How (and What) to Train Teachers and Administrators on Education Data Privacy


Thank you to PDE and REL
Mid-Atlantic for inviting me. So, today we’re going to talk
about the very easy topic of student data privacy. I’m sure all of you have had to
deal with this topic over the past couple years as it has
exploded in the news media and in your classrooms every day as
parents ask, “What is this data? Why is it being collected?” And a lot of times followed that
up with, “Okay, can I opt out of that?” So, let’s take a poll. How many of you in the past two
years have had to deal with this issue in your
district or school? Let’s see – raised hands. Not too many. How many of you think that you
know everything you need to know on this topic, and you’re good? How many of you think you know
a fair amount about this topic, but you’re still
looking for more information? And how many of you are
pretty much like, “I don’t know anything. Please give me all
the resources possible?” All right, we got a few there. So, as I said, the topic
today is not only student data privacy, but what to train
administrators and teachers on for this topic. So, this has been a huge issue. There is no state at this point
who has figured out what they should be training
administrators and teachers on, and the resources
are all over the map. So, my goals today are to bring
forward solutions suggested by a lot of my state education
agency [SEA] contacts, district contacts, school contacts, in
order to let you know what are some of the
resources that are out there. And, what are some of the main
topics that you want to make sure, above all else, that you
know that your administrators know, that your teachers know? So, first of all, why is someone
from the National Association of State Boards of Education
working on this topic? So, really quickly, 37 state
boards of education have at least some authority
over education data privacy. So, I’ve been trying to work
with those boards and passing rules and regulations, serving
on SLDS [Statewide Longitudinal Data System] boards, so really,
this is why I spend so much of my time on this topic. And we do, at NASBE, state
technical assistance work from state visits, analyzing a
state’s laws, regulations and policies to identify
best practices and gaps. We work a lot on federal
legislation and weighing in on that, and then also,
just research analysis and information sharing through
presentations like today, through various publications,
some of which I brought with me today, if you want to come get
them after my presentation today – love to give you a copy. So, this is why this has been
buzzed about quite so much, and why training is so crucial. Thirty-five states have passed
73 laws on student data privacy since 2013. Let that sink in
for another minute. So, what’s changed that
has made this topic rise to the forefront? So, we’ve obviously seen
increased collection and the role of data under NCLB (No
Child Left Behind) and now under ESSA [Every Student
Succeeds Act]. We’ve seen an explosion of
online tools, and schools and districts outsourcing, often
for security reasons, to cloud vendors and others the
holding of student data. We’ve also seen increased
potential of data exposure through our mainstream life,
with the breaches at Target, through the
Edward Snowden leaks. So, this has really risen to
the forefront – the idea of protecting our data and
its vulnerability in our new technological age. And, of course, we’ve seen a few
cases that have made the news, which has made
this a really key topic. Now, it’s important to remember,
even though 35 states have passed laws, 49 states,
including Pennsylvania, have introduced at least one bill
since 2013 on this topic, adding up to more than 400 bills. So, in 2014, we saw about 110
bills, in 2015, 188, and then finally, this year, we’ve seen
111 bills introduced, with another 73 that were carried
over from 2015 being discussed in 38 state legislatures. This issue isn’t
going away any time soon. It’s important to remember that
legislatures aren’t the only ones discussing this. We’ve also seen actions
from states from regulations, to guidance, to executive
orders, to resolutions. And training is essential. Anyone who handles data should
know how to protect those data. However, provisions for training
appear in only a couple of the more than 400 bills introduced
in the past couple years. We’ve seen a lot of examples of
why training is so important, mainly in the breaches and the
unintended disclosure stories that you’ve seen
all around the country. Human error is a
factor in 95 percent of data security incidents. Often, this human error comes
in the form of really simple computer common sense,
or best practices issues. So, attaching the wrong
attachment to an email, accidentally making a password
protected website with student personally-identifiable
information [PII] visible to the whole web, not locking
a computer at lunchtime. So, a lot of these times, a lot
of the incidents, a lot of the fear around student data privacy
and protecting student data can actually be solved through
really basic computer basic skills, which I know so many of
you, especially the IT directors in this room, have tried to
get across to everyone who you work with. So, we’ve seen a little bit
of legislative language on training, as I mentioned. In ESSA, Title II funding can
be used to train teachers and administrators on data privacy. It was added specifically as
an allowable use this year. Georgia had a provision saying
the chief privacy officer of the state would now have to think
about and discuss training, both at the state and district level. A new bill awaiting signature
by the governor in Colorado this year actually required the
SEA to develop model training, examples of training, and
other guidance for districts. And then we’ve also seen some
model legislation from the ACLU [American Civil Liberties Union]
that specifically mandated that training be included. So, what do administrators
and teachers need to know? I am going to make
you all talk to each other. I want you to imagine – first of
all, if you’re the only one at your table, you’re going to
want to get some friends. I want you all to imagine you
just found out it is 7 a.m. on a Wednesday morning. You just found out that
there has been a breach of student information. What do you need to know? What do you need to do? I’m going to give you about two
minutes to discuss this, so you can start thinking about, “What
are some of the key things that you would need to
know in training?” Okay, let’s add one more
element to this scenario. You find out that the unintended
disclosure occurred because a teacher in your school
downloaded an app without checking with anyone, and
entered student information into it, and the company had a hack. Now what do you do? Go ahead. [audience completes exercise] Okay, we’re going to come back
now, so tie up your thought. Okay, so what you were probably
talking about first was, “Does your school or
district have a policy on this? Do you already know what to
do because you already have it written down somewhere?” Now, how many of you in this
room have a policy that you could refer back to? Raise your hand. Got a few. I’d say a little
less than a quarter. So, for those of you who don’t
have a policy, you know what you’ll be doing in the next
couple weeks since I’ve just scared you all. How many of you have a
policy that deals with teachers downloading apps, or having
to go through a district? Okay. Again, a
little less than a quarter. And just shout it out,
preferably not all over each other – what other
things did you discuss? Audience: Notifying parents. Notifying parents. That discussion. Audience: Notifying your boss. Notifying your boss. Very important. What else? Audience: [inaudible] COPPA? So, bringing in some of the laws
– the Children’s Online Personal Protection Act, Privacy
Protection Act, there we go. And other laws like FERPA
[Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act], PPRA [Protection
of Pupil Rights Amendment]. What else? Audience: [inaudible] Contact…? So, as you can see
through this little exercise, there’s a lot to think about. There’s a lot that, depending on
your role, that you will need to know, or you’ll need
to know who to talk to. So, just very briefly, and I
would love any thoughts from all of you after this if you
have additional things. At the bare minimum, what do
administrators need to know? Not including the
teachers right now. So, a lot of it can depend
on the district or school, depending on where you are,
how many supports you have. Does your district provide
the resources for your school? Do you only have 50 kids? Through a whole bunch
of factors like that. How many ed tech products you’re
using, how many vendors you’re contracting with. You may need to
know more or less. So, what everybody needs
to know is not the same. However, as I mentioned, one
of the key things here is basic internet and computer
safety information. One of my scariest stories that
I have heard is a principal in an elementary school who went on
a vendor’s website and commented on a random page on
this website asking for personally-identifiable
information for an elementary school student who you could
identify by connecting the dots of where he was principal, what
he was discussing about the student, and the vendor replied. And this was on a publicly
available webpage for probably a couple of months before
someone noticed this and it was taken down. Other major breaches that we’ve
seen, as I said, were webpages that were accidentally made
public, or not double checking attachments, which is something
that just happened back in December in one school district
in releasing thousands of students’ disciplinary and
health-related information. So, it is absolutely key that
there is basic internet and computer safety information
everywhere for everyone on all of this. And this doesn’t even get into
the crazy issues with phishing and all the other emails
you’ve been receiving from your IT administrators. Just remembering some basic
things about computer safety and how to avoid disclosing
information, double checking before you send an email is
really key here before we even get into any of the laws. Now, the laws we’re dealing
with, as was brought up, are the Children’s Online Privacy
Protection Act, which protects students under the age of 13. And this law is a little
less relevant than the big one, FERPA, but COPPA restricts what
companies can show students, so all of the vendors that you
work with – if they know they’re serving a product to a
student under the age of 13, are restricted by this law. And then coming back to FERPA,
you all had what I’m sure was a great presentation from PTAC,
the Privacy Technical Assistance Center at the U.S. Department of Education the
other day, so I won’t go too into FERPA. Happy to talk about it
after if anyone wants to. But that is the primary law,
and, as administrators, you will need to know at least the basics
of what you’re required to do under FERPA. Also important to know is the
dangers of unintentional student data disclosure, the least of
which is the horrendous news stories that will come to
your door every single day. But what can be done
with this information? When is an accidental breach
that involves student names, is that worse than a breach
disclosing disciplinary information? Absolutely. All breaches are not the same. And then, also, contract and
app issues – so dealing with vendors, how to do that. What is your policy? So this is a very bare
bones outline, but I found it really useful. Missouri did an audit recently
of a district using sort of these criteria. Data governance –
is there a policy? Is there security controls? How are user accounts monitored? What is the incident response
and continuity planning? So that breach issue
that we just discussed. Is there a security
awareness program? And then, how are
vendors monitored? And this is sort of a good
high-level checklist to look at for all of this. I should say, by the way, I
scheduled some tweets during all of this. So, and I’ll also
have a URL at the end. All of my slides, all of the
links that I’m discussing are on that webpage. So let’s talk
about some resources. For those who really love MOOCs
[Massive Open Online Courses], there’s a great data privacy
MOOC put together by the Foundation for Excellence in
Education that pulled together a ton of experts. And you can take that and
learn a lot of the basics about student privacy. However, you should know it
is not aimed at teachers and administrators specifically. It is aimed at anyone who
wants to know about this topic. Privacy Technical
Assistance Center. Can’t talk about them enough
because they have so many great resources. For example, they have a
checklist for creating a data use policy. They have a checklist for
creating your district’s privacy program, so creating that policy
that about a quarter of you had. And then, they also have a lot
of YouTube videos that you can use to learn yourself or to
teach your teachers about student directory information,
how to communicate, or creating a privacy program. Another great resource is
FERPA/SHERPA from the Future of Privacy Forum. It has really great resources
and basic information, including most recently, which I’ll show
again later, an Educator’s Guide to Student Privacy, which
was just released on Monday. The Consortium for School
Networking has a lot of great resources that were recommended
to me by a lot of district and state leaders who do training. And I’m particularly in love
with their privacy toolkit, which has a very simple bunch
of lists that you can use that says: What questions should
you be asking your vendors? What should – what are the
things you can do now in your district to secure privacy? And a whole bunch of other
things like that which are very useful. They also have training, though
unfortunately it is not free. And they have this, most
recently, a Trusted Learning Environment seal
they’ve put together. I think they still have 27 free
spots open for any districts who feel that they’re doing a
really good job and want that recognized, which essentially
it’s a seal which says our district is doing a really
good job, we have gone through this criteria. So they’re a great resource for
anyone looking to both show that they’re doing a great job and
to learn more about how to do a great job in
protecting student privacy. So we put out a publication
about a month and a half ago discussing sort of the lessons
learned over the past two and a half years working
on student data privacy. And I sort of adapted
some of these lessons for you. We have the full publication
up here if you’d like it later. But, really, the key ones that I
framed a lot of this discussion through, because training runs
through all of these, are these six principles. So first is stating the
value proposition for data. Why are you using it? Why is it important? And I know many of you have had
to have this conversation with people in your
districts with others. So it’s really key here to note
that if LEAs and SEAs do not take the lead in being
transparent, legislatures have stepped in to require
transparency often in ways that can be very burdensome and not
particularly useful to parents who are seeking transparency. For example, we have a law that
was just passed in Connecticut that if you read it on its face
– I’m a lawyer, by the way, I’m very sorry – if you read it on
its face it says that within five days of signing a new
contract, parents must be electronically notified
each and every time. And I think they’re going to
interpret that to say we can post it on a website. But it could certainly be
interpreted to say we must email out to parents every single time
we sign a new contract, which, as those of you who deal with
contracts in your districts know that could mean hundreds
upon hundreds upon hundreds of notifications. And, at a minimum, what
we’ve seen is a requirement that things be put on websites often
within a very short time limit, likely requiring probably half
of the time of a staff member in your district or school. So by adopting transparency
upfront, sometimes these types of transparency
requirements can be avoided. It’s also really important
to know about the state and district initiatives
regarding transparency and information sharing. I’ll discuss this
a little more later. But there’s some really
fantastic websites that you can model on, that you can – sort of
statewide initiatives that you can use in order to provide
transparency to your parents without having to put in a lot
of the work upfront yourself because others
have already done it. And then, it’s also really
important to pay attention to directory information, which,
as many of you know, is the one area of student data privacy
that parents can opt out of, allowing schools and
districts and the state to disclose that information. We’ve heard that there’s a
report coming out soon that’s going to likely shine a deeper
light on maybe inappropriate disclosures of
directory information. So it’s a very good time for
all of you to double check your policies and
transparency around that. So without transparency,
this is what you get. These are some of the headlines
we saw over the past couple of years from major publications,
from major education resources, discussing how student data
collection is out of control. Worries rise. Look who’s data
mining your toddlers. Schools are looking at every
little aspect of data and using it to put your child in a box. So it’s really important to
remember that when you’re not speaking, there’s still a lot of
voices out there who will make your life much more difficult. So there are various
ways to communicate. One of the greatest new
resources that I’ve seen has come out of the Foundation
for Excellence in Education. They just put out a new
Communications Toolkit that includes things like: sample
key messages, webpage content, frequently asked questions you
can use, how to send a letter to parents, talking points, an
article or newsletter, lawmaker brief, opinion pieces,
social media posts. All sorts of great
ways to communicate and provide transparency. And this can
and should be simple. You’re dealing with people who,
just like you, have a limited amount of time in their day and
they want to know that their child’s information is secure. And this is a great website
out of Chesterfield County in Virginia, which just has – here
are the apps that we use, here are our privacy policies
and guidelines, here are our frequently asked questions, and
here’s a Google form where you can ask a question, it gets sent
to the person in charge, and we’ll get back to you. So this can be very,
very simple and easy. And there are a lot of leading
districts who have done a lot of the work here, and you can feel
free to steal from them outright most of the time. Double check this. So Fairfax County in Virginia
has done a lot of work here. Their CTO [chief technology
officer] is one of my favorite people and he’s
constantly updating things. So this is a great
district to check out. Ventura County out in California
has an e-Safety Committee Task Force, which is developing a lot
of key resources, infographics. Their website is fantastic to
check out to give you ideas of what to do in your district. Houston ISD down in Texas
has some wonderful resources as well. And then Wisconsin, which is
my favorite state in the world right now, has the best
webpage I’ve ever seen. And if you don’t have a webpage
yet, just send everybody to Wisconsin’s for now because they
have a lot of great resources, and it’s really easy to
understand everything and to move around their website. As you consider training, it’s
also important to remember that you’re not
remaking the wheel here. Thirty-five states have
introduced one of only two models of the laws we’ve seen,
and almost every law that has been passed around the
country is based on one of those two models. The bills that are currently
pending in Congress are mostly based around these two models. So one is a governance-focused
model out of Oklahoma passed in 2013, the Student Data Act,
which regulates schools, districts, and the SEA. And the other is California’s
SOPIPA [Student Online Personal Information Protection Act],
which regulates vendors. So if you, as an administrator,
are familiar with these two laws, you’re already far ahead
of the game if you plan your training around
these two models. So a key thing that we’ve seen
is this fear around limiting vendor use of data. And, as I said earlier,
that’s a lot of times not the major concern. That’s not the real danger. The real danger tends to be
that human error aspect of all of this. But it’s still important to
reassure people that, you know, a third party isn’t taking this
information and going out and selling it. So we’ve seen a lot of policies,
laws passed that reiterate FERPA’s provisions that say
companies cannot advertise to students, companies
cannot sell student data. And have gone beyond that to
say companies can’t even create profiles, they can’t
do targeted advertising. So we’ve seen a lot of limiting
of data use that’s held by third parties and laws for
non-educational purposes, and a lot of contract provisions –
that you can all steal as you’re adopting things for your
district – that limit what companies can do in terms
of data use and storage. So the two big sort of laws here
that people can look at are, again, California’s SOPIPA and
Georgia’s law that was passed last year which is based
off of SOPIPA but a little more expansive. Other factors to consider when
you’re dealing with vendors is Click-Wrap agreements. So those things where you just
click ‘yes.’ So figuring out whether or not you want your
district or school to have a policy about all these things,
defining who can sign contracts. Can teachers sign up
for apps on their own? It’s been a mixed bag in terms
of what states and districts have done. Are you including provisions
to allow for sub-contractors? A lot of times when you’re
dealing with companies, they have contractors below them that
provide part of their service. So making sure that
that’s incorporated in whatever policies or contract
addendums you have. Requiring certain training
on the vendor’s side. It’s not just your staff
that has to be trained, but also theirs. Balancing out, if you have very
restrictive provisions in your state, then you may be shutting
out the great startup that was created by three teachers from
your local elementary school who created this reading app
that’s really based on their educational experience. So figuring out how
stringent do we need this to be? Are they only
collecting student user names? Which can
count as personally- identifiable information. Or are they collecting
much more stringent things? And adapting your security
requirements and what you require based on the level
of security needed to protect that information. And that goes to the final
point there, which is having a standard set of contract
requirements for your district might backfire. We’ve seen more and more
pushback from vendors and third parties who are saying, “You
know, I don’t collect student disciplinary information, and
I feel uncomfortable signing a contract implying that I do.” So keeping that in mind as well
as you make these decisions. So we’ve seen a lot of resources
to help schools and districts navigate this
world of contracts. So we’ve seen, most recently, a
new badge from Clever that would let K-12 students just log
on and use that instead of a password. We’ve seen badges from various
companies like iKeepSafe, or nonprofit I should say, and
PlayWell, LLC, which identify if an app is complying with
federal or a state law. And then we’ve also seen
a Student Privacy Pledge, enforceable by the FTC
[Federal Trade Commission] that is voluntary. And while this pledge is not
enough to see which vendors are protecting privacy, a lot of
experts have recommended it as a good starting place for
districts and schools looking to see what companies are at
least thinking about privacy. And then they’re able to dig
down into those 200 companies to decide who they want to use
or put on the approved list. So, again, I want to provide
some resources in this area for the administrators that you’re
training or for yourselves as you make these decisions. So PTAC has an amazing chart
that has model terms of service, so when you’re going through
a company’s privacy policy, it says look out for this,
make sure it has this. And it’s absolutely fantastic,
so I cannot recommend this resource enough. This is the initiative that I
had mentioned earlier in terms of both transparency
and being useful. The Student Data Privacy
Consortium was started by a fantastic guy in Massachusetts,
Steve Smith out of Cambridge Public Schools. And it was an effort by him
to bring districts together to publicize to parents what apps
the school was using, what data was collected, and having sort
of a fairly universal addendum that all companies would sign
on to so they could post those contracts then on the website. So, they’ve done
a lot of the work for you. Even if you’re not interested
in joining the Consortium, which does cost money, you can go on
their website at any time and go through the list of vendors
that they’re using, and see what elements, what
personally-identifiable information those
vendors collect. See what the contracts are
that they signed with either Massachusetts or the other
states that have this – Maine, Wisconsin, and Virginia. And share this information among
yourselves or with parents who have questions, as you
negotiate with vendors as well. So, again, this is sort of,
this is one of the pages on that website showing, for this
particular company, it shows which school districts are using
this product, the contract, and what data that the company
collects is coming in soon. And it also has a copy of
the addendum they use for all vendors on there, which you
can again freely use yourself. So I want to also bring in –
we’ve seen a huge issue with unintended consequences where
states, districts, and schools, in an effort to protect student
privacy, have gone too far. Pushed beyond what was
necessary to protect privacy, and it’s backfired. So we’ve seen issues with
Louisiana where they – districts were afraid they couldn’t do
yearbooks, school pictures, or announce football players’
names, let alone suggest kids for state scholarships. So there was a lot of issues
there that no state wants to get into. And we’ve seen other issues with
research being conducted, with being able to release 56% of
graduation rates in Oklahoma, with restricting the ability of
teachers to get certifications in New Hampshire. And a lot of times this resulted
from, again, sort of fear-based policies from not being
very careful in definitions, requiring that, for example,
parents can go directly to vendors to get their child’s
information, which requires that vendors suddenly have very
personal information about who is the parent, what is the
custody arrangement, etc., instead of going through
the school as a conduit. And then, also, a lot of these
consequences have occurred because everyone hasn’t
been in the same room. So sometimes legislatures by
themselves, or the state has a whole, have written laws that
when districts weighed in, when vendors weighed in, had very
obvious burdens or issues that resulted in consequences. So this is really important as
you’re developing a policy for your district as
well to remember. So moving on from
administrators and creating district and school policies. What do teachers need to know? So, again, the basic internet
and computer safety procedures are key here because that is the
number one cause of all of the breaches that we’ve seen. And then, also, the dangers
again of unintentional student data disclosure. How to use apps safely, so not
just, you know, going out and adopting this cool new app
that could help kids learn, but really thinking critically
about what apps are safe. Whether that’s teaching teachers
to know what provisions not to use an app for. So, again, looking at those
model terms of service, what to look for in the privacy policy
that’s bad, and what’s positive. Or just saying, “Teachers,
you can’t download apps. You have to go through our main
IT office, and this is why.” And then, finally,
how to talk to parents. This is so key, again,
this transparency aspect. Parents trust the teachers and
they’re the ones that they’re going to go to when there’s
a student data question. And making sure that teachers
know where there are resources is absolutely key. And I don’t have a slide on it
here but I do have the link that people can look at. Data Quality Campaign, if you
don’t know about them, has incredible resources, videos,
one-pagers, two-pagers that provide information for parents,
for teachers, for others, but it’s easy to understand. Oftentimes very visual, so
teachers and parents know what is happening with data,
why it is useful, and how it is protected. So for what teachers need to
know, I’m going to again give a shout out to Wisconsin which
has a fantastic training webpage that you can all use,
or direct your teachers to. And they also have an amazing
privacy training module which takes probably 20 minutes to
complete, and includes a lot of those really
basic computer safety. What is PII? What are the basic things
you as a teacher need to know about FERPA? Highly recommend and, again,
you don’t have to recreate the wheel here. You can freely use a lot of
these great resources that other people have developed. So, again, this is
the training module there. In this, you would click on the
picture to learn how to protect student personal information
in your office, on electronic devices, and on
these different scenarios. I have a lot of states and
districts recommend this video, Ask Before You App, so getting
at this issue of teachers downloading an app without
thinking about the privacy consequences that could result. I mentioned earlier the new
Educator’s Guide to Student Privacy, which was developed
with the help of a fantastic teacher, Kerry Gallagher,
who just developed a really easy-to-understand, short,
little resource that was just put out on Monday that you
can provide to your teachers. Also very new, iKeepSafe just
released free privacy courses for K-12 teachers and
administrators, which includes a lot of videos, a lot of
one-pagers, two-pagers that you can also freely steal from
as you train your teachers and administrators. And then a lot of people have
suggested that this is a great place where teachers
can learn through teaching. So we’ve also seen some really
great privacy curriculum resources that are available for
teachers teaching anything from kindergarten
through high school. So the Berkman Center for
Internet & Society at Harvard has this amazing curriculum. And also Digital Literacy
Resource Platform which has a lot of resources. As many of you know, if you
receive E-Rate funds, you have to provide digital
literacy training anyway. So why not spin
some privacy into that? Fordham University Center for
Law and Information Policy also has a privacy educators program
with freely available resources. So all of these resources are
out there, they’re available to you. Again, I’ll give you the link
at the end, but I also tweeted it out. So what’s next? What else do you need to, as
administrators, as leaders in your schools and districts, what
do you need to look out for? So we’ve seen a trend recently
of a focus from legislatures on surveillance and 1-to-1 devices. So your – the requirement that
you monitor or filter internet access or 1-to-1 devices under
federal law has been looked at really closely, particularly
by the ACLU, and I think we’re going to see more legislation
throughout the country dealing with this issue in protecting
student privacy while also protecting students. We also have pending
legislation in Pennsylvania introduced in 2015. It seems unlikely that it’s
going to go anywhere this year, but PDE would know
much better than me. So I would check with them on
that to see whether you should familiarize yourself with that
and read through it to see if there are any of those
accidental consequences I mentioned, or things that would
work better for your district or school. And, again, we’re only one news
story away, only one breach away from this becoming something
that is all that’s discussed in your local PTA meeting or in
your local school board meeting. So it’s really key that you put
proactive policies in place, that you train people in order
to avoid those unintended disclosures from occurring. So, in addition to the resources
I mentioned, NASBE has a lot of data privacy resources. The recent publication I
mentioned, we just put out our magazine about data in general
in use, which has a lot of the experts who have been
working on this topic. I brought some copies with me. Also, we have a comparison chart
of federal bills that you can take a look at. And we have a webinar tomorrow
on the 2016 Legislative Session and Student Privacy, if any of
you are interested in joining, and that is the URL
to RSVP for that free. Happy to have you there. We also have a State Policy
Database coming out with all state laws and regulations. That will be free online,
searchable, so you can see what laws already
exist in your state. We are doing some training boot
camps with other organizations, policy audits, and putting
together a publication on surveillance. And I want to end this by
asking, what other resources do you need? And have you
told PDE about them? What else do you need to see? I would love a lot if any of
you who could think of resources would email me and let me know,
because I’m working with a lot of these organizations that I
mentioned as resources in these slides, and others who are
looking to see what they can do for districts or schools for
free in order to move student privacy forward, in order
to help all of you protect student privacy. So please keep that in mind and
let us know, because there might be a resource out there
that comes out next week. This field is moving so quickly. Or it may be something that
could be easily developed based on existing resources. So please let me know, and let
others in your state know what you need. So, thank you so much. I really
appreciate the time today. I think we have just a few
minutes for questions, if anyone has any. Or if you have a very specific
issue that you’d like to come talk to me after this,
I’m happy to do that. And thank you again to all of
you for listening today, and I hope this was useful.

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