Best Practices: Critical Thinking



he discovered that lightning is electricity and he helped the United States who was that person strategies for vertical and creative thinking is about teaching up to extend the learning process for every learner in every content area but can you hear someone say shouldn't all classroom activities incorporate critical and creative thinking absolutely but sometimes due to time understanding how to infuse higher-level thinking skills or a mindset about whether students are ready to go to a higher level lessons Center more around direct instruction memorization and multiple choice assessments but we know that if we don't provide instruction and practice for all students for these 21st century skills reporting them at a disadvantage in the meaning they're making of their current content in their skills for future learning and in their habits and skills they'll need to contribute to evolving workplace demands let's get started it's an opportunity to see critical and creative learning strategies in action welcome to sassy shoes so today you all are going to get to be appropriate first graders apply their understanding of economics while developing tools for the creative process which is using the critical and creative strategy of fluency originality flexibility and elaboration students practice an important concept innovation think about what these students are accomplishing acquiring knowledge of buyers and sellers identifying the significance of design and diversity collaborating in pairs and creating as an individual here's a tip when using fluency originality flexibility and elaboration be sure the students understand the importance of not judging ideas of others or their own in the process refinement can come later but in order to feel safe to take risks all ideas should be shared without approval or disapproval you'll be surprised what connections can stem from this next stop on the critical and creative thinking trail POV or point of view usually with points of view you put yourself in another person's plate in time Crystal Trammell will ask her students to develop written documents such as speeches invitations and letters students will imagine themselves as participants of the American Revolution this point of view strategy is enhanced through another teaching tool called wrath are you King George are you gonna be Benjamin Franklin are you going to be Phyllis Wheatley how you craft is an acronym R stands for role a is for audience F is for format and T is for topic who's the one mainly attacking who's the one getting hurt a lot I think through discussions small group interaction and class projects students are able to examine choose from multiple perspectives you can somebody can tell the story how it happened and the other person can tell like the his side of the story learning point of view broaden students understanding and flexibility and problem-solving fifteen seconds to share who do you think threw the picture and why exploring alternative perspectives provides opportunities for receptive open thinking and empathy all of which are critical in our multicultural and complex world here's another tip in a debate or discussion require students to speak or argue a point of view opposite of their actual opinion press would Elementary first graders are picturing adventure prompted by their teacher students are thinking about the answer to these questions where shall i travel what should I pack what will the weather be like this travel adventure lesson emphasizes climate weather and geography we're gonna need you to take that movie from your head and put it down on paper by utilizing the strategy of visualization teacher Melissa porphyry au gives students an opportunity to think beyond these important concepts where is it located what's the season like at least 65% of learners describe themselves as visual learners the visualization strategy opens up student thinking by stimulating imagination visualization commonly used as a reading strategy can be applied easily to other content areas it increases the depth of comprehension and is a powerful tool for goal setting and planning you won't need any pants just the pretty hot okay well your brochure definitely helped me get ready for Honduras when using the strategy of visualization talked to students about how athletes and performers picture their success and that the same can be done for goal-setting in school picturing steps and obstacles a student might encounter and working towards their goals builds resiliency and increases the likelihood of meeting goals research shows visualization to have an even higher impact for at-risk students sure in your minds again what you think you might see if you go to Rio few things in life are just positive or negative what one person might view as awesome might mustard read from another we've come a long way from ancient cultures and civilizations and that progress has both positive and negative implications at best someone might conclude well it could be just interesting you're gonna have to decide you know about Egypt think of something that's a plus about Egypt PMI which stands for plus/minus and interesting help students get away from black and white thinking that things are good or bad PMI help students realize that in many things there is both good and bad as well as just neutral or interesting it's useful in connection to the strategies of decision making as well as to a point of view why would that be a plus for you as students work alone and in groups teachers Katie mushara and Brianna Anderson use PMI as a way to personalize social studies instruction and at the magic word students are prepared to discuss the plus/minus and interesting of living in ancient China and ancient Egypt for most students China would be the place to live PMI develops independent thinkers who consider a range of ideas or possibilities and see beyond the obvious and move students beyond yes or no right or wrong my answer or your answer another tip pair the strategy of PMI with the strategy of fluency flexibility originality to encourage students to stretch and record as many ideas for each category as they can that PMI would help me decide when else could you use PMI Audrey when you're playing a sport okay five different steps five different steps in five letters can you give clear directions in math and English you can't assume he knows anything so don't skip any steps the process of encapsulation requires students to synthesize information and consider their communication carefully let's work out the problem and then we should see like how how I should do it she took up an entire piece of paper to tell Ben these steps her final product was only three lines Juden they seek to capture the essence of a topic or concept through an image a phrase the teacher at every juncture students determine how to communicate their thinking about solving a math problem how to reduce that information to its simplest form and ultimately you could convey information as a help text message nah do we need the word though no because you were still able to understand what I was telling you my capsulation is great for the brain but it's also fun to look for examples of it in real life and analyze messages that the media chooses to convey when you first start teaching encapsulation you may want to look at real-world examples of encapsulation in action and vanity license plates in slogans for companies or tag lines for movie trailers or in social media status updates that is that everybody knows means multiply look how great a multiplication problem here how would I write a multiplication problem like it that aha moment so what can you use from this problem instead of that big word which is stretching your thinking from one teacher to another using critical and creative thinking strategies is about engaging students deepening understanding taking risks and embracing the fact that everyone can become a critical and creative thinker

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