6. Critical Reasoning Practice Question – Tuition Program



please pause this video and down to the question before continuing okay our first step here as always is to read the question stem which of the following if true is the most appropriate reason for parents not to participate in the program well this sounds like a weaken the argument question notice that the question stem also suggests that the argument is about some kind of program and we must find a new premise that weakens the given position so let's now read the argument and summarize the premises and the conclusion as we read the first part tells us a program instituted in a particular state allows parents to prepay their children's future college tuition at current rates is this a premise or the conclusion well it certainly does not sound like the conclusion the author is not trying to convince this of this so it's a premise and we might summarize this premise as follows the next line reads the program then pays the tuition annually for the child at any of the state's public colleges in which the child enrolls this sounds like another premise which we might summarize this way finally we have parents should participate in the program as a means of decreasing the cost of their children's college education this is the conclusion and we can summarize this as follows alright now that we've identified the premises and the conclusion what are some possible assumptions in play here well the primary assumption seems to be that the cost of tuition today will be less than the cost of tuition in the future so we might summarize this assumption as follows now are there any other assumptions probably but once we've identified one assumption we should start checking the answer choices while reminding ourselves of the conclusion we'll begin with answer choice a the parents are unsure about which public college in the state the child will attend does this weaken the conclusion that the program is cheaper no the parents uncertainty has nothing to do with whether or not the program will save them any money so we'll eliminate it next we have answer choice B the amount of money accumulated by putting the prepayment funds in an interest-bearing account today will be greater than the total cost of tuition for any of the public colleges when the child enrolls does this weaken the conclusion that the program is cheaper yes it does this premise says that if parents take the money they would have invested in the program and instead put it in the bank the resulting balance in the future will be greater than the cost of the child's future tuition so putting the money in the bank is more cost-effective than participating in the program this is a great reason not to participate in the program so it's a definite candidate we'll leave it for now and keep checking the answer choices answer choice C says the annual cost of tuition at the state's public colleges is expected to increase at a faster rate than the annual increase in the cost of living does this weaken the conclusion that the program is cheaper no in fact this premise strengthens the argument it says that the cost will be greater in the future which means participating in the program today will be cheaper as such will eliminate C next we have answer choice D it says some of the state's public colleges are contemplating large increases in tuition next year does this weaken the conclusion that the program is cheaper no this one strengthens the argument if some colleges are going to increase tuition then the program will be cost effective so we'll eliminate D finally answer choice E says the prepayment plan would not cover the cost of room and board at any of the state's public colleges does this week in the conclusion that the program is cheaper no this premise is out of scope the program concerns only tuition expenses but this premise involves room and board expenses since this information is on a scope it cannot weaken the argument as such will eliminate it so by the process of elimination we can see that answer choice B must be the best answer

1 thought on “6. Critical Reasoning Practice Question – Tuition Program”

  1. In this example why can we not assume that The children may choose to opt for a private university.
    In that case the saving would be of no use and answer choice A would be more appropriate.

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