Education 2030 – Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Examrace – Dr. Manishika)



come today we will discuss a topic that is useful for higher education for net pay per one as well as for UPSC main steers so the topic is education two zero three zero now education two zero three zero is a agenda which has been propounded another sustainable Millennium Development Goals the sustainable development goals and this is the fourth sustainable development goal that is focusing on education now in this lecture we would talk about the focus that has shifted from education to all to education by the year two three zero that is 2030 and we will discuss the special focus on India now to start with let's talk about something about sustainable development goals sustainable development goals are those which deal with transformation of the world now there are 17 goals that are being profound and in on which target around 169 areas of which the fourth goal is focusing purely on education now sustainable development the sustainable development the term itself talks about using the present-day resources in such a manner that they are there for the future generations to use all the future generations can use them over the time so we must use the resources in such a manner that they are used for today as well as for future now these goes target for for the next 15 years the next coming 15 years with a major principle of 5 P now these are the five PS that are discussed under the sustainable development goal that is people planet prosperity peace and partnership so all these sustainable development goals revolve around these five PS that is the people planet prosperity things and partnership now under the incheon declaration education was discussed the interim declaration was adopted in May 2015 at the world Education Forum and it talked about a single agenda that deals with education there were four basic ideas that were included under the incheon declaration the first was gender equality so providing equal opportunity for education for both a male and a female child then inclusive and equitable education inclusive and equitable education not only at a elementary level it talks about our primary secondary tertiary technical and vocational levels then you have the quality of education that should be brought up and finally unlock lifelong learning opportunity should be provided which would include the ideas of edit education is win so higher education lifelong learning opportunity should be provided so this was the basic idea based on which the education goals for 2030 were declared now the basic principle that focused the incheon declaration was that education should be considered as a fundamental human right and it should be an enabling right which should enable people to get literate and get educated it is made for public good and if there is gender equality then the education for all would grow in a much better fashion so this this was a major principle that was involved under the education 2013 however there were some strategic approaches that were used now these were an effort to provide effective and inclusive education first of all improve the education policies provide equitable and quality education as we discuss focus on financing the education and evaluating monitoring and following of the gifts that are set up and whether they are achieved or not so that these are the basic ideas or basic approaches that were covered under the sustainable development goal for that was focusing on education now the basic provision is to provide twelve years of free public funded that is it should be funded by government and education at all levels of which nine years should be compulsory now this is a slight modification from the existing scenario that occurs when we talk about free and compulsory education from six to fourteen years now this has been changed to providing twelve years of free public funded education system of which nine years of compulsory which lead to relevant learning outcomes and should be insured for all without any discrimination of gender race religion caste or creed now next if we focus it specifically on India we will see there are developments that have taken place and future developments that are assumed under this policy now if we start from 1990s post liberalisation we see that District primary education program was launched in 93 94 then you had the Saoirse beyond that focused on universalizing the primary education in 2000 then then came the right to education Act in 2009 that talked about free and compulsory education from the age group of six to fourteen years that we were talking about so these were the policies and the reforms that took place in India for school education till now why now comes the education into 2030 the goals of which are propounded which mainly talks about equitable distribution now if we talk about till 2000 we can say there were nearly 59 million children who were enrolled in primary education there were around 65 million students which were enrolled in secondary education I out of which you need to improve those by 2013 and further by 2030 the idea was that late forward was that by 2013 they were around 23% of the primary schools and around 61% of the secondary schools has facility had facilities of computer and by 2030 the goal is to provide all the schools with technology all schools should be technologically driven or should be well versed with computers and computer labs so that's a kind of structural change that has been coming around not only in the primary education but also at the secondary education at a higher level University education so if we look around at the schools in area of India we can see in 1990 the enrolment of school student was only 15 Kirov's which increased to 25 euros in 2010 I am the expenditure that the government was incurring in 1990 was point 1 2 lakh curves which increase 21.86 karoon that is a significant amount of government funds went into as an expenditure for school education if we talk about the dropouts and school education those are very high for India so the gross employment ratio was merely 56 percent in case of India in contrast to you USA where it is 93 percent if we talk about enrollments in private primary schools it is nearly 1 percent in Japan that means my nine percent of the students in Japan avail government schools or go for education in government schools however this proportion in India is significantly higher than 32 percent in contrast to 9 percent in United States so there I mean a high amount of enrollment in private primary education and this is what it is projected for 2030 the number of the schools which are at present at sixteen large would be consolidated to eleven lakhs that is the schools which are having a population of less than three hundred students would be merged under a common platform so what would happen is merger of schools who takes would take place however the number of students is ought to increase so the number of teachers should increase from 90 large two hundred and ten lacks the pupil-teacher ratio would remain more or less the same that is 27 with every 27 students there should be one teacher the school moving population would remain would increase by around one corrode the enrolment ratio would increase by around five corrodes the enrolment in private schools is ought to increase significantly from thirty seven thirty seven percent of the total enrolment to sixty seven percent of the total enrolment that means most of the schools in future would be towards private sector so the government would have a lesser burden to maintain the school however government will bring in restrictions for the private school and by the IDI act under Section 12 1 C it is mandatory that 25 percent of the seats are reserved for modular communities I love which government would provide the subsidy for the education in those schools so that is a scenario that is projected for 2030 for schools now what are the key level changes for school education the first would be the school rating would be linked to student outcome so if the student outcome is good the school ratings would be done similar to what has been done for the university level you had to make committee similar proposed proposals are there now for the schools that school should have a ratings rating scale and finally you have the pre primary schools should cover up to four years of child the reforms for teacher eligibility should be more strengthened should be should be better better off and there are a stronger recruitment norms that should be laid off again there should be a carrier progression scheme that should be done for the teachers to maintain higher quality of teachers and education in the school that what we are gaining to the school performance and the students performance in the school and the section 12 and see that a variety that we already talked about talks about 25 percent of the seats should be reserved for the marginalized communities and this cost would be reimbursed by the government the next is the national repository for open education resources talks about providing open resources for education for both private and public schools then you have the digital open education resource which in which insert gives incentives to private sectors to release content under open source or open licensing there should be networking of teachers so teachers at one school should be connected to teachers of other schools and that would enhance a peer learning among teachers and then there should be a massive online open program the MOOC s that will provide online or online curriculum by the faculty to institutes and teachers who maintain their quality of education in the respective areas now under the Millennium Development Goal in 2006 and seven there was a millennium project that was conducted that talked about education and learning outcomes this educational learning outcomes was a project that was started in 2006 women this was dealing with a real Delfy technique that was used for this project now real in fatigue milk is a technique that talks about efficient method to collect expert opinions in the respective field this technique was devised by Ted Gordon and this was applied by RAND Corporation now this technique laid down nineteen possibilities for education sector and those were some of these we can mention as genetically increased intelligence portable artificial intelligence devices the chemistry of the brain enhancements concept of a teaching artificial microbe enhancing intelligence and so on and so forth so all these 19 parameters were dealt with and based on these you had expert opinions by the means of real Delfi technique that was used to analyze those and then they were learning outcomes at were determined and those again focused on inclusive education and those which we have discussed previously now finally you have the education scenario at a university level at a university level there is a three tire system that is proposed this three tire system talks about first aligned research institutes or research universities the second is specialized research specialized universities I could say which leave in their own areas and finally you have the medium and high ranking colleges that means the concept of average or below average colleges would be totally abolished and only colleges that would exist would be medium or higher nd colleges by 2030 the there would be expansion of a differentiated university system which would fall which would include these three categories then there would be a idea of learner centered education programs there would be more focus on using technology for the purpose of Education and again there were reforms there are reforms proposed in the sector of governance for education it is assumed that by 2030 one out of every four graduate would is time from India and yes going to produce around 140 million people who would be in the age group of who would be kind of college going population and as a result they would have more technological resources and the quality should be focused at higher education so the main agenda for education 2030 is to shift the focus from providing just the basic education at the elementary level to providing quality education not only at the school levels but across the learning opportunities that you provide so it is at the school level as well as at the college level so with this we cover the idea of education 2030 the sustainable Millennium Development Goal 4 we will be discussing more topics related to the neck paper one as well as UPS CGS in the further sessions you can subscribe to our classes for more updates have a good day

20 thoughts on “Education 2030 – Sustainable Development Goal 4 (Examrace – Dr. Manishika)”

  1. respected madam
    i have a small doubt. do we need to remember all the statistical data? if not any important data ?its difficult given the amount of numbers to be remembered .

  2. Thank u very much mam for this outstanding explanation! !!! u r really a great mentor!! if possible pliz upload more videos on paper 1 .which will be helpful for January Net 2017…pliz!!!!

  3. mam these lectures r enough for net paper 1st ….m totally defended on ur lectures ….it's very helpful …..but pls go for all syllabus paper 1st ugc net …..

  4. Hi , Thanks .. your presentations are nice and very helpful.. . I have some doubts in Paper 1 .. Can I get your help , and how to contact you.

  5. Whole Indian are blessed to have such a great teacher like you mam..we feel proud for our mother land BHARAT where teacher like you born whose sole aim is to spread the light of knowledge.!! Thanks you mam..we will always be indebted of your kind work!!

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