Further education | Wikipedia audio article


Further education (often abbreviated FE) in
the United Kingdom and Ireland is education in addition to that received at secondary
school, that is distinct from the higher education (HE) offered in universities and other academic
institutions. It may be at any level in compulsory secondary
education, from entry to higher level qualifications such as awards, certificates, diplomas and
other vocational, competency-based qualifications (including those previously known as NVQ/SVQs)
through awarding organisations including City and Guilds, Edexcel (BTEC) and OCR. FE colleges may also offer HE qualifications
such as HNC, HND, Foundation Degree or PGCE. The colleges are also a large provider of
apprenticeships, where most of the training takes place in the apprentices’ workplace
with some day release into college. FE in the United Kingdom is usually a means
to attain an intermediate, advanced or follow-up qualification necessary to progress into HE,
or to begin a specific career path, e.g. accountant, engineer or veterinary surgeon. It is available to students over 16 at colleges
of Further Education, through work-based learning, or adult and community learning institutions. In the United States and Canada, the term
continuing education has a similar meaning.==By country=====United Kingdom=======England====Colleges in England are incorporated under
the Further and Higher Education Act 1992. These include: General further education colleges
Sixth form colleges Land-based colleges
Specialist designated colleges Art, design and performing art collegesColleges
are primarily covered by the Department for Education (DfE). Until July 2016, colleges were also covered
by the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS). With the abolition of BIS and formation of
the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) on 14 July 2016, responsibility
for FE colleges moved to DfE. The regulatory body for sixth form colleges
was already DfE prior to the 2016 changes. Following the merger of the Education Funding
Agency (EFA) and the Skills Funding Agency (SFA) in 2017, funding for colleges is provided
through the Education and Skills Funding Agency (ESFA) for all further education students. The Technical and Further Education Act 2017
laid out a framework for an insolvency regime for further education colleges known as “Education
Administration”. This is a form of corporate administration
adapted to the needs of further education, to be used “where a further education body
is unable to pay its debts or is likely to become unable to pay its debts” and intended
“to avoid or minimise disruption to the studies of the existing students of the further education
body as a whole”.All colleges and FE providers are subject to inspection by Ofsted which
monitors the quality of provision in publicly funded institutions in England and Wales. Colleges in England are represented by the
Association of Colleges.====Northern Ireland====
Further education in Northern Ireland is provided through six multi-campus colleges [1]. Northern Ireland’s Department for Employment
and Learning has the responsibility for providing FE in the province. Belfast Metropolitan College
North West Regional College Northern Regional College
South Eastern Regional College South West College
Southern Regional CollegeMost secondary schools also provide a Sixth Form scheme whereby a
student can choose to attend said school for 2 additional years to complete their AS and
A-levels.====Scotland====Scotland’s further education colleges provide
education for those young people who follow a vocational route after the end of compulsory
education at age 16. They offer a wide range of vocational qualifications
to young people and older adults, including vocational, competency-based qualifications
(previously known as SVQs), Higher National Certificates and Higher National Diplomas. Frequently, the first two years of higher
education, usually in the form of an HND can be taken in an FE college, followed by attendance
at university.====Wales====Further education in Wales is provided through: Sixth form colleges
FE colleges High school sixth form within secondary schoolsFurther
education in Wales comes under the remit of the Welsh Assembly Government and was formerly
funded by ELWa before its merger with the Assembly.===Republic of Ireland===The FE education in the Republic of Ireland
is similar to that offered in the UK. Typical areas include apprenticeships and
other vocational qualifications in many disciplines, such as childcare, farming, retail, and tourism. There are many different types of further
education awards, known as Post Leaving Certificates. Further education has expanded immensely in
recent years helped by the institutions and their relationships with their communities. Quality and Qualifications Ireland (QQI),
which was established on 6 November 2012, is the regulatory for FE qualifications.==See also==
AoC NILTA Bullying in further education
Education by country European Qualifications Framework
Learning environment Learning space
ISCED Jisc
National Union of Students of the United Kingdom Technical and Further Education (Australia)
Workers Educational Association

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