Academic writing and Critical thinking 1

hello my name is Sven or cubic and I work at the university of ogden if you look at this title academic writing and critical thinking that is what this short course is about is about as probably many of you have experienced it is difficult you get told all the time by your teachers that you're too descriptive you have to be more analytical you must in some way demonstrate that you are critical can work independent show new perspectives come up with new ideas you have to contribute something new and not just describe what others have done and let this have a look at this course how to improve in these respects the content of the first of these lectures is an overview of how to think critically the argument the line of reasoning scepticism critical analysis of others the line of reasoning what is really that let's have a further look thinking critically skills you have to think through do we believe always he or here why don't we why do we so it probably have heard when you were a child that the moon is made of cheese you probably also have heard that some people think the earth is flat or recently I've heard that global warming is a hoax made by the Chinese to believe this oh don't be why what do we do when we try to find out whether something is true or not well you have to think through from the top of your head what do we know what do I know already or I'm fairly convinced I know we start there and then we think is this new information is it reasonable doesn't go along with what I already believe or not then we check the source checking the sources always very important and then we look at are there any possible flaws we come back to that what is a flaw how do we argue and persuade others this is very often what we hear when you write an article to present or publish we have to argue we have to be persuasive we have to bring something new how do we do that what is a convincing argument and how much information is reader required you know the best way of being really boring is when somebody asks you what time it is and you come up with a story all for the clocks what level of doubt is acceptable under the circumstances there is always some doubt whatever – real scientists there is some doubt and we have to decide what level of doubt is acceptable you have to assist your sources you have to identify when we need more information of our a my you are unsure that you can explain convincingly to others if you're sure yes I can convince others then you're well on your way you have to select the right type and level of information again what is that apply critical thinking to what you hear see under you have to apply critical thinking to literature a book anybody can write the book and how do you know that it is correct what you read in this book except it'd be critical so you have to interpret the situations maybe the author of the book you're reading or the article is in a very different contexts from yours you have to be very critical on what you write or say to others maybe you have misunderstood maybe they misunderstood the words you use just think it over reflect on what you're saying and then the argument is it really an argument you have let's start with the overall arguments that is your position that is the argument that you want to propose you want to convince others that's the overall argument and you have to support your overall argument with contributing arguments the reasons why you have taken that position and then you organize these contributing arguments in a line of reasoning and that is a set of reasons structured to support your overall argument Linna reasoning I really would like you to think over you have a line of reasoning in your essay that means it is logical it follows one fall of the other etc so you presents your reasons and evidence in order to make it clear how to interpret your argument it should lead forward with a clear direction with one piece of evidence leading to the next and it helps avoid hopping back and forth randomly that is very common and if you do that too often you can be sure that you will fall down at least one grade and it helps avoid going in circles so you have to think of structure your essays structure articles make it progress in them the line of reasoning helps you when selecting the salient points the points relevant to the argument stick to your substantive points the core of the argument substantive point is where you go avoid marginal issues it is so easy to start talking about anything else but what you really want to talk about you won't avoid tautologies that is unnecessary repetitions and different words you have to prove in some way that skepticism but really is that well that is that you bring in elements of polite polite it holds open the possibility that the information you have might be flawed or incomplete constructive doubt brings in other possibilities or perspectives you have to have some rational thought rationale means you have been thinking through things and know why you think what you think know your own reasons so what are the reasons for what we believe and do evaluate your own beliefs and actions be critical to yourself are you able to present to others your reasons for your beliefs and actions academic would change or modify position when given better more valid and reliable arguments but until then stick to your line of reasoning you have to be able to give a critical analysis of yourselves and others the critical analysis of others you have to identify their position reasons and conclusions you have to analyze how they select and combine reasons to make a line of reasoning assess whether their reasons support their conclusion assess whether their reasons are based on good evidence how do they know why do they believe you have to be curious that is the typical thing for anybody working in research you have to be curious is this person cherry-picking just picking out those pieces of information that suits him you identify positive and negative aspects you have to think of both there are some negative and are some positives is there another way of seeing this get the other perspective there is always one so when you take part in the discussion and think that now every everything has been said I just have to agree with everybody but then think another way there must be another perspective you find it the next lesson we are going to talk about argumentation

6 thoughts on “Academic writing and Critical thinking 1”

  1. Excellent video I have ever watched . It is very helpful to researchers like me. Please make more videos.

  2. Thanks a lot.
    When you have to write in a critical thinking then you loose your confidence. You can't find out any idea to start the writing. No problem,we are happy see how much critical in are you.
    A critical think is easy for you that's you serve.

  3. Thank you so much Sven this presentation was really helpful: well-structured and clear. I’m looking forward to seeing the other videos you made on the same topic. 👍

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