Game Changer Challenge panel with Mark Scott


(Music plays)>>Well, good
morning and welcome everybody, to the Game
Changer Challenge. And what a
challenge it will be. But in many
ways, you have already won . almost 100
schools from across the
state applied to be here. And guess what, just 18
schools were selected. So, congratulations. (Cheering)>>And welcome
to those schools who are tuning
in via our live stream, coming from
you here at Google HQ. In a few
minutes, we will hear from some of the
brightest minds in
Australia, who are
joining us here today to answer your
questions. We will spend
about one hour taking
questions from you, our Game
Changes. And no doubt, their answers
will shed some light on the
topic of this year’s
challenge . how might
we humanise technology? , Game changers, are you
with me? Well, page
54 of your playbook
is a list of our
panellists and some space for
you to catch some great
quotes or ideas that
they have. Make sure you
are on the lookout because
they have so many insights. I have just
been speaking to them and you are in
for a treat. So, ladies and
gentlemen, turn your
mobile phones to silent,
please, and get ready, because I
would like to introduce
to you Craig Madden, to introduce a official
Welcome to Country. Craig. (Applause)>>Thank you
very much, good morning. My name is
Craig Madden, and firstly I
would like to thank the New
South Wales Department
of Education for welcoming
me here today into this
beautiful building at
Google HQ to do the Welcome
to Country. I’m a proud Gadigal man
from the Eora Nation. We are
standing on the Eora Nation
land here today, Gadigal
land. It is
customary for Aboriginal
people to invite guests
or listeners onto Aboriginal
country, so as a member
of the Metropolitan
Local Aboriginal Land
Council and a proud Gadigal
man, I would like to welcome you
here today onto Gadigal
land. I would like
to pay my respects to
Elders, past, present and
emerging, any Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islanders
sisters today, welcome to
Aboriginal land. Welcome to all
nonindigenous brothers and
sisters here today, welcome
to Gadigal land. Gadigal is one
of 25 Clancy used to make
up the Eora Nation. — 29 nations. We are
surrounded by three mighty
rivers, the Eora
Nation and the land we
stand on, the Gadigal
land is one of 29 clans of
that nation. For those of
you who have travelled
overseas, welcome to
Gadigal land. Anyone who has
travelled across this
great country of ours, this
great state or magnificent
city, welcome to Gadigal
land. We look
outside and we see this
beautiful harbour, to our morbid
is a place of plenty of
seafood, a place our
people came and fished
and collected for tens of
thousands of years, a very special
place for our mob. As a Gadigal
land and a member
of the Metropolitan
Local Aboriginal Land
Council, I hope you
will travel far and safely
today. And once
again, welcome,
welcome, welcome. Thank you
very much. (Applause)>>Thank you,
Craig. What a
beautiful welcome. I joined Craig
in welcoming you all here
today. I would now
like to welcome the New
South Wales Minister of
education, the honourable
Sarah Mitchell.>>Good
morning, everybody. I would also
like to begin by
acknowledging the traditional
custodians of the land on
which we meet . pay my
respect to Elders, past,
present and emerging. Thank you for
the lovely welcome. How exciting
is it to be at Google? I am excited
as well. Thank you to
Mel and the team for
pulling this altogether. I have two
girls, the eldest is
six and is starting school
tomorrow. She found it
very cool that I am coming
to Google. I am so glad
you could all be here for
this challenge, it
is so exciting. What you will
do today is really important. One of the
things we know in education
is how much things change and how much
we need to adapt to the
world we live in. My daughter
is in kindergarten,
when she finishes
school, it will be 2031. What will
technology look like
then? What will our
world look like? And how can we
make sure that in our schools
and education system, we’re doing
what we need to do to equip
you for the world you will
be living in. And it is
interesting to look back. I probably
seem very old to the people
in the audience. 20 years ago
I was in year 12 at high
school and we didn’t have
smart phones or streaming
movies, and if we
didn’t know the answer to
questions, the phrase to just google
it was probably in
its infancy. So, it’s very
exciting that you are part
of these challenges. And it’s
important that what you come
up with when you talk about
things around artificial
intelligence and humanising
technology, I am very
interested to hear what you
come up with. Because some
of the ideas that will come
out of this room can make
a big difference in
the years to come. So regulations
to all of you for being
chosen, it is a privilege for
you all to be here. Enjoy it, have
a great time. I will be here
for an hour or so. I am looking
forward to the panel and some
questions you will be asking. Congratulations
and I hope you make the
most out of what will be
an amazing opportunity. And thanks for
letting me be here to say
a few words. Thanks. (Applause)>>Thank you
so much, Minister. We are very
privileged to have you here
today. There are a
few spare seats down
here, I would like
to invite anyone who is
standing over there to come
and fill the seats down the
front for me. That would
be lovely. Please, come
on, feel free! All they are
all happy standing. We are coming
to you live from a very
cool workspace today, that is
Australia’s Google HQ, and the person
in charge is our Vice
President and managing
director of Google
Australia and New Zealand, Melanie Silva. Please,
welcome.>>Thank you. Do you know,
we have all of our meetings
in this room and I don’t
think it’s ever been this
pact, and this pact with your funny
hats, the hats you
have to wear when you start
at Google. It’s so good
to see so many of you here
wearing those cool hats. I still have
mine as well. It’s a
privilege to have you here,
thank you for welcoming us. And thank
you for the Welcome to
Country, it was amazing, we’re proud to
work on the Eora Nation
land , the home of
the Gadigal people. So, it’s a
super exciting couple of days. As the
minister mentioned, technology
has evolved pretty quickly. She told you
a story about what life was
like when she was a kid
at school. When I started
at Google 12 years ago, the internet
was a place that you
went to. You had a
desktop computer in a
room in your house and you had
to go and sit there and go on
the internet. And now, for
all of you, it is in your
pocket, it is wherever
you wanted to be. And did you
know that Wi-Fi was
actually invented by Australian? Australian
people. So there is
nothing stopping you
all, any of you, from being the
inventor of the next big
breakthrough that will
change the way people use
and access technology. And that is
why we are so proud to be a
part of this Game Changer
Challenge today, it’s a
wonderful program. The question
you have all submitted prove
to me that you are some of
the smartest people in
Australia right now. And we want
to give Australia
people big, chunky
challenges to solve, and hear what
your ideas will be. It is an
honour to have you all here
today. But it doesn’t
stop after the next three
days . you will come
up with some great ideas
and we will provide workshops, and all your
teams will help bring
these things to life. It’s great
to have the support of all
your teachers, and as a
mother of two kids, I want to say
a big thank you to all the
teachers in the room
today. Let’s give them
a big round of applause. (Applause) Because
without their support and
fostering of all your great
ideas, it would be
difficult for you all to
be here. I can’t
believe there were 100
entries in the 18 if you get
to be here today. You must be
pretty special folk. I would like
to thank everyone on the
Google for Education team, as well as the
founders and creators of the
Game Changer Challenge it is great to
work with you all today. It’s something
we’re really proud of him
at Google. Enjoy the rest
of the day. Who do I need
to hand over to? Yes! OK, I can’t
wait to hear the ideas you
will come up with. Thanks for
joining us here today. (Applause)>>Thank
you, Mel. I you ready? Let’s get
our Q and a session
underway. Let me
introduce you Mister Mark
squat, our moderator
today. Take>>Mark Scott. He is a
secretary of the New South
Wales Department of
Education. Second, Michele Silva,
maker welcome. Toby Walls,
from the University of
New South Wales. Toby is an AI
research and a rock star of
Australia’s digital revolution. Write that
down in your books, please. Distinguished
Professor, Maryann
Williams, from the
UTS Sydney. And she is
also one of the world’s top
25 women in robotics. We have got
Gillian Kilby, the CEO and
founder of the infrastructure
collaboration. (Applause)>>She is a
farmer’s daughter who
is now a positive voice
for change. Welcome,
Gillian. We have Lloyd
Gibson, a Marine teacher at Hastings
secondary College. He is actually
an adventurer at Connaught
and an ambassador
as well. Welcome. And finally on
our balance today, Mister
Lee Heekin, who works for
Microsoft Australia. Yes, big round
of applause. (Applause)>>Lee has
worked in IT for more than
27 years, basically,
before it was cool. So, today,
over to you. Wait, there is
another one here! Lucky. And please
welcome my last panellist, Doctor Matt
Beard, philosopher at
the Ethics Centre. (Applause)>>You might
know Matt already, he is
quite famous for his
podcast Short and Curly. Welcome, our
panellists. Over to
you, Mark.>>Lovely
to be here. We love those
hats. Toby Walsh
wants one of those hats to wear around
UNSW. Great to be
here at Google, thanks for
your hospitality and
partnership on that your
great work. Great to have
the minister here as well. Also want to
acknowledge the educational
leaders from PNG. You think you
have come a long way today,
these guys come from
across the shore. (Applause)>>And are
welcome to everyone
watching this live stream
today. It’s a big
week in New South Wales
education, Education Week, and today is
one of the absolute highlights. And I can tell
you, this is one of the best
panels you could find
anywhere to address
these important
issues of AI and technology. And how they
will change our lives, the
way we work and live and
interact with each other. And somewhat
frighteningly for them is a
tough questions are
being asked by you. So what I have
is a list of important
questions that have come from
all the schools , so what will
do over the next little
wise is to ask you to ask your
questions of the panel, and will have
quite a good discussion on
the issues you have raised. Just to start
challenging your thinking
as we head off on this three
gate journey. – Three day
journey. I will ask one
question to get us rolling, one
interesting issue about
technology is that technology
that can seem very
commonplace today, was once very
innovative and change the
world. An example
explained to me was the
invention of the washing
machine. You can’t
think of a more common
piece of technology in
your house than the
washing machine. But it changed
the world. Before the
washing machine was
invented, people and
families, particularly
women, would spend
half the day through the
process of washing. Now it’s as
simple as putting
something in the machine and
pressing the button and the
washing is done. And it
transforms the world because
it freed up people’s time,
particularly women, to enter the
paid workforce in a way which
may not have been possible
up until that time. So common
technology today but that
changed the world at
the time. What
technology can members of the
panel see and think about on
the horizon now that may
fundamentally change the
world the way the
washing machine did? Anyone want
to dive in? Toby?>>The fact
that we can read and write
genetic information
will change the world. Matt will no
doubt tell us about the
profound ethical
challenges that poses, but there are
plenty of terrible
genetic diseases that
we can remove from the human
genotype, and the
amazing things we can do, the amazing responsibility.>>So, diseases
that are common and
widespread now will disappear
on the back of the Crisper
technology?>>It absolutely
amazing. All of you
will know someone in your
immediate circle whose
life has been touched by
disease, even the
susceptibility to cancer, that is
something we have the
potential, if we work out
how to use it, to change.>>Other
members of the channel?>>I think
artificial intelligence is
the elephant in the room. The washing
machine is a great example, but you can’t
get it to work without electricity. And AI is much
more like electricity
than like a washing
machine. And I agree
with Toby and I have
known Toby for 30 years, but someone
called me Deirdre
earlier, but we could
have an AI connected to
our brains that would
stop those silly mistakes
that humans make all
the time. And humans are
very frail, very fragile, and a very
limited physically and
since orally, but we can
perceive, but also our minds
and how we perceive data. So I think AI,
just like electricity, will change
everything. Not in an
instant, electricity is
more than 100 years old. But over the
next centuries. Everything
will get turned upside
down and you guys will do
the turning upside down.>>Anyone else
on the panel want to
dive in?>>I will
talk about exploring the
underwater world, and how that’s
changed due to technology. Underwater
robots, in the past, to go to the
bottom of the same it was
very expensive — to go to
the bottom of the sea, now we can
send down robots and stream
live from the bottom of
the sea on the
internet in real time to classrooms
around the world so that
they can be participating
in deep sea research that was once
a very costly undertaking. We’re starting
to see the development of
AI robots now which is a
fairly new development, which will
enable us to track things
much quicker in the future . things like
litter and pollution, and to target
the response. So potentially
will see underwater
robots solve the big
climate issues we have today.>>I will throw
another one out there,
Quantum computing. Look up the
story of Schrödinger’s
cat, the idea that
something can be into state
that time, but the state
only changes when you check
the status of that thing. I was looking
at quantum computing
overseas last year, and when you
think about the big
problems with the planet,
climate change, feeding
the planet, the mass
movement of humanitarian
crises around the planet,
these are problems that we can think
about solving, but the number
crunching, the number
of pathways we need to
think about to determine the
right outcome is something
that Quantum brings us, it gives us
the ability to answer multiple
questions in it instead. — In an
instant. And we at the
beginning with Quantum, requires us to
build bits we don’t have today in
the physical world. So it is a
fascinating area. And you should
know that while we are
researching globally, Sydney
university in Australia is
one of our six quantum
research fields will
be billed software to
drive quantum in Australia.>>Last member
of the panel.>>Hands up if
you live in the country? Hands up if
you live in the city? So the
transition that technology
provides us in the next
20 years is the ability
for everyone to live in
the regions rather than
in the big cities. What of the
time we choose to live in the
cities because we have better
access to education,
healthcare, but as technology transforms the
way we treat patients, and even the
way the disease is
that we are exposed to in
the future, hopefully lack
of diseases in the future, the
opportunity to have wonderful
careers and lifestyles
out of the major centres will become
a real possibility
for people. So I just want
to flag the country as
the future. As a regional
catalyst here.>>This is
good news. We all asked
you to send and three
questions, and we have
looked in all of them and we
have winnowed them back. Some are in
similar areas. We will go to
the floor now and ask schools
to ask their questions to a
panel member. We will ask
the panel member to
answer these questions, and
then some other
panellists might chime in, but we have to
keep moving to get to as
many schools as we can in
the time available. It’s just like
you and day. The first
question is for you, Mel. It is from
Lake Munmorah high school. Give us a
wave guys. On your feet
so we can hear the question. Keep the cap
on, though, that’s important.>>This one is
for you, Mel. In the 12
years at Google,
has your opinion of
AI changed? Is it excite
you a ski you or what?>>A good
question. I think it
has changed. It started out
as something that was very
unknown, something that
we were all trying to
figure out what the
applications of it would be. What is
wonderful about some of
the things we are seeing with
AI is that they span every
day useful things, so for me
things like Google telling
me when to leave home to
get to work on time, or being
able to search in my Google
photos for pictures of
birthday cake, all the
way through to some of the
stuff Julian and the panel
were talking about, that you
can create machines that
see images on the human scan
that the eye can’t see, that
help us detect diseases
a lot earlier. I have been at
Google a long time, it
doesn’t scare me, it really
excites me. One of the
things that is fascinating is
that you can make these
things available to so many
people around the world. We have
a product which is kind
of a product library of all
these machine learning and
AI pieces of technology that
anyone can take and apply, so you can put
it in the hands of people to see what
they come up with. Any problem can
be solved. So I am very
excited.>>Toby, are
you as excited?>>Yes, don’t
believe what you see in
Hollywood. Go and watch
a Bond movie, you know it
isn’t real.>>What!?>>Sorry, but these
tales in the movies
are very fantastical, and it’s a
much more useful,
practical element of our
lives than what Hollywood
would have you believe.>>Maryanne,
are you excited or
scared?>>I agree with
Toby, that’s good for today,
but we’re just seeing
clips as of tomorrow. And AI is a
general purpose that
can be used for a wide
variety of applications
by a very wide variety of different
types of people. And Google has
made their software
available for everybody. So it can be
used in many different ways. I think we
need to pay more attention to laws and the
economic drivers that will
shape AI. Ethics are
imported, obviously. They
encapsulated our values. But it will be
the law and how we can
enforce it that will
constrain AI. And the
economic drivers will
help to try the innovation
that we need and to help
humans build trust with AI. So it’s a
very good question.>>Thanks Lake
Munmorah for getting us
going. (Applause)>>One school
I was excited to see that the
entry was our friends at
the Sydney Children’s
Hospital School. So, where
are we? Welcome along
today. And the
question is for Julian
Kilby.>>Hi, I am
Felicity and I’m from Kew
Temple. With an
expanding national
population and declining private
industries like mining,
why are national
and state governments so
invested in city infrastructure instead of
the bigger picture . funding
regional areas to help with
growth of population and
potential industry, like solar,
wind and tourism. I should be
able to complete my
study in my hometown, catch
the train to the city
for a residential
stay at UNSW and for my
treatment in Sydney
Children’s Hospital, and be able to return home
to potentially work in my
home community. What role can
technology play in making
my vision a reality?>>Thanks
so much. (Applause)>>Thanks so
much for your question. I grew up in
the same area. The first
thing I want to say is, I am so sorry
that you have to travel to
get healthcare, I am sorry
that you have to travel to
get education. For anyone who
has spent a night alone in
a hospital bed, it’s a lot
harder when your parents
are 500 km away. So firstly,
sorry. The second
thing is, we do invest where
the votes are, our major
cities. But we are
also making big investments
in the region right now. And a fabulous
example is the Country in the
University Centre. It is a co-working
space for university
students. You can be in
Broken Hill studying at any
Australian university. And your
fellow cohort of students
live in that town with you. Their
aspiration was 100 students
in the first year and they
have 200 students now. My aspiration
for a centre like that is
that you should be able
to study anywhere in the
world from Broken Hill,
and it’s all broken — and is
all brought together by the
government and the university. The second
example is The Game Changer, you are here
in Sydney, on Friday,
this whole operation goes
to Dubbo. And the reason
it bumps to Dubbo is that
someone sitting at
the table, your Education
minister said, “What
about the regions?” So my
aspiration for you is that
your future allows you to
not just be a seat at the
table in your region, but
that you have a seat in
Macquarie Street in
Parliament, at the boardroom
table is in the cities, so
that every decision that
is made accommodates
people over the mountains. Because until
we have seats under the desks
in the right meeting rooms,
we won’t be represented. We’re good
at cultural diversity,
women at the table, but let’s get
the regions to the table. So thanks for ringing it to
everyone’s attention. I wish you
all the best.>>Felicity
makes an excellent
point. One thing we
often says that the future
is here but not evenly
distributed. Some people
are already enjoying cutting-edge
technology, and we still
have people in our country
who don’t. And we have
people across the world who
can’t access clean water. The technology
is 70 years old and yet
people can’t access it
today. When we think
about technology, we can think
about the cutting edge and what the
next cool thing is, but sometimes
in terms of technology that
will change the world, it’s about
taking stuff we have noted
about four years and making
sure every person has
access to it. We need to
think about the people
being left behind as well
as blazing a trail forward
into the future. I think your
example captures that
brilliantly.>>Great
question. We will now
go to school children from
Oak Hill Drive public school. And a question
for you, Lee.>>My question
is fully he can. How do humans
interact with
technology today and what
advances in technology
do you see is most
beneficial to human life?>>Is a complex
question. It’s too very
big questions. The starting
point for me . how do we
interact with the technology
today? I think we are
about 4.5 billion
internet users around the
world as of today,
in a population of
8 billion people. So more
than half the population
uses internet every day. I think now
over half of that
connectivity is what we
consider to be mobile devices. So we have
shifted massively from
this idea of going to a
place to connect, to constantly
being in a place to
connect on the internet. What I have
seen over the last five years
I saw it massively is
that ability to interact
with the internet in a
natural way. We think about
natural language,
gestures, physical communication. As we
communicate in physical ways, through Skype
style experiences or
holographic experiences, it’s interesting, I was venting last week and was asked
about multiple generations of
the internet. There are
lots of generations, and it is
interesting, the generation
with the biggest
challenge today with
using technology is actually my
generation, Generation X. Because we
grew up with that, thought
we had a grasp on it, and it
shot past us. You guys
get it. It’s totally
natural to you. But for the
older generation who
never had it before, they have no
preconceived ideas, it’s just
another way of communicating. To answer the
first part, it will be natural
gestures and voice, that is
how we of all that conversation, although we
have had keyboards for
so long and doesn’t appear
to be going away. But the second
part of your question, what
will change that? It comes back
to AI being a universal game
changer. You hear about
the Fourth Industrial
Revolution, the cloud,
etc. And I believe
it is AI. Industrial is — Industrial
Revolution is either change
us as human beings or compel us
forward as a race to be able
to achieve more. AI will
do that. It is a tool
which will help us
communicate better. It is AI when
you talk to your election
device that figures out
what you want. It is AI
making that more intuitive. So it truly
understands you. Stringing
together multiple
conversations so you are just
asking it to play your song, you are asking
it to do several things
at once. That is how
we will communicate in
the future . we will talk
to it like it’s a person. But I will
add, I am scared of the
uncanny valley, and the idea
of thinking of a computer as
another person. It’s important
that as humans we maintain the
distinction between
interactions with human and
communication with the
computer, which may
offer us better experiences, but it is
still a computer.>>On the back
of that, you said
voice, speaking
technology will be important, but you said
we still have keyboards and keyboards
will be around for a while. But do you
anticipate that the
technology gets better, how much more
of our time will be spent
talking and listening to
our machines, rather than
typing into them? Where is
that going?>>Julian and
I were just talking about
this, often many
cultures don’t communicate
through words, they
communicate through the
visual medium of speech. Particularly
our Indigenous languages, they are not
written, they are voice and
gesture languages. So that’s why
it’s so important. That keyboard
is an inhibitor
of shared knowledge.>>That’s a
wonderful point. Before I came
back to Australia six
months ago, I was in Singapore. I travelled
all across the Asia-Pacific
region, and you see that concept
come to life. In parts of
Southeast Asia whether
literacy and numeracy rate . we take for
granted in Australia that
everyone can read and write. But when you
can’t, and you see someone
pick up a mobile device
and get information
closed off to them, that is
an incredibly powerful experience. But I think to
your point, Mark, I think there
will be an increase, and the
ability for you to just
get things started using
technology, but hopefully
you can free up more time to
talk to human beings.>>It is time
for a robot question. And so Allston
public school, where are our
friends from Alstonville? A question
for Toby who thinks about
robots a lot.>>How far
is too far in regards to
robots having jobs? And are there
human skills that robots
shouldn’t be allowed to
replicate? (Applause)>>Good
question. This will
test him.>>I say to
people that robots do many
jobs today. And we should
be celebrating that fact. Because they
were dull, dangerous jobs that perhaps
humans should never have
done. But behind
that, of course, is what
do the people who are now
not doing those jobs , what are they
doing in return? And I think
that is one of the most
important conversations
we should be having. If I think
about what work was like when I was
a child, people went to
officers, and there were
typewriters and landlines. That was it. Today officers
are transformed by
technology. So when you
are an adult and the work
will be completely
changed, loads of new
jobs will be invented that we have
no idea about today, so that is a
challenge for Mark and
everyone in the department
of Education, how can we
prepare you for those jobs? What skills
will you need in 30 or 40
years time to deal with
those new technologies? And how do
we make sure that everyone
is enjoying productive
lives? Those are
important conversations.>>Also on how
technology is evolving, students from
Samuel Gilbert public school. Where are
they? A question for
you, Matt.>>Hi, I am
Hannah from Samuel Gilbert. Is there a
danger that technology such
as virtual reality can
make us forget the world
around us? And what impact in this
have on human traits like
happiness and community? (Applause)>>A great
question. Before there
was virtual reality, there was a
philosopher who thought
about virtual reality, and he said,
“Imagine if you could today plug yourself
into a machine that he called
the experience machine, and he said,
“Imagine if you could plug
yourself into the machine
that would give you
whatever you thought was the
best possible life?” If you
want to be a rock star, you
could do that, a superstar, if
you just want to be a parent
but make sure you have a job
and a home and all of those
things, we can give you those
things as well. But in the real
world, you are really just
floating as this creepy
thing and your muscles
are decayed, and you look
gross. But in your
head, you are having
what you consider to
be your best life. Who wants to
plug into that machine? So, this
philosopher wrote this
about 40 years ago and he thought
that nobody would plug into
that machine, because he
thought we cared too
much about authenticity
and real experiences. But as these
technology start become
more and more possible, we’re starting
to see that people might
be more interested in
using them. I think those
things may eventually
become possible, whether they
are offered or not is a
question we will have to
talk about as a society, but might be
concerned with those
technologies where you can
be guaranteed this
artificial happiness is that it
means we stop bothering to create a
world where everyone can be
happy in the real world. Because we can
create this fake world and
the not have to worry about
it anymore. The people
who will be attracted to
those machines will be people
whose lives are really
hard. And it’s much
easier to give them an easy
way out and not worry about
them anymore than it is to
do the hard work of rolling
up our sleeves and
working out so that have to
turn to some pretend world
to live a happy life. So, I think
it’s possible, but if we go
too far down that path, we will
distract ourselves from
the bigger problem that
needs to be sold.>>Great
question, thanks for
that. We’ll go to
the northern secondary
College. Take>>Northern
Canary College. A quick
question.>>I am from
northern Derry College. How has
technology shaped human
evolution and how will it
continue to do so in the
future?>>Technology
always changes. We are tooled
users at the end of the day,
and we use technology to
ample amplify what we do. Here is an
example of a great piece of
technology which means
I can see. So, AI is one
of those technologies. No one
remembers telephone
numbers anymore because
our phones do. I can remember
one telephone number which was the
telephone number we have when
I was eight years old. It is not
connected, I don’t think. But now we
outsource that to machines. And I use my
brain to do other, more
important things than
remembering telephone
numbers. So hopefully
we will continue to use
technology to expand our
abilities to do things.>>At the
same time, we have to
develop new skills, because our
attention is being hijacked by technology. Essentially,
the human mind is an attention
machine, and humans
operate best when the most
important thing for them
or society has a retention. If you are
distracted, from the job
at hand or something
important, then you suffer and people
around you suffer. So, we will
need to develop and
evolve new skills that help
us control our own
attention better. And if
we don’t, that will
undermine the many things, like the
pursuit of happiness. But everything
else as well.>>The
challenge, I think, is that
technology evolves quicker
than humanity. Our genetics. Evolution is
a slow process over the course
of billions of years. Yet, in a
heartbeat, in tens
of years, we will
completely change the
world in which we live.>>And the
human mind is so flexible,
plastic, even at a
physical level. So I don’t
share the worry that we
can’t keep up with
technology. We’re designing
it, creating it, so we do need
to stay ahead of it, that’s
for sure.>>There is
an argument, because you say
that we are creating it,
at some point the technology
is creating us. I read some
research today about how young
people’s research and brains are
being adapted to that

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