Hi, I’m Jay and I’m one of your ABA teachers. Do you want to learn how to order breakfast in English? In this Video Class you will learn about definite and indefinite articles and plural nouns as well as some useful vocabulary for ordering breakfast. “A” and “an” are called indefinite articles. We use indefinite articles to talk about unspecific singular nouns and they are placed before the noun. We use “an” with nouns that start with vowels. For example: an apple, an egg. We use “a” for nouns that start with a consonant. a piece of toast, a cup of coffee Now, let’s learn when to use the article “the”. “The” is the only definite article used in English and we use it when we talk about specific nouns. Usually, we use this article when we have a context and we can use it before singular and plural nouns. For example: Can you pass the butter, please? Can you bring me the water bottles, please? These examples show that both speakers know the specific items they are talking about like butter and water bottles in this example. Now, let’s see how to form plural nouns. We form most plural nouns by adding an “s”. For example: bun becomes buns cup – cups omelet – omelets However, there are some exceptions. When the noun ends in “s”, “sh”, “ch”, “x”, or “o” we add the ending “es” to the singular noun. For example: glass – glasses dish – dishes tomato – tomatoes When the noun ends with the letter “y” we take it away and add “ies”. For example: strawberry – strawberries Some nouns do not follow a pattern. Here are some examples of the most common ones: man – men woman – women child – children person – people foot – feet tooth – teeth mouse – mice These are not the only exceptions to this rule but they are the most important ones. You will learn more exceptions as you continue with the course. Now that you’ve learnt the grammar related to this unit, you can move on to the next section. So, see you next time. Bye!