Figures of speech

Have you ever heard something
so funny that you literally
died laughing? No, you have not. As a figure of speech, probably,
but you did not “literally” die. I’m talking about the
difference between literal and figurative
language. Stick around and let’s talk about
figures of speech… [FIGURES OF SPEECH]
[♫] [snap] [♪] Hi. Welcome to Snap Language. My name is Marc Franco. Before we can talk about
figures of speech, we need to understand
the difference between literal and figurative
language. Take this situation: “John’s sitting on the fence.” Well. Here’s a fence,
here’s John, and he’s actually
sitting on the fence… This is the literal meaning
of this sentence. Now, say you ask John
if he’s in favor of or against something. He’s undecided… He says he’s in favor
in some situations but against in other
situations. He can’t seem to choose sides. You’d say:
“John’s sitting on the fence.” There is no actual fence; this is the figurative meaning
of this sentence. You see? When you read something
that has literal meaning, the words mean what they really say. But very often you read
something that has figurative meaning, so
you need to interpret it. Writers use figurative
language very often because it allows them to
express themselves well and use small distinctions
in meaning or nuance. In fact, we use figures of speech
in everyday language all the time. Mmm… “all the time.” That’s a hyperbole
or exaggeration. It’s a figure of speech. [snap] As with all things
worth knowing, different types of figures of
speech have their own names. A simile is a comparison
between two ideas or concepts using
“as” or “like.” With similes, you express that one idea or concept shares
similarities with another. “I slept like a baby.” Of course, you did not literally
sleep the way babies do, but babies sleep very peacefully… so, figuratively, that’s how
you want to say you slept. “Her skin is as smooth as silk.” Of course, skin and silk
feel very differently, but you’re just focusing
on the quality of smoothness; silk is very smooth,
so you’re saying her skin is very smooth, too. Sometimes the meaning
of a figure of speech is a bit obscure. Look at these examples: “He’s thick as a brick,”
means “stupid” or “unable to see reason.” “He ran out of the office
like a bat out of hell,” means he left “fast and
kind of crazy.” I’m sure there’s some history
behind these similes. Etymology is the study of the origin
and history of words and expressions. Did you know that “thick” meaning
stupid was first recorded in the 1590s? Usually, we just understand
the meaning and move on with our lives. But hey, if you’re interested
in that kind of stuff, go to the Online Etymology
Dictionary, and go nuts! [snap] Metaphors are like similes
without using “as” or “like.” Metaphors imply that the concepts
being compared share some quality or trait. “We received a tidal wave
of complaints.” “This is a recipe for disaster.” “He’s a couch potato.” “This gray weather is
giving me the blues.” The blues, “meaning ‘depression,
low spirits,’ goes back to 1741, from adjectival blue
‘low-spirited,’ late 14c.” Hyperboles are exaggerations. “I have a million things to do today.” “My book bag weighs a ton!” “I died laughing.” (Not literally…) Personification is when you give
an inanimate object or an animal a quality or trait that
persons have. You know… “persons” …
“personification.” “The trees were dancing
in the breeze.” Trees don’t “dance.” Humans do,
but here “dancing” means moving back and forth…
like dancing… “The angry waves crashed
against the rocks.” People get angry, not waves. You can imagine how
strong and turbulent “angry waves” are… Sometimes you can use multiple
figures of speech in the same sentence. “Drugs and alcohol dragged him
to a very dark place.” There are many other types
of figures of speech. What’s important here is you should pay attention to
when people are using literal language or a
figure of speech. Then you know how to interpret
what they’re saying. So, if you read in
an article that someone’s “starving for attention,”
you know it doesn’t have the literal meaning of “dying
from lack of food.” At the same time, because
the writer chose to use this hyperbole here, you can interpret the
writer’s intent as negative criticism
or ridicule. To be “starving for attention”
is not very flattering for anyone, so you know the writer’s
being very critical to the point of being mean. That’s sarcasm. If you remember the video on “irony,”
we talked about sarcasm, too. Sarcasm is a figure of speech. You must interpret its meaning. If someone tastes your food
and says, “Ugh! Delicious,” they’re being sarcastic.
Don’t take it as a compliment. So, now that you know
the difference between literal and figurative
meaning, I hope you never say, “It was so funny
I literally died laughing” because, if you literally
died laughing, well… you wouldn’t be able to
like and share this video. What are some of your favorite
figures of speech? Leave one in the comments. And, until the next time,
thanks for stopping by and watching this video. I mean this literally.
Thank you… No, literally. Thank you.
I’m grateful. Bye. [FIGURES OF SPEECH
[♪♫♪] [♪]

100 thoughts on “Figures of speech”

  1. This is exactly what i needed!!! my exam is tomorrow and i had a hard time understanding! thankyou and godbless you 🙂 I'm 1 out!

  2. my favorite figure of style is hyperbol :)i died laughing hahahha…. thank u so much teacher ur method of teaching is amazing im glad i found it

  3. Ik it’s a 1 year old video but thank you so much (you helped me with an exam) and this video was enjoy full at the same time. 🙏

  4. Thankyou very much, you really helped for my English test!! Really appreciate your videos, I’ll make sure to subscribe

  5. Favorite figures of speech: Metaphors and similes as used by PG Wodehouse: "to put on the nosebag with" = "to have dinner with"; "to feed out of the same dinner pail for life" = "to marry"; "his manner was like that of a wolf on the steppes of Russia, who, expecting a peasant, is fobbed off with a wafer biscuit"; "Mike nodded. A somber nod. The kind of nod Napoleon would have given in 1812 if someone had said, 'So, you're back from Moscow, eh?'

  6. Mine was Hyperbole, anyway ty for this video gladly i saw this. it injects my minds of informations about this lessons not literally 😁😆😂

  7. I like your structure of explaining stuff so interesting thank u ! Hyperbole and sarcasm are my fav

  8. Our current "educational" system leaves many graduating students as babes in the woods.You throw light thereupon !!

  9. Yes your videos are great,But thumbnails are just irritating… Please improve it and do more videos for non English speakers especially grammar

  10. Your videos are very short…. I'm a student of graduation… Please do a full figures of speech video…. Like – metonymy , synecdoche, transferred epithet etc… Please please

  11. my favourites of figures of speech are.
    my cut is as white as snow .
    she is as sly as fox.
    he is as deaf as post.
    she is as blind as a bat.

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