Department of Education (Philippines)


The Department of Education is the executive
department of the Philippine government responsible for ensuring access to, promoting equity in,
and improving the quality of basic education. It is the main agency tasked to manage and
govern the Philippine system of basic education. It is the chief formulator of Philippine educational
policy and responsible for the Philippine primary and secondary school systems. It has its headquarters at the DepEd Complex
in Meralco Avenue, Pasig City. The department is currently led by the Secretary
of Education, nominated by the President of the Philippines and confirmed by the Commission
on Appointments. The Secretary is a member of the Cabinet. The current Secretary of Education is Bro. Armin Luistro, FSC. Presently, its mission is to provide quality
basic education that is equitably accessible to all and lay the foundation for life-long
learning and service for the common good. It has changed its vision statement, removing
a phrase that some groups deem to be “too secretarian” for a government institution. History
During the early Spanish period, education in the Philippines was religion-oriented and
was primarily for the elite, especially in the first years of Spanish colonization. Access to education by Filipinos was later
liberalized through the enactment of the Educational Decree of 1863, which provided for the establishment
of at least one primary school for boys and girls in each town under the responsibility
of the municipal government; and the establishment of a normal school for male teachers under
the supervision of the Jesuits. Primary instruction was secularized and free,
and the teaching of Spanish was compulsory. It was also through this decree that the Superior
Commission of Primary Instruction was established, the seminal agency of the Department of Education. The defeat of Spain by United States forces
in 1898 paved the way for Aguinaldo’s Republic under a Revolutionary Government. The schools maintained by Spain for more than
three centuries were closed for the time being, but were reopened on August 29, 1898 by the
Secretary of the Interior. A system of free and compulsory elementary
education was established by the Malolos Constitution, under Article 23. However, this first sovereign education system
was interrupted in 1899 with the start of the Philippine–American War, and was finally
dismantled. A secularized and free public school system
during the first decade of American rule was established upon the recommendation of the
Schurman Commission in 1900. Free primary instruction that trained the
people for the duties of citizenship was enforced by the Taft Commission as per instructions
of US President William McKinley. Chaplains and non-commissioned officers were
assigned to teach using English as the medium of instruction. A highly centralized public school system
was instituted in January 1901 by the Taft Commission, by virtue of Act No. 74. This act also established the Department of
Public Instruction, headed by a General Superintendent. The implementation of this Act created a heavy
shortage of teachers so much so that the Philippine Commission authorized the Superintendent of
Public Instruction to bring 1,000 teachers from the United States to the Philippines. These would later be popularly known as the
Thomasites. In 1908, the Philippine Legislature approved
Act No. 1870, creating the University of the Philippines. The Organic Act of 1916 reorganized the Department
of Public Instruction, mandating that it be headed by a Secretary. This act also mandated the Filpinization of
all department secretaries, except that of the Secretary of Public Instruction. During World War II, the department was reorganized
once again through the Japanese’s Military Order No. 2 in February 1942, splitting the
department into the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Public
Instruction. Under the Japanese, the teaching of Tagalog,
Philippine history, and character education was given priority. Love for work and the dignity of labor were
also emphasized. In October 1944, months after Pres. Manuel
L. Quezon’s death, the department was renamed as the Department of Public Instruction and
Information, with Carlos P. Romulo at the helm. Upon the return and resumption of the Commonwealth
Government in February 1945, its name was changed to the Department of Instruction. In 1947, by virtue of Executive Order No.
94 by Pres. Manuel Roxas., the department was reorganized to the Department of Education. During this period, the regulation and supervision
of public and private schools belonged to the Bureau of Public and Private Schools. Upon the start of Martial Law in September
1972, it became the Department of Education and Culture, and subsequently reorganized
into the Ministry of Education and Culture in June 1978 by virtue of Presidential Decree
No. 1397, due to the shift to a parliamentary system of government. Thirteen regional offices were created and
major organizational changes were implemented in the educational system. The Education Act of 1982 created the Ministry
of Education, Culture and Sports, which later became the Department of Education, Culture
and Sports in 1987 via Executive Order No. 117 by President Corazon C. Aquino. The structure of DECS as embodied in EO 117
has practically remained unchanged until 1994, when the Commission on Higher Education was
established, and in 1995, when the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority
was established to supervise tertiary degree programs and non-degree technical-vocational
programs, respectively. The trifocal education system refocused the
department’s mandate to basic education which covers elementary, secondary and non-formal
education, including culture and sports. CHED is responsible for tertiary education,
while TESDA now administers the post-secondary, middle-level manpower training and development. In August 2001, the Governance of Basic Education
Act was passed, renaming the DECS to the Department of Education and redefining the role of field
offices, which include regional offices, division offices, district offices, and schools. The Act also removed the administration of
cultural and sports activities from the department. The National Historical Institute, Records
Management and Archives Office, and the National Library are now administratively attached
to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts. All previous functions, programs, and activities
related to sports competition were all transferred to the Philippine Sports Commission. In addition, the Bureau of Physical Education
and School Sports was abolished. List of Secretaries of Education Department of Education Officials 2014
Hon. BRO. ARMIN A. LUISTRO – DepEd Secretary
MR. REYNALDO ANTONIO D. LAGUDA -Chief of Staff
/ Assistant Secretary ATTY. ALBERTO T. MUYOT -Undersecretary for Legal
Affairs MR. RIZALINO D. RIVERA -Undersecretary for Regional
Operations MR. FRANCISCO T. VARELA -Undersecretary for Finance
and Administration DR. DINA S. OCAMPO – Undersecretary for Programs
and Projects MR. MARIO A. DERIQUITO – Undersecretary for External
Linkages ATTY. TONISITO M.C. UMALI – Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs
MR. JESUS L.R. MATEO -Assistant Secretary for Planning
MR. ARMANDO C. RUIZ -OIC – Assistant Secretary
for Finance and Administration DR. LORNA D. DINO – Assistant Secretary for Programs
& Projects MR. TONISITO MACHIAVELLI C. UMALI -Assistant Secretary
DIOSDADO M. SAN ANTONIO -Director IV MARILYN D. DIMAANO -Director IV
ALBERTO ESCOBARTE -Acting Director IV REBECCA V. DELAPUZ -Director III
MALCOLM S. GARMA – Director III BETTINA D. AQUINO – Acting Director III
NENITA E. LUMAAD – Acting Director III BEATRIZ G. TORNO – Acting Director III
Organizational structure At present, the Department is headed by the
Secretary of Education, with the following undersecretaries and assistant secretaries:
Undersecretary for Finance and Administration Undersecretary for Legal Affairs
Undersecretary for Programs and Projects Undersecretary for Regional Operations
Assistant Secretary/Chief of Staff Assistant Secretary for Finance
Assistant Secretary for Legal Affairs Assistant Secretary for Planning
Assistant Secretary for Programs & Projects Under the Office of the Secretary are the
following offices and services: Administrative Services
Financial and Management Service Human Resource Development Service
Planning Service Technical Service
A regional director is assigned to each of the 17 regions of the Philippines. A division superintendent is assigned to each
of the school divisions defined by the Department. Bureaus
DepEd is composed of eight bureaus, namely: Bureau of Alternative Learning Systems, formerly
the Bureau of Non-Formal Education Bureau of Elementary Education
Bureau of Secondary Education Educational Development Projects Implementing
Task Force Health and Nutrition Center
National Education Testing and Research Center National Educators Academy of the Philippines
Technical-Vocational Education Task Force Attached agencies
The following agencies, councils and schools are attached to DepEd for policy and program
coordination: Instructional Materials Council
National Book Development Board National Council for Children’s Television
National Museum National Science Teaching Instrumentation
Center Philippine High School for the Arts
[1] Note: The Commission on Higher Education is
now attached to the Office of the President, while the Technical Education and Skills Development
Authority is now attached to the Department of Labor and Employment. References

3 thoughts on “Department of Education (Philippines)”

  1. calling the attention of department of education…..wala ba kayong gagawing action na pati mga musmus na mga batang students ay isasama sa rally instead of ang mga bata ay nag aaral nang maayos at may kapayapaan sa pag iisip nananawagan kaming mga magulang ..ito ay isang senyales ng EXPLOITATION OF MINORS…thank you and god bless…

  2. TO THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION.PLS…..CHECK THE SCHOOLS IN ZAMBOANGA CITY.WHY THEY ARR VERY SLOW IN RELEASING THE TOR AND YEARBOOK.WHEN INFACT ITS ALREADY PAID.THEY SAID THEY WILL RELEASE AFTER 1 YEAR.WHAT KIND OF SCHOOL IS THAT?the school name is UZ THATS THE NEW NAME.BEFORE ITS AE.

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