take their place 😉

  21. Naga people still consume fermented foods as a part of our daily meal.
    Soyabeans smell somewhat like human stool when fermented but it is so delicious with smoked pork. The smell gets easier to stand when cooked with other veggies or meat.

    Fermented bambooshoot and fermented fish go along very well. Your appetite gets a boost within hours after a heavy meal.

    Fermented bambooshoot wine is added to curries in small quantities too.

    Insects are a delicacy here like the silkworm, grasshoppers, certain types of tree worms, some bugs and critters can be dried and fried with spices. Yummy. You all gotta visit and add Nagaland to your list of tour destinations.

  22. Everybody I know this is self promoting but if you feel nice can you drop a sub on my channel don't even watch the vids I just need the subs. 🙂

  23. is easy they’re are the blue Collars of our body :3 but the good healthy cute strong hot ones , is obvious that if we given junk food we screw them

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