Grit: the power of passion and perseverance | Angela Lee Duckworth

Translator: Joseph Geni
Reviewer: Morton Bast When I was 27 years old, I left a very demanding job
in management consulting for a job that was even more
demanding: teaching. I went to teach seventh graders math in the New York City public schools. And like any teacher,
I made quizzes and tests. I gave out homework assignments. When the work came back,
I calculated grades. What struck me was that IQ
was not the only difference between my best and my worst students. Some of my strongest performers
did not have stratospheric IQ scores. Some of my smartest kids
weren’t doing so well. And that got me thinking. The kinds of things you need
to learn in seventh grade math, sure, they’re hard: ratios, decimals,
the area of a parallelogram. But these concepts are not impossible, and I was firmly convinced
that every one of my students could learn the material if they worked hard and long enough. After several more years of teaching, I came to the conclusion
that what we need in education is a much better understanding
of students and learning from a motivational perspective, from a psychological perspective. In education, the one thing
we know how to measure best is IQ. But what if doing
well in school and in life depends on much more than your ability to learn
quickly and easily? So I left the classroom, and I went to graduate school
to become a psychologist. I started studying kids and adults in all kinds of super
challenging settings, and in every study my question was, who is successful here and why? My research team and I went
to West Point Military Academy. We tried to predict which cadets would stay in military training
and which would drop out. We went to the National Spelling Bee and tried to predict which children
would advance farthest in competition. We studied rookie teachers
working in really tough neighborhoods, asking which teachers are still
going to be here in teaching by the end of the school year, and of those, who will be
the most effective at improving learning
outcomes for their students? We partnered with private
companies, asking, which of these salespeople
is going to keep their jobs? And who’s going to earn the most money? In all those very different contexts, one characteristic emerged
as a significant predictor of success. And it wasn’t social intelligence. It wasn’t good looks, physical health, and it wasn’t IQ. It was grit. Grit is passion and perseverance
for very long-term goals. Grit is having stamina. Grit is sticking with your future,
day in, day out, not just for the week,
not just for the month, but for years, and working really hard
to make that future a reality. Grit is living life
like it’s a marathon, not a sprint. A few years ago, I started studying grit
in the Chicago public schools. I asked thousands of high school juniors to take grit questionnaires, and then waited around more than a year to see who would graduate. Turns out that grittier kids were significantly more
likely to graduate, even when I matched them
on every characteristic I could measure, things like family income, standardized achievement test scores, even how safe kids felt
when they were at school. So it’s not just at West Point
or the National Spelling Bee that grit matters. It’s also in school, especially for kids
at risk for dropping out. To me, the most shocking thing about grit is how little we know, how little science knows,
about building it. Every day, parents and teachers ask me, “How do I build grit in kids? What do I do to teach kids
a solid work ethic? How do I keep them motivated
for the long run?” The honest answer is, I don’t know. (Laughter) What I do know is that talent
doesn’t make you gritty. Our data show very clearly that there are many talented individuals who simply do not follow through
on their commitments. In fact, in our data,
grit is usually unrelated or even inversely related
to measures of talent. So far, the best idea I’ve heard
about building grit in kids is something called “growth mindset.” This is an idea developed
at Stanford University by Carol Dweck, and it is the belief that the ability
to learn is not fixed, that it can change with your effort. Dr. Dweck has shown that when kids read
and learn about the brain and how it changes and grows
in response to challenge, they’re much more likely
to persevere when they fail, because they don’t believe that failure
is a permanent condition. So growth mindset
is a great idea for building grit. But we need more. And that’s where I’m going
to end my remarks, because that’s where we are. That’s the work that stands before us. We need to take our best ideas,
our strongest intuitions, and we need to test them. We need to measure
whether we’ve been successful, and we have to be willing
to fail, to be wrong, to start over again with lessons learned. In other words, we need to be gritty about getting our kids grittier. Thank you. (Applause)

100 thoughts on “Grit: the power of passion and perseverance | Angela Lee Duckworth”

  1. I'm here because of some liberal school assignment. Do people really feel motivated by these banal anagrams that try to spell out the basic elements of human passion to us? I find it so transparent to the point that it's practically meaningless. I don't understand it. I guess if you're fourteen and living with your parents or haven't figured out how to take care of your basic survival needs yet. But for someone who's experienced the real world and figured out how to provide for themselves, forcing me to take this kind of course is a bit condescending. That's what I hate about college. You pay for it out of your pocket, then are forced to take classes that teach you the stuff you already learned decades ago. It's like being forced to take a class about how to eat food or breath air.

  2. I usually thought I was lacking in grit
    Always when I do something, my willpower is strong at first, but at the end, my willpower is weak.
    I reflected on myself through this lecture.
    I will try to develop my mind from now on.

  3. Grit. In order to succeed, they said it's not good looks, physical conditions, I.Q., etc. Persistence is an important trait to achieve a goal. Grit is endurance. I lack endurance. This lecture served as an occasion for me to devote my passion to becoming a man of spirit and success.

  4. I heard this video at this third time. I’m 100% agree with.
    I do love English that reason why i had subscribed TED so long to listen. And i have been enhancing my english youtube channel.
    Hope it will be so far because of your support over the world.
    Im Robert From 🇻🇳

  5. Grit from my opinion is a person who faces adversity, with numerous failure and keep going until he/she succeed.

  6. 私のグレード9先生は私のクラスにこの動画を見せたことを覚えます。

  7. Women in America, have home to far with neglecting there family. Capitalist scrum bag. And you diversions.

  8. This ignited a little flame in me to keep on when I really wasn't feeling it today. Glad I watched!

  9. I've watched this over and over again to stay motivated during my preparation for studying abroad! I wish my parents could know all these things to see my efforts for the test. I wish they knew that I only have a few months to prepare for the test ( IELTS), and therefore stop considering me as a failure person. However, I'm proud with all things I've achieved in this short period of time. I'm here willing to fail and start again to make my dream come true cuz I believe that "Life is short, only choose the best and stick to it"

  10. I totally agree with her. Well, you know, to me, your brain – you can improve it if you work hard or study hard and then you can develop your brain. One day, your IQ will be developed and after that you not only can get high IQ level but also you can get your proficiency in your attempt.

  11. I’m a Japanese high school student.
    I learned about Grit in English class. It is a passion and we have to do everything we can until we arrive the goal. I think this’s so hard and it need strong mental. What can we do to get this character??

  12. Stolen Idea, from Sanskrit Translated Books, masked into English Language, and. Her own examples.
    Thumbs down for plagiarism.

  13. It's true. I'm "good" at learning languages and math, but I always felt like I didn't have a natural ability in regards to learning math or languages; I just kept going at it and never giving up.

  14. Tell me some I don't fucking know dumb woman merely reciting 'growth mindset matters' theres many techniques and philosophies to building grit and you haven't mentioned one of them. TED has lost its touch and made way for uninspiring wafflers and regurgitators . I don't even need it anymore.

  15. i don’t know what this is but i dislike the school system. it’s not the person that has to change, it’s the school.

  16. Grit was something I learned at a very young age. When I was 9 my single mom told me I'm sorry I can't get you the shoes, clothes and cool video games all your friends have, if you want it you'll have to get it yourself. So I got a paper route and hater every second of it. But I stuck with it even in +35c heat or -20c cold because when I wanted something I went out and go it because bi realized nothing was easy and no one is ever going to do anything for you. She is right about the mindset of living life like a marathon and not a Sprint and having the ability plan your future. I'm 24 now and have been saving for the past 3 years and will buy a house by 25, meanwhile I see all my friends blowing all their money on coolest clothes and shoes and gadgets. It really is a mindset that needs to be engraved at a young age to have short and long term goals

  17. A person said more than 2,500+ years ago..
    "There are 4 elements of success : passion, perseverance, attention to detail, and continuous improvement"..
    The first two are GRIT.. Surprise that scientist just found out and "re-package" them as GRIT..
    And that "person" who said 2,500+ years ago is.. Buddha..

  18. Here's the issue, though: In a wold that's so horribly twisted and dying before our very eyes while the only people who have the power to really do something about it only make the situation so much worse, it's difficult to find the motivation to do anything bc it won't really mean anything in a few decades if this keeps going, y'know?

    How am I supposed to stay motivated when anything I do will just become obsolete or vanish altogether in what's not even the long run, but the relatively short term, too?

  19. Small victories are the critical hinges to the major successes…remember to also celebrate them. Life is a grind, embrace it 🙏

  20. It's hardly that difficult to know how to instill 'grit' in anyone; make emotional connections – reasons for persevering for a particular goal have to have a personal stake. Also, she mentioned this; how we teach our children to deal with failure, and parents and teachers and managers (society) need some proper training on how to acknowledge and respond to those people and things that don't equal our expectations. Grit is often based on value perception, not nec always but it takes very little psychological study to know that self-esteem and grit and failure are all connected.

  21. Grit- it can be a useful tool but at the same time as bad too. 'Grit' can work and not work for everyone. As for Angela Duckworth, grit works for her because that is the most characteristic of the Asian culture. Rain or shine, rich or dirt poor we will get things done. It might work for some, or it may not apply especially for the underserved and impoverished society.

  22. A friend sent me this and said it reminds her of me. This is actually the sweetest compliment I've ever gotten. 😀 Hahaha!

  23. Merci beaucoup pour cette vidéo , j'espère que le Growth Mindset va se développer davantage en France, un état d'esprit qui mène au bonheur !.J'ai rédigé un article complet en français sur le Growth Mindset et 5 outils pour aider nos enfants à le cultiver 🙂 Thank you so much for this amazing video, I hope that this state of mind will finally develop in France. I wrote a complete article in French on Growth Mindset and 5 tools to help our children grow it :)

  24. Some writer on Medium basically implied she's a con artist, LOVE IT. Sad thing is, so many female administrators fall for garbage like this and fork over valuable cash to these hucksters that could be going to kids. It's CRAZY how Americans keep falling for these con artists. It's literally a perennially lucrative industry in the US because people NEVER wise up to it!

  25. Here is what students need in order to build up their grit: Quality teachers.

    I know from experience that I got the highest scores in classes I liked. Me liking a class has a lot to do with my experience in the classroom, and that has a lot to do with the teacher involved.

    As a student, I would feel more motivated if my teacher:
    – Respected me for my accomplishments by congratulating me for getting a better test score than before, by being enthusiastic about what I get right
    – Motivated me to achieve more by doing the same things I mentioned above
    – Gave meaningful assignments or projects rather than stuff noone wants to do
    – Made learning not just easy but also fun, as I feel like I am more likely to retain information if I enjoyed taking it in
    – Helped me whenever I am unsure of anything and did so respectfully
    – Acted as not just a teacher but also a friend; was a great person to talk to or listen to
    – Made the classroom a joyful and relaxing environment, rather than making it feel like prison

    I could probably say a lot more, but these are the main things that I was presented with by only a small handful of the teachers I had in highschool. I wish I could give all those teachers a shiny trophy, I love them so much for what they do.

  26. We need have grit as well as stamina to win the marathon called life.With this philosophy, the failure becomes a stepping stone for success.

  27. what merit does this woman have to make these allegations. Grit is NOT a unit of measurement and why does she hold this delusion to such high esteem

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