#1 GMAT Critical Reasoning Trick: What's the Question?



Erika here, with PrepScholar GMAT, back today
with my #1 GMAT Critical Reasoning Trick. As always, if you like this video, please
hit the button to subscribe, and feel free to check out our online program and tutoring
options on the PrepScholar website or head over to our blog for even more great GMAT
content — links are in the description. The most common issue I see on Critical Reasoning
questions is students answering the wrong question. Like Reading Comprehension wrong answer traps
are designed to mimic the wrong part of the passage, Critical Reasoning wrong answer traps
are designed to answer good questions about the passage and its topics, but not the question
that is actually being asked. The solution is to put the question in your
own words, making sure to define any vague language. Let's go over what this means in terms of
a real GMAT problem. Alright, so we want to find an assumption
that the argument depends on — so we want to find something that MUST be true for our
argument to be valid. Okay, well, what's the argument? If you've watched our video on how to master
GMAT Critical Reasoning, you know that skimming for transition words is the secret for quickly
finding our argument. This leads us to "however" and "since" in
our last sentence. Alright, so we've found our argument, now
we need to put it in our own words and plug it into our question. Vaccinating children with the nasal spray
would NOT RESULT IN a significant public health benefit. This is BECAUSE influenza doesn't cause serious
complications in children. We know that the vaccine is effective for
children, so we can reframe this as: keeping kids from getting influenza = not that beneficial
BECAUSE influenza in kids = not that bad. Putting this all together, we want to find
something that MUST be true if keeping kids from getting influenza will not be that beneficial. Scanning through our answer choices, we see
that only one addresses the correct question: answer choice D tells us that adults don't
primarily contract influenza from children. If this WASN'T true, while children with influenza
wouldn't develop serious complications, they would still be the main reason that adults
get influenza, and we know from the passage that influenza DOES cause serious complications
in adults. So even though children themselves wouldn't
see a major benefit from not getting influenza, adults would benefit from children not getting
influenza because it would mean their main source of influenza and all of its nasty adult
complications is gone. This means that in order for our argument
that keeping kids from getting influenza is not beneficial to be true, adults must not
primarily contract influenza from children. Now, if we look at the other answer choices,
we see that they answer other valid questions about the argument: for instance, C addresses
whether or not the current method of vaccinating adults is affordable enough to be beneficial,
while E addresses whether or not using the nasal spray to vaccinate adults would be effective
enough to be beneficial. If we didn't take the time to figure out that
the question is asking specifically about the benefits of the effective vaccination
of children, we could have easily used a wrong question to justify a wrong answer. If you have any questions on what we talked
about today or suggestions for future videos, please leave a comment below. Thanks for watching, and happy GMAT studies.

4 thoughts on “#1 GMAT Critical Reasoning Trick: What's the Question?”

  1. wowowow I rarely do comment but this video eased my difficulty,Thanks a lot.It was concise and very helpful.

  2. Hey Erika
    Thank you for the wonderful video,
    Query regarding the video
    1.why option B couldn't have been the answer?

  3. hi Erika how are you?
    thank you for the videos ……
    I don't have confidence in performing CR section….The main reason I got is….whenever I read CR, I don't able to comprehend the meaning of questions are as follows:-
    1) which of the following solved the paradox ?
    2) boldface questions
    3) using except/least in the question
    4) apparent discrepancy….
    like above mentioned points and others too which are not mentioned…if you know something about more points which are not mentioned above…please mention it…
    please explain each one point……..please indoctrinate some techniques , how to perform in these type of questions ?

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