Disney Animated Educational Video Man in Space 1955



walt disney's you wish upon a star makes no difference who we are each week as you enter this timeless land one of these many worlds will open to you Frontierland tall tales and true from the legendary past tomorrow laughs promise of things to come Adventureland the Wonderworld of nature's own row Fantasyland the happiest kingdom of the wall presenting this week here to introduce you to this new series is Walt Disney in our modern world everywhere we look we see the influence science has upon our daily lives discoveries that were miracles a few short years ago are accepted as commonplace today many of the things that seem impossible now will become realities tomorrow one of the man's oldest dreams has been the desire for space travel to travel to other worlds until recently this seemed to be an impossibility but great new discoveries have brought us to the threshold of a new frontier the frontier of interplanetary space in this Tomorrowland series we are combining the tools of our trade with the knowledge of the scientists to give a factual picture of the latest plans for man's newest adventure here's director Ward Kimball to tell you about it and working with engineers and scientists we have found that there are many different opinions as to how we will eventually cross the space frontier however there's one point all of them seem to agree upon and that is whether we use chemical fuels or atomic energy it will be a rocket-powered ship that will finally take man into space so to set the stage for the part the rocket will play in the coming conquest of space our artists have searched back through history and trace the rocket and various space travel ideas from their earliest beginnings the first thing we found out was that the rocket is not such a modern invention after all in fact its history began way back in the 13th century it was in China to be exact at the Battle of Chi Fong foo a little over 500 years later Sir Isaac Newton explained this phenomenon by saying for every action force there is always an equal but opposite reaction force Sir Isaac statement can best be illustrated by showing what happens to our pet dog when he sneezes – for every action there is an opposite but equal reaction this same principle applies when we light an ordinary sky rocket action reaction however gunpowder is not the only propellant that demonstrates the action reaction law there was a time when steam was seriously considered as a means of rocket propulsion typifying this idea was Charles Golightly's aerial steam horse early inventors soon realized that steam rockets would be too heavy to fly so they returned to designs utilizing gunpowder these ideas made many successful flights on paper in 1865 Jules Verne fired the imagination of the world with his first book on space travel it was called from the earth to the moon mr. Verne used a very interesting device and getting his heroes to the moon he shot them through space inside an enormous artillery projectile it was Verne story that inspired George mini A's to create the first space travel motion picture in 1902 the first man to associate space travel with the use of rocket power was Hermann Gon's Finn his idea was to have the rocket pull the ship instead of pushing this conception was quite unique but only an inventors dream however a few decades later a real milestone in rocket history was passed when the American professor Robert H Goddard introduced a liquid fuel rocket which used gasoline and liquid oxygen instead of gunpowder this small forerunner of our large present-day rockets actually rose 60 feet into a wintry New England sky these experiments led to the founding of the American rocket society to advance the science of rocket propulsion at the same time the German professor Hermann Oberth wrote theoretically there is no limit to the size of a rocket which uses liquid fuel in 1929 Oberth designed a giant rocket ship for the fritz lang movie Frau Amol a girl in the moon during the late 1920s and early 30s we saw an era of feverish activity among the rocket experimenters almost every type of vehicle was adapted to rocket power here is the first successful flight of a rocket-powered airplane rocket-powered all those were fast but presented quite a smoke problem there were railroad Rockets and nautical some fired and some backfire these early attempts met with varying degrees of success [Applause] meanwhile in Germany a group of serious-minded engineers founded a new society for space travel and succeeded in building rockets which finally reached an altitude of 1/2 mile soon after this the German army established its own rocket program the development of the first rocket missiles followed this accelerated rocket program culminated in the creation of the forerunner of spaceships to come the v2 even though there are a few mishaps the v2 emerged at the end of the Second World War is the most successful rocket yet devised by man 75 of these captured v2 s were brought to our rocket proving ground at White Sands New Mexico in 1945 here exhaustive studies and test firings were made to aid us in mapping our whole newly created rocket program it wasn't long before the sands of New Mexico shook to the roaring blast of the Viking corporal the aerobee and other american rockets a rocket firing is an awesome demonstration of tremendous power I think we should find out how it works one of the best authorities on this subject is the rocket historian Willy lay here mr. Lai explains the operation of a rocket motor to some of the artists working on the picture this is an actual propulsion unit from a v2 this strange-looking device is both the heart and muzzle of a locket it's motor now all earthbound engines have to burn oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere but the high-altitude rocket motor has to work in outer space where there is no oxygen to overcome this we carry a tank of liquid oxygen here one burn was a fuel in this case alcohol it produces an intensely hot torch light flame that would quickly melt the motor however we cool the motor by first circulating the alcohol fuel around it until this fuel finally reaches the point were displayed along with the oxygen into the combustion chamber when this steady flow of alcohol and oxygen is ignited it produces a continuous explosion which blasts the orchid away in the opposite direction here again we have action and reaction if this motor is placed in a streamlined hull with suitable control it can reach a high altitude in a very short time the v2 rocket water only operates 65 seconds to a height of 20 miles but then the v2 has gathered so much speed that will cost upward to an attitude of 114 miles before gravity begins to pull it back to earth notice that the rocket does not nose over in the thin upper air but it falls tail first until Italy and thus the denser atmosphere were the air acting on the Vin's turns the orchid nose down early in 1949 space history was made when the payload in the nose of a v2 was a small rocket called the WAC corporal when the Lhari 2 reached its maximum speed the smaller rocket was ignited this additional boost in speed enabled the WAC corporal to set a new high altitude record of 250 miles this day marked the first time that a man-made object reached outer space this was accomplished by using a double rocket then secretly known as Project bomba however we refer to it as a two-step or two-stage rocket is it possible to build a three-stage rocket yes as a matter of fact that's the next logical step here's how could I have designed that has three stages it would stand about 70 feet high or a little taller than the old v2 here you can see the three sections each one having its own rocket motor and if somebody will please make a sketch for me perhaps I can explain how it will work good here we show our rocket in its launching position the first great blast starts to lift it and after gaining initial speed the first section is cast off at 20 miles up at 45 miles the second stage is released the third stage now fires until it reaches an altitude of 70 miles at this point our orchid has now attained a tremendous speed and the motor shuts off its forward momentum would carry it straight out into space if it were not for the Earth's gravity this downward pull of gravity bends the upward cause of the rocket into a curved path and if the rocket speed going away from the earth creates enough centrifugal force to balance this pull up our rocket will continue coasting in its curved path along the earth indefinitely mr. Lai is there another way we can illustrate this yes let's explain it this way if the rocket were to move at a slower speed the pull of gravity would soon overcome the Rockets momentum and that would return to earth here if we add a little more speed the path of the rocket becomes longer and it goes how that before it returns to earth here so if we have our orchid grow fast enough it will eventually follow a curve which matches the curvature of the earth and will not fall back we might see that the rocket forts along the earth as long as it maintains sufficient speed but how does it maintain this speed with a motor shadow remember our Agata standing above the atmosphere in space where there is no air friction to slow it down how fast does it have to go to stay up there and now that depends on how high we want the rocket to be as it circles the earth let's use the attitude of 1075 miles because at this height the rocket will have to go nearly sixteen thousand miles per hour and will make a complete trip around the world every two hours if your adjustment in its cause will be necessary but this can be accomplished from the gone by remote control after which the rocket will continue to cause freely in space forever in other words the rocket will stay up there just like the moon yes it will circle the globe as a man-made satellite what is the purpose of having the satellite up there having this instrument haeryung rocket moving around the earth will give us a lot of important information which we'll need before we dare let a men make his first trip into space to one the scientific apparatus contained in the satellite a mother will focus the intense less on the Sun unto a Silicon battery unloading solar energy into electricity there will be a television camera to give pictures of the earth as it appears from 1075 miles up we will collect nothing important data on the effects of the mysterious cosmic rays even hits by meteorites the size of a grain of sand will be recorded every two hours when the rocket moves over the North Pole its radio will transmit the stream of data to a receiving station below this will be the first outpost in man's untwist of space one of the big question marks of future space travel will be man himself how he will react mentally and physically to this unearthly experience is the concern of a new field of science called space medicine helping us illustrate this interesting problem is a scientist most noted for his pioneering work in space medicine dr. Heinz Harbor when man steps into his rocketship and leaves the earth behind he must be well equipped to survive in the hostile realm of outer space to portray the complex problems of space medicine we have designed a sort of common man a man just like you and me we will find out what will happen to him on the trip into space in a way he's going to be our space guinea pig that makes him a brand-new biological species I think we should call him Homo sapiens extraterrestrials or spaceman since he was picked at random we cannot tell whether he will be able to tolerate the tremendous stresses to be placed upon him when the rocket ship is fired into space he gets an inkling of these stresses when he rides in an automobile when he steps on the accelerator the car moves forward and he is gently pressed against the back of the seat his body resists any change of motion when he comes to a stop his body tends to move forward on a test rocket sled which is pushed forward a tremendous accelerations the force of inertia is much stronger we are all familiar with centrifugal force in duplicate this force in the laboratory by using human centrifuges these machines artificially create unmanned the crushing pressure he will have to endure in a rocket takeoff from her his body weight increases until he blacks out and finally loses consciousness from tests like these we have learned that man will have to assume a reclining position when his rocket takes off into space in this attitude the stresses will be more evenly distributed along his body he will then be able to tolerate pressures of up to nine times his weight or more as it occurs in a rising rocket when the rocket engine finally stops man will face his next big problem weightlessness without support he will be floating freely drifting tumbling and twisting helplessly in space a man a feather a bubble or piece of iron will have the same weight or rather no weight at all however man is designed to live with gravity the down pulling forms which Sir Isaac Newton first explained any two bodies attract each other with a force which is proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them or what goes up must come down loud alarm signal sound throughout the nervous system whenever we are in danger of falling or stumbling but weightlessness is not such an unearthly experience we become weightless for a short while in a dive on the roller coaster or in an elevator but if we remove the support by cutting the cable we produce the exact feeling of weightlessness in space it will take iron nerves waiting for the impact that never comes we can only hope that man in space will eventually get used to this feeling of falling constantly without weight our notions of up and down no longer exist man will probably have trouble orienting himself confusion such as this is likely to produce nausea some people may become victims of a serious form of space sickness weightless man in space must learn to guide himself only with his eyes beginners can combat dizziness by fixing their eyes upon one single object the spaceman must learn to move with utmost caution his muscles are adjusted to normal earth called gravity in space any casual action will be violently magnified he must coordinate himself under an entirely new set of rules he can hardly avoid spinning constantly when he crouches into a compact mass he will spin faster if he spreads his arms and legs the spinning will slow down after considerable practice men will be able to master the art of spinning through the air within the rocketship [Applause] for the beginner a web of ropes might be provided he must learn that slow relaxed careful movements are essential after his first few encounters with the problems of weightlessness he will no doubt try to normalize his life even the air he pays will be weightless natural circulation of air does not exist and there is danger of suffocating in one's own exhalation air must never be allowed to become stagnant in a spaceship circulation must be maintained by constant ventilation since all objects are also without weight in a coasting rocketship they must be safely secured by bolts and clamps for handling large bulky objects man will have to anchor himself in some fashion but as it takes force to overcome the object's inertia and set it in motion it takes equally as much force to stop it once it is moving on earth we are not exposed to dangers from space going to the protective layer of our atmosphere but up there even the hull of the ship would not shield men against the possible hazards of the mysterious cosmic rays these tiny bullets from the infinity of space will continually penetrate everything they may prove to be harmful to man the most energetic of these atomic rays might feel like stings as they shoot through the body however there are other bullets in space it may be of still greater concern meteorites these Marauders of space travel at speeds up to 150,000 miles tall but if one should puncture the walls of the ship our air supply would rapidly escape through the opening into the vacuum of outer space without protection men could last not more than 15 seconds before losing consciousness also in the intense radiation of the Sun he would soon broil on the one side and freeze on the other in the void of space he will have to wear a spacesuit this specially designed outfit must be a flexible airtight unit carrying sufficient oxygen featuring built-in all-purpose equipment it will afford protection and louver ability outside the ship propulsion will be by means of a small portable rocket unit with proper manipulation of this check device even the most subtle movements can be made ssin reaction dining under conditions of weightlessness will present new and surprising problems liquids will be particularly annoying they will not pour they must be transferred by titration tubes this tube will contain the liquid until it is forced into the desired location unless liquids are kept in leak proof containers they will escape and float in ball shapes around the cabin finally coating all surfaces with a wet film plastic bottles will be used so that liquids can be squeezed out food will be cooked in closed containers by radio frequency short way space ad capture call for the extensive use of sugar Tom's man can over indulge in space but he will never be overweight to relieve the inevitable tensions of space travel we must provide suitable recreation a game of three-dimensional pool could be particularly relaxing sleeping will be a new and unique experience a space traveler will not need a pillow or mattress his bed will consist of a net enclosure to prevent drifting in his safe how will man subconscious mind react to his first experiences with space travel will he not suddenly be aware of his precarious situation trapped in a tiny metal box floating through the incomprehensible nothingness of space we do not know we must plan intelligently if these pioneers of space are to survive and return to Earth safely the conquest of space will depend to a great degree on the research and findings of this important new field of science space medicine to the engineer spaceflight poses two problems the first is of course to build a rocket ship the second and no less important is to prepare and train the men or to fly the future rocket ships and to provide suitable working conditions that will enable them to survive in space to help show you what is being done to solve these problems we have call upon one of the foremost exponents of space travel dr. Wernher von Braun who is at present the chief of the guided missile division of the Army's rocket center at Redstone Arsenal he was also overall director of the development of the original v2 rocket the training methods for future space flight and the special equipment needed for survival are much like those of present high altitude flying and the experiments we are making today are helping us to solve the more complex problems to come take the present-day pressurized flying suit for example it has been designed for use at extremely high altitudes and as a forerunner of the suits we will wear when we make that trip to the moon to give you an idea of how engineers and medical men are working hand-in-hand here are a few examples of the results that's being conducted at this time this pressure suit is being worn in a test chamber where the air pressure can be dropped suddenly notice that the water boils at this low pressure even though it is only at normal body temperature blood would be the same without the protection of the suit in other tests without the suit whether dropping here pressures less severe you see that the body still reacts violently to a sudden decrease in pressure Lieutenant Colonel John P step of the United States Air Force has subjected himself to the tremendous forces of a rocket sled that reaches speed of over 630 sea miles power the sled stops so quickly the first steps body becomes 35 times heavier than normal from this test we have learned that men can take much greater acceleration forces and crew members of a rocket ship will undergo on a takeoff today's aircraft are so fast and so complicated that it has already become routine to train the crews on the ground without risking lives or equipment this is done with a device called a flight simulator here the crews experience all the sensations of an extended flight the crews of future rocket ships will train much the same way we will use a simulator on a centrifuge and employ an astro sphere to train the celestial navigators for coming space flights now here is a model my design for a four stage orbit rocket ship compared to the unmanned instrument rocket is quite large but the overall size and weight of the rocket is mainly determined by the 11 tons weight of this top section this weight dictates the amount of fuel and the numbers of motors needed to produce enough power to equalize a gravitational pull of the earth the payload and the top section will consist of 10 crew members plus equipment notice the wings small rocket motor and landing gears this is a section that must ultimately return the men to the earth safely to produce the energy needed to hell they stage into the orbit we need these three additional rocket powered sections here we have a cutaway drawing of our rocket showing the location of the fuel and the motors of each section the first stage carries a thousand and sixty tons of fuel and it's 29 motors we lift the entire weight of the ship vertically off the ground the second stage has eight motors and carries 155 tonnes of fuel it will be dropped when its speed has reached fourteen thousand three hundred miles per hour the next is our third stage with only one rocket motor and 13 tons of fuel the sub stage gives an ass intersection the final kick to attain the orbit it will not be separated from the passenger section until just before the return flight the third stage would be left in space and a very small motor in the wind fourth stage will return the ship to the atmosphere so it can glide back to the base if we were to start today on an organized and well-supported space program I believe a practical passenger rocket could be built and tested within ten years of course it would be foolish to rush headlong into building a frosted rocket mannered with a crew attempt to fire into an orbit without first following a step-by-step research and development program let's illustrate this with the help of a few pictures first we would design and build the false stage and then tow it into the air to test it as a glider this would also allow the crews to practice next low altitude flights would be made firing the small rocket motor and the false stage this would also give the crew more and more training following that the third and second stages would be constructed and test very thoroughly on the ground after which they would be joined to the passenger section so that a stand longer flights would be made up to speeds of about 12,000 miles power the only thing remaining would be the building and ground testing of the huge earth stage then there would be no more test flights when all the sections are joined together the ship and its crew will be ready a man's first flight in space let's look ahead a few years and see how this might be accomplished there it is a small at all of coral islands in the Pacific where man is dedicated to just one cause but conquest of space here below us a small city has been created to house the scientists engineers and technicians on whose shoulders rest the tremendous responsibility for this great adventure this is the rocket assembly building with tracks running to the launching site only 48 hours remain until firing time our spaceship moves ponderously toward the firing site after the ship is securely anchored over the blast tunnel the elevator spar is raised into place for the final pre-flight check and fueling this is the blockhouse the control center for operations spaceflight here the oscilloscopes radar scopes computers and tracking devices of a brain and nervous system for the rocket dancing patterns of light will record every detail of the blast-off and climb into space in the windowless black house observation is by periscope through a system of worldwide radar stations electronic eyes will always be focused on the rocket as it orbits around the globe every two hours the tracking radars report ready under standing by the optical tracking stations are poised and ready to follow the rocket in its upward flight as zero-hour approaches the painstaking work of the checkout crew continues the ship with every piece of its equipment is being checked and retention all personnel it is now X minus 2 hours fueling crew take your stations safety area will be cleared by all personnel infobits the required quantity of fuel is preset the pumps will deliver 1230 tons of hydrazine and red fuming nitric acid into the tanks of the waiting ride it is now X – 20 minutes flight crew report aboard rocket flight crew report aboard rocket after years of careful preparation testing men and materials this is the final payoff now man will bet his life against the unknown dangers of space travel human reactions are not precise enough therefore once the launching timer is started the entire takeoff and flight into outer space will be controlled automatically X minus 5 minutes clear the firing area clear the firing area X minus 20 seconds X minus 15 second X 10 9 8 you the total firing time has been five minutes the ship will now Coast for 51 minutes before the adaptation maneuver begins at over 60 miles above the earth the crew members experience the sensation of weightlessness for the first time clock Houston xr1 your cutoff altitude sixty three point nine miles distance from launching pad is 105 miles velocity 18,000 hundred sixty seven miles per hour angle of elevation or minutes apart by de virulence of a second five six degrees second equator out 51 minutes later and halfway around the world the rocket is coasted to its maximum altitude of 1000 75 miles its speed has diminished to 14,000 770 miles per hour the navigator must now take a bearing on two fixed stars he will line up the ship for the adaptation maneuver which will drive it into a circular orbit around the earth the electronic controls will fire the rocket motor at the exact second the ship reaches the proper position the ship and crew are now coasting freely and silently through space here man is no longer earthbound from his new vantage point of over 1,000 miles high he sees the earth as a fast rolling sphere upon which the oceans and continents are reduced to simple patterns of light and dark great cloud formations will appear as small patches of snow evidence of man's existence is almost invisible large cities can be seen only with the aid of powerful optical equipment meteorologist will make studies or long-range weather forecasting the science of astrophysics will welcome the clear views of our Moon and planets unhampered by atmospheric disturbances space medicine will benefit from tests conducted with new type spacesuits salvation that tests and observations by the crew will lay the groundwork for the future construction of a Space Station and will add to our knowledge of many Sciences instrument rocket approaching from three o'clock high at a recalculated time the Rockets path will cross that of the instrument carrier sent into space a few years before twenty two hours after takeoff our spaceship has made eleven revolutions around the world it is now time to make the return trip the engineer releases the third stage it'll be left circling in space all tests are now concluded the navigator checks the ship's position for return firing one minute to go the automatic firing timer is set the ship is lined up so the blast of the motor will be against its forward motion this will slow the rocket speed and cause it to begin its long glide back to earth the ship is now moving 1,000 miles per hour slower after coasting halfway around the world the rocket will leave the vacuum of space and sweep into the upper layers of the Earth's atmosphere where air friction will gradually reduce the rocket speed when the ship drops to an altitude of 50 miles air pressure will build up on the control surfaces for the first time in the entire flight the captain will be able to fly the rocket as a normal plane air friction begins to send the skin temperature of the rocket climbing until the ship glows cherry red at 1,350 degrees the double hull and refrigeration keep the crew from perishing the returning rocket continues the long lied down into the lower atmosphere its temperature gradually dropping to normal as airspeed diminishes you mission completed man has taken his first great stride forward in the conquest of space his next goal will be the exploration of the moon then the planets and the infinite universe beyond [Applause] [Applause] you

35 thoughts on “Disney Animated Educational Video Man in Space 1955”

  1. Amazing how low the views are Naca was the infant of Nasa. JPL von Braun and Disney where the founders of the space program. Let that sink. In what year was 2001 a space odyssey!? There is your moon landing. First space walk was stop motion action.

  2. American rockets…yes..but with German engineering. Werner von Braun is the father behind the American space program. They wouldn't have made it to the moon 1969 without him.

  3. Ah, that moment @ 37:24 when the clouds part to reveal a remote pacific atoll. I can hear the smooth jazz sounds of Hoyt Curtin, Bandit barking and Race calling to the boys that Dr. Quest wants them back at the blockhouse ASAP, the rockets about to launch!

  4. https://stamat.org/ THE EARTH IS FLAT! We can recognize this truth using our own senses and avoiding the indoctrination of Masonic science at all cost! PEACE AND LOVE!

  5. Surprisingly accurate, considering how early it was produced. They obviously didn't (or couldn't) know how liquids would act in a microgravity environment, as at that point there was no way they COULD know with any degree of certainty. So all they could do is guess.

    Static miniscus fabric tension stops liquids from becoming a film on the internal spacecraft surfaces due to either the bubble remaining intact and sticking to or bouncing off the surface, or, as a set of broken smaller bubbles.

    We know that now, but it's surprising that physicists back then couldn't foresee this reaction.

    Also, he was proposing that the four stage rockets of the future (at least, based on that design anyway) were going to aid building a space station.

    Based on the design of rocket on his drawing board, it was going to take 18cl of fuel to lift every gram of just the fuel into orbit. And that's without the weight of the rocket's hull, spacecraft, it's occupants, and the first small components of the station.

    Adding in this extra weight, plus the extra fuel needed to lift this extra weight, would have required a rocket so immense in size that it would have been more 200 m tall, and weigh more than 4500 tonnes.

    That's why the space shuttle had solid rocket boosters. This was necessary simply to lhelp lift the shuttle and it's cargo, and the enormous fuel tank off the pad and up to sufficient altitude where they can be dispatched. Solid rocket boosters for their weight, are way more powerful as a rocket in terms of power to weight ratio.

    The earlier Russian designs, which were used to lift their space stations into orbit, used liquid rocket boosters and had much more efficient liquid rocket engines on their multi stage units then the hydrazine model proposed by Wernher von Braun in this video.

  6. Lies by the cinematography industry. The earth is flat and there's no space.
    Psalm 19:1 Wernher von Braun Tombstone

  7. a globe…….in 1955…..within the FIRST minute of the program…….???? …….wow, I grew up on this stuff……..

  8. Thank you for posting this! The narrator is Dick Tufeld, who was the voice of the Robot in LOST IN SPACE. Fabulous explanations by Willy Ley, Heinz Haber, and Wernher von Braun.

  9. The comments once again prove to me how dumbed down humanity has gotten.
    The film Idiocracy is no joke. It’s already happening.

    “I’m too stupid to understand mathematics and science, so it’s all a big propaganda fueled conspiracy”

    Sterilization. Maybe we should look into it as a global population.

  10. This reminds me of Thomas Pynchons novel Gravity's Rainbow. Especially when they show the V2's trajectory forming a rainbow by gradually being pulled down by gravity. Supposedly thats where the meaning of the title of the book comes from.

  11. I think all the "successful" rockets were inflated structured balloons filled with hot air/helium from beginning. and smoke and fire was animation layered in or on site theatrical deception.

  12. 15:00 The Soviets actually heard about our plans to launch that satellite. Meanwhile they also had plans for a scientific satellite. But, when they heard about this thing we were planning they developed Sputnik just to beat us into space.

  13. 5:00 for anyone interested in seeing the full film, it's actually available on Netflix! At least, last time I checked. It might not be anymore.

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