City and Guilds of London Institute

The City and Guilds of London Institute
is a vocational education organisation in the United Kingdom. City & Guilds
offers more than 500 qualifications over the whole range of industry sectors
through 8500 colleges and training providers in 81 countries worldwide. Two
million people every year start City & Guilds qualifications, which span all
levels from basic skills to the highest standards of professional achievement.
Founded on November 11, 1878 by the City of London and 16 livery companies – the
traditional guardians of work-based training – to develop a national system
of technical education, City & Guilds has been operating under Royal Charter,
granted by Queen Victoria, since 1900. The Prince of Wales later King Edward
VII was then appointed the first President of the Institute.
City & Guilds is a registered charity. The Institute’s president is now HRH The
Princess Royal who accepted this role in June 2011, and the current Chairman of
Council is Sir John Armitt, took office in November 2012.
History A meeting of 16 of the City of London’s
livery companies in 1876 led to the foundation of the City and Guilds of
London Institute for the Advancement of Technical Education, which aimed to
improve the training of craftsmen, technicians, technologists, and
engineers. The two main objectives were to create a Central Institution in
London and to conduct a system of qualifying examinations in technical
subjects. Unable at once to find a large enough
site within the City of London for their Central Institution, the CGLI occupied a
building on land alongside Exhibition Road in South Kensington, although its
headquarters were in Gresham College in the City. At the time John Watney was
both secretary to the Gresham Committee and the CGLI. Evening classes were
offered at a school in Cowper Street, off City Road, enabling instruction in
chemistry and physics to be provided to those who wished to continue their
education after working during the day. The school proved such a success that
new premises had to be found in nearby Leonard Street, which was formally
opened on 19 February 1893 as Finsbury Technical College. The Institute’s
director at the time was Sir Philip Magnus, later University MP. Finsbury
College was intended as the first of a number of ‘feeder’ colleges for the
Central Institution, but was almost the only one founded; although The City &
Guilds of London Art School was established in 1879 in Kennington as an
extension of the Lambeth School of Art to provide training in carving,
modelling and architectural decoration. Finsbury College continued its separate
existence until 1926.=City & Guilds College=
Faced with their continuing inability to find a substantial site, the Companies
were eventually persuaded by the Secretary of the Science and Art
Department, General Sir John Donnelly to found their institution on the
eighty-seven acre site at South Kensington bought by the 1851 Exhibition
Commissioners for ‘purposes of art and science’ in perpetuity.
The Central Technical College building was designed by Alfred Waterhouse,
better known as the architect of the Natural History Museum. Located adjacent
to the Central Institute on the site were the Royal School of Mines and the
Royal College of Science. In 1907, the latter two colleges were
incorporated by Royal Charter into the Imperial College of Science and
Technology and the CGLI Central Technical College was renamed the City
and Guilds College in 1907, but not incorporated into Imperial College until
1910. Although the City & Guilds College was
for much of its life governed through Imperial College, the City and Guilds
Institute, together with a number of livery companies in their own right,
have maintained seats on the governing body of Imperial College. The Institute
also continues to award the Diploma of Associateship of the City & Guilds of
London Institute, first awarded to students of the Central Institution who
joined the earliest 3-year full-time courses which started in February 1885.
In 2002, under Imperial College’s new faculty structure, City & Guilds
College, along with the other constituent colleges, ceased to exist as
a separate entity. In September 2013 the Mechanical and Aeronautical engineering
building at Imperial College was renamed City and Guilds Building to acknowledge
the historical legacy. Its name also survives however in the City & Guilds
College Union—the student union for the Imperial College Faculty of Engineering
and the Imperial College Business School—and in the City & Guilds College
Association. Alumni of the CGLI Central Technical
College, the City & Guilds College and the new Imperial College Faculty of
Engineering, unite under the City & Guilds College Association. Established
in 1897 as the Old Centralians, the Association adopted its current name in
1992. The Links Club is a club for students
and alumni of the Faculty of Engineering, Imperial College, formerly
The City and Guilds College. Members are elected on the basis of good
sportsmanship and meet each Thursday in South Kensington.
=CGLI examination and accreditation bodies=
In 1953 the Associated Examinations Board was established and administered
by City & Guilds. 1964 saw the creation of the National
Examining Board for Supervisory Management as part of the City & Guilds
group, specialising in qualifications for supervisors and junior managers.
In 1973, the Technician Education Council was created to unify technical
education, eventually taking over the validation of courses in further and
higher education. These courses led to Ordinary National Certificates and
Diplomas and Higher National Certificates and Diplomas, which were
previously the responsibility of professional bodies.
In 1974, the Business Education Council was established, again administered by
City & Guilds. This had a remit to rationalise and improve the relevance of
sub-degree vocational education in Further Education and Higher Education
colleges and in Polytechnics. Within 18 months, BEC took over responsibility for
non-technical ONCs, ONDs, HNCs, HNDs and other qualifications.
BEC merged with TEC in 1984 to form the separately administered Business &
Technology Education Council. This then merged with the University of London
Examinations & Assessment Council in 1996 to form Edexcel.
In 1990 City & Guilds purchased the Pitman Examinations Institute, and
Pitman Qualifications Single Subject awards in business and administration
and English language proved to be successful worldwide.
In 2002, the Institute of Leadership & Management was formed through the merger
of NEBSM and the Institute of Supervisory Management and became part
of the City & Guilds Group. In 2004, the National Proficiency Tests
Council – specialists for agricultural land based qualifications – became part
of the City & Guilds Group. In 2005, the Hospitality Awarding Body –
specialists in awards for hospitality and catering – became part of the City &
Guilds Group. In January 2010, all active candidates were transferred to
City & Guilds courses in order to remove duplicate award provision across the
Group. In 2008, the City & Guilds Centre for
Skills Development was formed as part of the City & Guilds Group. Its mission is
to influence and improve skills policy and practice worldwide through an
evidence-based approach. Vocational qualifications
City & Guilds continues as an examination board offering a large
number of qualifications mapped onto the British National Qualifications
Framework. The most common are the vocational qualifications, from
Entry-level to Level 3. Entry-level qualifications are the real
basics, for absolute beginners. Level 1 qualifications are introductory
awards, covering basic tasks and knowledge.
Level 2 is slightly more advanced, needing some knowledge of the subject
area. Level 3 qualifications cover more
complex tasks and also start the development of supervisory skills. In
many professions, level 3 is the benchmark to be considered competent.
These qualifications are now mapped onto the new Qualifications and Credit
Framework. The range of vocational qualifications
cover the ‘traditional’ areas such as engineering technician, arts and craft,
tradesman, health and social care, hairdressing, automotive maintenance,
construction, and catering, but also the more obscure such as sheep shearing,
DJing, flower arranging and even door supervision.
Higher level qualifications City & Guilds offers a suite of higher
level qualifications in a wide range of subjects ranging from Professional
Engineering, Engineering Technology, Management, Building Services
Engineering to various apprenticeships, for higher technicians, tradesman,
Craft, Travel and Tourism. These qualifications consist of
outcomes-based units, covering core, specialised, and key management areas,
which are assessed by means of written assignment.
=Higher Professional Diploma=The Higher Professional Diploma is
suitable for people who want to gain both advanced technical skills and
broader management knowledge. The qualification comprises 12 units in
total, mapped at level 4 of the QCF.=Master Professional Diploma=
The Master Professional Diplomas is suitable for those working at the
highest levels in a relevant industry. The qualification comprises 8 units in
total, mapped at level 7 of the QCF=Professional Recognition Awards=
(Former Senior Awards) As of Aug 2013 the awards are called – Professional
Recognition Awards. In addition to Royal Charter the awards are NQF accredited
qualifications which enable candidates to demonstrate their knowledge and
skills within any sector or role. Those achieving these awards will be entitled
to use an appropriate, internationally recognised post-nominal: Licentiateship,
Affiliateship, Graduateship and Membership. They can also help
candidates working towards higher level qualifications.
These qualifications are ideal for those working at the highest professional
levels in any role or sector and looking for an accredited qualification to
provide recognition of their knowledge and skills.
=Licentiateship LCGI – level 4=The learner would typically: have
first-line responsibility for managing day-to-day activities; manage resources
in own area of responsibility; constructively work with others to
develop and maintain good working relationships; develop and maintain good
customer relationships; identify and access opportunities for professional
development; be able to apply professional standards in own area of
responsibility; take into account the views and perspectives of others in
decision-making; communicate effectively and manage information in line with
organisational and legal requirements; consistently meet aims and objectives;
exercise autonomy and judgment in work role; and address problems that are
well-defined but non-routine. Applicants must provide evidence that they have
performed competently in a relevant work environment. Evidence of industrial
achievement may take the form of an industrial qualification or confirmation
from a current or recent employer of at least five years’ appropriate
employment.=Affiliateship, AfCGI – level 5=
The learner would typically: have line management responsibilities; anticipate,
plan and lead change; manage constructively work with others to
develop and maintain good working relationships; set direction and inspire
others to work together to achieve challenging outcomes; generate creative
ideas to inform best practice and continual improvement; monitor
compliance with professional standards; implement an effective communication
strategy; develop and maintain good customer relationships to support the
customer-focused culture of the organisation; analyse, identify and
access professional development; address problems that are well-defined but
complex and non-routine; and exercise autonomy and judgment in decision-making
which takes into account the views and perspectives of others.
=Graduateship, GCGI – level 6=The learner would typically address
problems that are complex and non-routine and use autonomy to make
judgments, demonstrating an ability to understand different perspectives,
approaches and schools of thought. Academic standing=UK Honours
Undergraduate Degree GCGI is equal/equivalent to the Level 6
Graduate Diploma in Engineering set at the standard of the final year of a
British BEng degree. It is advised that the Level 6 Graduate Diploma in
Engineering consist of 1800 Notional Hours.
=Membership, MCGI – level 7=The learner would typically: have
strategic leadership responsibilities; articulate a vision for the future of
the organisation or own area of responsibility; take responsibility for
leading the organisation or own area of responsibility through complex change;
have an in-depth understanding of resources and manage them to meet
organisational objectives; establish a culture of mutual support and cohesion
which values the contribution of others and recognises success; promote
innovation and generate ideas for improvement; establish an environment
and culture that assures and promotes compliance with professional standards;
develop a communication strategy for the organisation or own area of
responsibility; represent the organisation to communicate on matters
of importance and sensitivity and establish robust methods for managing
information; establish a strategy for putting the customer at the centre of
the organisation or own area of responsibility; and champion
professional development within the organisation. Academic standing=UK
Master’s degree=Fellowship, FCGI=
This is not a qualification, it is an honour – the highest that City & Guilds
awards – conferred by the Council of the City and Guilds of London Institute, as
authorised by its Royal Charter. First awarded in 1892, it recognises
outstanding professional and personal achievement. Fellowship is not a
qualification that can be earned nor does it form part of a progression
route; it is an honour bestowed by Council upon exceptional individuals who
have demonstrated excellence in their field, gained the respect of their peers
and can be considered role models for their profession. Until 1990, Fellowship
was exclusive to holders of the Associateship, namely engineering
graduates from the City & Guilds College, one of the constituent colleges
of Imperial College London. Since 1990 it has been open to all those who have
made outstanding achievements in sectors and activities relevant to the work of
City & Guilds. Fellows are entitled to use the post-nominals FCGI after their
name. Under the Institute’s Royal Charter, Fellowship may also be awarded
Honoris Causa.=Recognition=
Royal Charter OfQual NQF accredited qualifications
which enable candidates to demonstrate their knowledge and skills within any
sector or role. Those achieving these awards will be entitled to use an
appropriate, internationally recognised post-nominal: Licentiateship,
Affiliateship, Graduateship and Membership.
City & Guild higher level qualifications are acknowledged under the Lisbon
Recognition Convention. City & Guilds higher level
qualifications are yet to be recognised in some parts of the world, e.g.
Jamaica. The University Council of Jamaica is currently considering the
qualifications at different levels, granted via assessment and learning.
=Higher Engineering Qualifications=With the City & Guilds engineering
qualifications, candidates can progress to the top of their profession through
registration with the UK’s top three professional engineering institutions.
City and Guilds has collaborated with the Institution of Engineering and
Technology, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and The Institution
of Civil Engineers to align the Graduate Diploma and Postgraduate Diploma with
the registration requirements for Incorporated Engineer and Chartered
Engineer status. Holders of the Graduate Diploma in Engineering are eligible to
apply for Incorporated Engineer status, while those who have achieved a Post
Graduate Diploma in Engineering can apply for Chartered Engineer status,
through the individual peer reviewed assessment route of the institutions.
References City and Guilds Qualifications Academic
Comparison External links
City & Guilds Group website City & Guilds website
City & Guilds NPTC

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