Education Talks | Flipping the classroom in science lessons and beyond

Research suggests educational videos may be
more effective than a teacher with textbooks: why? I think that books are important.
Evidently they are there. I studied with books. I love books. But these new generations, the children who are in class right now,
they spend all their free time on YouTube. YouTube is their playground. They are very used to the audiovisual format and everything that arrives
in audiovisual format, they get it a lot better. Obviously it is
much better, like I always say, to show a video of an explosion
than a photo of an explosion in a book. So in my case, I think video in particular
is a fundamental tool and can help teachers a lot at the time of teaching and
especially to connect with their students. How do you think the idea of flipped classrooms
will develop in the future? There are already many teachers
in the world working with the flipped classroom. They are using video usually in class and I think the breakthrough is going
to be unstoppable in the next 3 or 4 years. For me it is fundamental, not to replace
the work of a teacher or anything like that, but to be able to help
to achieve that those kids, who often find especially science subjects
less likeable, can be engaged much more. I also teach students in person and they always like what the videos
tell them better than what I tell them in class. In fact, it will make it so that
a teacher has to be more creative and do much more different things than
what they actually or usually do in class. As a nominee for the Global Teacher Prize 2017,
what would be your advice for the delivery of a good science lesson? First of all, try in any subject,
it does not matter if it is science, to transmit the greatest
possible enthusiasm to your students, empathise with them and
let them participate in class. I think we should abandon,
especially in science, the idea that the teacher only has to speak
and the students can only listen, and I think we should participate and
empathise and talk a lot more with them. From there, I try to give them
examples of superheroes, movies, of all the things that
they are keen with from the real world, so they can relate the numbers
and the letters and the equations they see on paper and they do not
know very well what they are for. They try to relate to the real world
and I explain why a plane flies or that the bridge they go through every day
responds to a mathematical equation or that if there were no mathematics,
they could not play their video games because video games
are about physics and mathematics. And if I try to link their passions
with the sciences, well, much better, and that is what I try
in the videos almost always. Do you see more integration of e-learning
into the curriculum in the future? I think we teachers should
little by little start introducing all those small dynamics or
in our class dynamics, all those little technological innovations that allow our students
understand the sciences from different angles. It cannot be that we continue
teaching the sciences in the same way as when I was little for example,
when there was no Internet or no Google. We must make the most of
the computing power of computers, mobile phones, social networks,
Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, definitely. Because it makes the kids connect more
what they see in class with the real world because if not, they are faced
with two different worlds. And we teachers need to start introducing
little by little that type of dynamics. Not just social networks,
but augmented reality. All you need is
a mobile and some cardboard glasses for children to see the Sistine Chapel from inside
or the bottom of the sea or space. So, everything that we can introduce
little by little in class that has to do with technology will make the students go to the class
more motivated, participate more, and that obviously improves
the way in which science is taught right now. Above all, considering that in the future, these kids are going to work with
technology practically every day and job opportunities
of the future and of tomorrow go through artificial intelligence,
machine learning, and many other concepts
that have to do with science. And the sooner we introduce the kids or get them to discover
the passion for science is much better. And little by little, the teachers,
we must try, at whatever cost.

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