Education in Karnataka | Wikipedia audio article


The state of Karnataka in India has institutions
like the Indian Institute of Science IISc, Indian Institute of Technology, Dharwad IIT,
Indian Institute of Management IIM, the National Institute of Technology Karnataka NITK, Indian
Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad IIIT, Visvesvaraya Technological University
VTU and the National Law School of India University. In addition, a Visvesvaraya Institute of Advanced
Technology (VIAT) is being constructed in Muddenahalli.As per the 2011 census, Karnataka
has a literacy rate of 75.36% with 82.47% of males and 68.08% of females being literate.==Primary and secondary education==As of March 2006, Karnataka had 54,529 primary
schools with 252,875 teachers and 8.495 million students. Likewise, there are 9,499 secondary schools
with 92,287 teachers with 1.384 million students.There are three kinds of schools in Karnataka: government
(run by the government), aided (financial aid is provided by the government), and unaided
private (no financial aid is provided). In majority of these schools, the medium of
instruction is either English or Kannada. The syllabus taught in the schools is that
of CBSE, ICSE, NIOS, or the state syllabus (defined by the Department of Public Instruction
of the Government of Karnataka). The curriculum includes subjects like science,
social studies and mathematics apart from language-related subjects. To maximize attendance, the Karnataka Government
has launched a midday meal scheme in government and aided schools in which free lunch is provided
to the students.At the end of secondary education, the students pursuing the state syllabus have
to pass an examination called the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) to move
on to the next level. The SSLC is administered by the Karnataka
Secondary Education Examination Board.==Pre-university education==
Students who have passed the SSLC have to pursue a two-year pre-university course (PUC)
or a three-year diploma course before they are granted admission to a degree (baccalaureate)
college. In the pre-university course, the student
has to choose one among the three streams of Arts, Commerce, and Science depending on
the kind of degree the student wants to pursue later. The Arts stream includes subjects like History,
Sociology and Political Science; the Commerce stream includes subjects like Accountancy,
Economics and Business Mathematics; and the Science stream includes subjects like Physics,
Chemistry, Mathematics, Biology, Electronics and computer science.==International schools and certification
boards==Bengaluru is a city that caters to the needs
of prospective parents seeking international education for their children. Bengaluru has evolved into a global education
hubs due to its cosmopolitan residents. Most of the international schools follow IB
(international baccalaureate, Geneva) or Cambridge (Cambridge International Examinations, Britain)
curricula. (The ICSE and CBSE are the curricula followed
by most of the Indian schools in Karnataka.) These international schools focus more on
holistic education and inquiry-based learning for their students than just focusing on rote
learning.==Baccalaureate education==There are 481 degree colleges that are run
under the jurisdiction of the universities in the state — Bangalore University, Kuvempu
University, Mysore University, Mangalore University, Gulbarga University, and Karnatak University. Deemed universities such as Christ University,
Manipal University also exist. Apart from these, there is the Visvesvaraya
Technological University which oversees many of the engineering colleges in the state. The medical colleges in the state are run
under the jurisdiction of the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences. Some of these baccalaureate colleges are accredited
with the status of a deemed university which grants them independence in chalking out their
own syllabus and awarding degrees on their own. There are 123 engineering, 35 medical, and
40 dental colleges in the state.The state has two universities offering courses related
to agriculture: the universities of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad and University of Agricultural
Sciences, Bangalore. The state has set up a Karnataka Veterinary,
Animal and Fisheries Sciences University at Bidar. Other universities established by the state
government are Kannada University, Karnataka State Open University, and Karnataka Women
University. There is Manipal University which is private. Karnataka has many deemed universities like
NITK, NIHMANS etc.==Technical education==
The first engineering college (University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering, UVCE)
in Karnataka was started by the then Diwan of Mysore Sir M. Visvesvaraya in 1917 in Bengaluru. It was the fifth engineering college to be
started in the country. By 1956, Karnataka had two Government and
three private engineering colleges in the state

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