How Africa is Becoming China’s China


This video was made possible by Brilliant. Start learning with Brilliant for 20% off
by being one of the first 200 to sign up at http://brilliant.org/wendover. Political alliances manifest themselves here—on
the voting floor of the United Nations General Assembly in New York, New York. In this room countries impose legislation
that carries weight worldwide and so what happens in this room is the physical materialization
of the world’s politics. 47 years ago, exactly that happened when one
of the General Assembly’s most consequential votes occurred. China, you see, essentially has two governments. There’s the Republic of China which used
to control the mainland and Taiwan but today only administers Taiwan and there’s the
People’s Republic of China which controls the mainland. Both claim to be the rightful governments
of all of the Chinese territory—both Taiwan and the mainland—and so back in 1971 the
United Nations had to decide which government would represent China. Essent ially, the question was which government
was the rightful leader of the territory as there could only be one in the United Nations. The US was the main superpower opposing the
People’s Republic representing China as it had a strong political and military alliance
with the Republic of China government and so the vote was essentially the US’ sphere
of influence versus the world. Among the 35 countries that voted against
the People’s Republic were much of Africa—the Central African Republic, Chad, Gabon, Liberia,
Niger, South Africa, and plenty of others that sided with the US. Despite the US’s efforts, the resolution
ended up passing and the representative government for China in the UN was switched to the People’s
Republic of China but what’s interesting about this is not the result, it’s who voted
against the People’s Republic. Since that 1971 vote, you see, something has
changed. In 2007, the UN general assembly met once
again to vote on whether to adopt a resolution condemning the human rights situation in North
Korea. As one of North Korea’s strongest allies,
this vote was China and its sphere of influence versus the world. In this vote, though, only Burundi, Equatorial
Guinea, Eritrea, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, and Tanzania
voted against China. All the 43 other African countries either
abstained or voted no along with China because in the forty years between those votes, political
ties changed. Africa no longer bows to the US. Much of the continent is now economically
and politically aligned with the world’s fastest emerging superpower—China. The simple answer for why this is is because
China has pumped huge amounts of money into the continent of Africa. They’re buying allies. For example, China built a $3.2 billion railway
in Kenya trekking the 300 miles from Nairobi, the capitol, to Mombassa, the second largest
city and primary port, in 4 hours and 30 minutes. That’s faster than what the fastest train
in the US, the Acela Express, takes to travel the equivalent distance from Philadelphia
to Boston. China also built a $526 million dam in Guinea
which helped push the country from having constant power shortages to making more energy
than it needs and selling the extra capacity to its neighbors. China also built a $475 million light rail
system in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the first of its kind in sub-Saharan Africa, designed
as a way to combat the capital’s crippling traffic. These are only a sampling. There are literally hundreds of others of
Chinese infrastructure projects in Africa each year. All across the continent, China is playing
a part in projects both big and small that are transforming African economies. It’s important to note that these projects
are not, though, free. Each of these three were financed by loans
granted by China’s state-owned and controlled Export-Import bank and these loans do, of
course, need to be paid back by the countries granted them. Large African infrastructure projects, though,
would be viewed as risky by any traditional bank and would therefore struggle to get financed
but China’s export-import bank doesn’t care. Assuming cooperation between the Chinese and
African countries’ governments, this bank will give low-interest or no-interest loans
to African countries so they can build these trains or dams or other projects. These loans are therefore considered a form
of foreign aid since China doesn’t expect to get all their money back, at least adjusted
for inflation, since they’re not charging much interest and there’s a high risk of
default. Of course China isn’t just financing these
projects out of kindness. For each of them there’s a political goal
behind it. You see, the country of China is running out
of growth potential. Its era of double digit year over year GDP
growth is over as it makes the shift from industrializing to industrialized. Africa, meanwhile, is one of the least developed
areas of the world and a lack of development actually makes fast growth easy. The first step of economic development for
many countries is natural resource exploitation. Nearly every country has some level of natural
resources that they can use to kickstart growth but first they need to have enough money to
build the infrastructure and take the steps needed to gather these natural resources. As everyone knows, it takes money to make
money and China has money. By investing in African mining and farming,
China can profit off of Africa’s growth and fuel the business back in China that require
minerals and food, but in addition to it serving as a source of natural resources, Africa has
another resource—labor. It might seem strange that China, the country
that the world uses for low-cost manufacturing, is looking for a labor source elsewhere but
that is exactly what it’s doing. China is a victim of its own success. The economic development that its manufacturing
industry brought pushed a large segment of its population into the middle class which
raised labor costs country-wide. It’s not bad news, China as a country has
shifted from having a low-skilled to a medium-skilled workforce as their education level has improved,
but for the lowest cost, lowest skilled manufacturing work, the country of China is no longer competitive. Therefore, Chinese manufacturing firms are
setting up their own operations in Africa—one of the cheapest and lowest skilled labor markets
in the world. Today, China is now the largest trading partner
with Africa as a whole. Despite China being a vastly larger country
than the US in population, the US and China both trade a similar value of goods worldwide
each year. In this case, though, whereas $48 billion
worth off goods were exchanged between the US and Africa in 2016, China traded $128 billion
worth of goods—nearly three times as much. Now, the whole idea of setting up a structure
of power over other less developed states in order to gather resources and use their
labor force might sound familiar because that’s largely what colonialism was. The motives behind European powers expanding
their territory to less developed nations in the 15th through 20th centuries were remarkably
similar to the motivations behind China’s growing economic influence in the developing
world today. Despite what some may say, there is empirical
evidence that China has been using these infrastructure investments to affect worldwide politics. It’s been found that if an African country
recognizes Taiwan as a country they receive, on average, 2.7 fewer Chinese infrastructure
projects within their borders each year. Conversely, if an African country votes overwhelmingly
along with China in the United Nations General Assembly, they receive 1.8 more infrastructure
projects per year. Considering that the General Assembly is an
equal representative body where each country gets one vote no matter if they have a million
residents or a billion, China’s getting a lot of influence for, in the grand scheme
of things, not a lot of money. China touts the fact that their foreign investment
and aid is “no strings attached.” Unlike other institutions that give low or
no-interest loans to developing countries like the International Monetary Fund or World
Bank, China give loans with no requirements on factors like respect of human rights or
democratic elections. Of course, this data linking infrastructure
investment with political leanings shows that there are indeed hidden strings that require
benefit for China rather than benefit for the receiving country. Western powers are understandably concerned
about this shift in power dynamics towards a country with vastly different ideals. In 2017, China entered a select club as it
opened a military base in Djibouti. While four other countries have bases in Djibouti—France,
Italy, Japan, and the US—this base was unique as it was China’s first base abroad and
those by themselves, military bases abroad, are unique. Only 15 of the world’s most developed and
militarily powerful countries worldwide have them and now China is one of them. Although, western powers might be worried
for the wrong reasons. The government of China is clearly putting
a lot of focus and money into Africa but not as much as you’d think based off the result
they’re getting—vast amounts of influence over a whole continent. There are two key numbers to look at. In 2015, China loaned just $12 billion to
African countries. In the same year, the country invested a mere
$3 billion in the continent. That’s just not much but the reason China
is gaining this enormous influence over the continent is because the Chinese government
no longer has to force this phenomenon. Private Chinese industry is taking hold of
Africa. Of the estimated 10,000 Chinese businesses
in Africa, 90% of them are privately owned rather than one of the numerous Chinese state-run
companies. The Chinese companies in Africa are actually
making money—some substantially so. The Chinese government certainly has provided
a considerable push to the industrialization of Africa but now that that’s done, economic
forces are moving the initiative further forward. Chinese small business is gripping the continent. Much of the western world is ignoring the
prospects of the continent—ignoring that business in Africa can now be as profitable
as business in China was when its period of tremendous growth began. Right now, Africa is establishing itself as
the source of labor and resources for China and so, until the west pays attention, Africa
will continue inching forward on its path towards becoming China’s China. One of the techniques used to predict the
GDP or GDP growth of a country, which is of course used to decide which country to invest
in, is machine learning. For example, here’s what a machine learning
model predicted a country’s GDP would be over three months and here’s what it actually
was. It forecasted the country’s GDP far better
than humans did. The science behind predictions like this is
complex but fascinating. If you want to learn how it works, though,
the best place to do so is brilliant.org. Their machine learning course makes this advanced
concept simple because their simple explanations, illuminating graphics, and thought-provoking
questions break a concept down into small packages and then builds it back up to the
final result. They truly are experts in successfully teaching
complex topics. They also have plenty of other fascinating
courses on topics like computational biology, number theory, artificial neural networks,
and more. You can start learning for free at brilliant.org/Wendover
but then, if you want to access the full range of classes with their premium subscription,
the first 200 to use that link will also get 20% off their annual premium subscription. Thanks for watching and we’ll see you again
in three weeks for another Wendover Productions video.

100 thoughts on “How Africa is Becoming China’s China”

  1. China is opportunistic, and they know if they improve Africa, they are helping their own future. Also I just don’t think the Chinese are as arrogant. China was dirt poor for centuries, and they haven’t forgotten the struggle and hardship. Sometimes it’s not the people it’s the environment that creates poverty. I’m just glad someone is helping Africa bc if it was up to the US or Europe, it would never happen.

  2. Perhaps the final war, the war to end all wars will be when China has all of Asia and Africa and moves to take the holdouts like France Germany and great Britain. North and South America will stand perched against an equally large supercontinent and two ideologies will either be the engine of humanity or the destruction of it.

  3. China is colonizing Africa they are going to kill all the wildlife and destroy their lands !! african have no army to defend their lands against all these invaders !

  4. no disrespect but China needs to worry about China more then half your country lives off two dollars a day and whole newly built citys are empty why have you bought so much of the united states debt and meddle in the 2nd part of the crown which is Africa..some of us will not go without a fight unless u have a really good plan like getting rid of are dirty idiot ppl with ten kids no man around or have bugs live in trash talk real loud try to fight are very angry and evil I would be the first to join China then

  5. fake 真是美帝国主义亡我之心不死啊 说的我们好像是现代殖民者一样,不知道是谁全世界到处打 剥削世界

  6. Some western countries never know win-win but only know that one is the only one. Since ancient times, there has been a saying in China that helping others means helping yourself. Both sides have their advantages. The west only wants to kill the other side for its own, so it does not know that it is consuming itself when it oppresses others. Cause and effect are not untimely.

  7. AFRICA WILL TRADE ITS RESOURCES WITH WHO EVER IT CHOOSES TO NOT NATO OR AMERIKKKA OR ANYBODY WILL TELL AFRICA NOTHING FOR THE WORLD WILL TRADE FREELY WITHOUT ANY COLONIAL POWERS DICTATING NOTHING ITS THAT SIMPLE

  8. 6:16 Are you serious? Colonial plunder is what it is. They rape nations and take away resources without paying for it. China is not doing that. And why is the US not doing what China is doing if it is all about money? You can use a handkerchief, me thinks.

  9. Asian countries are better in helping African countries. Japan, India, and China, I hope China doesn't bully Africa after giving loans.

  10. Is there a problem for China to benefit from Africa? China wants to develop its economy for hundreds of millions of people in Africa free of charge? So who pays for the money? Westerners? Look at what the United States has done to Syria and Iraq, and now sanctions against Iran. Westerners are shameless. They only blame others, but they can't see what they have done.

  11. China has a plan called BGY to take over the world. they have done it with the Democrat Party in the USA already

  12. Right now, the US government is pressuring the Philippine President to provoke war on China. Well you see, South China Sea holds an estimated 190 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and 11 billion barrels of oil in proved and probable reserves. And ISIS is just sitting in the corner of the Southern Philippines.

  13. While people are thinking about learning Chinese. Vietnamese still can kept their language for about 1000 being control by China.

  14. While people are thinking about learning Chinese. Vietnamese still can kept their language for about 1000 being control by China.

  15. Nobody wants NGOs joke.to 10 kids in 10 millions….that Feminised Leftist West is to offer.

    People want material resources & solutions at large scale doubling life quality of 10 % ie million people that West used to offer during Patriarchy & China offering now

  16. 中国对非洲国家是朋友间的合作共赢!而欧美国家对非洲国家是主子对奴隶的剥削和压迫!这就是区别!别抹黑中国睁眼说瞎话!

  17. CCP CHINA is not 'helping' Africa, it needs a China!!
    Just like The West, It does not 'help' China! It needed a China!
    Africa therefore is another labor camp stamp.

    You had Made in China, for the west
    Now for China Made in Africa would be more common.

    The one wakes up first can always choose, while those wakes up last will missed everything!

  18. This is why u have to learn Chinese, if u keep studying English, u will have to adapt to western ideas. Study both languages, then u compare and choose the best one for your country.

  19. China will demand the loans to be paid back at some stage and the poor countries won't be able to. China will tell them they will wipe the debt if they are allowed to build military bases, all part of the Chinese world empire. All the people supporting China, well let us know what it's like in this empire if they take over. China is the most survelled country in the world and it's getting worse, the same thing will happen in these poorer countries China are 'helping.'

  20. These poor countries are smart enough to accept chinas call. Otherwise we hve example of arabs selling fuel in dollrs. Then investing it back in usa and later get bombed by the same dollar funded army

  21. 如果你都不承认一个中国,也就是不承认投资你的这个国家我又为什么要去投资那?你看过美国去投资朝鲜俄罗斯吗?请不要双标谢谢

  22. Serious? These countries who robbed Africa and saled africans are saying that China is controlling Africa by helping them be rich?

  23. Sour grapes. No matter what China is doing in Africa, it's better than 400 years of enslavement and colonisation that Europeans inflicted on Africa. China has also traded with (East) Africa for well over a thousand years before Europeans showed up in Africa.

    The Chinese know what it is like to be humiliated by Europeans (that's one thing Africa and China have in common – that the West conveniently forgets). China was one of the few countries that provided funds and supported the fight against apartheid.

    China's global dominance and it's pulling Africa up economically (for mutual benefit) is hated by the West because they know that a strong Africa will demand fair prices for its' commodities – and may actually want to take revenge on Europe and the US for it's exploitation over the last half millennia or so. The West has every reason to be afraid; Africa is on the rise – what goes round comes round.

  24. Few months ago a filthy nation threat other countries infact even their own allies with sanctions & tarrifs for not voting them in UN in golan height case,mean while China is giving investment & tech for votes & support.Amazing democracy & shit communism huh ??

  25. africa needed help. africa chose china for that help. now other countries are salty because they didnt get chosen. stop hating and let people chose who they get help from.

  26. African acting like they cannot do anything by themselves they always need help like a baby. Stand up and make your own country great by yourself. A bunch of slave mentality

  27. the europeans should have never given africa it's independance !! WE SHOULD HAVE STAYED THERE and help them protect their land.

  28. i dont really get how it became colonialism….. by setting up factories? i think there might be some sort of error here. or am i just too stupid to understand it?

  29. There were some hard times for Chinese citizens during the past 60 years. Millions of people starved to death. Yet China never stopped helping other poor countries. Many people who hate Chinese government used this to accuse it, didn't care about its own people .Etc. I hope Chinese government's effort pays off.

  30. An old saying in China: There’s no free food in the world. China is helping Africa, also helping itself. It’s quite different from what western countries did in China a century ago, who just looted and destroyed China.

  31. Amazing! China is awesome, doing so much good and empowerment in Africa. Foreign direct investments are the way to go!

  32. France and some European powers STILL own African territories and control local currencies like CFA. Why are you talking about that?
    Democrats and Republicans are owned by a single entity with in NATO.

  33. The majority of commenters on here thinking China does ANYTHING out of an altruistic heart are just stupid enough to qualify as citizens of the New World Odor where only their servitude will be required. Its nice that China is finally doing something nice for another country with all that money they made out of screwing the US and stealing her intellectual property. China does nothing for anyone but China. If you think China isn't in this for reasons other than a planned expansion then you deserve the fate that's probably coming your way. Its common knowledge that Africa is a good choice to begin with.

  34. Rather make a video on "how Europe became American puppet dog" stop propaganda campaign against china. China is truly helping and developing Africa. When china do business with a party both parties get benefits. But we know the American and European policy.

  35. Americans used africans for slavery. Slaves got nothing from that. China is giving africans better living standards in return for some money they profit out of it. Easy. China wins. China is a good guy

  36. CHINA IS THE WORST NIGHTMARE TO ANY COUNTRY AROUND T WORLD SPECIALLY INCLUDING CHINESE…IF PPL THINK USA ITS EVIL YOU DONT KNOW CHINA'S GOV'T AND INHUMANE POLITICS…..IT TAKES..IT TAKES AND ENSLAVE WITHOUT ANY CHANCE TO RECOVERY.

  37. China has pumped huge amounts of money into the continent of Africa……Wellsaid Wendover Productions and Welldone China. Try to do one better? Anyone?

  38. After these dumbass African countries realize did the money they got from China is going to cost them more in a long run guess we are going to be crawling back to

  39. As an American I’m unsure why the US isn’t more involved in Africa like China. It’s huge on resources and cheap on labor.

  40. Looool so many idiotic utopia thinkers.
    China destroys Africa with a price.
    Let's see with what resources and land you will have when you can't pay back the interest.
    RIP homies.

  41. IF you truly want to help Africa – come to africa – Build roads in Africa – Build hospitals, Schools and create peace in Africa

    Stop selling Arms to Africa in the name of democracy and stop dictating terms to Africa

    Be like china Come to africa and just help us and do not meddle in our politics and do not try to teach us what you think but learn what we want. – This is what Africa wants – Africa does not want your lessons on democracy or your lessons of freedom – we are happy with that but we want market access – a stable government – good roads solid houses, clean water and peace to grow our food.

  42. Don't be fooled guys, China is trying to take over Africa while looking like the happy and friendly good guys of the world. Imagine a government give a homeless man $1,000,000, the homeless man buys everything until he realizes that he has to pay back the government, and so he looses his house and everything. Now the government has more property and power. China does not care about Africa

  43. The African nations who invite China in will rue the day they made the decision. Just ask the people of Tibet. Just ask China's neighbors who are being bullied by China. But Africans are not the sharpest knives in the drawer. Soon they will be owned by the Chinese. And the Chinese cannot be made to feel guilty the way the Western Nation can.

  44. Glad to see idiotic US imperialist scumbags getting BTFO'd in these here comments. THERE IS A REASON MOST COUNTRIES LABEL YOU THE GREATEST THREAT TO WORLD PEACE.

  45. No interest loans. That is something the greedy corporatist imperialist tyrants in the US would never even think of. THERE IS A REASON, BURGERS, THAT MOST COUNTRIES HATE YOU.

  46. the UN and World Bank don't seem to understand that DEMOCRACY REQUIRES MONEY. Besides, when those US corporatist puppets mutter anything about democracy they are being massive hypocrites. No political system of any NATO-allied country even comes close to democratic.

  47. 8:01 China's first base abroad. You hear that, imperialist US scum? How about you get your blockhead troops over in South Korea to stop raping the local women?

  48. I don't know much about this, but isn't this kind of "help" the same as what happened in Germany at the end of second world war? The Usa was worried that europe wouldn't be able to repay their debts so they've started some business to rebuild the factories etc.?

  49. hahgahahaha west media funny…us uk kill innocent million people its ok but china helping poor country build its danger hahahaha

  50. China is not necessarily a new colonizer, but who is the old colonizer, the African people know very well about your country.

  51. So …… China should first kidnap and turn Africans into slaves, Then, many years later, these black slaves were declared free and discriminated against for a long time ,Just like America does,yes?

  52. So, you not only agreed that the US was and still is exploiting China's cheap labor/colonizing china, but also revealed the US used World Bank's money to swing other countries for their favor. Now China is doing Africa the way you usually do China, therefore became China's China. Bravo. Hard to find a western media like you.

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